Thursday, November 15, 2018

LATEST NEWS

Micropumps

Micropumps as a Platform for Understanding Chemically Propelled Micromotors

ICN2 researchers investigate micropumps as a window into self-propelled micromotors and beyond. In the paper published this September in Accounts of Chemical Research, lead author...
Warfighter Technology

I²C Firm RadioBro Wins First Place in Warfighter Technology Contest

A small business at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) Dorothy S. Davidson Invention to Innovation Center (I²C) has won a $10,000 first...
Oil-Resistant Filtervideo

Scientists Create New Oil-Resistant Filter Technology

Crude oil is sticky stuff and often clogs filters membranes and other equipment used in the oil and gas industry. To address this problem,...
Parkinson’s

Procedure Pioneered at UVA Shown to Enhance Quality of Life for Parkinson’s Patients

A high-tech form of brain surgery that replaces scalpels with sound waves improved quality of life for people with Parkinson’s disease that has resisted...
Aspergillus flavus

Caterpillar, Fungus in Cahoots to Threaten Fruit, Nut Crops

New research reveals that Aspergillus flavus, a fungus that produces carcinogenic aflatoxins that can contaminate seeds and nuts, has a multilegged partner in crime: the...
Nonlinear Optics

Physicists Discover New Way of Resonance Tuning for Nonlinear Optics

A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking...
obesity and cancer

Scientists Shine New Light on Link Between Obesity and Cancer

Scientists have made a major discovery that shines a new, explanatory light on the link between obesity and cancer. Their research confirms why the...
biofuel cell

Next Step on the Path Towards an Efficient Biofuel Cell

Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as...
Pulmonary TB

Pulmonary TB Can Be Cured with Shorter Treatment, Study Finds

Almost half of the nearly 10 million patients with active tuberculosis each year could potentially be cured with significantly shorter treatments than current guidelines...
graphene-based detectors

Detecting Light in a Different Dimension

Scientists from the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory—have dramatically improved the response...
parasitic worms

Largest Parasitic Worm Genetic Study Hatches Novel Treatment Possibilities

The largest genomic study of parasitic worms to date has identified hundreds of thousands of new genes and predicted many new potential drug targets...
thermal transistor

How Can We Design Electronic Devices That Don’t Overheat?

You’ve felt the heat before — the smartphone that warms while running a navigation app or the laptop that gets too hot for your lap. The...
digital twins

Digital Twins to Take Industry into the Future

As a vital part of Industry 4.0, so-called ‘digital twins’ play a crucial role in driving change and improvement in industrial manufacturing processes and...
graphene foam

Epoxy Compound Gets a Graphene Bump

Rice University scientists have built a better epoxy for electronic applications. Epoxy combined with “ultrastiff” graphene foam invented in the Rice lab of chemist James Tour is substantially tougher...
HIV infection

Long-Term Study Shows That HIV-2 Is Deadlier Than Previously Thought

A study published in The Lancet HIV shows that HIV-2 is more pathogenic than previously demonstrated. The new findings indicate that early treatment should...
Anisotropic Conductive Film

New Anisotropic Conductive Film for Ultra-Fine Pitch Assembly Applications

Higher resolution display electronic devices increasingly needs ultra-fine pitch assemblies. On that account, display driver interconnection technology has become a major challenge for upscaling...
cognitive animal enrichment

‘Ground-Breaking’ Great Ape Activity Device Revealed at Bristol Zoo Gardens

The project integrates hidden computer technology with cognitive animal enrichment for the first time, to measure how gorillas solve complicated problems. The result is...
Heart Healthy Diet

Food for Thought

From the standpoint of heart health, the Tsimane are a model group. A population indigenous to the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane demonstrate next to...
optical lens

Scientists Engineer a Functional Optical Lens out of 2D Materials

In optics, the era of glass lenses may be waning. In recent years, physicists and engineers have been designing, constructing and testing different types of...
Osteoporosis

