Friday, June 22, 2018

LATEST NEWS

solar cells

Researchers Solve Major Challenge in Mass Production of Low-Cost Solar Cells

An international team of university researchers today reports solving a major fabrication challenge for perovskite cells — the intriguing potential challengers to silicon-based solar...
infrared radiation

Lighting up the Depths of the Brain

Neuroscience is in the grips of transformation. In the quest to understand the brain’s messenger systems, researchers no longer have to rely on crude...
Microelectrodes

Producing Sensors with an Inkjet Printer

Microelectrodes can be used for direct measurement of electrical signals in the brain or heart. These applications require soft materials, however. With existing methods,...
Psychiatric Disorders

Psychiatric Disorders Share a New Underlying Genetic Basis

Psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder often run in families.  A new international study led by researchers at Trinity College Dublin and...
battery safety

Office of Naval Research Invests in Purdue Battery Safety Technology

Fundamental Purdue University research on making batteries safer has been targeted by the U.S. Office of Naval Research for translation into prototypes of larger...
toothy smile

Say Cheese! Why a Toothy Smile Makes It Easier for You to Be Identified

Previous research at York has shown that it is difficult for people to match a pair of unfamiliar faces in photographs, presenting significant issues...
Batteries

Template to Create Superatoms Could Make for Better Batteries

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have discovered a novel strategy for creating superatoms — combinations of atoms that can mimic the properties of more than one...
nanogalvanic aluminum

Army Plans to License Nanogalvanic Aluminum Powder Discovery

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory plans to license its discovery of a nanogalvanic aluminum powder for hydrogen generation. Army researchers have developed a novel, structurally-stable,...
Supercapacitors

As Future Batteries, Hybrid Supercapacitors Are Super-Charged

The Science A newly discovered supercapacitor has the highest energy density of any comparable system as demonstrated by a team of Molecular Foundry users and...
Antidiabetic drug

Antidiabetic Drug Is Tested Against Head and Neck Cancer

In a study involving more than 2,000 volunteers in five hospitals in São Paulo State, Brazil, the use of metformin, one of the world’s...
Synthetic polymers

Northwestern Researchers Achieve Unprecedented Control of Polymer Grids

Synthetic polymers are ubiquitous -- nylon and polyester, Teflon and epoxy, to name just a few. All are made up of long, linear structures...
High-Powered Microscopyvideo

‘Flamingo:’ High-Powered Microscopy Coming to a Scientist near You

Modern microscopy has given scientists a front-row seat to living, breathing biology in all its technicolor glory. But access to the best technologies can...
batteryvideo

Sodium- and Potassium-Based Batteries Hold Promise for Cheap Energy Storage

From electric cars that travel hundreds of miles on a single charge to chainsaws as mighty as gas-powered versions, new products hit the market...
heat pump, Floating device, honeybee, Workplace with Robots, power devices, Railway Sleepers, Minor cereals, paralysed, fibre optic, ultra-thin membranes, cold on a plane, diabetes genes, microcapsules, Electromagnetic radiation, Cold-loving bacteria, Artificial intelligence, Silicon Chips, Magnetic E-Skins, dog, climate change, Intestinal worms, antisocial behaviour, immune system, Bicarbonate, Neonatal seizures, insects, Alzheimer's disease, photovoltaic, Integrated Circuits, stress, human intelligence, quantum, OLED, smart glass, magnetic devices, mites, breathing monitor, spider silk, Cetaceans, Alzheimer, MNS robots, blindpad, photonics, remote medical diagnostic, sensors, Photovoltaic Panels, Alzheimer’s Disease, cancer, WINESENSE, combustion, multiple myeloma, sugar and mood, arctic waters, ultrawine, heliospheric, lunar exploration, Brain Diseases, fingertips, trees, earthquakes, gene therapies, climate change, nuclear waste, quantum, brain diseases, solar power, pulmonary disease, solidification, global warming, photovoltaic cells, drone, antiobiotic-resistant bacteria, Graphene, energy efficiency, magnetic data storage, immunology, Genetic plant, Antarctic, Alzheimer, Magnetic attraction, Huntington’s disease, bone repair, earthquakes, photonic crystals, brain, immunodeficiency, Internet of Things, spinal cord injuries, Dietary restriction, Bacterial DNA, NEUROMICS, huntington's

