Monday, December 17, 2018
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hydrogen cars

Paving the Way for More Efficient Hydrogen Cars

Hydrogen-powered vehicles emit only water vapor from their tailpipes, offering a cleaner alternative to fossil-fuel-based transportation. But for hydrogen cars to become mainstream, scientists...
Crystal Surfaces

Capturing the Surprising Flexibility of Crystal Surfaces

Real-time imaging has shown the surprising flexibility of a crystal surface upon guest molecule introduction, with implications for storage and sensing devices Images taken using...
Diabetes

Glucose Binding Molecule Could Transform the Treatment of Diabetes

The World Health Organization estimate that over 382 million people worldwide, including 4.05 million people in the UK, have diabetes - a metabolic disorder...
photoluminescence

The Slower They Turn, the Brighter They Glow

With Halloween over, ghostly decorations are now being replaced by Christmas themed ornaments, many of which glow in the dark. This glow, termed luminescence,...
antibiotics

Chemical Synthesis Could Produce More Potent Antibiotics

Using a novel type of chemical reaction, MIT researchers have shown that they can modify antibiotics in a way that could potentially make them...
nuclear waste

Opening Access to Explore the Synthetic Chemistry of Neptunium

The Science Leftovers from nuclear reactors contain the element neptunium. To safely store the waste, scientists need to know more about how to control neptunium’s...
MicroED

Structure-ID Technique Could Shift Chemistry to Warp Speed

Work that previously could have taken chemists months can now be done in minutes. Using a technique called microcrystal electron diffraction, or MicroED, scientists need...
solar cells

High-Performance Solar Cells: Physicists from Halle Grow Stable Perovskite Layers

Perovskites are currently receiving a great deal of attention in the solar industry. In 2009, researchers were first able to prove that organic-inorganic compounds...
Plant Chemistry

Heart-Healthy Plant Chemistry

Plants have been a rich source of medicines for thousands of years. Compounds such as artemisinin, for example, used to treat malaria, and morphine,...
Air Pollution

US Air Pollution Deaths Nearly Halved Between 1990 and 2010

Air pollution in the U.S. has decreased since about 1990, and a new study conducted at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill...
Salt Solution

Seeing a Salt Solution’s Structure Supports One Hypothesis About How Minerals...

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons, isotopes and simulations to “see” the atomic structure of a saturated solution...
battery

Chemistry Professor’s Research Shocking the Battery Field

Every year, Apple unveils a new iPhone complete with a longer-lasting battery. In the newest model, Apple touts the battery in the iPhone XS Max...
E-Cigarette Liquidsvideo

Adding Flavors to E-Cigarette Liquids Changes Chemistry, Creates Irritants

As e-cigarette use expands among teens in the U.S., so have vaping menus, with manufacturers marketing nicotine-infused liquids that taste like crème brûlée, cotton...
skin cancer

Advancing Gene Therapy for Skin Cancer

One of the deadliest skin cancers, melanoma may be caused by overexposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or artificial sources such as tanning...
acid antibiotic

Researchers Wake-Up DNA from Soil Bacteria to Discover Novel Acid Antibiotic

· A large DNA fragment from a soil bacterium was captured and engineered to be awoken · The researchers then used to trigger production of...
superrotors

Novel Corkscrew-Laser Technique Can Send Molecules Spinning Rapidly About a Selected...

Using corkscrew-shaped laser pulses, scientists at DESY have devised a sophisticated optical centrifuge that can make molecules rotate rapidly about a desired molecular axis....
bone implants

University Team Develops Antibacterial Surfaces for Bone Implants

A University team has found a solution to tackle the infection rate following joint replacement surgery by developing a non-toxic silver nanoparticle plasma coating. A...
cell membrane fusion

Neutrons Produce First Direct 3D Maps of Water During Cell Membrane...

New 3D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for...
In a thin film of a solar-energy material, molecules in twin domains (modeled in left and right panels) align in opposing orientations within grain boundaries (shown by scanning electron microscopy in the center panel). Strain can change chemical segregation and may be engineered to tune photovoltaic efficiency. Credit: Stephen Jesse/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Multimodal Imaging Shows Strain Can Drive Chemistry in a Photovoltaic Material

A unique combination of imaging tools and atomic-level simulations has allowed a team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to...
syngas catalyst

Methane to Syngas Catalyst: Two for the Price of One

Hokkaido University researchers have created an improved catalyst for the conversion of methane gas into syngas, a precursor for liquid fuels and fundamental chemicals. Syngas,...