Individualized Therapy for Patients with Osteoporosis

More than six million people in Germany suffer from osteoporosis. The disease is characterized by chronic bone resorption, leading to frequent fractures as a...
twist DNA

Physicists Unravel the Mechanics of DNA

The DNA within our cells is an almost two-metre string of information, stored in a nucleus of only a few micrometres large. The information within those...
genetic diseases

Moths and Magnets Could Save Lives

A new technology that relies on a moth-infecting virus and nanomagnets could be used to edit defective genes that give rise to diseases like...
Bipolar structure

Bipolar Structure for Nerve Cell Migration

The cerebral cortex is responsible for a large number of complex brain functions, ranging from the perception of sensory stimuli through alertness, memory and...
microgel powder

Microgel Powder Fights Infection and Helps Wounds Heal

Hao Meng’s doctoral project focused on biocompatibility testing and pulling a sticky amino acid out of mussels. Glue-like catechol shows promise for smart adhesives...
breast cancer

Breast Cancer: Stress Signaling Promotes Metastasis and Therapy Resistance

Scientists from the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ) and the Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH) have identified a...
catalysts

Replicating Surfaces, in Extreme Detail

Yale researchers have developed a procedure that can replicate surface structures at the atomic scale - a breakthrough that could lead to better catalysts,...
vaccinations

Children’s Vaccinations and Development Checks Prevent Hospital Admissions

This is the finding of the largest ever analysis examining how infant vaccinations and NHS development checks in primary care are linked to children’s...
Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 Can Revive Europe’s PV Sector

This article has been adapted from a recently published visionary paper in Photovoltaics International Magazine. What is Industry 4.0 Industry 4.0 is a term initially coined...
Flexible Robotics

Flexible Robotics for Food Production

Robots that automatically harvest tomatoes or package biscuits in boxes of various sizes are now becoming a reality: Wageningen University & Research will be...
machine learning

Machine Learning Tool Can Predict Viral Reservoirs in the Animal Kingdom

Many deadly and newly emerging viruses like Ebola and Zika circulate in wild animal and insect communities long before spreading to humans and causing...
Operational Fires

Program Targets Innovative Propulsion Solutions for Ground-Based Weapons Delivery System

The joint DARPA/U.S. Army Operational Fires (OpFires) program will soon kick off with three performers awarded contracts to begin work: Aerojet Rocketdyne, Exquadrum, and...
fern plant

Fern Plant Infusion Keeps the Doctor Away in Medieval Europe

The remains of a medieval skeleton has shown the first physical evidence that a fern plant could have been used for medicinal purposes in...
Dehydration

Shorter Sleep Can Lead to Dehydration

Adults who sleep just six hours per night — as opposed to eight — may have a higher chance of being dehydrated, according to...
integrated sensors

Interactive Shutter Eyeglasses to Replace Eyepatch Therapy

The standard treatment for so-called lazy eye (amblyopia) in children is to cover the nonimpaired eye with a patch. This trains the impaired eye...
Antarctic and Greenlandic Ice

Formation of Mysterious Structures Within the Antarctic and Greenlandic Ice Sheet

Plume-like structures extending from the base of the ice-sheet up to a kilometre and a few tens of kilometres in length have been observed in...
ultra-low-power microchips

Study Opens Route to Ultra-Low-Power Microchips

A new approach to controlling magnetism in a microchip could open the doors to memory, computing, and sensing devices that consume drastically less power...
Atomic parity violation

Atomic Parity Violation Research Reaches New Milestone

A reflection always reproduces objects as a complete mirror image, rather than just its individual parts or individual parts in a completely different orientation....
supercomputers

Sierra Reaches Higher Altitudes, Takes No. 2 Spot on List of World’s Fastest Supercomputers

Sierra, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL) newest supercomputer, rose to second place on the list of the world’s fastest computing systems, TOP500 List representatives announced Monday...
Fecal transplant