Next-Generation Heat Pump Offers More Affordable Heating and Cooling

An international team of researchers has joined forces to meet Europe’s rising need for affordable and efficient geothermal solutions. Their work, which has received...
laser

Laser Bursts Generate Electricity Faster Than Any Other Method

Take a glass thread a thousand times thinner than a human hair. Use it as a wire between two metals. Hit it with a...
solar fuel

How to Split CO2 for Solar Fuel Using Plasma

A promising way to store solar energy is in the form of a fuel. The most important step in this - converting CO2 into CO...
meditation

Army Study Quantifies Changes in Stress After Meditation

For a thousand years, people have reported feeling better by meditating but there has never been a systematic study that quantified stress and how...
alcohol

Research in Brazil Shows How a Moderate Dose of Alcohol Protects the Heart

For at least 20 years, research has shown that for many people, moderate consumption of alcohol can protect the heart, but the reason for...
atmospheric carbon

Ocean’s Heat Cycle Shows That Atmospheric Carbon May Be Headed Elsewhere

A recent study in the journal Nature Geoscience examined the global carbon cycle and suggests that existing studies may have misgauged how carbon is distributed...
forefront accelerator

Fermilab Develops Forefront Accelerator Components for the High-Luminosity LHC

A groundbreaking ceremony will be held tomorrow to celebrate the start of civil engineering work for a major upgrade to the Large Hadron Collider at CERN...
Sepsis

Children’s Immune System Could Hold the Key to Preventing Sepsis

Scientists have identified the key response that children use to control infections Children are naturally more resistant to lots of infectious diseases Sepsis...
Disease Therapies

New Cell Manufacturing Research Facility will Change Approaches to Disease Therapies

The vision of making affordable, high-quality cell-based therapies available to hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide moved closer to reality June 6 with the...
schizophrenia

Genes Associated with Infantile Forms of Schizophrenia Identified

Scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro) and McGill University have identified novel genes associated with a specific form of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia...
human-intelligent agent teaming

Army Researchers Advance Human-Intelligent Agent Teaming

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Brain Initiative, or IEEE Brain launches a newly developed web presence to...
synthetic biologyvideo

Faster, Cheaper, Better: A New Way to Synthesize DNA

In the rapidly growing field of synthetic biology, in which organisms can be engineered to do things like decompose plastic and manufacture biofuels and...
artificial neural networks

New AI Method Increases the Power of Artificial Neural Networks

An international team of scientists from Eindhoven University of Technology, University of Texas at Austin, and University of Derby, has developed a revolutionary method...
platelets

State of the Art Imaging Challenges Our Understanding of How Platelets Are Made

Platelets are uniquely mammalian cells, and are the small cells of the blood that are critical for us to stop bleeding when we cut...
Pertussis

Study Finds Third Trimester Vaccine Significantly Reduces Pertussis In Infants

A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine Friday finds that infants whose mothers get a Tetanus, Diphtheria, Acellular Pertussis -or ‘Tdap’- vaccine during...
Metals and alloys

Doctoral Thesis: The Secret Behind Fractures and Cracks

“There are fractures and cracks in almost all materials, and the fractures can be found everywhere—probably also in the last plane you flew on....
psychiatric disordersvideo

Rare Mutation of Gene Carried by QuéBec Family Gives Insight into How the Brain...

The study of a Québec family with an unusual gene provides novel insight into how our brain is built and, according to the McGill...
soft contact lenses

Technology Enables Soft Contact Lenses to Monitor Glucose, Medical Conditions and Deliver Medications

Purdue Universityresearchers have developed soft contact lenses that not only correct vision but also can monitor glucose and medical conditions and be used for...
climate change

Heated Dilemmas

As hurricane season commences on the East Coast and the West Coast heads into fire season, there’s no time like the present to consider...
graphene

Graphene Assembled Film Shows Higher Thermal Conductivity Than Graphite Film

Until now, scientists in the graphene research community have assumed that graphene assembled film cannot have higher thermal conductivity than graphite film. Single layer...
lung disease

Low Vitamin D Levels Associated with Scarring Lung Disease

Reviewing medical information gathered on more than 6,000 adults over a 10-year period, Johns Hopkins researchers have found that lower than normal blood levels...
medical device

HKBU Scholars Invent Award-Winning Medical Device for Safe Growth of Neural Stem Cells Using...

