Thursday, March 23, 2017

LATEST NEWS

connective tissue

Combating Wear and Tear

By the time someone realizes they damaged a ligament, tendon or cartilage from too much exercise or other types of physical activity, it’s too...
nanowires

A Transport Technology for Nanowires Thermally Treated at 700 Celsius Degrees

Professor Jun-Bo Yoon and his research team of the Department of Electrical Engineering at KAIST developed a technology for transporting thermally treated nanowires to...
solar cell lamp

New Electronics Fill Gaps in Solar Cell Lamp Market

The use of solar cells as a source of energy for outdoor lighting is not a new phenomenon. However, so far the technology has...
polymer scaffold

Grunlan Receives $1.9 Million NIH Grant for Polymer Scaffold

Dr. Melissa Grunlan, associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University, was awarded a $1.9 million grant from the National...
space dustvideo

New Study Maps Space Dust in 3-D

Consider that the Earth is just a giant cosmic dust bunny—a big bundle of debris amassed from exploded stars. We Earthlings are essentially just...
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

Scientists Discover Urinary Biomarker That May Help Track ALS

A study in Neurology suggests that analyzing levels of the protein p75ECD in urine samples from people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may help...
brain circuit

Scientists Identify Brain Circuit That Drives Pleasure-inducing Behavior

Scientists have long believed that the central amygdala, a structure located deep within the brain, is linked with fear and responses to unpleasant events. However,...
tower

Inspired by Golf Ball, Architect Designs Stiffer, Greener Skyscraper Skin

A golf ball can travel farther because of the dimpled surface that allows it to slice through wind. Imagine a similar principle applied to the...
precision medicinevideo

Three-pronged Approach Is Key to Precision Medicine

Combining genetic information from a patient’s tumor cells with three-dimensional cell cultures grown from these tumors and rapidly screening approved drugs can identify the...
brain cells

Scientists Identify Brain Cells Involved in Pavlovian Response

In his famous experiment, Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov rang a bell each time he fed his dogs. Soon, the dogs began drooling in anticipation...
supertruck

No Longer a Drag: Lab Researchers Boost Truck Fuel Efficiency Through Improved Aerodynamics

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers, as part of aNavistar(link is external) SuperTruck I team, helped design a new type of tractor trailer truck...
water day

World Water Day: Fog and Dew Keep Africa’s Namib Desert Ecosystem Going

The ocean is not the sole source of the fog that sustains life for numerous plants and animals living in Africa's coastal Namib Desert....
deafness

The Machinery of Hearing

At their simplest, the sounds that surround us — from a baby’s cry to heavy metal — are merely vibrations in the air. It’s...
mosquito-borne diseases

Novel Technology Could Provide a Faster, Inexpensive Way to Detect, Monitor Dengue Fever, Zika...

Purdue researchers are developing an integrated biosensing platform aimed at detecting and monitoring mosquito-borne diseases faster and cheaper than current methods, to aid in...
drone

Computer Science Students Create Drone to Assist First Responders

Unmanned vehicles could soon help provide first responders more context of unknown surroundings in crisis situations, thanks to Dimas Gonzales and Alejandro Suazo, two...
embryo

First Mutations in Human Life Discovered

The earliest mutations of human life have been observed by researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators. Analysing genomes from adult...
ptychography

Single-angle Ptychography Allows 3D Imaging of Stressed Materials

Everyone reacts differently under stress — even the relatively orderly atoms in a crystal. If scientists could get a clear picture of how planes...
crystals

Novel Nozzle Saves Crystals

Scientists are interested in the spatial structure of proteins, as it reveals much about the workings of these biomolecules. This knowledge can lead to...
wearable sensors

Major Funding Boost for Research into Wearable Sensors

The future of wearable technology and its potential to integrate with networked systems within smart cities is the focus of a major funding award...
Quantum computer

Quantum Computer: New Basis for Stable Quantum Bits with Exotic Majorana-particles Discovered

Majorana-particles are considered as promising candidates for stable quantum bits. Their realization is one of the biggest challenges for the development of quantum computers. Almost...
liver cells

Liver Cells Work Better under Pressure

Scientists have greatly improved the usefulness of liver cell cultures by simulating the pressure that the liver undergoes in the body. The scientists, led...
aggressors