Fecal Transplant Effective Against Immunotherapy-Induced Colitis

For the first time, transplanting gut bacteria from healthy donors was used to successfully treat patients suffering from severe colitis caused by treatment with immune...
solar cells

Ultrathin Transparent Silver Layers for Solar Cells

Researchers at the Ruhr University Bochum and the Bergische Universität Wuppertal have developed a new production method for transparent, wafer-thin silver layers. The material could...
biofuel

Biofuel from a Container

Previously unexploited organic waste can be converted into biofuel, with technology developed by researchers from the EU BIOGO project. More than four billion tons of...
infrared technology

Measuring the Vitality of Muscles with an Innovative Infrared Technology

How do we keep muscles healthy and vital as long as possible? And what changes do muscles go through as we grow older? Bart...
DNA sequence

Phaser Neatly Arranges Nucleosomes

LMU researchers have, for the first time, systematically determined the positioning of the packing units of the fruit fly genome, and discovered a new...
Fabric-Based Sensor

New Fabric-Based Sensor Overcomes Loose Clothing Obstacle

In a paper presented at SenSys 2018, the 16th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems Nov. 4-7 in Shenzhen, China, a team of...
protein complex

Ring-Shaped Protein Complex Wrangles DNA

Biological physicists at Rice University have a new cellular mechanics theory that rings true. The Rice lab of José Onuchic has determined the structure of...
technology nodes

The Supervia: A Promising Scaling Booster for the (Sub-)3nm Technology Node

Today’s back-end-of-line technology Interconnects – the tiny wiring schemes in chips’ back-end-of-line – distribute clock and other signals, provide power and ground for various electronic...
maverick immune cells

Two-Pronged Device Enables Maverick Immune Cells to Identify and Kill Cancers

Immune cells called Gamma Delta T cells can act independently to identify and kill cancer cells, defying the conventional view of the immune system,...
perovskite silicon tandem solar cells

New Records for Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells Through Improved Light Capture

Using microstructured layers, an HZB team was able to increase the efficiency of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells to currently 25.5 percent, the highest...
Arthritisvideo

Stopping Arthritis Before It Starts

When you think of motion capture technology, you might think of the movie magic that brought Jurassic World to life or made Avatar a box office hit. But that’s...
heat-rejecting film

See-Through Film Rejects 70 Percent of Incoming Solar Heat

To battle the summer heat, office and residential buildings tend to crank up the air conditioning, sending energy bills soaring. Indeed, it’s estimated that...
melanoma, cervical cancer, depression, neurodegenerative diseases, anesthetic drug ketamine, Olfactory cells, Dopamine Receptors, Muscular Dystrophy, Alzheimer’s disease, Alzheimer's, brain tumors, amygdala, freezing point, brain tumors, Rett Syndrome, cardiovascular death, Chronic viral infection, folic acid, diabetes, brain function, post-traumatic stress disorder, X chromosome, Maternal Fatty Acid, chronic sciatica, preemie blindness, gliomas, breast cancer, Combination immunotherapy, prostate cancer, acute heart failure, Metastatic lymph nodes, obesity, spontaneous coronary artery dissection, movement disorder, Safe-sleep, electronic cigarettes, prostate cancer, radiation therapy, neonatal disease, chemotherapy, tumor cells, X-linked disorders, autoimmune disease, neurological disorder, transplantation, tumor cells, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Nerve-damage Disorder, Mature B Lymphocytes, Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

Specific CD8 T Cell States May Indicate Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy for Melanoma

A multi-institutional research team, led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, has identified specific states of...
sensor networks

Retreating Glaciers Observed Through Sensor Networks in National Geographic Grant

Professor Kirk Martinez, from the School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS), is monitoring glacier behaviour through custom-built sensor networks thanks to funding from...
smallest flightless bird

