Thursday, February 22, 2018

LATEST NEWS

lizard

Lizard Love

Anolis lizards have a thing or two to teach humans about love — or in scientific speak, sexual selection — at least when it comes...
Memristor Circuit

Low-power, Flexible Memristor Circuit for Mobile and Wearable Devices

A KAIST research team succeeded in developing an energy efficient, nonvolatile logic-in-memory circuit by using a memristor. This novel technology can be used as...
lung cancer

New Imaging Technology May Help Predict Aggressiveness of Lung Cancer

Case Western Reserve and Cleveland Clinic are leading development of a computerized tissue-imaging program that could soon help identify which lung cancer patients are...
sensors

DARPA Seeks to Expand Real-Time Radiological Threat Detection to Include Other Dangers

Advanced commercially available technologies—such as additive manufacturing (3-D printing), small-scale chemical reactors for pharmaceuticals, and CRISPR gene-manipulation tools—have opened wide access to scientific exploration...
Quartz Device

Carbon-On-Quartz Device for Dopamine Release

A combination of a conductive material, such as carbon, with a transparent material, such as quartz makes this possible. It allows the creation of...
Robo-pickervideo

Robo-Picker Grasps and Packs

Unpacking groceries is a straightforward albeit tedious task: You reach into a bag, feel around for an item, and pull it out. A quick...
Implantable Cardiac Devices

Women Receive Fewer Implantable Cardiac Devices than Men

For those who are suffering heart failure or who have an irregular heartbeat, an implantable heart device can be a life-saver. A recent Cleveland Clinic study showed...
Topological Defects

KAIST to Develop Technology to Control Topological Defects

Professor Chan-Ho Yang and his team from the Department of Physics developed technology to create and remove topological defects in ferroelectric nanostructures. This technology will...
needleless device

Taking Blood Without a Needle

In the near future, you may be able to take your own blood painlessly in the comfort of your home. A breakthrough device developed...
Cockroach-inspired robotvideo

Cockroach-Inspired Robot Is No Crash-Test Dummy

Some toddlers never seem to learn that if you run too fast you’ll bump your head. Skittering cockroaches bump their heads a lot too, but...
Lyme disease

Cascading Inflammation Associated with Lyme Arthritis Linked to Overactive Immune Response

Every year, more than 300,000 Americans contract Lyme disease, an infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a bacterium transferred during a tick bite. In a small percentage...
LEDs

Supercomputers Aid Discovery of New, Inexpensive Material to Make LEDs with Excellent Color Quality

A team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has used data mining and computational tools to discover a new phosphor...
sickle cell cure

Rice U. Reports Progress in Pursuit of Sickle Cell Cure

Scientists have successfully used gene editing to repair 20 to 40 percent of stem and progenitor cells taken from the peripheral blood of patients with sickle...
superconducting state

Bringing a Hidden Superconducting State to Light

A team of scientists has detected a hidden state of electronic order in a layered material containing lanthanum, barium, copper, and oxygen (LBCO). When...
Parkinson’s disease

Calcium May Play a Role in the Development of Parkinson’s Disease

This is the first time we’ve seen that calcium influences the way alpha-synuclein behaves. Janin Lautenschlӓger The international team, led by the University of Cambridge, found...
Fungal enzymes

Fungal Enzymes Could Hold Secret to Making Renewable Energy from Wood

An international team of researchers, including scientists from the University of York, has discovered a set of enzymes found in fungi that are capable...
amphibians

Skin Bacteria May Predict Vulnerability of Amphibians to Killer Chytrid Fungus

The fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis or (Bd)) is currently decimating amphibian populations worldwide, and has been linked with the decline and extinction of tropical species. According to...
Asteroid

Asteroid “Time Capsules” May Help Explain How Life Started on Earth

In popular culture, asteroids play the role of apocalyptic threat, get blamed for wiping out the dinosaurs – and offer an extraterrestrial source for...
trees

Laser Technology Reveals the Weight of Some of UK’s and World’s Biggest Trees

New laser scanning technology is being used by UCL scientists to provide fresh and unprecedented insights into the structure and mass of trees, a...
chemical reactions

Chemists Harness Artificial Intelligence to Predict the Future of Chemical Reactions

To manufacture medicines, chemists must find the right combinations of chemicals to make the necessary chemical structures. This is more complicated than it sounds,...
Mosquito

