Friday, February 23, 2018
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global warming

Land Use Change Has Warmed the Earth’s Surface

Natural ecosystems play a crucial role in helping combat climate change, air pollution and soil erosion. A new study by a team of JRC researchers sheds...
plant evolution

Plants Colonised the Earth 100 Million Years Earlier Than Previously Thought

For the first four billion years of Earth’s history, our planet’s continents would have been devoid of all life except microbes. All of this changed...
Asteroid

Asteroid “Time Capsules” May Help Explain How Life Started on Earth

In popular culture, asteroids play the role of apocalyptic threat, get blamed for wiping out the dinosaurs – and offer an extraterrestrial source for...
magnets

Toyota Develops New Magnet for Electric Motors Aiming to Reduce Use...

World's first neodymium-reduced, heat-resistant magnet developed by Toyota Key element of the foundation required to popularize electrified vehicles Toyota Motor Corporation (Toyota) announces that...
Artificial Leavesvideo

Artificial Leaves to Produce Fuel on Earth And, One Day, Mars

Call it “liquid sunlight.” With the right technology, the gas station of the future will make its own fuel directly from sunlight, in the...
spinning comet

Spinning Comet Slows Down During Close Approach to Earth

University of Maryland astronomers have captured an unprecedented slowdown in the rotation of a comet. Observations made in May 2017 by NASA's Swift spacecraft,...
video

Solar Eclipse Caused Bow Waves in Earth’s Atmosphere

The celebrated Great American Eclipse of August 2017 crossed the continental U.S. in 90 minutes, and totality lasted no longer than a few minutes at...
global temperaturevideo

Long-Term Warming Trend Continued in 2017: NASA, NOAA

Earth’s global surface temperatures in 2017 ranked as the second warmest since 1880, according to an analysis by NASA. Continuing the planet's long-term warming trend,...
climate change

Using Data Mining to Make Sense of Climate Change

Big data and data mining have provided several breakthroughs in fields such as health informatics, smart cities and marketing. The same techniques, however, have...
climate change

Future Climate Change Revealed by Current Climate Variations

A team of scientists from the University of Exeter and the Centre of Ecology and Hydrology has pioneered a new process to reduce uncertainty...
RNA nucleosides

Progenitors of the Living World

“And the Earth was without form and void” – before the emergence of life. Meanwhile, we know rather more about the early Earth, but...
Arctic photosynthesis

Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere...

The Science Carbon uptake and loss from the Arctic is highly sensitive to climate change, and these processes are poorly represented in computational models of...
underwater volcanic eruption

Largest Recorded Underwater Volcanic Eruption Sheds Light on Deep-Sea Events

They knew it was big when satellite images showed that the pumice bobbing to the surface had created a floating raft covering 400 square...
exoplanets

Citizen Scientists Discover Five Tightly Packed Exoplanets

Five new planets have been discovered outside our solar system, all orbiting a sun-like star located within the constellation Aquarius, nearly 620 light years...
infrasound sensor

New Sandia Balloon-Borne Infrasound Sensor Array Detects Explosions

Sheets of plastic similar to that used for garbage bags, packing tape, some string, a little charcoal dust and a white shoebox-size box are...
cloud cycle

Climate Models Underestimate Cooling Effect of Daily Cloud Cycle

The researchers report in the journal Nature Communications that models tend to factor in too much of the sun’s daily heat, which results in...
climate change

How Is the Sea Affected by Climate Change?

Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface. The temperature, chemistry, currents, and life of the world’s oceans play a crucial role in making...
species

Mass Extinctions Remove Species but Not Ecological Variety

Sixty-five million years ago, clouds of ash choked the skies over Earth. Dinosaurs, along with about half of all the species on Earth, staggered...
drug development

Drug Manufacturing That’s out of This World

Liquid-liquid separation and chemical extraction are key processes in drug manufacturing and many other industries, including oil and gas, fragrances, food, wastewater filtration, and biotechnology. Three...
Microbial Metabolism

Real World Native Biocrusts: Microbial Metabolism

Arid lands, which cover some 40 percent of the Earth’s terrestrial surface, are too dry to sustain much in the way of vegetation. But...