Researchers Solve the Mystery of the Bird from Atlantis

The world’s smallest flightless bird can be found on Inaccessible Island in the middle of the South Atlantic. Less than 100 years ago, researchers...
implantable optical probe

Researcher Developing Bioresorbable Sensing Platform for Brain Implant

A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineer is working in collaboration with a pioneer in the field to develop an implantable optical probe...
Aspergillus fungi

Producing Everyday Products with Fungi

Most detergents, cosmetics, and clothes, to name just a few products, are manufactured using petroleum, making such everyday items anything but eco-friendly. It is...
wearable bioreactor

Regeneration Science Takes a Leap Forward

Researchers led by Tufts University biologists and engineers have found that delivering progesterone to an amputation injury site can induce the regeneration of limbs...
dental reconstruction material

Super-Strong, Bio-Compatible Material May Reduce Broken Fillings

Adapted from bone fracture glue research at the Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology at KTH, the material can be molded in a clinical setting,...
Phthalates

UCSC Chemists Develop Safe Alternatives to Phthalates Used in Plastics

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed safer alternatives to the phthalate plasticizers used to enhance the suppleness, flexibility, and longevity of plastics. The problem...
innovative imaging, fiber optic sensing, wireless sensor network, germanium nanowire pFETs

JPEG – from Mediaeval Paintings to Holography

From JPEG to Bruegel The move from analog to digital images – which started some three decades ago – was exciting but also brought along...
combustion principle

Researchers Develop New Baking Method for Improved Energy Efficiency in Ovens

You don’t necessarily think about energy efficiency and protecting the environment while taking a bite of your bread roll at breakfast time. But baked...
batteries

Extending the Life of Low-Cost, Compact, Lightweight Batteries

Metal-air batteries are one of the lightest and most compact types of batteries available, but they can have a major limitation: When not in...
synthetic materialvideo

Inexpensive Material Offers Solution for Ocean Oil Spills

A super-absorbent material developed by Penn State scientists could dramatically reduce the environmental impact of oil spills on oceans and allow recovered oil to...
polyurethane foams

Reliably Simulating Polyurethane Foams

Polyurethane foams – PU foams for short – play a big role in our everyday lives, even if we are generally not aware of...
Natural Gas Methane

Study Reconciles Persistent Gap in Natural Gas Methane Emissions Measurements

A new study offers answers to questions that have puzzled policymakers, researchers and regulatory agencies through decades of inquiry and evolving science: How much...
Hybrid Graphene Electronics

A New Spin on Hybrid Graphene Electronics

In quantum physics, spin-orbit coupling is a relativistic interaction between the spin and momentum degrees of freedom of electrons. It is central to the...
Power Fastest Network, 400G wavelength connectivity

IU, Industry Leaders to Power Fastest Network Ever Built for Research and Education

Indiana University network engineers are collaborating with Ciena®, Internet2, and ESnet to power the fastest network ever built for research and education. Called the Monon400, the...
ocean warming

Earth’s Oceans Have Absorbed 60 Percent More Heat per Year Than Previously Thought

The researchers reported in the journal Nature Nov. 1 that the world’s oceans took up more than 13 zettajoules — which is a joule, the standard...
quantum accelerometervideo

Quantum ‘Compass’ Could Allow Navigation Without Relying on Satellites

Most navigation today relies on a global navigation satellite system (GNSS), such as GPS, which sends and receives signals from satellites orbiting the Earth....
biorefineries

Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility

The Science Biorefineries are picky eaters. They only consume one or two types of plant matter. Researchers processed and experimentally measured ethanol production from five...
stretched graphene

New Insulating State Found in Stretched Graphene

By using the powerful K supercomputer to simulate with unprecedented accuracy what happens to graphene as it is stretched, RIKEN researchers have discovered a...
sleep-tracking devicesvideo

Study Looks at Irregular Sleep Habits and Health

Some people look forward to ‘falling back’ one hour in the fall and getting an ‘extra’ hour of sleep. However, others feel a change in sleep...
silicon nanoneedle patches