Mosquito Gut May Hold the Key to Preventing Dengue and Zika

The midgut of a mosquito may hold the key to preventing mosquito-borne diseases like Zika and Dengue, according to research published in PLOS Pathogens. A mosquito's ability...
oral surgery

Nanotechnology Could Redefine Oral Surgery

A trip to the dentist or orthodontist usually instills a sense of dread in most patients, and that’s before the exam even begins. Add...
human genome

New Algorithm Can Pinpoint Mutations in Large Sections of the Human Genome

A team of scientists has developed an algorithm that can accurately pinpoint, in large regions of the human genome, mutations favored by natural selection....
cells

Cells Communicate in a Dynamic Code

Multicellular organisms like ourselves depend on a constant flow of information between cells, coordinating their activities in order to proliferate and differentiate. Deciphering the...
fusionvideo

Integrated Simulations Answer 20-Year-Old Question in Fusion Research

To make fusion energy a reality, scientists must harness fusion plasma, a fiery gaseous maelstrom in which radioactive particles react to generate heat for...
cuttlefish

Neurological Study Reveals Cuttlefish Have Surprising Control of Skin Spikes

Wouldn’t it be useful to suddenly erect 3-D spikes out of your skin, hold them for an hour, then even faster retract them and...
antibiotics

Beewolves Have Been Successfully Using the Same Antibiotics for 68 Million Years

The discovery of penicillin about 90 years ago and the widespread introduction of antibiotics to combat infectious diseases have revolutionized human medicine. However, in...
Droplet-Wrapping Process

UMass Amherst Physicists Speed Up Droplet-Wrapping Process

Experimental physicists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst today report that they have developed a fast, dynamic new process for wrapping liquid droplets in...
Diagnosing Disease

Researchers Advance CRISPR-Based Tool for Diagnosing Disease

The team that first unveiled the rapid, inexpensive, highly sensitive CRISPR-based diagnostic tool called SHERLOCK has greatly enhanced the tool’s power, and has developed a miniature...
epilepsy

Epilepsy Study Links Mossy Brain Cells to Seizures and Memory Loss

A small group of cells in the brain can have a big effect on seizures and memory in a mouse model of epilepsy. According...
lung cancer

New Imaging Technology May Help Predict Aggressiveness of Lung Cancer

Case Western Reserve and Cleveland Clinic are leading development of a computerized tissue-imaging program that could soon help identify which lung cancer patients are...
hunting

Hunting Is Changing Forests, but Not as Expected

When it comes to spreading their seeds, many trees in the rainforest rely on animals, clinging to their fur or hitching a ride within...
addiction, breast cancer, Lymphoma Treatment, Stem-Cell Therapy

Mobile App Helps Patients Struggling with Addiction in Primary Care Settings

The study aimed to integrate the treatment of substance use disorders into primary care through use of a smartphone application. Three federally-qualified health centers that...
gluten detection

A Step Toward Sensitive and Fast Gluten Detection

For people with celiac disease and gluten-sensitivities, the number of food options in the stores is growing. But current tests for gluten are not...
Radiation Therapy

Rapid Radiation Therapy That Takes a Fraction of the Time

Faster isn’t always better, but in the case of radiation therapy for some cancers, accelerating radiation courses can help patients get on the road...
quantum computers

Unconventional Superconductor May Be Used to Create Quantum Computers of the Future

​With their insensitivity to decoherence what are known as Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of a quantum computer. The problem is that...
plant cell

New UMass Amherst, Stanford Research Identifies Plant Cell Wall Sensing Mechanism

An international collaboration of plant researchers this week reports yet another newly discovered role for the versatile receptor kinase, FERONIA, in the model plant Arabidopsis....
magnets

Toyota Develops New Magnet for Electric Motors Aiming to Reduce Use of Critical Rare-Earth...