Justice Rooted in the Mind

University of Tokyo researchers have demonstrated that babies not yet able to speak affirm protective behavior defending the weak from the strong, suggesting that...
neuropathic pain

Group Investigates How Phototherapy Combats Neuropathic Pain

Low-level laser therapy has been shown by recent studies to be a non-invasive and effective alternative for treating neuropathic pain, a chronic condition caused...
stem cell

Stem Cell Therapy Could Help Mend the Youngest of Broken Hearts

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of birth defect. In the UK alone over 4,000 babies are diagnosed with CHD each...
memory

More Open to Coercion

Magnetic materials are a vital ingredient in the components that store information in computers and mobile phones. Now, A*STAR researchers have developed a material...
waste recycling

Pulverizing E-waste Is Green, Clean — and Cold

Researchers at Rice University and the Indian Institute of Science have an idea to simplify electronic waste recycling: Crush it into nanodust. Specifically, they want...
cloud storage, cloud integration, blockchain, digital, Data Security, genomic data interpretation,Cognitive Personal Concierge Solutions, Five Innovations, Cancer Treatments, cancer

IBM Announces New Pricing Model to Change Economics of Cloud Storage

IBM today unveiled new additions to the IBM Cloud Object Storage family. The company is offering clients new choices for archival data and a new pricing model...
Inorganic nanoparticle

Inorganic Nanoparticle Shows Potential for Use as Drug Carrier

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are inorganic nanoparticles made up of layers of elements such as magnesium, iron and aluminum. Recent research suggests that these...
obesity

Appetite Regulation Provides New Food for Thought

A new set of brain cells that regulate appetite have been discovered by A*STAR researchers, offering an opportunity to expand our understanding of appetite...
ribosome

New Drug Strategy: Target Ribosome to Halt Protein Production

The discovery of a chemical compound that halts the production of a small set of proteins while leaving general protein production untouched suggests a...
cybersecurity

New Brain-inspired Cybersecurity System Detects ‘Bad Apples’ 100 times Faster

Cybersecurity is critical — for national security, corporations and private individuals. Sophisticated cybersecurity systems excel at finding “bad apples” in computer networks, but they lack...
forest

EU Scientists See the Forest for the Trees (EU-Forest)

Its high-quality, standardised data will be used for forestry, biodiversity conservation and even paleoecology purposes, where tree species occurrences help understand past and future...
silicon

A Tough Coat for Silicon

A simple, green method that applies a protective coating to semiconductors could help to develop these materials for many applications, from batteries to biosensors1. Silicon...
spinal tissue

Engineer Aims to Grow Spinal Tissue in Lab

For a soldier who suffered a spinal cord injury on the battlefield, the promise of regenerative medicine is to fully repair the resulting limb...
ecosystem

Platform Will Integrate Data on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Brazil

A group of more than 50 Brazilian researchers affiliated with the nation’s leading universities and research institutions will assemble and summarize the data available...
sepsis, skin cancer, Veterans, Muscle Injuries, Regenerative Medicine, genetic variation, depression, mind-body connection, Organ Transplant, sleep habits, cancer

Physician Judgment as Good as Complex Protocol for Sepsis Finds Seven-Country Collaboration

In a feat of medical and scientific coordination, doctors across 138 hospitals in seven countries shared treatment protocols and harmonized data collection of three...
ribosome

Translating the Ribosome’s Grim Role

A large number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been found associating with the ribosome, the protein-making machinery in thecytoplasm. What the so-called ‘noncoding’...
brain

Satnavs ‘Switch Off’ Parts of the Brain

Using a satnav to get to your destination 'switches off' parts of the brain that would otherwise be used to simulate different routes, reveals...
prostate cancer

New Insights on Side Effects Can Help Prostate Cancer Patients Choose Treatments

For many men newly diagnosed with early-stage prostate cancer, concerns about potential quality-of-life issues often guide treatment decisions. A new study led by UNC...
pregnancy

Infections During Pregnancy May Interfere with Key Genes Associated with Autism and Prenatal Brain...

