In their experiment, they created an ideal invisible sensor by covering it with a thin shell which is made of pure copper. The shell is designed to drastically reduce the perturbation of heat flux and electric current simultaneously. The thickness of the shell is fabricated based on detailed calculations to allow precise manipulation of external multi-physical fields to insulate the sensor and hence render it invisible and yet allows it to receive incoming signals from outside.
“Our camouflaging shell will open up a new avenue for advanced sensing and security systems. Sensors which are used to monitor current and heat flow in strong voltage or high temperature environments are easily damaged. Our camouflaging shell hence protect such sensors from the harsh environment and at the same time enhance the accuracy of the hidden sensor, as the shell will eliminate any distortion around the sensor. This attribute is significant in our study of other applications such as using the camouflaging shell on special mission fieldtrips. The team is also working on developing multifunctional invisible sensors that have instantaneous stealth ability,” added Dr Qiu.
Drawing a comparison with the chameleon, from which the team had drawn inspiration to develop the novel camouflaging shell, Dr Qiu said, “The skin of a chameleon is made up of several layers of specialised cells containing various pigment while the outermost layer is transparent. The cells beneath the skin change colour based on light intensity and temperature as well as the chameleon’s mood. Our team’s invention can be seen as an improved “skin” for the chameleon such that it will become invisible when it appears in front of thermal and electric signal detectors!”