World's first neodymium-reduced, heat-resistant magnet developed by Toyota Key element of the foundation required to popularize electrified vehicles Toyota Motor Corporation (Toyota) announces that...
Amyloid Protein

Amyloid Protein Transmission Through Neurosurgery

Amyloid beta pathology – protein deposits in the brain – might have been transmitted by contaminated neurosurgical instruments, suggests a new UCL-led study. For the...
eel-inspired device

Electric Eel-Inspired Device Reaches 110 Volts

In an effort to create a power source for future implantable technologies, a team led by Michael Mayer from the University of Fribourg, along...
wind turbinesvideo

New Recyclable Resin Makes Wind Turbines Much More Sustainable

Fields of spinning wind turbines inspire thoughts of earth-friendly energy, but until now, generating wind power hasn’t been as sustainable as people may have...
3D printable ‘clip-on’

Add-On Clip Turns Smartphone into Fully Operational Microscope

Australian researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) have developed a 3D printable ‘clip-on’ that can turn any smartphone into...
IoT network grid, Radio network, 5G technology, ReefShark chipsets

Nokia and Tele2 Sign Strategic Partnership to Provide Global IoT Services

Five-year contract covers the provision of Nokia worldwide IoT network grid (WING) Enables Tele2 IoT to offer innovative and global IoT connectivity services...
Marburg Infections

A Potential Cure for Deadly Marburg Infections

With a mortality rate of up to 88 percent, Marburg virus can rip through a community in days—giving it the same pandemic potential as...
touch-sensors

Stanford Researchers Develop Stretchable, Touch-Sensitive Electronics

Of the many ways that humans make sense of our world – with our eyes, ears, nose and mouth – none is perhaps less...
wearable devicevideo

Stretchable Electronics a ‘Game Changer’ for Stroke Recovery Treatment

A groundbreaking new wearable designed to be worn on the throat could be a game changer in the field of stroke rehabilitation. Developed in the...
brain injury

Fast-Acting, Readily Available Gas May Mitigate Blast-Induced Brain Injury

The inert gas has been used for the first time to try and reduce the impact of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) caused by blasts...
thermoelectric effect

Hidden Talents: Converting Heat into Electricity with Pencil and Paper

The thermoelectric effect is nothing new – it was discovered almost 200 years ago by Thomas J. Seebeck. If two different metals are brought...
Fragile X syndrome

Study: Fragile X Syndrome Neurons Can Be Restored

Fragile X syndrome is the most frequent cause of intellectual disability in males, affecting one out of every 3,600 boys born. The syndrome can also...
Alzheimer’s disease

Not Being Aware of Memory Problems Predicts Onset of Alzheimer’s Disease

Doctors who work with individuals at risk of developing dementia have long suspected that patients who do not realize they experience memory problems are...
scleroderma

Team Finds Stem Cell Transplant Improves Scleroderma Survival

Scleroderma, an autoimmune disease in which the patient’s own immune system attacks the skin and connective tissue causing it to harden, is a progressive...
Tick-Borne Disease

Study Suggests Expanded Range for Emerging Tick-Borne Disease

Human cases of Borrelia miyamotoi, a tick-borne infection with some similarities to Lyme disease, were discovered in the eastern United States less than a decade...
autonomous vehicles

Maximizing the Environmental Benefits of Autonomous Vehicles

The added weight, electricity demand and aerodynamic drag of the sensors and computers used in autonomous vehicles are significant contributors to their lifetime energy...
eye exams, semiconductors, drug testing, vaccinated fish, cancer cells, energy drinks, chronic illness, battery, metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

Eye Exams Linked to Kids’ Reading Levels

Elementary school children who read below grade level may have challenges with their eyesight even if standard tests show they see 20/20, according to...
heart attacks

Calcium and Vitamin D Supplements Are Not Associated with Risk of Heart Attacks

New research from the University of Southampton has found no association between the use of calcium or vitamin D supplementation and cardiovascular events such...
Open Heart Surgery

Finnish Innovation to Reduce Complications After Open Heart Surgery

The innovation is designed to measure the condition of the cardiac muscle in real time – and to save hundreds of people every year,...
Kidney Disease

Blood Thinners May Raise Stroke Risk in Over-65s with Kidney Disease

People over 65 years old may be increasing their stroke risk by taking anticoagulants for an irregular heartbeat if they also have chronic kidney...
brain signals

Male and Female Brain Rhythms Show Differences

The electric brain signals, measured by using EEG, of males and females show differences. The difference can’t be detected by visual inspection, not even...
Alzheimer’s

Model for Producing Brain’s “Helper Cells” Could Lead to Treatments for Alzheimer’s

Star shaped cells that are found in the brain and spine, astrocytes were long thought to be the “glue” that binds nerve cells; but...
Electrochemistry

