Sunday, October 22, 2017

LATEST NEWS

solar dronevideo

When Solar-Powered Drones Meet Arctic Glaciers

What better place than the Arctic for testing the new generation of solar-powered aircraft? The Autonomous Systems Laboratory ASL has developed a pioneering solar-powered...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

New Hope for Eczema Sufferers

Everyone who has ever had to endure eczema knows just how irritating the symptoms are. Now A*STAR researchers have pinpointed a genetic predisposition to...
microfluidic device

Microfluidics Probe ‘Cholesterol’ of the Oil Industry

It sounds cliché, but things do get worse before they get better when oil and gas lines are being cleared of contaminants, according to...
Type 2 Diabetes

Lower Brain Glucose Levels Found in People with Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

Glucose levels are reduced in the brains of individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes compared to lean individuals, according to a new Yale...
Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids Aid Healing – If the Timing Is Right

“It’s well-known that corticosteroids inhibit healing, but we show that it can actually have a strong positive effect on the healing of tendons. The...
plant protein, climate, Skin Disease, Form of Light, clean energy, batteries, Ascaris roundworm, inflammation, motor neurone disease, breast cancer

Plant Protein May Hold the Key to Fighting Hunger and Global Warming

Initial results from a collaborative EU research project suggest that diets that draw protein from plant sources may hold the key to fighting hunger...
broadband

New Technology to Dramatically Speed up Home Broadband

The new receiver technology enables dedicated data rates at more than 10,000 megabits-per-second (Mb/s) for a truly super-fast, yet low-cost, broadband connection to every UK...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

A Sputtering Step Closer to Cheaper Solar Cells

In the search for alternatives to silicon-based solar cells, A*STAR researchers are investigating a new material that is cheaper and easier to make, and...
matter

Riddle of Matter Remains Unsolved: Proton and Antiproton Share Fundamental Properties

Scientists are still in search of a difference between protons and antiprotons which would help to potentially explain the existence of matter in our...
dreams

Want to Control Your Dreams? Here’s How You Can

New research at the University of Adelaide has found that a specific combination of techniques will increase people's chances of having lucid dreams, in...
electronic plantsvideo

Storing Energy in Roses

Eleni Stavrinidou leads a research group at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics working with electronic plants. The research, which has until now been financed...
climate change

Hydroelectric Power Plants Have to Be Adapted for Climate Change

One of the aims of Switzerland’s 2050 Energy Strategy is to increase hydroelectric production. The Swiss government therefore also needs to predict the environment...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

Polymers Are Tough on Microbes, Soft on Skin

Inexpensive antimicrobial polymers that are gentle on the skin and highly effective in killing microbes have been developed by A*STAR researchers1. They have promise...
Glaucoma

‘Y’ a Protein Unicorn Might Matter in Glaucoma

So unheard of was what researchers discovered in a protein associated with glaucoma that for over two years they ran it through a gauntlet...
cell death

Tracing Cell Death Pathway Points to Drug Targets for Brain Damage, Kidney Injury and...

University of Pittsburgh scientists are unlocking the complexities of a recently discovered cell death process that plays a key role in health and disease,...
RNA Switch

Creating a Better RNA Switch

If scientists could precisely regulate gene expression, they could turn off the genes responsible for illness and disease and turn on those that enhance...
nanoelectronics

New Research: This Nanoelectronics Breakthrough Could Lead to More Efficient Quantum Devices

Researchers from Concordia have made a breakthrough that could help your electronic devices get even smarter. Their findings, which examine electron behaviour within nanoelectronics, have...
brain

Tangled up in Gray

A new study by Rice University researchers takes a step toward what they see as key to the advance of neuroscience: a better understanding...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

Genetic Dysregulation Helps Stomach Tumors Hide

Gastric cancer cells are helped to evade the immune system by alterations in gene regulation, according to new work by A*STAR researchers. This mechanism...
healthcare

Screening for Disease or Toxins in a Drop of Blood

The promise of being able to quickly and accurately screen for diseases or chemical contaminants in a tiny drop of blood has long been...
viral viruses

Shining Light on the Social Lives of Viruses

Scientists know viruses are contagious and can spread quickly, but how do they interact with each other? To gain an understanding into how viruses spread,...
amoeba