The HKBU research team invented a medical device with a specific nanotechnology layer for the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro....
malaria vaccine

Combining Different Malaria Vaccines Could Reduce Cases by 91 per Cent

Experimental vaccines, which independently achieve 48% and 68% reductions in malaria cases, can achieve 91% reduction when combined. Presently, each vaccine is at a different...
quantum

Quantum Step Forward in Protecting Communications from Hackers

Researchers at the University of York have shown that a new quantum-based procedure for distributing secure information along communication lines could be successful in...
Robot bloodhound

Robot Bloodhound Tracks Odors on the Ground

Bloodhounds are famous for their ability to track scents over great distances. Now researchers have developed a modern-day bloodhound – a robot that can...
automated chemistry

The Right Chemistry, Fast: Employing AI and Automation to Map Out and Make Molecules

Chemical innovation plays a key role in developing cutting-edge technologies for the military. Research chemists design and synthesize new molecules that could enable a...
semiconductors

Interaction of Paired and Lined-Up Electrons Can Be Manipulated in Semiconductors

The way that electrons paired as composite particles or arranged in lines interact with each other within a semiconductor provides new design opportunities for...
cognitive psychology

One Year of School Comes With an IQ Bump, Meta-Analysis Shows

A year of schooling leaves students with new knowledge, and it also equates with a small but noticeable increase to students’ IQ, according to...
prosthetic handvideo

Bringing a Human Touch to Modern Prosthetics

Amputees often experience the sensation of a "phantom limb"—a feeling that a missing body part is still there. That sensory illusion is closer to becoming...
air pollution

IU Scientists Participate in Monthlong Experiment to Study Indoor Air Pollution

Scientists can tell us a lot about outdoor air pollution and its effects on human health and the environment, but less is known about...
nanolaser

Chameleon-Inspired Nanolaser Changes Colors

As a chameleon shifts its color from turquoise to pink to orange to green, nature’s design principles are at play. Complex nano-mechanics are quietly...
epilepsy

New Technique Fine-Tunes Treatment for Severe Epilepsy Cases

One of three epilepsy patients experience no relief from drugs and are candidates for surgery. An advance by researchers at Yale and the Cleveland...
cosmic waves

Swedish Receiver to Capture Cosmic Waves in the World’s Largest Radio Telescope

Onsala Space Observatory at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has delivered its largest technology contribution to the SKA (Square Kilometre Array) project. A metre...
DNA sequencing

These Nanoscale “Crack-Junctions” Can Speed up DNA Sequencing

A doctoral student in Micro and Nanosystems at KTH, Valentin Dubois, presented the new technique in his dissertation, saying that the findings offer a possible alternative to...
Bendable portable keyboards

Crumple up This Keyboard and Stick It in Your Pocket

Bendable portable keyboards for use with computers and other electronic devices are already on the market, but they have limited flexibility, and they’re fairly...
Single Human Cellsvideo

Scientists Isolate Protein Data from the Tiniest of Caches – Single Human Cells

Scientists have obtained a slew of key information about proteins, the molecular workhorses of all cells, from single human cells for the first time. The...
Thermoelectric Efficiency

Scientists Use Neutrons to Take a Deeper Look at Record Boost in Thermoelectric Efficiency

Neutron facilities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are aiding scientists in research to boost the power and efficiency of thermoelectric materials. These performance increases...
pesticide, skin microbes, Silicon Breakthrough, wearable technology and AI, cosmic microwave, obesity, Mental Health, eye exams, semiconductors, drug testing, vaccinated fish, cancer cells, energy drinks, chronic illness, battery, metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

