Tuesday, August 8, 2017

LATEST NEWS

internet of things

The Internet of Things—and Machines: Linking Machines to Machines

The ‘Internet of Things’ has been a hot topic for a long time. The concept basically describes the phenomenon whereby more and more things...
malaria

Spying on Malaria Parasites at -196 Celsius

By combining two advanced microscope techniques an international team of scientists led by postdoc Sergey Kapishnikov from the Niels Bohr Institute has managed to...
global warming

Super-Heatwaves of 55°c to Emerge If Global Warming Continues

A recently published study by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) – the European Commission's science and knowledge service – analyses the interaction between humidity...
Gut Microbes

Structure of Enzyme Enabling Growth of Beneficial Gut Microbes

A University of Tokyo research group and their collaborators have revealed the three-dimensional structure and function of an enzyme that helps a group of...
immune system

Important Messenger Substances in the Immune System

To differentiate friend from foe and to combat attacks by pathogens the immune system needs numerous messenger substances. They pass on information and in...
microfluidic chip

Microfluidic Chip Boosts Immunoassays by x1000

Now, a team from Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel and IBM Research in Zurich has improved the sensitivity of protein detection in...
nanochip

Ohio State Researchers Develop Regenerative Medicine Breakthrough

Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Ohio State’s College of Engineering have developed a new technology, Tissue Nanotransfection (TNT), that...
Alzheimer’s Disease

Cellular Garbage Collectors Implicated in Development of Alzheimer’s

Lysosomes are cellular sanitation engineers that help clean up and recycle internal debris no longer needed by cells. So why do researchers find so...
Droughts

What’s Killing Trees During Droughts? Scientists Have New Answers.

As the number of droughts increases globally, scientists are working to develop predictions of how future parched conditions will affect plants, especially trees. New results...
acid-alkaline

Sweet! Sugar-Coated Probe Yields Better Acid Test

The human body is engaged in a constant tightrope walk to maintain the right pH, because when our cells’ acid-alkaline balance goes wrong, it...
Autopilot Sensors

NASA Tests Autopilot Sensors During Simulations

Inside a large, black-walled facility outside Denver, NASA’s Satellite Servicing Projects Division (SSPD) team successfully completed the latest testing of three rendezvous and proximity...
Alzheimer’s disease

Vanderbilt Begins Phase 1 Trials of New Alzheimer’s Drug

A potential new drug for Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia developed by Vanderbilt University scientists was administered July 29 to the first volunteer enrolled in...
cancer immunotherapy

NCI Study Identifies Essential Genes for Cancer Immunotherapy

A new study identifies genes that are necessary in cancer cells for immunotherapy to work, addressing the problem of why some tumors don’t respond...
Exoplanet, Human Pathogen, Heating and Cooling Device, Wireless Power, Electrogenetic Device, climate, Pest Damage, Battery, Game Theory, Terahertz, batteries, Water-Based Battery, fungal infections

UMD Scientists Find First Clear Evidence of an Upper Level Atmosphere on an Exoplanet

An international team of researchers from UMD, University of Exeter,  NASA and other institutions has found compelling evidence for a stratosphere on an enormous...
Neutrino Detector

World’s Smallest Neutrino Detector Finds Big Physics Fingerprint

After more than a year of operation at the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the world’s smallest neutrino detector has...
bilingual babies

Bilingual Babies Listen to Languages — and Don’t Get Confused

The study, published Aug. 7 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that infants can differentiate between words in different...
video

Strategic Technology Office Outlines Vision for “Mosaic Warfare”

DARPA’s Strategic Technology Office (STO) this week unveiled its updated approach to winning or deterring future conflicts during Sync with STO Day, held in...
Antibiotic

New Antibiotic That Kills Gonorrhoea in the Lab Could Help Curb ‘Superbug’ Trend

The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that 700,000 people around the world die annually from drug resistant infections. It also listed drug resistant...
Metabolic Diseases, climate, Immunity, heart failure

New Biomarker Found for Group of Rare Metabolic Diseases

A newly discovered biomarker associated with a rare metabolic disorder may facilitate better diagnosis and identification of new drugs for clinical trials for the...
satellite signals

Lockheed Martin Begins Modernizing Receivers for U.S. Air Force’s GPS Signal Monitoring Stations