Amoeba-like Oscillating Materials Synthesized in Lab

A research group at the University of Tokyo and their collaborators have created for the first time amoeba-like fluids that oscillate spontaneously between liquid...
Alzheimervideo

Discovery Lights Path for Alzheimer’s Research

A probe invented at Rice University that lights up when it binds to a misfoldedamyloid beta peptide — the kind suspected of causing Alzheimer’s...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

Fishing for a Disease Gene

An immobile mutant zebrafish first described by scientists more than 20 years ago turns out to have defects in the same gene as people...
immune system

Fast and Adaptable

Dendritic cells regulate the immune system, attack viruses and bacteria and prevent unwanted and harmful immune system reactions. There are many different sub-species of...
matter

Using Supercomputers to Delve Ever Deeper into the Building Blocks of Matter

Nuclear physicists are known for their atom-smashing explorations of the building blocks of visible matter. At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle...
digital memories

New Material for Digital Memories of the Future

The phenomenon can be used for small and flexible digital memories of the future, and for completely new types of solar cells. In an article...
brain

Nature or Nurture? Innate Social Behaviors in the Mouse Brain

Adult male mice have a simple repertoire of innate, or instinctive, social behaviors: When encountering a female, a male mouse will try to mate...
eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

Mutation Discovered for Joint Disorder

The discovery of a rare genetic mutation associated with a devastating developmental disorder called arthrogryposis multiplex congenita could also provide researchers with a new...
wearable devicevideo

Wearables to Boost Security of Voice-based Log-In

A security-token necklace, ear buds or eyeglasses developed at the University of Michigan could eliminate vulnerabilities in voice authentication—the practice of logging in to...
photodetector

Holst Centre, Imec and Philips Demo World’s First Curved, Plastic Photodetector

Researchers from Holst Centre, imec and Royal Philips have produced the first ever prototype of a curved photodetector on a plastic substrate. The breakthrough...
Electrode Materials

Electrode Materials from the Microwave Oven

Power on the go is in demand: The higher the battery capacity, the larger the range of electric cars and the longer the operating...
Benzopyrene

With Prevention in Mind, Researchers Investigate How Benzopyrene Can Cause Cancer

Benzopyrene is a potent carcinogen and mutagen present in cigarette smoke, automotive exhaust, burnt wood fumes, barbecued and smoked meat etc. Understanding the mechanisms whereby...
Heart Failure

Mouse Studies Shed Light on How Protein Controls Heart Failure

A new study on two specially bred strains of mice has illuminated how abnormal addition of the chemical phosphate to a specific heart muscle...
octopus

Octopus Skin Inspires Engineers to Develop Programmable ‘Camouflaging’ Material

For the octopus and cuttlefish, instantaneously changing their skin color and pattern to disappear into the environment is just part of their camouflage prowess....
gold film

MIPT Scientists Revisit Optical Constants of Ultrathin Gold Films

Metal films with a thickness of tens of nanometers, or tens of billionths of a meter, are widely used to produce compact chemical and...
Skeletal muscles

How Skeletal-Muscle Proteins Generate Force Together

A University of Tokyo research group has shown that the skeletal-muscle protein myosin, clustered in a mass, works collectively to generate force in response...
quantum

Physics Boosts Artificial Intelligence Methods

Despite the central role of physics in quantum computing, until now, no problem of interest for physics researchers has been resolved by quantum computing...
alarm

Alarm Gives Epileptics Peace of Mind

Epileptic seizures occur suddenly and can be life-threatening. But an alarm developed jointly by doctors, a technology company, and researchers at DTU Electrical Engineering...
Parkinson’s

Data and Technology Drive New Approaches to Parkinson’s Care, Research

Complex, multi-system diseases like Parkinson’s have long poised challenges to both scientists and physicians.  University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) researchers are now reaching...
pollutant

Pollutant Emitted by Biomass Burning Causes DNA Damage and Lung Cell Death

When exposed in a laboratory to pollution levels comparable to those found in the atmosphere of the Amazon region during the forest and crop...
clothes dryer

Keeping It Clean: Mechanical Engineering Students Work to Develop Clothes Dryer Fit for Space...