Study Finds a Pesticide-Free Way to Combat Mosquitos and West Nile

Researchers at the University of Waterloo may have discovered a new, pesticide-free way to limit mosquito populations in some area and reduce the spread...
ovarian cancer

Ovarian Cancer Cells Switched off by ‘Unusual’ Mechanism

The findings, published in EMBO Reports, could lead to better treatments for women with ovarian cancer. The research has found a new mechanism for a protein...
superior alloys

Ground-Breaking Discoveries Could Create Superior Alloys with Many Applications

Developing alloys that can withstand high temperatures without corroding is a key challenge for many fields, such as renewable and sustainable energy technologies like...
Artificial trans-fatsvideo

The Real Scoop on Trans Fats

Artificial trans-fats are officially on the chopping block for U.S. restaurants and grocery stores. A U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rule into effect for most foods...
Lower Bone Density

Higher Inflammation in Older Age Is Linked to Lower Bone Density

Although inflammation can arise from infection or injury, chronic inflammation can occur in older age due to ageing processes in the immune system. Higher...
Antarctic ice

Antarctic Ice Cap Melting Faster and Faster

Melting ice in the Antarctic has resulted in a 7.6 millimeter rise in the global sea level since 1992. Three millimeters of this increase...
Stroke

Electrically Stimulating the Brain May Restore Movement After Stroke

Scientists at UC San Francisco and at the San Francisco VA Health Care System have improved mobility in rats that had experienced debilitating strokes...
heat pump, Floating device, honeybee, Workplace with Robots, power devices, Railway Sleepers, Minor cereals, paralysed, fibre optic, ultra-thin membranes, cold on a plane, diabetes genes, microcapsules, Electromagnetic radiation, Cold-loving bacteria, Artificial intelligence, Silicon Chips, Magnetic E-Skins, dog, climate change, Intestinal worms, antisocial behaviour, immune system, Bicarbonate, Neonatal seizures, insects, Alzheimer's disease, photovoltaic, Integrated Circuits, stress, human intelligence, quantum, OLED, smart glass, magnetic devices, mites, breathing monitor, spider silk, Cetaceans, Alzheimer, MNS robots, blindpad, photonics, remote medical diagnostic, sensors, Photovoltaic Panels, Alzheimer’s Disease, cancer, WINESENSE, combustion, multiple myeloma, sugar and mood, arctic waters, ultrawine, heliospheric, lunar exploration, Brain Diseases, fingertips, trees, earthquakes, gene therapies, climate change, nuclear waste, quantum, brain diseases, solar power, pulmonary disease, solidification, global warming, photovoltaic cells, drone, antiobiotic-resistant bacteria, Graphene, energy efficiency, magnetic data storage, immunology, Genetic plant, Antarctic, Alzheimer, Magnetic attraction, Huntington’s disease, bone repair, earthquakes, photonic crystals, brain, immunodeficiency, Internet of Things, spinal cord injuries, Dietary restriction, Bacterial DNA, NEUROMICS, huntington's

Rising Tide: Floating Device One Step Closer to Generating Green Power

Efforts to increase power generation by renewables continue unabated, thanks to the need to meet rising global energy demand and mitigate climate change. According...
breast cancer

New Drug Technology May Improve Treatment Options for Aggressive Types of Breast Cancer

Purdue University researchers have developed a new technology that may change how one of the most aggressive types of breast cancer is treated. More than 200,000...
plant gene

Critical Plant Gene Takes Unexpected Detour That Could Boost Biofuel Yields

For decades, biologists have believed a key enzyme in plants had one function—produce amino acids, which are vital to plant survival and also essential...
robots

How to Control Robots with Brainwaves and Hand Gestures

Getting robots to do things isn’t easy: Usually, scientists have to either explicitly program them or get them to understand how humans communicate via...
portable disease detector

Military Awards Alabama’s GeneCapture $1 Million Contract to Develop Portable Disease Detector

The Department of Defense has awarded Huntsville’s GeneCapture a $1 million, two-year contract to develop a portable device that war fighters can use to...
heterostructural alloys