Three of six new Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) developed, state-of-the-art receivers are now deployed to help the U.S. Air Force maintain the accuracy of...
obesity

Gene Therapy via Skin Could Treat Diseases Such as Obesity

A University of Chicago-based research team has overcome challenges that have limited gene therapy and demonstrated how their novel approach with skin transplantation could...
pro-cancer

Mouse Study Helps Explain the Paradoxical Pro-Cancer Effects of Paclitaxel

The very same treatment that thwarts breast cancer has a dark side – it can fuel the spread of the disease to the lungs. Researchers...
Wood-Burning

Benefits of Advanced Wood-Burning Stoves Greater Than Thought

A recent study from North Carolina State University finds that advanced wood-burning stoves designed for use in the developing world can reduce air pollution...
Pulmonary fibrosis

Cell Aging in Lung Epithelial Cells

Pulmonary fibrosis causes the patient’s lung tissue to scar, resulting in progressive pulmonary function deterioration. In particular, the surface of the alveoli (called the...
X-ray analysis

X-ray Analyses with Significantly Enhanced Resolution

Physicists from the Friedrich-Alexander-University of Nuremberg-Erlangen (FAU) and DESY have worked out a new technique that could significantly improve the quality of X-ray analysis...
Inflammations

Hibernating Control Cells or Why Inflammations Become Chronic

Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common autoimmune disease of the joints. It causes a chronic inflammatory response, with the body’s own immune cells attacking...
Phytoplankton

Phytoplankton and Chips

Microbes mediate the global marine cycles of elements, modulating atmospheric carbon dioxide and helping to maintain the oxygen we all breathe, yet there is...
Antarctica

Laser Mapping Project Shows Effects of Physical Changes in Antarctica’s Dry Valleys

Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have publicly released high-resolution maps of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys, a globally unique polar desert. The high-resolution...
tuberculosis

“Monkey Wrench” Molecule Jams Tuberculosis Protein

Tuberculosis has now surpassed HIV worldwide as the leading cause of death due to infectious disease. The bacteria that causes this disease,Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb),...
photonics

Amplification on a Chip: Research Raises Hope for Erbium-based Integrated Photonics Device

An Arizona State University researcher has made another breakthrough using the rare-earth metal erbium as the gain material for an optical amplifier, this time...
light-emitting diodes

Red, Green, Yellow, Blue …

Unlike our old friend the incandescent lightbulb, light-emitting diodes (or LEDs) produce light of a defined color within the spectral range from the infrared...
stellar interiors

Scientists Probe the Conditions of Stellar Interiors to Measure Nuclear Reactions

Most of the nuclear reactions that drive the nucleosynthesis of the elements in our universe occur in very extreme stellar plasma conditions. This intense...
dogs

Modern Domestic Dog Has a Single Geographic Origin

By analyzing the DNA of two prehistoric dogs from Germany, an international research team led by Krishna R. Veeramah, Ph.D., of Stony Brook University...
brain cancer

Using Glucose to Fuel Drug Delivery to the Brain

The study, published today in Science Advances and funded by the European Research Council, demonstrates a new propulsion and guidance system for targeting drug...
myelin

Use It or Lose It

Nerve cells communicate by means of electrical impulses, which are transmitted along neural processes known as axons. The speed of transmission depends on several...
Curbing Disease

Worms May Hold Answers to Curbing Disease in Developing World

Why are malaria, tuberculosis and hepatitis so prevalent in developing nations?  Any why are most vaccines against these pathogens so ineffective? Two Rutgers New Jersey...
sleep disorders

New AI Algorithm Monitors Sleep with Radio Waves

More than 50 million Americans suffer from sleep disorders, and diseases including Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s can also disrupt sleep. Diagnosing and monitoring these conditions...
luminance

Financial Decisions Influenced by Intensity of Light

A University of Sydney and New York University study details the effects of luminance on the quality and consistency of our financial decision-making. Luminance is...
cancer

Herbal Medicine Shows Potential to Treat Cancer

Researchers from KAUST have been searching locally for plants that have potential for use to combat cancer. Now, three plants used for traditional medicine...
Mitochondria

More Functional DNA in Mitochondria Cures Male Infertility

Male infertility can be caused by mutations in the DNA of mitochondria, the powerhouses of cells. By increasing the total DNA amount in mitochondria,...
zebrafish