Five seniors from the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M University are working together to develop clothes dryer technology to help astronauts save...
human habitat

Potential Human Habitat Located on the Moon

A study published in Geophysical Research Letters confirms the existence of a large open lava tube in the Marius Hills region of the moon,...
sugarcane

Modified Yeast Increases Sugar Output from Energy Sugarcane

Varieties of “energy sugarcane” obtained by crossbreeding the species Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum have been grown in Brazil in recent years. More robust and...
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, paper battery, genetic, Brain tumours, sperm, epigenetic, Diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, genes, solar power, colorectal cancer, epigenetic , dementia, brain treatments, glioblastoma, bladder cancer, Genetic, tumours metastasise, cultured cells, HIV and MDR-TB, magnetic materials, blood test results, Genetics, brain tumour, sleep, motor skills, Chameleonic, gut microbiota, genes, pollutants, penicillin, brain tumours, aneurysms

New Discovery: Four Genes Connected with OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a hereditary disorder that affects roughly 80 million people worldwide, but the biology of the disease is poorly understood. The...
tropical trees

Tropical Trees Show Coexistence Is Path to Diversity

On small Barro Colorado Island, in the middle of the Panama Canal, hundreds of tree species thrive. Jacob Usinowicz, an ecologist, recalls visiting there...
Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

One Step Closer Toward a Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease?

Scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), in collaboration with colleagues at the University California, San Diego (UCSD), have characterized a new class of drugs...
mosquitovideo

A Mosquito’s Secret Weapon: A Light Touch and Strong Wings

Scientists have found the key to mosquitoes’ stealth takeoffs: They barely push off when making a fast getaway, but instead rely on strong and...
human protein

Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Teams up with Swedish Researchers to Map All Cells in Human...

The project has been made possible in part by a grant from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative donor advised fund, an advised fund of Silicon...
biofuels

Beyond Biofuels: Berkeley Lab Facility a Catalyst for Broader Bio-based Economy

When the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Biofuels Process Development Unit (ABPDU) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) commenced operations in 2012, the...
dialysis membranes, post stroke, Islet Transplantation, 3D printed veins, diamond crystal, Diabetes, Transistors, alcohol addiction, chronic pain

Research at University of Twente Aims to Develop Better Dialysis Membranes

Kidney patients who are on dialysis have to visit the dialysis centre several times a week. This is not only inconvenient, but also means...
breast implants

Rare Cancer Linked with Breast Implants May Be Underreported, Misunderstood

A rare cancer in patients with breast implants may be on the rise, but not all patients and physicians may be aware of the...
cancer, Kidney Fibrosis, sarcoma, Seizures, Alzheimer’s disease, Kidney Disease, stress, Lung Disease, cancer, blood type, Viral interference, male infants, premature infants, antibodies, breast cancer, DNA repair protein, COX-2 blocker, Alzheimer’s, isoketal-modified proteins, opioids, ebola, nerve degeneration, neurotransmitter, pulmonary fibrosis, schizophrenia

Calcium Intake and Colorectal Cancer

Calcium plays key roles in cellular signaling, proliferation and death. Previous studies exploring the relationship between dietary calcium intake and colorectal cancer have had...
immune system

Researchers Release the Brakes on the Immune System

Many tumors possess mechanisms to avoid destruction by the immune system. For instance, they misuse the natural “brakes” in the immune defense mechanism, which...
Malaria Parasite

Malaria Parasite in the Americas Is More Genetically Diverse than Previously Thought

The populations found in the Americas of Plasmodium vivax, one of the main human malaria parasites, are as genetically diverse as those found in...
blue halo

Petals Produce a ‘Blue Halo’ That Helps Bees Find Flowers

The disorder we see in petal nanostructures appears to have been harnessed by evolution and ends up aiding floral communication with bees Beverley Glover Latest research...
medical testing

New Plan Aims to Slash Unnecessary Medical Testing

Researchers at top hospitals in the U.S. and Canada, including the University of Virginia Health System, have developed an ambitious plan to eliminate unnecessary...
HIV/SIV pond

Reservoir Explorers Find Extra HIV/SIV Pond

Scientists at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have identified an additional part of the HIV reservoir, immune cells that survive and harbor...
climate change

UCLA Research Puts Wildfire Risk into Historic Context

This month’s wildfires in Northern California have been the deadliest in United States history, with more than 40 deaths, hundreds still missing and widespread...
Alagille Syndromevideo