An Unlikely Marriage Among Oxides

The term alloy usually refers to a mixture of several metals. However, other materials can also be alloyed. In the semiconductor industry, for instance,...
brain tumour

Blood Vessel-Forming Cells Involved in Aggressive Brain Tumour

A type of highly malignant brain tumour contains a large number of cells involved in the formation of new blood vessels, helping it proliferate...
smart stent

‘Smart Stent‘ Detects Narrowing of Arteries

For every three individuals who have had a stent implanted to keep clogged arteries open and prevent a heart attack, at least one will...
Genetic Cardiac Diseases

Diagnostics of Genetic Cardiac Diseases Using Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes

A new study by Professors Martti Juhola and Katriina Aalto-Setälä of the University of Tampere in Finland demonstrates that with the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning,...
thermoelectric energy conversion

Electron Sandwich Doubles Thermoelectric Performance

Researchers from Hokkaido University and their colleagues in Japan and Taiwan have improved the ability to transform wasted heat into usable electricity by significantly...

Success of Blood Test for Autism Affirmed

One year after researchers published their work on a physiological test for autism, a follow-up study confirms its exceptional success in assessing whether a child...
miniature drones

Chip Upgrade Helps Miniature Drones Navigate

Researchers at MIT, who last year designed a tiny computer chip tailored to help honeybee-sized drones navigate, have now shrunk their chip design even further, in...
graphene

Physicists Solve the Mystery of Vanishing Particles in Graphene

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Tohoku University (Japan) have explained the puzzling phenomenon of particle-antiparticle annihilation in graphene, recognized by specialists as...
Memristor

Researchers Say Their Memristor Neural Network Can be Applied to Machine Learning

A team of researchers headed by electrical and computer engineering Professors Qiangfei Xia and J. Joshua Yang at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, say...
dronesvideo

Drones Could Be Used to Detect Dangerous “Butterfly” Landmines in Post-Conflict Regions

Drones could be used to detect dangerous “butterfly” landmines in remote regions of post-conflict countries, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University at...
Graphene Sports Shoes

University Collaboration Reveals World’s First-Ever Graphene Sports Shoes

The world’s first-ever sports shoes to utilise graphene – the strongest material on the planet – have been unveiled by The University of Manchester and British brand inov-8. Collaborating with...
nanocomposites

Not Always Bad—MXenes’ Spontaneous Oxidation Harnessed to Create 2-D Nanocomposites

Researchers at Missouri S&T have discovered a new way to harness the potential of a type of spontaneously oxidized MXene thin films, to create...
Artificial blubber

“Artificial Blubber” Protects Divers in Frigid Water

When Navy SEALs carry out dives in Arctic waters, or when rescue teams are diving under ice-covered rivers or ponds, the survival time even...
crop waste

Rewiring Plant Defence Genes to Reduce Crop Waste

Plants could be genetically rewired to better resist disease, helping safeguard crop yields worldwide – new research by the Universities of Warwick and...
soft tissue tumours

Genomics Offers New Treatment Options for Infants with Range of Soft Tissue Tumours

The genetic causes of a group of related infant cancers have been discovered by scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, the University of Wuerzburg...
cementless

Cementless Fly Ash Binder Makes Concrete ‘Green’

Rice University engineers have developed a composite binder made primarily of fly ash, a byproduct of coal-fired power plants, that can replace Portland cement in concrete. The material...
bone tumours

Genetic Discovery Could Help Clinicians Identify Aggressive Bone Tumours

The first genetic marker for the bone tumour, osteoblastoma, has been discovered by scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, the Wellcome Sanger Institute and...
Exotic Invasions

Exotic Invasions Can Drive Native Species Extinct

Latest research from the University of Southampton has revealed the impact of exotic species upon native wildlife, which could potentially lead to native plant...
Influenza virus infection

Virus Genes and Proteins Were Successfully Used as Antiviral Drug Testing

Influenza virus infection causes many deaths every year. The presently available antiviral drugs are not that effective for treating influenza and resistance can develop...
pasta dietvideo