Repairing Brain Injury by Learning from a Fish

In the waterways around the Himalayas lives a small, stripy fish. As it goes about its daily life searching for food and avoiding predators, the...
human brain

Researchers Want to Know How Early Life Affects the Adult Brain

It’s said to be a “lightbulb” moment – when an idea pops into your head. The adult human brain often displays this kind of spontaneous...
Brain Implantsvideo

Slimming down, Beefing up Deep Brain Implants

When it comes to sticking something into your brain, smaller is usually better. Virginia Tech researcher Xiaoting Jia and her team found a new way to reduce the size...
nanostructures

Simultaneous Design and Nanomanufacturing Speeds Up Fabrication

Design and nanomanufacturing have collided inside of a Northwestern University laboratory. An interdisciplinary team of researchers has used mathematics and machine learning to design an...
Sarcoma, neurodegenerative disorders, menopause, autism, Brain-gut-microbiota, Intestinal Inflammation, Parkinson’s disease, Gonorrhea, sclerosis, mammalian, bowel syndrome, pregnancy, cancer, zika virus, HIV, immunotherapy, glioblastoma, stem cells, Metabolic proteins, HIV, protein, prostate cancer, autism, heart failure, DNA, autism disorders

Study Offers Road Map to Personalized Therapies for Sarcoma, Other Aggressive Cancers

Findings Sarcoma is a rare and deadly form of cancer occurring in the bones and connective tissue that affects people of all ages. Its aggressiveness,...
quantum magnets

Quantum Magnets Doped With Holes

Magnetism is a phenomenon that we experience in everyday-life quite often. The property, which is observed in materials such as such as iron, is...
microbotvideo

Microbot Origami Can Capture, Transport Single Cells

Researchers at North Carolina State University and Duke University have developed a way to assemble and pre-program tiny structures made from microscopic cubes –...
pollution

Improved Air Quality Research Software to Help Reduce Emissions, Pollution

Purdue University researchers are developing an on-site computer and software system that could provide a more flexible, high-quality and user-friendly way to conduct agriculture-based...
silicon chip

Making an Ultra-small Silicon “Chip”

Finding new ways to make better materials for electronic circuits is one way to make a better device. A new polymer, called poly(cyclosilane) (bottom...
crystallization

Solving the Mystery of Avalanche-like Change in Glass

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have uncovered the structural origins behind the phenomenon in glasses called an "avalanche," in which particles tightly packed...
lung fibrosis

Scientists Create Stem Cell Therapy for Lung Fibrosis Conditions

A team of scientists from the UNC School of Medicine and North Carolina State University (NCSU) has developed promising research towards a possible stem...
biosensor

Building a Graphene-based Nanotube Biosensor

Biosensors are devices that can detect biological molecules (“analytes”) in air, water, or blood. They are used widely in drug development, medical diagnostics, biological...
cancer therapy

New Cancer Therapy Eliminates Toxic Delivery Vehicles for mRNA

US researchers have conjugated RNA to a molecule of folate, the folate receptor is overexpressed on cancer cells but very low on normal cells,...
matter

Scientists Closer to Explaining Why Matter Persists over Antimatter

The results, announced today by the international team of scientists including large group from Imperial College London, suggest there could be a difference between...
frailty

Fight Frailty with Intense Bursts of Exercise, Research Shows

Growing older may not have to mean growing frail. A preclinical study has revealed that brief periods of intense physical activity can be safely...
climate changevideo

Study by UCONN Researchers Finds Climate Change/Deforestation Amplifying Droughts in Amazon

If you are like me, you picture the Amazon region as an ever lush, wet, tropical region filled with numerous plant and animal species....
cell death

Developing a New, More Sensitive Sensor for Evaluating Drug Safety

A new technique for evaluating drug safety can detect stress on cells at earlier stages than conventional methods, which mostly rely on detecting cell...
Salmonella

Researchers Discover Achilles’ Heel of Bacteria

Salmonellae are particularly resistant to antibiotics since they possess not only one, but two membranes that protect them from harmful substances. This makes them...
3D printingvideo

Designing the Microstructure of Printed Objects

Today’s 3-D printers have a resolution of 600 dots per inch, which means that they could pack a billion tiny cubes of different materials...
Catalysts

