While biodegradable forks and spoons already exist on store shelves, consumers often opt for more cost-effective, petroleum-based alternatives. Today, IBM Research (NYSE: IBM) announced that scientists have identified a chemical catalyst that can be used to create cheaper, biodegradable plastics from plants such as palm trees and beets. These inexpensive plastics can be used for making common consumer plasticware, such as eating utensils, as well as medical devices.
“In this study, we used a combination of predictive modeling and experimental lab work to make the discovery,” said Xiangyi Zhang, graduate student working with Dr. Robert Waymouth, Department of Chemistry, Stanford University. “This tag-team approach takes a lot of the guess work out of the process and helps us accelerate the materials discovery process.”
The learning from these research efforts can also be used to advance cognitive systems. The scale, pace and complexity of materials science is a challenge for scientists working to discover new materials. As part of the IBM Research Frontiers Institute, scientists are combining expertise in informatics and polymers, and other materials, to prototype systems to extract, organize, analyze, and predict insights from materials datasets. By leveraging existing knowledge from the world’s scientific databases and accelerating computations used in these types of experiments, these cognitive tools could help identify patterns and to bring new discoveries to realization faster.
IBM Research – Almaden is also the birthplace of several recent plastics and recycling achievements including the discoveries of: a new process to recycle plastics into nanofibersdesigned to specifically target and attack fungal infections, an entirely new class of plastics, a new plastic macromolecule that could help prevent deadly virus infections and a new method for recycling CDs into non-toxic plastics for water purification and medicine.
About IBM Research
For more than seven decades, IBM Research has defined the future of information technology with more than 3,000 researchers in 12 labs located across six continents. Scientists from IBM Research have produced six Nobel Laureates, 10 U.S. National Medals of Technology, five U.S. National Medals of Science, six Turing Awards, 19 inductees in the National Academy of Sciences and 20 inductees into the U.S. National Inventors Hall of Fame. For more information about IBM Research, visit www.ibm.com/research.