New Flexible, Transparent, Wearable Bio-Patch, Improves Cellular Observation, Drug Delivery

Purdue University researchers have developed a new flexible and translucent base for silicon nanoneedle patches to deliver exact doses of biomolecules directly into cells and...
biomolecules

Atomic View of Nature’s Amazing Molecular Machines at Work

Researchers from the MPSD’s Department of Atomically Resolved Dynamics at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, the Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (all in Hamburg),...
supercomputing

Researchers Create First-Of-Its-Kind Composable Storage Platform for High-Performance Computing

Large-scale, advanced high-performance computing, often called supercomputing, is essential to solving both complex and large questions. Everything from answering metaphysical queries about the origins of...
cancerous heart tumors, delirium, Gene mutation, spontaneous vaginal delivery, chronic pain, gestational diabetes, Induced labor, Insufficient vitamin D, combination therapy, brain white matter, Anti-HIV drug, carcinomas, coronavirus, Diuretic therapy, type 1 diabetes, brain disorders, asthma, Red Blood Cells, sleep apnea, Induced labor, genome editing, Iodine deficiency, surgical pain, food allergies, Zika virus vaccine, mental illness, stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

High Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation Associated with Cancer in Male Rats

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) concluded there is clear evidence that male rats exposed to high levels of radio frequency radiation (RFR) like that...
Hybrid Capacitor

KAIST Introduces Faster and More Powerful Aqueous Hybrid Capacitor

A KAIST research team made it one step closer to realizing safe energy storage with high energy density, high power density, and a longer...
glioblastoma tumors

Tiny DNA Modification Has Big Impact on Deadly Tumors

A simple modification of a DNA base in small areas of the genome may explain why glioblastoma tumors are so deadly, researchers at Yale and...
optical devices

Directivity to Improve Optical Devices

Directivity describes the ratio of light emission in one particular direction, to the total over all other directions. It is often useful for emitters...
genetic code

Genetic Code of 66,000 UK Species to Be Sequenced

The genetic codes of 66,000 species in the UK are planned to be sequenced by the Wellcome Sanger Institute and its collaborators as part...
graphene

Graphene on the Way to Superconductivity

Pure carbon is made up of materials as diverse as diamond, graphite or graphene. In graphene, the carbon atoms form a two-dimensional net with hexagonal...
unsuspected pollutant

Study Uncovers High Levels of Previously Unsuspected Pollutant in Homes, Environment

Scientists at Indiana University found high levels of a previously unsuspected pollutant in homes, in an electronic waste recycling facility and in the natural...
Micro Detection Devices

Draw-Your-Own Electrodes Set to Speed up Development of Micro Detection Devices

Devices that sense and measure biological molecules important for healthcare, such as detecting diseases in blood samples, rely on electrodes to carry out their...
video conversion

Real-Time SDR to HDR Video Conversion

Until recently, qualitatively converting images from standard to high-dynamic range (SDR to HDR) was only possible manually. But now IPI, imec’s Image Processing and...
Paralysisvideo

Breakthrough Neurotechnology for Treating Paralysis

Three paraplegics who sustained cervical spinal cord injuries many years ago are now able to walk with the aid of crutches or a walker...
melanoma, cervical cancer, depression, neurodegenerative diseases, anesthetic drug ketamine, Olfactory cells, Dopamine Receptors, Muscular Dystrophy, Alzheimer’s disease, Alzheimer's, brain tumors, amygdala, freezing point, brain tumors, Rett Syndrome, cardiovascular death, Chronic viral infection, folic acid, diabetes, brain function, post-traumatic stress disorder, X chromosome, Maternal Fatty Acid, chronic sciatica, preemie blindness, gliomas, breast cancer, Combination immunotherapy, prostate cancer, acute heart failure, Metastatic lymph nodes, obesity, spontaneous coronary artery dissection, movement disorder, Safe-sleep, electronic cigarettes, prostate cancer, radiation therapy, neonatal disease, chemotherapy, tumor cells, X-linked disorders, autoimmune disease, neurological disorder, transplantation, tumor cells, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Nerve-damage Disorder, Mature B Lymphocytes, Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy May Increase Death Risk in Patients with Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