Smallest-Scale Work in Electrochemistry Leads to Sizable Research Strides

At a few billionths of a meter, a nanopore is too tiny to see and too tiny to image easily. These miniscule cavities, when...
wind turbine

Wind Turbine Data from the Island of Bornholm Confirms Potential of High-Efficiency Electrolysis Cells

An electrolysis cell uses electricity to split, e.g., water molecules (H2O) into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2). In this way, surplus electricity generated by,...
Alzheimer's

Alzheimer’s Drug Repairs Brain Damage After Alcohol Binges In Rodents

A drug used to slow cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease could offer clues on how drugs might one day be able to reverse brain...
rare airway disorder

Imperial Researchers to Tackle a Rare Airway Disorder and Balance Problems

Gemma Clunie, Clinical Specialist Speech and Language Therapist at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, and Rebecca Smith, Physiotherapist at Imperial College London, were awarded the...
thermal resonator

System Draws Power from Daily Temperature Swings

Thermoelectric devices, which can generate power when one side of the device is a different temperature from the other, have been the subject of...
chickpea

Diversifying Chickpea Genetics for Better Crop Performance

“The scale and depth of this study makes it unique,” said Tar’an, Agri-Food Innovation Chair at the CDC. “This research generated close to 10,000...
Hernia Surgeries

Collaborative’s Data Help Improve Hernia Surgeries

There have long been more questions than answers when it comes to abdominal hernia repair surgeries, but now, thanks to a database full of...
Electrons

Deep Dive into How Electrons Behave

The Science How well a material conducts electricity from a power plant to your home depends in part on how electrons behave. Until now, the...
ageing

Keeping an Eye on the Entire Ageing Process

Humans are increasingly living longer. Interestingly, however, statisticians only predict an increase in years of life, not years in which we remain healthy: these...
fusion device

Smooth Sailing: PPPL Develops an Integrated Approach to Understand How to Better Control Instabilities...

A key goal for ITER, the international fusion device under construction in France, will be to produce 10 times more power than goes into...
ocean salinity

Tracking Ocean Salinity from Space using Colour

Measuring salinity at the ocean's surface is important for tracking global ocean circulation as well as local ecosystem health. A research team from Universiti...
Semiconductor

NIST Partners with University Effort for Cutting-Edge Semiconductor Technology

The U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded its first funds for a research consortium focused on the development...
Psoriasis

Drug That Treats Psoriasis Also Reduces Aortic Vascular Inflammation

An antibody used to treat the skin disease psoriasis is also effective at reducing aortic inflammation, a key marker of future risk of major...
Lithium-ion batteries

New Sensor Tech for Commercial Lithium-Ion Batteries Finds They Can Be Charged 5 Times...

Researchers at WMG at the University of Warwick have developed a new direct, precise test of Lithium-ion batteries’ internal temperatures and their electrodes potentials...
viral outbreaks

TSRI Scientists Receive $15 Million to Study Viral Outbreak Survivors

With a new $15 million grant, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) are gearing up for an in-depth study of survivors of viral...
enzymatic blade

Orthodontic Surgery with an Enzymatic Blade: No Incision Necessary

Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed a nanotechnology that replaces the surgical scalpel with an “enzymatic blade.” In an article published...
quantum computing

Physicists Create New Form of Light

Try a quick experiment: Take two flashlights into a dark room and shine them so that their light beams cross. Notice anything peculiar? The...
electrons

Unwavering Juggler With Three Extra Electrons

The Science Typically, when molecules in the gas phase have three extra electrons, they are unstable. They either decompose or eject the extra electrons. However,...
smart material

Engineers Develop Smart Material That Changes Stiffness When Twisted or Bent

A new smart and responsive material can stiffen up like a worked-out muscle, say the Iowa State University engineers who developed it. Stress a muscle...
dementiavideo

Can Being Married Reduce Dementia Risk?