Interdisciplinary Team Designs Gas Flow Cell to Analyze Catalytic Behavior

Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) now have access to a cutting-edge capability for studying catalysts. Catalysts are specialized...
Organ Transplants

Nanoparticles Trick Body into Accepting Organ Transplants

Using nanoparticles, Yale researchers have developed a drug-delivery system that could reduce organ transplant complications by hiding the donated tissue from the recipient’s immune...
Parkinson’s disease

Diabetes Drug Shows Potential as Disease-modifying Therapy for Parkinson’s Disease

A drug commonly used to treat diabetes may have disease-modifying potential to treat Parkinson’s disease, a new UCL-led study suggests, paving the way for...
perovskite

The Power of Perovskite

Originally a mineral, the perovskite used in today’s technology is quite different from the rock found in the Earth mantle. A “perovskite structure” uses...
human heartbeatvideo

Scientists Reveal Source of Human Heartbeat in 3D

A pioneering new study is set to help surgeons repair hearts without damaging precious tissue. A team of scientists from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU),...
electrocatalyst

2 Sides to This Energy Story

Rice University chemists have produced a catalyst based on laser-induced graphene that splits water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other...
kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

Sense of Smell Deficits Are Common, Linked to Malnutrition in Patients with Kidney Disease

A Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) study has found that deficits in the sense of smell are important contributors to the frequently observed lack of...
Li-Fraumeni syndrome

NCI Study Shows Feasibility of Cancer Screening Protocol for Patients with Li-fraumeni Syndrome

In a new study from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, researchers found a higher than expected prevalence of...
biosensorvideo

A Better Biosensor? No Sweat

One downside to medical sensors that test human sweat: You have to sweat. Sweating from exertion or a stifling room temperature can be impractical for...
animal coloration

The Biology of Color

Scientists are on a threshold of a new era of color science due largely to an explosion of technologies, but key questions remain for...
tuberculosis

Predicting TB’s Behavior

Novel molecular tests are gaining popularity as a rapid way to detect genetic mutations that render tuberculosis impervious to drugs. Yet, how well these...
liver disease

Of Mice and Cheeseburgers: Experimental Drug Reverses Obesity-Related Liver Disease

A drug developed at the University of Rochester Medical Center protected mice from one of the many ills of our cheeseburger and milkshake-laden Western...
Radar System

Startup Licenses UA-Invented Radar System for Auto Industry

The University of Arizona has licensed a pair of technologies invented in the College of Engineering to UA startup Lunewave Inc., which is commercializing the inventions to...
sleep disorders

Study: Muscle, Not Brain, May Hold Answers to Some Sleep Disorders

Scientists exploring the brain for answers to certain sleep disorders may have been looking in the wrong place. A new study shows that a protein...
bedbugs

Penn State Researchers Find New Solution to Combat Age-Old Bedbug Problem

As the summer travel season kicks into high gear, Penn State researchers have found a potential solution to those unwanted guests that can turn...
desalination

Research To Accelerate Development Of High-Efficiency Graphene-Based Membranes

Masdar Institute today announced a research breakthrough that provides valuable insights on the development of optimized graphene-based membranes, which aim to make water filtration...
dementia

New Communication Technique Helps People with Dementia

People with advanced dementia could be helped to interact through a non-verbal communication technique known as ‘Adaptive Interaction’, researchers at the University of St Andrews...
body clock

UVA Researchers Identify Neurons That Control Brain’s Body Clock

Neurons in the brain that produce the pleasure-signaling neurotransmitter dopamine also directly control the brain’s circadian center, or “body clock” – the area that...
carbon dioxide

Carbon Conversion

Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO2). In chemical reactions performed in the lab,...
bile duct cancer

Singapore Leads Major International Research in Discovering Potential Targeted Treatments for Bile Duct Cancer

An international study on bile duct cancer or cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a rare but highly lethal form of liver cancer, has discovered that tumours in...
sugar and mood, arctic waters, ultrawine, heliospheric, lunar exploration, Brain Diseases, fingertips, trees, earthquakes, gene therapies, climate change, nuclear waste, quantum, brain diseases, solar power, pulmonary disease, solidification, global warming, photovoltaic cells, drone, antiobiotic-resistant bacteria, Graphene, energy efficiency, magnetic data storage, immunology, Genetic plant, Antarctic, Alzheimer, Magnetic attraction, Huntington’s disease, bone repair, earthquakes, photonic crystals, brain, immunodeficiency, Internet of Things, spinal cord injuries, Dietary restriction, Bacterial DNA

