Tuesday, December 12, 2017

LATEST NEWS

battery

Scientists Create Stretchable Battery Made Entirely out of Fabric

A research team led by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York has developed an entirely textile-based, bacteria-powered bio-battery that could one...
graphene

Strongly Anisotropic Spin Relaxation Observed in Graphene When Interfaced with Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

Researchers of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group, led by ICREA Prof. Sergio O. Valenzuela, have unambiguously demonstrated the anisotropic nature of...
molecular sensor

The Structure of Cool

A team of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and Duke University has made the first determination of the atomic structure of Transient...
solar cells

Solar Cells for Buildings Upgraded in New EU Project

Marika Edoff, Professor of Solid State Electronics, is the project coordinator. The kick-off meeting was held at the Ångström Laboratory in May, and in...
antibiotic

New TB Drugs Possible with Understanding of Old Antibiotic

Tuberculosis, and other life-threatening microbial diseases, could be more effectively tackled with future drugs, thanks to new research into an old antibiotic by the...
ovarian cancer

Combination Strategy Could Hold Promise for Ovarian Cancer

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers demonstrated that mice with ovarian cancer that received drugs to reactivate dormant genes along with other drugs that...
Meteorite

Meteorite Analysis Shows Reduced Salt Is Key in Earth’s New Recipe

Scientists have found the halogen levels in the meteorites that formed the Earth billions of years ago are much lower than previously thought. The research...
3D printed plasticvideo

In First, 3-D Printed Objects Connect to Wifi Without Electronics

Imagine a bottle of laundry detergent that can sense when you’re running low on soap — and automatically connect to the internet to place...
Blood pressure

Blood Pressure Declines 14 to 18 Years Before Death

Researchers from the University of Exeter Medical School and UConn Healthin the US looked at the electronic medical records of 46,634 British citizens who...
hydrogen

Superior Hydrogen Catalyst Just Grows That Way

Replacing your everyday gas guzzler with a hydrogen fueled car could drastically reduce your carbon footprint. So why don’t we all make the switch? One...
microfibers

Microfibers and Water Comes a Promising New Material

Investigated for half a century, hydrogels are increasingly finding uses in areas including artificial tissue engineering, sustained drug delivery, surgical adhesives and 3-D bioprinting...
zika vaccine

Gene-Based Zika Vaccine Is Safe and Immunogenic in Healthy Adults

Results from two Phase 1 clinical trials show an experimental Zika vaccine developed by government scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious...
lemur

Lemur Study Highlights Role of Diet in Shaping Gut Microbiome

A study of the bacteria in the guts of three lemur species offers new insights into the role of diet in shaping these microbial...
Lymphoma

Shut-Off Switch for Lymphoma

A safety switch that automatically stops the device for example before it overheats are built into many electrical appliances. The body's cells are also...
dark fiber

Dark Fiber: Using Sensors Beneath Our Feet to Tell Us About Earthquakes, Water, and...

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have shown for the first time that dark fiber – the vast...
genome

New Process Could Be Key to Understanding Complex Rearrangements in Genome

Understanding complex genomic rearrangements (CGRs), the culprit in the development of many types of cancer and genetic disorders, has always been a challenge because...
3D printingvideo

Engineers 3-D Print a “Living Tattoo”

MIT engineers have devised a 3-D printing technique that uses a new kind of ink made from genetically programmed living cells. The cells are engineered...
alcohol

Large Study Links Alcohol Misuse to Subsequent Injury Risk in Young People

The immediate effects of drinking too much alcohol are obvious, unpleasant and can even be life threatening, but a new study has shown that young...
xenotransplantations

New Diagnostic Tool Aids Quality Control in Xenotransplantations

Sugars are highly important molecules for all life. They convey vital signals, and thus participate in manifold biological processes (e.g. determination of blood-types and...
Alzheimer

New Alzheimer’s Animal Model More Closely Mimics Human Disease

By injecting human Alzheimer’s disease brain extracts of pathological tau protein (from postmortem donated tissue) into mice with different amounts of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in...
bone marrow

Targeting the Bone Marrow to Drive Brain Repair After Radiation Injury

Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers at the Harvard Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology and the Center for Regenerative Medicine at Massachusetts General...
spider silk

