Thursday, October 18, 2018
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superrotors

Novel Corkscrew-Laser Technique Can Send Molecules Spinning Rapidly About a Selected...

Using corkscrew-shaped laser pulses, scientists at DESY have devised a sophisticated optical centrifuge that can make molecules rotate rapidly about a desired molecular axis....
bone implants

University Team Develops Antibacterial Surfaces for Bone Implants

A University team has found a solution to tackle the infection rate following joint replacement surgery by developing a non-toxic silver nanoparticle plasma coating. A...
cell membrane fusion

Neutrons Produce First Direct 3D Maps of Water During Cell Membrane...

New 3D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for...
In a thin film of a solar-energy material, molecules in twin domains (modeled in left and right panels) align in opposing orientations within grain boundaries (shown by scanning electron microscopy in the center panel). Strain can change chemical segregation and may be engineered to tune photovoltaic efficiency. Credit: Stephen Jesse/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Multimodal Imaging Shows Strain Can Drive Chemistry in a Photovoltaic Material

A unique combination of imaging tools and atomic-level simulations has allowed a team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to...
syngas catalyst

Methane to Syngas Catalyst: Two for the Price of One

Hokkaido University researchers have created an improved catalyst for the conversion of methane gas into syngas, a precursor for liquid fuels and fundamental chemicals. Syngas,...
Labile iron

Novel Activity of Iron in All Human Cells Is Discovered

Scientists have long considered the labile iron pool a solely pro-oxidative cellular iron source. Labile iron is generally associated with the production of the...
graphene

Ultra-Thin ‘Teflon’ to Reactivate Graphene

Fluorographene is a graphene derivative with fluorine atoms linked to the carbons. Fluorine atoms make fluorographene an electrical insulator. This compound can be imagined...
leukemia

Researchers Lay the Foundation for Personalized Immune Treatments for Leukemia

New findings led by University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers will help lay the foundation for developing highly personalized immune therapies...
nanothreads

New NSF-Funded Center to Explore Chemistry of ‘Nanothreads’

The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $1.8 million to a team of scientists led by John Badding, professor of chemistry, physics, and...
Graphene Laminated Pipe

Graphene Laminated Pipes Could Reduce Corrosion in the Oil and Gas...

Published in Advanced Materials Interfaces, the team have found a way of incorporating graphene into a polymer liner used in pipes that transport crude oil...
enzyme-powered artificial cells

Enzyme-Powered Protocells Rise to the Top

Microorganisms have evolved a high degree of control over their locomotion using motility mechanisms that in their simplest form include simple gliding and gas...
food preservative

​NTU Scientists Discover Natural Plant-Based Food Preservative Which Is More Effective...

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) scientists have discovered a plant-based food preservative that is more effective than artificial preservatives. The organic preservative comprises a...
Bacteria-Fighting Polymers

Bacteria-Fighting Polymers Created with Light

New method developed at University of Warwick enables hundreds of polymers to be synthesised and tested for ability to kill superbugs Synthetic reproductions...
Liquid Battery

Liquid Battery Could Lead to Flexible Energy Storage

A new type of energy storage system could revolutionise energy storage and drop the charging time of electric cars from hours to seconds. In a...
wildfire

Wildfire Temperatures Key to Better Understanding Air Quality

When wildfires burn, they don’t only damage land, homes, and businesses. Wildfire emissions, which can be transported over long distances, can be toxic and...
antimalarial drug

New Molecule Considered Promising Antimalarial Candidate

A novel laboratory-synthesized molecule is a strong candidate for the development of a new antimalarial drug. The possibility of a new drug offers hope...
superlubricity

Microscale Superlubricity Could Pave Way for Future Improved Electromechanical Devices

Lubricity measures the reduction in mechanical friction and wear by a lubricant. These are the main causes of component failure and energy loss in...
Tardigrades

These Gummy Bear-Looking Things Will Inherit the Earth

Tardigrades, also known as water bears, are microscopic animals that live basically everywhere on earth, from the hot springs atop the Himalayas to the...
chemicals in the environment

Scientists Identify Most Pressing Issues Posed by Chemicals in the Environment

Chemicals released into the environment by human activity are resulting in biodiversity loss; increased natural hazards; threats to food, water and energy security; negative...
phenolic acids

From Corn to Flake: Health-Promoting Phenolic Acids Lost During Food Processing

For many Americans, highly processed foods are on the menu for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Even when the raw materials – grains, for example...