Closing the Circle of High-Sugar Diets and Depression

A recent study by the EU-funded MOODFOOD project has thrown up an interesting result – men who consumed more than 67g of sugar a...
zika virus

NIH Scientists Track Zika Virus Transmission in Mice

National Institutes of Health scientists have developed a mouse model to study Zika virus transmitted sexually from males to females, as well as vertically...
immune system

Study Opens New Drug Therapy Targets in a Range of Diseases

Scientists have a better understanding of the immune system at a molecular level, thanks to University of Queensland-led research that may now lead to...
Skyrim

New Tool Increases Adaptability, Autonomy of ‘Skyrim’ Nonplayer Characters

Computer science researchers at North Carolina State University and Universidade de Lisboa have developed a tool for use with the game Skyrim that can...
Trimetallic Alloy

One-Nanometer Trimetallic Alloy Particles Created

Background The principal component of petroleum and natural gas are hydrocarbons and their mixtures, and are indispensable as resources supporting modern infrastructure as raw materials...
degenerative diseases

Study of Nervous System Cells Can Help Us to Understand Degenerative Diseases

Microglia are the primary immune cells of the central nervous system, with functions similar to those of white blood cells, especially in actively defending...
cardiometabolic diseases

Characteristics of Metabolically Unhealthy Lean People

It has now been established that a body-mass index (BMI) in the normal weight range (defined by WHO as a BMI of 18·5–<25·0 kg/m²)...
retouch imagesvideo

Automatic Image Retouching on Your Phone

The data captured by today’s digital cameras is often treated as the raw material of a final image. Before uploading pictures to social networking...
Blood Coagulation

Startup Aims to “Qatch” Blood Coagulation Data

A startup company based on technology licensed from Duke University is looking to disrupt a $1 billion portion of the point-of-care diagnostics industry by...
aerographite

Foldable like an Accordion

Since a research group at Kiel University (CAU) and the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) in Hamburg-Harburg has developed aerographite – one of the...
cancer cells

Cancer Cells Put the Brakes on Immune System

Tumor cells influence their environment in order to avoid an immune response and to facilitate favorable conditions for growth. It has been known for...
mycotoxins

Research Improves the Control of Brazil Nut Contamination by Mycotoxins

Brazil nuts are highly susceptible to contamination by mycotoxins – toxic substances produced by fungi – from the moment that they fall to the...
cancer mutation

Investigators Match Novel Cancer Mutations with Potential Therapies

Research led by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC) investigators may have solved a mystery about why a targeted therapy stops working in a small group...
cancer

Fast, Noninvasive Technique for Probing Cells May Reveal Disease

The stiffness or elasticity of a cell can reveal much about whether the cell is healthy or diseased. Cancer cells, for instance, are known...
polymer

Heat-Conducting Plastic Could Lead to Lighter Electronics, Cars

Advanced plastics could usher in lighter, cheaper, more energy-efficient product components, including those used in vehicles, LEDs and computers—if only they were better at...
pollination

A New Threat to Pollination : The Dark Side of Artificial Light

Most plant species are dependent on the animal world – especially insects – for their reproduction. The decline of pollinating insects all over the...
tornado

Whirling Particles Are Fastest Ever Detected

The spin of the strongest tornado is a pale shadow of the vortex seen at the heart of matter colliding into a nearly perfect...
UV LED

Norway Pioneers New UV LEDs

Norwegian entrepreneurs want to replace expensive and polluting mercury lamps. Now they have the financing to do it. UV LED: An NTNU spinoff company called...
entropy

Brazilian Researchers Incorporate Quantum Fluctuation into the Concept of Entropy

Classical thermodynamics was born in the first half of the nineteenth century as a response to the industrial revolution’s need for optimized machines, engines...
amoeba

How Amoebas Sense and Respond to Changing Environments

University of Tokyo researchers have demonstrated that the single-cell level response of the soil-dwelling social amoeba Dictyostelium, also known as cellular slime mold, to...
Radiation therapy

Testing the Limits for the Patients’ Benefit

Antony Lomax really only wanted to stay for two years, carry out intensive research and then return—home to Manchester. But protons exert a special...