It’s important to underscore that the increase in risk is really small.. Nevertheless, the biological cascade triggered by this effect is not well understood,...
heart attack

Higher Rates of Stress-related Emotional Factors in Women Linked to Heart Attacks, Study Suggests

A recent study by researchers at the Rollins School of Public Health (RSPH) at Emory University suggests that among young survivors of heart attacks,...
electrocatalyst

Hydrogen Freed by Nanoparticle Duo

Nanoparticle catalysts developed by A*STAR researchers can help split water to produce hydrogen, a clean-burning fuel that provides a convenient way to store renewable...
optical networks

Fujitsu Develops Technology to Accurately Estimate Optical Network Transmission Performance

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. and Fujitsu Laboratories of America, Inc. today announced the development of a new technology to estimate the transmission performance, and to...
protocols

Testing New Networking Protocols

The transmission control protocol, or TCP, which manages traffic on the internet, was first proposed in 1974. Some version of TCP still regulates data...
3D-printed robot

Researchers to Create Biomimetic Forebrain for 3D-printed Robot Hands

The £1 million research project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust under the Research Leadership Award scheme, will be led by Dr Nathan Lepora from...
prostate cancer, ear tumor, tumor, asthma, lung cancer, anti-viral, norovirus, antibiotic

Study Shows Active Surveillance Preserves Quality of Life for Prostate Cancer Patients

Faced with the negative quality-of-life effects from surgery and radiation treatments for prostate cancer, low risk patients may instead want to consider active surveillance...
water filter

Water Filter from Wood Offers Portable, Eco-friendly Purification in Emergencies

What can the forests of Scandinavia possibly offer to migrants in faraway refugee camps? Clean water may be one thing. A bacteria-trapping material developed from...
metamaterials

Transparent Silver: Tarnish-proof Films for Flexible Displays, Touch Screens, Metamaterials

The thinnest, smoothest layer of silver that can survive air exposure has been laid down at the University of Michigan, and it could change...
wildlfe

UCLA Conservation Biologists Witness Wildlife’s Comeback after Intense Drought

After five years of excruciating drought, California’s wildlife finally has a reason to celebrate. This vernal equinox — the first day of spring — flora...
Cancer immunotherapy

Cancer Immunotherapy: Revived T Cells Still Need Fuel

Drugs blocking the PD-1 pathway - known as checkpoint inhibitors - are now FDA-approved for melanoma, lung cancer and several other types of cancer....
ultrasound

New Approach Uses Ultrasound to Measure Fluid in the Lungs

A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive...
degenerative disease

Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Type of Muscle and Brain Degenerative Disease

Findings UCLA researchers have discovered the molecular basis of, and identified potential treatment for, an incurable disease known as inclusion body myopathy, Paget disease with...
three-dimensional world

How the Brain Sees the World in 3-D

We live in a three-dimensional world, but everything we see is first recorded on our retinas in only two dimensions. So how does the brain...
decision processes

Making Better Decisions When Outcomes Are Uncertain

Markov decision processes are mathematical models used to determine the best courses of action when both current circumstances and future consequences are uncertain. They’ve...
lung cancer

Clinical Trial Looks at Targeted Genetic Therapies for Lung Cancer

Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine are enrolling patients in a clinical trial looking at targeted gene therapies in patients...
Origami-inspired Robotvideo

Origami-inspired Robot Can Hitch a Ride with a Rover

The next rovers to explore another planet might bring along a scout. The Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer Robot (PUFFER) in development at NASA's Jet Propulsion...
crystal formation

How Does a Wall Affect Crystal Formation?

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have revealed through experiments and numerical simulations the factors necessary for single-crystal (single-domain crystal) formation on a plane...
air filtration

New Technologies in the Air by NTU Singapore and Swedish Partner Camfil to Improve...

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Swedish company Camfil, a global leader in the air filtration industry, are collaborating to develop innovative solutions...
cloud storage, cloud integration, blockchain, digital, Data Security, genomic data interpretation,Cognitive Personal Concierge Solutions, Five Innovations, Cancer Treatments, cancer

New IBM Cloud Integration Technology Blends Multi-Cloud Environments

IBM today announced new software and services designed to solve the integration challenge of bringing together enterprise data and applications across on-premises, private and public...
database integration, Lithium-Ion Batteries, Piezoelectric Device, In-Memory Deduplication, wavelength, genomic medicine, machine learning technology, Quantum Computers