Pasta Not a Diet-Wrecker After All

When it comes to foods that don’t flatter our waistlines, pasta often gets a bad rap. But according to one recent study, pasta is likely not...
Fast Internet

Moving towards Fast Internet on the Plane

Streaming films and music or accessing business data in the cloud when flying to the holiday destination or to business meetings – this is...
life-threatening infections

New Compound Shown to Be as Effective as FDA-Approved Drugs Against Life-Threatening Infections

Purdue University researchers have identified  a new compound that in preliminary testing has shown itself to be as effective as antibiotics approved by the Food...
Pheromones

Pheromones in Fight Against Pests

When the idea for the start-up—BioPhero—began to form in her mind three to four years ago, DTU researcher Irina Borodina never imagined it might...
electric-powered personal flying device

Penn State’s Blue Sparrow Team Named Phase I Winner of Gofly Prize

A team of Penn State aerospace engineering faculty and students is one step closer to making electric-powered human flight a reality after winning a...
congenital heart disease

The Molecules That Energize Babies’ Hearts

Hokkaido University cardiologist Arata Fukushima, along with a team of University of Alberta scientists led by Gary Lopaschuk, examined the heart tissue of 84...
Molecular Movievideo

Scientists Make the First Molecular Movie of One of Nature’s Most Widely Used Light...

Scientists have made the first molecular movie of the instant when light hits a sensor that's widely used in nature for probing the environment...
Stereotactic neurosurgery

World’s First Intra-Operative MRI-Guided Robot for Bilateral Stereotactic Neurosurgery

Stereotactic neurosurgery is one of the treatment to a variety of movement and neuropsychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease (PD), essential tremor and major...
micropollutants

Water Processing: New Method Eliminates Hormones

Hormones and other micropollutants adversely affect health when their residues enter the human body via drinking water. Widely applicable solutions for their removal, however,...
germanium nanowire pFETs

Imec Furthers High-Mobility Nanowire FETs for Nodes Beyond 5nm

At this week’s 2018 Symposia on VLSI Technology and Circuits, imec, the world-leading research and innovation hub in nanoelectronics and digital technology presented considerable...
Carbon Nanotube Optics

Carbon Nanotube Optics Poised to Provide Pathway to Optical-Based Quantum Cryptography and Quantum Computing

Researchers at Los Alamos and partners in France and Germany are exploring the enhanced potential of carbon nanotubes as single-photon emitters for quantum information...
Mysterious IceCube

Mysterious IceCube Event May Be Caused by a Tau Neutrino

It was just eight years ago that the IceCube detector, a research center located at the South Pole to detect neutrinos emanating from the...
Haptic Communicationsvideo

Purdue Phoneme Project Creates New Haptic Communications Future

Communication could step beyond reading a cellular phone screen with a new technique by Purdue College of Engineering researchers to learn and read messages...
polydiacetylene material

Designer Layered Materials Put a Colorful Twist on Sensing

A smart polymer developed at Keio University responds to stimuli by absorbing different wavelengths of light, allowing minor changes to objects to be visualized...
robotics

Sample Return Technology Successfully Tested on Xodiac Rocket

Just a sample will do. Honeybee Robotics in Pasadena, California, flight tested its pneumatic sampler collection system, PlanetVac, on Masten Space Systems’ Xodiac rocket on...
meningitis

Trojan Horse: How a Killer Fungus Unleashes Meningitis

In a world first, University of Sydney researchers have revealed how a deadly fungus and primary cause of life-threatening meningitis exploits the immune system...
qubits

A Bit of Quantum Logic—What Did the Atom Say to the Quantum Dot?

The Science Quantum computers could tackle problems that current supercomputers can’t. Quantum computers rely on quantum bits, or “qubits.” Current computers perform millions of calculations,...
bone formation

Overdosing on Calcium

Scientists from the University of Freiburg and the University of Basel identified a master regulator for bone regeneration. Prasad Shastri, Professor of Biofunctional Macromolecular Chemistry...
fuel

Fuel Chemistry Distilled

The gasoline and diesel we pump into our vehicles is a complex cocktail that can contain thousands of different chemicals. But look closer at...