New Way to Form Bioactive Spider Silk for Medical Use

A technique reported today in Advanced Materials offers a promising alternative to experimental silk forming methods that rely on harsh chemicals, says Associate Professor My...
internet of things

LTE Standards Lead to Massive Internet of Things

5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of LTE Progress Leading to...
graphene

Thermal Gradients Shown to Enhance Spin Transport in Graphene

Scientists of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering of Nanodevices Group, led by ICREA Prof. Sergio O. Valenzuela, have contributed to the literature on spin...
BRAIN Initiative

CMU Receives $7.5M in Federal BRAIN Initiative Funding

Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University’s Departments of Biological Sciences andChemistry, Molecular Biosensor and Imaging Center (MBIC) and Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC) have received close...
electric railways

Research Finds Electric Railways Could Be Powered by Subsidy-Free Solar

The authors of a report from Imperial College London’s Energy Futures Lab and the climate change charity 10:10 have found that electric railways could...
malaria, Motor Neuron Disease, vitamin D deficiency, minerals, MetalIntelligence, Oesophageal Cancer, Schizophrenia, lung cancer, cancer, tuberculosis, Blood Pressure, disease-causing bacteria, allergic diseases, osteoporosis, MND and schizophrenia, obesity, lasers, plethora, Cancer stem cell, Autism Spectrum Disorder, motor neurons disease, bone graft, Immune system, eczema

Scientists Discover How Malaria Tricks the Immune System

Global efforts to eradicate malaria depend on our ability to outsmart the malaria parasite, but Plasmodium falciparum is notoriously clever. It is quick to...
Superconductors

Breaking Electron Waves Provide New Clues to High-Temperature Superconductivity

Superconductors carry electricity with perfect efficiency, unlike the inevitable waste inherent in traditional conductors like copper. But that perfection comes at the price of...
nicotine

Nicotine Replacement in Pregnancy: Safer Than Smoking

“Clinicians report low levels of prescribing NRT during pregnancy, due to safety concerns and low levels of confidence in their ability to prescribe NRT,”...
miniature chip

A Smart, Portable and Miniaturized System That Can Analyze Sweat

The miniature chip was developed by researchers at EPFL’s Nanoelectronic Devices Laboratory (Nanolab), headed by Professor Adrian Ionescu, working in association with startup Xsensio....
Mental Disorder

Understanding Mental Disorder through a Scientific Lens

Diagnosing mental-health issues may seem straightforward: Patients discuss their symptoms and a clinician matches those symptoms to a disorder and devises an appropriate treatment....
Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Gut Bacteria, Rutgers Study Finds

Exposure to certain gut bacteria – particularly in young adulthood – may trigger multiple sclerosis, according to researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical...
thermoelectricity

New Technology Using Magnet to Generate Electricity from Heat

University of Tokyo researchers and their collaborators at RIKEN observed an unexpectedly large thermomagnetic effect, called the anomalous Nernst effect, in an antiferromagnet, a...
dialysis technology

Chemist Studying Electric Fields, Microfluidics to Improve Dialysis Technology

About the time Robbyn Anand began studying concentration and separation technologies for her doctoral research, her older brother David was diagnosed with end-stage renal...
Alzheimer

New Alzheimer’s Animal Model More Closely Mimics Human Disease

By injecting human Alzheimer’s disease brain extracts of pathological tau protein (from postmortem donated tissue) into mice with different amounts of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in...
nanowires

New Nanowires Are Just a Few Atoms Thick

“Two-dimensional materials” — materials deposited in layers that are only a few atoms thick — are promising for both high-performance electronics and flexible, transparent...
dark proteome

Shedding Light on the Dark Proteome with IMB’s Newest Adjunct Director

One of the first analogies that people learn when studying biology is that the specific interaction of proteins is like a lock and key....
mental health

Vets Who Receive Medical-Legal Aid Show Improvements in Mental Health

Veterans who receive legal help with housing, benefits, and consumer or personal matters have increased income, fewer problems finding housing, and even experience some...
sense of smell

When the Nose Doesn’t Know: Can Loss of Smell Be Repaired?

Researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine, led by Dr. James E. Schwob, are examining the behavior of adult stem cells within the context...
pulmonary hypertension, chronic disease, heart failure

Genes on Y Chromosome Protect Against Pulmonary Hypertension, Study Suggests

Findings A new UCLA study suggests that the Y chromosome provides protection against the development of pulmonary hypertension and may be the reason the disease...
microporous

Nanoscientists Develop New Material with Controllable Pores

What do your skin, the clothes you wear, and the soil you stand on have in common? They are all porous substances. Like a...
Smartphone App

Telecommunications Engineers Develop Smartphone App to Assess Cellular Coverage and Download Speeds

Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology developed a new smartphone app that allows users to measure the actual download speeds of cellular providers and...
robotic small intestine

A Robotic Small Intestine? Researchers Are Making One

The day is coming when doctors-in-training can perfect certain medical practices on a robotic small intestine and test medical treatments on a human-made device...
solar water purifier

Solar Water Purifier Is Serving 600 Puerto Ricans Daily

Puerto Ricans in the coastal town of Loíza stood in a line that stretched seven blocks, waiting hours for bags of ice and bottles of water....
metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

Women Are Naturally More Fit Than Men

Women can process oxygen more quickly than men when they start to exercise, according to a new study from the University of Waterloo. Quick oxygen...
Lung Fibrosis

Thyroid Hormone Therapy Heals Lung Fibrosis in Animal Study

Thyroid hormone therapy significantly resolves fibrosis, or scarring, in the lungs of mice, increasing their survival from disease, a Yale-led study shows. This provides...
genetic mutation

Using Machine Learning to Uncover Genetic Mutation Mechanism

Our genes contain recipes to make proteins that build and regulate our bodies. Our genetic information is stored in our DNA. Genetic mutations occur...
Virtual reality

Virtual Reality Users Must Learn to Use What They See

Anyone with normal vision knows that a ball that seems to quickly be growing larger is probably going to hit them on the nose. But...
mitosis

Research Reveals How Cells Rebuild After Division

When cells divide, they need to rebuild their nucleus and organise their genome. New collaborative research from the University of Bristol demonstrates how cells...
brain

How the Brain Keeps Time

Timing is critical for playing a musical instrument, swinging a baseball bat, and many other activities. Neuroscientists have come up with several models of...
platelet-matrix composites

Nature’s Toughest Substances Decoded

How a material breaks may be the most important property to consider when designing layered composites that mimic those found in nature. A method...
digestive disorders

Confusion Around Treatment of Digestive Disorders

Functional dyspepsia affects 10 per cent of Australians and is more prevalent in women. Its symptoms, such as the inability to finish a meal (early...
sensor molecule

Visible Signals from Brain and Heart

Key processes in the body are controlled by the concentration of calcium in and around cells. A team from the Technical University of Munich...
radar

Fujitsu Technology Bonds Single-crystal Diamond and SiC at Room Temperature; Enables Boost to Radar...

Fujitsu Limited and Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced development of the world's first technology for bonding single-crystal diamond to a silicon carbide (SiC)(1) substrate...
robotsvideo

Helping Hands Guide Robots as They Learn

Like toddlers, robots can use a little help as they learn to function in the physical world. That’s the purpose of a Rice University...
Nanoporous

Professor Jihan Kim Expands Gas Storage Capacity of Nanoporous Materials

A KAIST research team led by Professor Jihan Kim of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering has successfully proposed a rational defect engineering...
POWER9 processor

IBM Unveils Industry’s Most Advanced Server Designed for Artificial Intelligence

IBM today unveiled its next-generation Power Systems Servers incorporating its newly designed POWER9 processor. Built specifically for compute-intensive AI workloads, the new POWER9 systems...
Microsystems

UMD-Developed Microsystems Detect, Treat Bacterial Biofilms that Cause Postoperative Infections

A long-term, interdisciplinary research collaboration at the University of Maryland’s A. James Clark School of Engineering has made significant progress in detecting and treating...
stress

Language Patterns Reveal the Body’s Biological Response to Stress

Findings Certain language patterns track the body’s molecular response to stress more closely than a person’s own description of the stress, anxiety or depression that...
corporate lab

​NTU and Singtel Set up $42.4 Million Corporate Lab for AI and Data Science

Singtel today signed agreements with Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) to spearhead R&D efforts...
human brain