New Clues to Treat Alagille Syndrome From Zebrafish

A new study led by researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) identifies potential new therapeutic avenues for patients with Alagille syndrome....
Sikorsky, sensor fusion

Lockheed Martin to Develop Next-Gen Sensor Fusion Testbed to Enhance Helicopter Survivability

Lockheed Martin received a $12 million contract from the U.S. Army to develop a Multi-Modal Sensor Fusion (MMSF) testbed for rotary-wing aircraft. Under the service's...
robots

Flexible ‘Skin’ Can Help Robots, Prosthetics Perform Everyday Tasks by Sensing Shear Force

If a robot is sent to disable a roadside bomb — or delicately handle an egg while cooking you an omelet — it needs...
cancer drug

A New Approach to Cancer Drug Discovery

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed and demonstrated a promising new strategy for the discovery of novel anti-cancer therapies. The TSRI scientists,...
camera

Electroplating: The Birth of a Single Nucleus Caught ‘in Camera’

This enables electrical contacts to be made in integrated circuits with nanometric precision. Despites decades of research worldwide, visualising the early stages of electrodeposition -...
CRISPR-Cas9

Need for Speed Makes Genome Editing Efficient, If Not Better

Rice University researchers have developed a computational model to quantify the mechanism by which CRISPR-Cas9 proteins find their genome-editing targets. Anatoly Kolomeisky, a Rice professor...
Influenza Vaccine

Experts Outline Pathway to a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Scientists and clinicians from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, and the California Institute...
methane

A New Way to Harness Wasted Methane

Methane gas, a vast natural resource, is often disposed of through burning, but new research by scientists at MIT could make it easier to...
concrete bridge

World’s First 3D Printed Reinforced Concrete Bridge Opened

Five-ton load The bridge is the first civil infrastructure project to be realized with 3D-concrete printing. The bridge is 8 meters long (clear span 6.5...
machine learning

Scientists Use Machine Learning to Reveal Chemical Reactions in Real Time

Led by Anatoly Frenkel, a professor in Stony Brook University’s Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department who has a joint appointment with Brookhaven National Laboratory‘s Chemistry Division, the...
Anti-cancer Drugs

Researchers Find Novel Mechanism of Resistance to Anti-cancer Drugs

The targeted anti-cancer therapies cetuximab and panitumumab are mainstays of treatment for advanced colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the...
Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

Early Gene Transcription Patterns in Virus-specific CD8 T Cells Differentiate Chronic from Resolving Hepatitis...

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have identified differences in gene transcription within key immune cells that may distinguish those individuals infected with the hepatitis...
bowel cancer

New Bowel Cancer Drug Target Discovered

Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute have discovered a new drug target for bowel cancer that is specific to tumour cells and therefore less...
polymervideo

Spinning Strands Hint at Folding Dynamics

An engineered string of micronwide beads may take up the slack where computer modeling fails researchers who study the bending, folding and other movements...
data storage

UC Researcher Tackles Global Problem of Data Storage

With the rise of the Cloud, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (the foreseeable future in which not just computers but all of...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Found: Factor Which Delays Wound Healing

New research carried out at The University of Manchester has identified a bacterium - normally present on the skin- which causes poor wound healing...
topological phases

Missing Link Between New Topological Phases of Matter Discovered

The HZB researchers studied crystalline semiconductor films made of a lead, tin, and selenium alloy (PbSnSe) that were doped additionally with tiny amounts of...
Vitamin B6

Neutrons Observe Vitamin B6-dependent Enzyme Activity Useful for Drug Development

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have performed neutron structural analysis of a vitamin B6-dependent protein, potentially opening avenues for...
plant protein, climate, Skin Disease, Form of Light, clean energy, batteries, Ascaris roundworm, inflammation, motor neurone disease, breast cancer

New Link Between Volcanic Eruptions, Nile Flooding and Revolt in Ancient Egypt

Major revolts in ancient Egypt’s famous Ptolemaic era may have been triggered by volcanic eruptions that resulted in the suppression of the Nile summer...
Software Defined Radio

DARPA Software Defined Radio (SDR) Hackfest Selects Teams to Explore Cyber-Physical Intersection of SDR...