Fujitsu Develops Database Integration Technology to Accelerate IoT Data Analysis

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced the development of technology to integrate and rapidly analyze NoSQL databases, used for accumulating large volumes of unstructured IoT...
turbulence

Manchester-led Research Set to Reveal the Chaotic Mysteries of Turbulence

A team of researchers led by The University of Manchester is on the brink of revealing some of the mysteries of turbulence – a...
flexible electronics

New Projects Create a Foundation for Next-Gen Flexible Electronics

Four projects set to move forward at the Georgia Institute of Technology aim to lay the groundwork for manufacturing next-generation flexible electronics, which have...
nanomachines

Light-controlled Gearbox for Nanomachines

Molecular motors can produce cyclical mechanical movement using an external energy source, such as a chemical or light source, combined with Brownian motion (disorganized...
implants

Study Points a Way to Better Implants

Medical devices implanted in the body for drug delivery, sensing, or tissue regeneration usually come under fire from the host’s immune system. Defense cells...
DNA detection

UCLA Researchers Make DNA Detection Portable, Affordable Using Cellphones

Researchers at UCLA have developed an improved method to detect the presence of DNA biomarkers of disease that is compatible with use outside of...
biocomputers

Molecular Motor-Powered Biocomputers

Crashing computers or smartphones and software security holes that allow hackers to steal millions of passwords could be prevented if it were possible to...
quantum dots

‘Flying Saucer’ Quantum Dots Hold Secret to Better, Brighter Lasers

Fresh insights into living cells, brighter video projectors and more accurate medical tests are just three of the innovations that could result from a...
fusion plasma

New Feedback System Could Allow Greater Control over Fusion Plasma

Like a potter shaping clay as it spins on a wheel, physicists use magnetic fields and powerful particle beams to control and shape the...
parasitic fish

Parasitic Fish Offer Evolutionary Insights

Lamprey are slimy, parasitic eel-like fish, one of only two existing species of vertebrates that have no jaw. While many would be repulsed by...
Autonomous Driving

CeBIT: Autonomous Driving and Other Glimpses into the Future

A test area for autonomous driving, sensors enhancing the skills of robots, quality management with the help of virtual reality, computers that better understand...
heart attacks

Molecular Therapy Is Designed to Protect Patients from Heart Attacks and Strokes

As a component of cell walls and as a building block of many hormones, the fat molecule cholesterol plays an important role in cell...
batteries

A New, Gel-like Coating Beefs up the Performance of Lithium-sulfur Batteries

Yale scientists have developed an ultra-thin coating material that has the potential to extend the life and improve the efficiency of lithium-sulfur batteries, one...
prevent infections

New Discovery to Prevent Infections Spreading on Medical Devices

Microbiologists from Trinity College Dublin have discovered how to prevent bacteria from growing on medical devices such as hip replacements and heart valves that are implanted in...
stem cell

Parsley and Other Plants Lend Form to Human Stem Cell Scaffolds

Borrowing from nature is an age-old theme in science. Form and function go hand-in-hand in the natural world and the structures created by plants...
fibrosis

How Fibrosis Drugs Work

Pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of lung tissue) is a term used to denote a variety of different lung diseases. All of these are characterized by...
crystals

DNA Double Helix Structures Crystals

For the first time, FAU engineers have succeeded in producing complex crystal lattices, so-called clathrates, from nanoparticles using DNA strands. The programmed synthesis of...
Electro-optical Switch

Electro-optical Switch Transmits Data at Record-Low Temperatures

A silicon optical switch newly developed at Sandia National Laboratories is the first to transmit up to 10 gigabits per second of data at...
Methyl

DNA Labels Predict Mortality

Various chemical modifications in the genome determine whether genes are read or deactivated. Methyl labels in the DNA play a key role in this...
DNA Origami

Block Copolymer Micellization as a Protection Strategy for DNA Origami

The precise positioning of individual molecules with respect to one another is fundamentally challenging. DNA Nanotechnology enables the synthesis of nanometer-sized objects with programmable...
acute heart failure

DZHK Study: Better Therapy for Acute Heart Failure

In the case of cardiac insufficiency, the filling pressure in the heart is increased as the normal filling pressure is no longer sufficient to...
prostate cancer