While married couples exchange their Valentine’s Day presents, according to recent research, they may also be able to thank their spouse for another gift –...
2D materials

Scalable Two-Dimensional Materials Advance Future-Gen Electronics

Since the discovery of the remarkable properties of graphene, scientists have increasingly focused research on the many other two-dimensional materials possible, both those found...
Heroin vaccine, breast cancer, Scientific Breakthroughs, Parkinson’s disease, malaria vaccine, autism, Antibody, Diabetes, cancer

Heroin Vaccine Blocks Lethal Overdose

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have achieved a major milestone toward designing a safe and effective vaccine to both treat heroin addiction...
Nanofibers

“Living bandages”: NUST MISIS Scientists Develop Biocompatible Anti-burn Nanofibers

A group of NUST MISIS’s young scientists, for the very first time in Russia, has presented a new therapeutic material based on nanofibers made of polycaprolactone modified with a thin-film antibacterial...
cold remedyvideo

Cold Remedy Fact and Fiction

There’s nothing like a cold to really get you down in the middle of winter. Many of us turn to chicken noodle soup for...
Microscopic chariots

Microscopic Chariots Deliver Molecules Within Our Cells

On the cellular highway, motor proteins called dyneins rule the road. Dyneins “walk” along structures called microtubules to deliver cellular cargo, such as signaling...
Ultrafine aerosol

Ultrafine Aerosol Particles Intensify Rainfall in Amazon Region

A study published on January 25 in the journal Science shows how the presence in the atmosphere of ultrafine aerosol particles (less than 50 nanometers in...
batteries

Defects and Surface Reactions Boost Batteries

The Science The science behind the operation of a lithium-ion battery is extraordinarily complex. In batteries, electric charge is carried by positive lithium ions. During...
savannah species

Carefully Managed Fire Can Promote Rare Savannah Species

Carefully managed fires generate the maximum diversity of birds and mammals in savannahs, new research from the University of York suggests. In the first continent-wide...
skin damage, aging, Post-Traumatic Stress, Diabetes, body on a chip, smoking, lupus, dementia, digestive system, Head Impact, blood pressure, Pancreatic Cancer, Regenerative Medicine Therapies, Cardiometabolic Health, Kidney Function, Cocaine addiction, Opioid Analgesic, Asthma, Antidepressants, breast cancer

Sun Can Damage Skin Any Time of the Year

Skin damage from unprotected exposure to the sun can occur any time of year, even during the winter. “The highest level of concern is usually...
Norovirusvideo

Norovirus: Easy to Catch, Hard to Kill

With news coming out of the Winter Olympic Games about a significant spread of norovirus, many athletes are on high alert to avoid catching...
Norovirus

Forest Fires Increasingly Dominate Amazonian Carbon Emissions During Droughts

The authors suggest that recurrent 21st century droughts may undermine achievements in reducing emissions from deforestation in this region. Dr Luiz Aragão, from the University...
quantum light

New Hole-Punched Crystal Clears a Path for Quantum Light

Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable...
cancer metastasis

TSRI Scientists Take Big Step Toward Stopping Cancer Metastasis

New research from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) may give scientists a chance to target tumors before they metastasize. The study, published recently in...
hepatitis C

Compounds Isolated from Rattlesnake Venom Show Activity Against Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C is the main cause of cirrhosis and hence of liver transplants in Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health. Some 50% of...
obesityvideo

Obesity Alone Spells Danger for Heart Health

It’s widely known that risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol can spell danger for heart health. But a recent study looks at...
agriculture

A Microbial Approach to Agriculture

The ability of animals to digest plant material is facilitated by tiny microbes in the gut that can break down complex carbohydrates. This dependency...
Bluetooth Low-Energy transceiver

Tokyo Tech Slashes Power Consumption in Bluetooth Low-Energy Transceiver by More Than Half

Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) announce a Bluetooth Low-Energy transceiver with the lowest ever power consumption — a breakthrough set to...
microbes

To Untangle the Effects of Nanoparticles on Microbes, Look at the Genes

The environment is teeming with microbes. Soil, water, indoor surfaces, our own bodies — any habitat that hasn’t been rigorously sterilized is populated by...
Alcoholism

TSRI Receives $10 Million Grant to Study Effects of Alcohol on the Brain

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has awarded scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) a $10 million grant to study...
breast cancer

Researchers Uncover How Cancer Stem Cells Drive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Cleveland Clinic researchers have published findings in Nature Communications on a new stem cell pathway that allows a highly aggressive form of breast cancer – triple-negative breast...
citrus

Sex Pheromone from Insect That Transmits Citrus Greening (HLB) Is Identified

The Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri is only 2 mm long, yet it strikes terror into the hearts of citrus growers in Brazil, China and the...