Friday, October 20, 2017
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Red Sea surgeonfish

Giant Bacteria Make Algae Easy to Stomach

Red Sea surgeonfish use metabolically diverse giant bacteria to digest different types of algae, according to new research. Not only do these findings explain...
algae

Algae with Light Switch

Sunlight allows green algae to do more than just carry out photosynthesis. Some unicellular algae actually use light to switch the adhesion of their...
biofuels

With Extra Sugar, Leaves Get Fat Too

Eat too much without exercising and you’ll probably put on a few pounds. As it turns out, plant leaves do something similar. In a...
biofuels

Consequences of Drought Stress on Biofuels

The Science Plant-derived sustainable fuel sources could contribute to near-term U.S. energy security and independence. However, weather conditions could greatly affect crop yields. In this...
biofuels

Biofuels from Bacteria

You might not cook with this sugar, but from a biofuels standpoint, it’s pretty sweet. A Bay Area company has patented a group of...
Microalgae

Technology Could Transform Microalgae into Bio-based Chemicals to Increase Biofeedstock, Reduce...

Gen3Bio Inc., a Purdue Foundry-affiliated company, is developing a unique process that could more effectively and affordably transform microalgae into bio-based chemicals to maximize...
plant biomass

Termite Gut Holds a Secret to Breaking down Plant Biomass

In the Microbial Sciences Building at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the incredibly efficient eating habits of a fungus-cultivating termite are surprising even to those...
microbesvideo

Cooperating Microbes Convert Methane to Alternative Fuel Source

Oil and gas wells and even cattle release methane gas into the atmosphere, and researchers are working on ways to not only capture this...
climate warming

Microalgae Could Play Key Role in Relieving Climate Warming

Think better living through marine microalgae, as it may become crucial to mitigate atmospheric greenhouse gases, reduce carbon dioxide emissions from commercial agriculture and...
pollution

NASA Study Confirms Biofuels Reduce Jet Engine Pollution

Using biofuels to help power jet engines reduces particle emissions in their exhaust by as much as 50 to 70 percent, in a new...
Biofuels

NREL Researchers Discover How a Bacterium, Clostridium thermocellum, Utilizes both CO2...

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) made the surprise discovery that a metabolic pathway to take up CO2...
Biomass

Unraveling the Science behind Biomass Breakdown

Lignocellulosic biomass—plant matter such as corn residues, grasses, straws, and wood chips—is an abundant and sustainable waste product ideal for the production of renewable...
Super yeast

‘Super Yeast’ Has the Power to Improve Economics of Biofuels

Scientists at the University of Wisconsin­–Madison and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) have found a way to nearly double the efficiency with...
Bioalcohols

Heat-Loving Microbe Engineered to Produce Bioalcohols for Fuel

The Science The U.S. bioethanol industry depends largely on turning a certain sugar into the simple two-carbon alcohol, the biofuel ethanol. Interest has increased around...
bioenergy

“Bioenergy can Support Food Security and Sustainable Development”

Bioenergy development and food security can be simultaneously improved, contrary to the popular belief that biofuels displace food crops, according to a report released...
Cellulose

Cellulose: new understanding could lead to tailored biofuels 

In the search for low emission plant-based fuels, new research may help avoid having to choose between growing crops for food or fuel. By using...
CELLULOSIC BIOFUELS

Fertilizer Use Could Reduce Climate Benefit Of Cellulosic Biofuels

According to a new, three-year study from the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center and Michigan State University (MSU), the use of nitrogen fertilizer on switchgrass crops...
biofuels

JBEI Scientists Unravel Omics Data Using Systems Biology-Based Workflow To Improve...

JBEI team developed a workflow to assess and interpret multi-omics data and use it to characterize strain variation in biofuel-producing E. coli.
Jet Fuel

Berkeley Lab Scientists Brew Jet Fuel in One-Pot Recipe

JBEI researchers use engineered bacteria to simplify biofuels production, potentially lowering cost
transport

Alternative fuels for marine and inland waterways transport

A recent JRC report finds that fuels like liquefied natural gas (LNG) and methanol are the most promising alternatives to drive decarbonisation of the shipping sector...