A study by a multi-institutional research team, including Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) physicians, has found evidence that patients receiving minimally invasive radical hysterectomy for...
glutamine metabolism

Team’s Findings Show Glutamine Metabolism Affects T Cell Signaling

The cellular nutrient glutamine launches a metabolic signaling pathway that promotes the function of some immune system T cells and suppresses others, Vanderbilt researchers...
smart drainage device

Purdue’s Giant Leap Toward Personalized Medicine Helps Eyes Drain Themselves for Glaucoma Patients

Purdue University researchers have invented a new smart drainage device to help patients with glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness in the world, as they...
environmental change

Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants’ Vulnerability to Frost

The Science By warming mature spruce trees and surrounding plants in containment tents in a Minnesota peat bog, researchers examined what happens when the growing...
nozzle-free electrospinning device, HIV-associated heart disease, robots, dementia and stroke, fatty liver, stroke, sleeping sickness, Sight Loss

Nano-Scale Process May Usher in Cheaper Products

The process could speed the commercial development of devices, materials and technologies that exploit the physical properties of nanoparticles, which are thousands of times...
Antarctic ice

Cause of Long, Potentially Damaging Channels on Antarctic Ice Shelves Found

Glaciers in Antarctica are remote and difficult to study, which means much about their behaviour is unknown. These knowledge gaps mean scientists cannot be...
retinal organoids

Biologists Are Growing ‘Mini Retinas’ to Better Understand Connection Between Eye and Brain

IUPUI biologists are growing 'mini retinas' in the lab from stem cells to mimic the growth of the human retina. The researchers hope to...
hypoglycemia

Purdue Technology Opens the Door for Improved Rescue Kits for People with Diabetes, Hypoglycemia

Being with someone who has diabetes and needs immediate care to avoid a coma can be a frightening situation. Even worse, current products and...
vegetable oil crop

Substitutes May Make Matters Worse

Palm oil stands at the centre of an intense and often polarised debate1. While the massive expansion of oil palm across the tropics has...
modern birds’ eggs

Dinosaurs Put All Colored Birds’ Eggs in One Basket, Evolutionarily Speaking

A new study says the colors found in modern birds’ eggs did not evolve independently, as previously thought, but evolved instead from dinosaurs. According to...
Chill Band

Can We Measure Happiness?

Wearables as the missing link between mind and body To the outside world – and often even to the patients themselves – mental problems sometimes seem...
Rooftop Device

Stanford Researchers Develop a Rooftop Device That Can Make Solar Power and Cool Buildings

Stanford electrical engineer Shanhui Fan wants to revolutionize energy-producing rooftop arrays. Today, such arrays do one thing – they turn sunlight into electricity. But Fan’s lab has...
wearable biosensors

UMass Amherst Materials Scientists Create Fabric Alternative to Batteries for Wearable Devices

A major factor holding back development of wearable biosensors for health monitoring is the lack of a lightweight, long-lasting power supply. Now scientists at...
synchronous

A Burst of ”Synchronous” Light

Excited photo-emitters can cooperate and radiate simultaneously, a phenomenon called superfluorescence. Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich,...
solar panels

Largest Solar Power Study to Date Discovers 25% Power Loss Across UK

Researchers at the University of Huddersfield have undertaken the largest study to date into the effectiveness of solar panels across the UK and discovered...
beef cattle

Genes That Could Lead to Improvement of Beef Cattle Are Identified

Beef cattle improvement programs have focused for decades on promoting the rapid growth of calves. Now, the goal is to improve other traits, such...