Fatigue is a very common complaint among cancer patients. If someone continues to experience problems three months after the final treatment session, it is refered to as ‘Chronic Cancer-Related Fatigue’. The condition is rarely self-limiting and can have a very serious impact on the quality of life. Between 20% and 40% of patients experience this problem.
As part of the ‘Fitter after cancer’ project, Marije Wolvers and a team at Roessingh Research and Development (RRD) have refined and tested an existing online intervention. Patients were equipped with an activity tracker, worn on a belt, together with a smartphone. Data from the tracker was processed by an app which automatically sent information about physical behaviour to the physiotherapist involved. A baseline measurement was taken over the course of the first week. The patient and therapist then devised a step-by-step plan, setting targets for an increase in the patient’s level of activity.
A total of 62 participants used the system several days a week for nine weeks. They received feedback and tips on how to meet their individual targets through the smartphone. The patients and therapists never actually met face to face; with the exception of the initial phone call, the entire programme was run online. After six months, a significant decrease in chronic fatigue was observed in 66% of the participants, while in 21% of cases there was a complete recovery.
Marije Wolvers believes that the results show online interventions to be a useful weapon in the battle against chronic cancer-related fatigue. The fact that treatment takes place in the home setting is a significant advantage, she adds, since it is here that long-term behavioural change must take place. “Travelling to a hospital for physiotherapy sessions may demand too much energy, something that these patients just don’t have.” Focussing on additional exercise is not always the best solution, she suggests. “For some patients, it is preferable to spread activity out over the course of the day. It is therefore important to have a personalized activity plan rather than relying on a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach.”
Marije Wolvers’ doctoral research is part of the ‘Fitter after cancer’ project, a collaboration between Roessingh Research and Development (RRD) in Enschede and the Helen Dowling Institute (HDI) in Bilthoven. The project is financed by the Alpe d’HuZes Fund, which is administered by the Dutch Cancer Society. Throughout her research, Marije Wolvers was working at RRD and HDI, and under the supervision of Prof. Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten and Marije van der Lee. She shared the research project with Fieke Bruggeman-Everts, who is due to receive her doctorate at a later date.
The formal defence of Marije Wolvers’ thesis will take place in the De Waaier building (Prof. G. van Berkhoff Room) at 11:00 on Friday 3 March 2017.