Robots Contribute to Mapping the Brain

A major international research project has previously mapped human genomes. The aim of the large-scale EU project Human Brain is to map the brain’s...
genes

Risk-Free Gene Reactivation

Chemical modification of DNA subunits contribute to the regulation of gene expression. LMU researchers have now deciphered a new pathway can reactivate genes that...
neurodegenerative diseases

Lasers Could Lead to Better Understanding of Neurodegenerative Conditions

Boulder researchers are embarking on a new project to study the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's by using a new technique to measure...
3D printingvideo

3D-Printed Minifactories

There will soon be nothing that cannot be produced with 3D printing. However, the materials used for this process are still “dead matter” such...
artificial intelligence

Making AI ‘Intentional’: a Case Study and New Programming Framework

Computer science researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) game-playing program that exhibits social reasoning and “intentionality” – meaning it can infer how other...
ocean

Undersea Topography Generates Hot Spots of Ocean Mixing

Using underwater robots in the waters surrounding Antarctica, scientists at Caltech have shown that the intersection of strong currents with the slope of landmasses...
uraniumvideo

Uranium to Replace Plastic? Chemistry Breakthrough Could Pave the Way for New Materials

Uranium can perform reactions that previously no one thought possible, which could transform the way industry makes bulk chemicals, polymers, and the precursors to...
Femtosecond

Improving the Femtosecond Ultrashort Pulse Laser

MXenes, conductive materials widely used in many industries, now have one more promising application: helping lasers fire extremely short femtosecond pulses, which last just...
lead poisoning

Lead Poisoning a Risk at Indoor Firing Ranges

Indoor firing ranges may put hobby shooters, law enforcement officers and employees at risk from lead exposure, particularly if proper dust-control measures are not...
solar

Sustainable Solvent Platform for Photon Upconversion Increases Solar Utilization Efficiency

Scientists at Tokyo Tech have developed a new low-cost, environmentally friendly photon upconversion platform that achieves high thermal stability using deep eutectic solvents. Deep...
Antibodies

Computer Analysis Fills Gaps in Antibody Blueprint

Antibodies defend our bodies against intruders. These molecules consist of proteins with attached sugars. However, the blueprint directing the processing of these sugars on...
vaccine

Better Vaccine Targeting: Study Identifies Key Mechanism

In a study led by researchers at Yale and The Jackson Laboratory, investigators zeroed in on a specific cell type that is uniquely responsible...
cybersecurityvideo

A Triple-Threat Against Cyberthreats

The Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has licensed three of its most unusual technologies for preventing cyberattacks to Cynash Inc., a startup...
metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

Study Finds Reading Information Aloud to Yourself Improves Memory

You are more likely to remember something if you read it out loud, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. A recent Waterloo...
phosphorescent

Development of High-Brightness, Long-Lasting Phosphorescent Material Suitable for LED Lighting

A phosphorescent material was developed with around three-times the afterglow luminance and twice the emission time of conventional materials, even when used with LED...
molecular chain

UChicago Scientists Craft World’s Tiniest Interlinking Chains

For decades, scientists have been trying to make a true molecular chain: a repeated set of tiny rings interlocked together. In a study in...
sponge

In the Beginning There Was the Sponge

Which came first – the sponges or the comb jellies? The consensus view among taxonomists has long been that the sponges (Porifera) represent the...
plasma turbulence

Study Sheds Light on Turbulence in Astrophysical Plasmas

Plasmas, gas-like collections of ions and electrons, make up an estimated 99 percent of the visible matter in the universe, including the sun, the...
3D printingvideo

3D Printing in Concrete

Concrete components are traditionally made by casting. But the mold needed places significant limitations on design possibilities. 3D printing now provides new freedom in...
fatty liver

McGill Study Finds People Infected with HIV More Likely to Develop Fatty Liver

Fatty liver is among the most frequent causes of liver disease in Canada and in Western countries and is one of the main indications...
Papillomaviruses

Papillomaviruses Promote Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer

Everyone is infected with skin-typical ("cutaneous") human papillomaviruses (HPV) at some point in their lives, usually in early childhood already. In healthy people, the...
computing