The increased use of wireless and internet-enabled devices – from computers to home appliances – and the data they generate are creating opportunities and...
drug resistance

Yeast Spotlights Genetic Variation’s Link to Drug Resistance

Researchers have shown that genetic diversity plays a key role in enabling drug resistance to evolve. Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and...
Gravitational-Wavevideo

NASA Missions Catch First Light from a Gravitational-Wave Event

For the first time, NASA scientists have detected light tied to a gravitational-wave event, thanks to two merging neutron stars in the galaxy NGC...
solar-powered cars

TU/e Students Win Bridgestone World Solar Challenge

Getting maximum points The aim of the Cruiser Class is to transport as many people as possible 3,000 kilometers from Darwin to Adelaide in the...
lakes

Waves in Lakes Make Waves in the Earth

Beneath the peaceful rolling waves of a lake is a rumble, imperceptible to all but seismometers, that ripples into the earth like the waves...
Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

Mass. General Team Develops Iphone App to Screen for Postpartum Depression

Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital’s (MGH) Ammon-Pinizzotto Center for Women’s Mental Health have developed the MGH Perinatal Depression Scale (MGHPDS), a free iPhone application designed to...
biosensor

UC Engineering Professor Wins Technology Commercialization Award for Biosensor

Jason Heikenfeld, PhD and University of Cincinnati College of Engineering and Applied Science (CEAS) Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computing Systems, has been honored...
laser

Laser-Focused: Chengyun Hua Turns the Heat up on Materials Research

In Chengyun Hua’s research, everything revolves around heat and how it moves. As a Russell Fellow at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National...
nanodisks

Rice U. Study: Vibrating Nanoparticles Interact

Like a tuning fork struck with a mallet, tiny gold nanodisks can be made to vibrate at resonant frequencies when struck by light. In...
breast cancer

Using Artificial Intelligence to Improve Early Breast Cancer Detection

Every year 40,000 women die from breast cancer in the U.S. alone. When cancers are found early, they can often be cured. Mammograms are...
space

Irish Students Gear up to Make Airwaves in Space!

Oscor Romeo Four India Sierra Sierra (OR4ISS) - do you copy? Students from Tallaght Community School will make history this year, as they have...
quantum simulator

Quantum Simulator: First Functioning Component

Hurricanes, traffic jams, demographic development – to predict the effect of such events, computer simulations are required. Many processes in nature, however, are so...
battery

Queensland, China Collaborate on Game-changer Research

University of Queensland research projects to develop better batteries for renewable energy and a way of predicting crop yields from space have been funded...
elephantiasis

Portable 3-D Scanner Assesses Patients with Elephantiasis

An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the...
wind turbine

A Kite That Might Fly

The notion of tethered wind turbines that generate electricity from abundant and reliable high-altitude winds seems futuristic. Now, KAUST research led by Georgiy Stenchikov...
miniature device

A Miniature Laser-like Device for Surface Plasmons

When light is confined between two partially reflecting mirrors and amplified by some material in between them, the resulting beam can be extremely bright...
nanotubes

Long Nanotubes Make Strong Fibers

To make continuous, strong and conductive carbon nanotube fibers, it’s best to start with long nanotubes, according to scientists at Rice University. The Rice lab...
LED based sensor

Nanoantenna Arrays Power a New Generation of Fluorescence-based Sensors

The arrays, designed and tested by Dr Neciah Dorh during his PhD at the University of Bristol, are made from aluminium nanorods fabricated using...
terahertz frequencies

Bridging the Terahertz Gap

Optical frequency combs are widely-used, high-precision tools for measuring and detecting different frequencies — a.k.a. colors — of light. Unlike conventional lasers, which emit...
software code

Study Finds Auto-Fix Tool Gets More Programmers to Upgrade Code

Failure to make necessary upgrades to software code can have dire consequences, such as the major data breach at Equifax. A recent study finds...
superbeamvideo

Plasma Optic Combines Lasers into Superbeam

Since its introduction in the 1977 film "Star Wars," the Death Star has remained one of science fiction's most iconic figures. The image of...
liver disease

Blood Vessel ‘Master Gene’ Discovery Could Lead to Treatments for Liver Disease

The findings come from a study, published in the journal Nature Communications, which highlights how a single gene, called ERG, plays a key role...