Thursday, July 20, 2017
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Tag: chromosomes

colorectal cancer

‘Fusion Genes’ Drive Formation and Growth of Colorectal Cancer

Genetic mutations caused by rearranged chromosomes drive the development and growth of certain colorectal cancers, according to new research conducted by Weill Cornell Medicine...
sugarcane

Study Clarifies Process of Sugarcane Genome Evolution

Brazil is the world’s largest producer of sugarcane, with more than 7 million hectares planted and an annual crop of 480 million metric tons,...
cancer

New Insight into How Telomeres Protect Cells from Premature Senescence

Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have further uncovered the secrets of telomeres, the caps that...
chromosomes

How Cells Combat Chromosome Imbalance

Most living cells have a defined number of chromosomes: Human cells, for example, have 23 pairs. As cells divide, they can make errors that...
Corynebacterium glutamicum

Many Forks Make Light Work

The rod-shaped Gram-positive soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum plays an important role in biotechnology. As its species name indicates, C. glutamicum synthesizes glutamic acid (one...
chromosomesvideo

‘Hail Mary’ Mechanism Can Rescue Cells with Severely Damaged Chromosomes

The DNA vital to the life of a cell is packaged in chromosomes, and a variety of checkpoints, repair mechanisms, and other cellular safeguards...
infertility treatments

Attachments That Push the Envelope

Researchers have shown that a recently identified protein, called Speedy A, plays an essential role in the early stages of meiosis — a special...
arctic waters, ultrawine, heliospheric, lunar exploration, Brain Diseases, fingertips, trees, earthquakes, gene therapies, climate change, nuclear waste, quantum, brain diseases, solar power, pulmonary disease, solidification, global warming, photovoltaic cells, drone, antiobiotic-resistant bacteria, Graphene, energy efficiency, magnetic data storage, immunology, Genetic plant, Antarctic, Alzheimer, Magnetic attraction, Huntington’s disease, bone repair, earthquakes, photonic crystals, brain, immunodeficiency, Internet of Things, spinal cord injuries, Dietary restriction, Bacterial DNA

Bacterial DNA shows same structure as all living cells

Bronchitis and pneumonia may be harmful, but by studying the genetic structure of the bacteria that causes them, EU-funded scientists have been able to...
video

TMC Lab Creates Genome Assembly Technique in Response to Zika

A team from Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has developed a new...
roses

Researchers from Wageningen University & Research Publish Detailed Genetic Map of...

This was a complicated assignment: roses are tetraploid, which means that they have four sets of chromosomes instead of two, like humans do. In...
cancer

Shedding Light on Cancer Diversity and Resistance

A paradigm-changing study by cancer researchers and computer scientists at the University of California San Diego and other institutions found that short fragments of...
biologic drugs, stomach, cancer, blood test

Ludwig Research Will Shift How Cancer Diversity and Resistance Are Understood...

A paradigm-changing study reveals that short fragments of circular DNA that encode cancer genes are far more common in cancer cells than previously believed...
DNA

‘Protective’ DNA Strands Are Shorter in Adults Who Had More Infections...

New research indicates that people who had more infections as babies harbor a key marker of cellular aging as young adults: the protective stretches...
selfish genes

Different Recombination Rates Keep Highly Selfish Genes in Check

Whether in a plant or animal - during the transition from one generation to the next, the genes are reshuffled before being passed to...
video

Researchers Reveal How Cancer Cells Cope with Genetic Chaos

Scientists have uncovered how tumours are able to grow despite significant damage to the structure and number of their chromosomes - the storage units...
genome

UO Team Unspools the Genome of a Seahorse Relative

UO biologists have produced a detailed genome of the snakelike gulf pipefish, delivering a new tool to explore an ancient fish family that includes...
enzyme

Aging & Cancer: An Enzyme Protects Chromosomes from Oxidative Damage

When cells divide, they pack up all of their genetic material in the tightly wrapped chromosomes. The ends of our chromosomes have a unique...
cell

Keeping Cell Division in Check

A protein linked to cancer helps ensure that chromosomes are apportioned evenly after each round of cell division. This protein, called Mastl in humans,...
eye cancer

Protein That Promotes ‘Cell-Suicide’ Could Revolutionise Eye Cancer Treatment

New research from the University of Liverpool has identified the role of a specific protein in the human body that can help prevent the...
stem cells

Gene “Bookmarking” Regulates the Fate of Stem Cells

When cells divide, DNA is neatly wrapped up into chromosomes, and the normal expression of genes into proteins stops until the new cells are formed. However,...