High-Performance Computing Cuts Particle Collision Data Prep Time

For the first time, scientists have used high-performance computing (HPC) to reconstruct the data collected by a nuclear physics experiment—an advance that could dramatically...
neural networks

Scaling Deep Learning for Science

Deep neural networks—a form of artificial intelligence—have demonstrated mastery of tasks once thought uniquely human. Their triumphs have ranged from identifying animals in images, to recognizing...
circuit boards

New Equipment Helps Engineering Students Create Circuit Boards

Engineering students at the University of Rhode Island will soon have a new instrument to help prepare them for careers in the industry. Thanks to...
Lazy Eye

Augmented-Reality Technology Could Help Treat ‘Lazy Eye’

When signals between the brain and one eye go awry, input from the other eye can become predominant, a condition called amblyopia or “lazy...
Hybrid Electrolyte, electrical bistability, nanomagnets, magnetic circuits, capacitor, data storage, Transistors, Transistor, Electricity, solar cells, Ultrasound, Nucleation processes, micro robot

Hybrid Electrolyte Enhances Supercapacitance in Vertical Graphene Nanosheets

Supercapacitors can store more energy than and are preferable to batteries because they are able to charge faster mainly due to the vertical graphene...
robotsvideo

New Robots Can See into Their Future

UC Berkeley researchers have developed a robotic learning technology that enables robots to imagine the future of their actions so they can figure out...
Smart alarm

Smart Alarm System Recognizes Attempted Break-Ins

There is a huge selection of glass break detectors on the market. Although these detectors reliably trigger an alarm when window panes break, they...
Nuclear Waste

Mainz Physicists Propose a New Method for Monitoring Nuclear Waste

New scientific findings suggest neutrino detectors may play an important role in ensuring better monitoring and safer storage of radioactive material in nuclear waste...
arctic sea ice

Arctic Sea Ice Loss Could Dry out California

Arctic sea ice loss of the magnitude expected in the next few decades could impact California’s rainfall and exacerbate future droughts, according to new...
Transistors

Imec Demonstrates for the First Time Functional Ring Oscillators Based on Stacked Gate-all-Around Silicon...

At this week’s 2017 International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), imec, the world-leading research and innovation hub in nano-electronics and digital technology, reports on multiple...
coronary syndromes

Early Invasive Coronary Angiography Is Beneficial in High-Risk Patients with Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes.

An acute coronary syndrome is an emergency: a coronary vessel is occluded or severely narrowed and a life-threatening ischemia of the heart may occur....
transparent devices

Clear Leads to Fully Transparent Devices

See-through electronic devices, such as transparent displays, smart windows and concealed circuits require completely translucent components if users are to digitally interact with their...
magnetoencephalography

Leti Develops Meg Technology To Improve Diagnosis Of Epilepsy and Guide Surgeons During Brain...

Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced it has taken a major step toward development of next-generation magnetoencephalography (MEG) that could significantly...
Artificial Intelligencevideo

How Can Humans Keep the Upper Hand on Artificial Intelligence?

In artificial intelligence (AI), machines carry out specific actions, observe the outcome, adapt their behavior accordingly, observe the new outcome, adapt their behavior once...
OLED

Lightweight, Compact VR Glasses Made Possible by Large-Area Microdisplays

VR glasses are increasingly popular, but they have usually been heavy and oversized – until now. Large-area microdisplays are expected to change that, because...
nanophysics

Thin Films, Bright Future

LMU physicist Alexander Högele studies ultrathin semiconducting films and carbon nanotubes, which possess astonishing physical properties. He has now received the second highly endowed...
gene editing

Johns Hopkins Scientists Propose Efficiency ‘Rules’ for Enhancing Use of New Gene Editing Technology

Johns Hopkins scientists have developed a streamlined method and accompanying efficiency “rules” for introducing new DNA sequences into cells after using the gene-cutting tool...
Sens-o-Spheres

Measuring Optimally with Spheres

Bio-reactors are the cooking pots of biochemists and bio-technologists, in which pharmaceutical agents, enzymes or nematodes are produced for the purpose of biological pest...
superconductors

Simulating High Temperature Superconductors

Superconductivity, the effortless transport of electric charge, has many potential technological applications. Unfortunately, most materials that show superconductive behavior only do so at very...