Novel Genes Identified That Help Suppress Prostate and Other Cancers

New genes which help prevent prostate, skin and breast cancer development in mice have been discovered by researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute...
Cholesterol Distribution

Researchers Explore a New Method to Study Cholesterol Distribution on Cells

Researchers from UCLA and the University of Western Australia have developed a new way of visualizing the distribution of cholesterol in cells and tissues....
chip

Engineers Design “Tree-on-a-Chip”

Trees and other plants, from towering redwoods to diminutive daisies, are nature’s hydraulic pumps. They are constantly pulling water up from their roots to...
surgical needle

Piece of Mind

With just an inexpensive micro-thin surgical needle and laser light, University of Utah engineers have discovered a minimally invasive, inexpensive way to take high-resolution...
nanofibrevideo

NUS Engineering Team Develops Novel Nanofibre Solution for Clean, Fresh Air

A research team from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has successfully concocted a novel nanofibre solution that creates thin, see-through air filters that...
alcoholism

Window to Brain’s Reward System Could Lead to Better Treatments for Alcoholism

In a small trial, carried out at Imperial College London, researchers have provided a unique view into the brains of active alcoholics taking a...
autism

Link Between Vitamin D Treatment and Autism Prevention

Giving vitamin D supplements to mice during pregnancy prevents autism traits in their offspring, University of Queensland researchers have discovered. The discovery provides further evidence...
marine worm

Worm-inspired Material Strengthens, Changes Shape in Response to Its Environment

A new material that naturally adapts to changing environments was inspired by the strength, stability, and mechanical performance of the jaw of a marine...
electronics

Unexpected, Star-Spangled Find May Lead to Advanced Electronics

For several years, a team of researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas has investigated various materials in search of those whose electrical...
smart mobility

NTU Singapore and Schaeffler Set up Joint Lab to Develop Smart Mobility Devices

In future, you could get off the train and hop onto an electric kickboard equipped with a smart unit that can warn you of...
heart procedures

New Stenting Tool Could Make Heart Procedures Cheaper and Less Painful

The tool is similar to current techniques in telling surgeons whether a patient needs a stent – a type of mesh tube used to...
climate change

Newly-discovered Peatlands Must Be Protected to Prevent Climate Change

Recently discovered peatlands in Amazonia and Africa must be protected from commercial agriculture to prevent environmental disaster, say researchers at the University of St...
tumor cells

Tethered Nanoparticles Make Tumor Cells More Vulnerable

MIT researchers have devised a way to make tumor cells more susceptible to certain types of cancer treatment by coating the cells with nanoparticles...
solar cells

Towards Super-efficient, Ultra-thin Silicon Solar Cells

Despite a surge in solar cell R&D in recent years involving emerging materials such as organics and perovskites, the solar cell industry continues to...
nuclear waste, quantum, brain diseases, solar power, pulmonary disease, solidification, global warming, photovoltaic cells, drone, antiobiotic-resistant bacteria, Graphene, energy efficiency, magnetic data storage, immunology, Genetic plant, Antarctic, Alzheimer, Magnetic attraction, Huntington’s disease, bone repair, earthquakes, photonic crystals, brain, immunodeficiency, Internet of Things, spinal cord injuries

Fishing the Radioactivity out of Nuclear Waste

Cleaning up radioactive waste is difficult and often dangerous, especially when uranium is involved. In order to solve the problem of safely handling nuclear...
magnetism

Taking Animal Magnetism to the Extreme

Each beat of your heart or burst of brain activity relies on tiny electrophysiological currents that generate minuscule ripples in the surrounding magnetic field....
liquid crystals

Research Reveals Inner Workings of Liquid Crystals

Liquid crystals are used in everything from tiny digital watches to huge television screens, from optical devices to biomedical detectors. Yet little is known...
arteries

How Old Are Your Arteries?

For most Americans over the age of 60, atherosclerosis is a common fact of life, viewed as an inevitable consequence of growing old. Atherosclerosis is...
silicon nitride

Transparent Ceramics Make Super-hard Windows

Scientists have synthesised the first transparent sample of a popular industrial ceramic at DESY. The result is a super-hard window made of cubic silicon...
hohlraums

The Softer Side of NIF Hohlraums

Considering that nothing precious comes from an online retailer without protective padding, could precision laser targets also benefit from similar high-tech swaddling? So far the...