Thursday, July 19, 2018
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sun coral

Sun Coral Invades the Brazilian Coast Owing to Its Amazing Capacity...

Detected for the first time in Brazil on the coast of the Southeast region in the late 1980s, when oil and gas prospecting began...
pluripotent stem cell

Methods of Monitoring Pluripotent Stem Cell Identity Are Tested in Brazil

Advances in techniques to transform human adult cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have led to the creation of large collections of cell...
Bacterium

Bacterium That Causes Citrus Canker Has Defense System Against Amoebae

Xanthomonas citri, the bacterium that causes citrus canker, resulting in significant economic losses to the citrus industry worldwide, has a veritable arsenal of weapons...
insect produces the foamvideo

Insect Produces Foam to Protect Itself from Heat

Tiny balls of froth can often be seen near the roots of plants in sugarcane plantations in Brazil during summer. The foam protects nymphs...
magnetization

Almost Instant Magnetization of Matter by Light

The production of devices to store or transmit information is one of the most frequent technological applications of magnetism. An experimental and theoretical study...
Zika and dengue

Novel Technique Detects Zika and Dengue in Patient Samples Without Using...

The accurate direct detection of dengue virus and Zika virus in samples from patients without any need for preparations or laboratory equipment has been...
polyethylene terephthalate

Research Enhances Enzyme That Degrades Plastic

Between 4.8 billion and 12.7 billion kilograms of plastic are dumped in the oceans every year, and if this trend continues, the volume will...
ethanol

Key Enzyme for Production of Second-Generation Ethanol

Production of second-generation ethanol or cellulosic ethanol from sugarcane straw and bagasse could increase Brazilian production of ethanol by up to 50%. It is...
genome sequencing

Consortium with Participation by FAPESP Aims to Sequence DNA of All...

Earth is estimated to be home to between 10 million and 15 million eukaryotes – species of plants, animals, fungi, and other organisms with...
severe epilepsy

Mechanism Underlying Malformation Associated with Severe Epilepsy Is Revealed

One of the most frequent causes of drug-resistant epilepsy, considered a difficult disease to control, is a brain malformation known as focal cortical dysplasia. Patients...
nanoparticles

Novel Technique Achieves 32-Fold Increase in Bactericidal Capacity of Nanoparticles

In recent decades, various research groups in the field of materials science have embarked on a race to develop new techniques capable of producing...
Radiation Dose

Scientists Calculate Radiation Dose in Bone from Victim of Hiroshima Bombing

The bombing of the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945 was the first and only use of nuclear weapons...
zika virus

Zika Virus Eliminates Advanced Human Tumor in Central Nervous System of...

A Brazilian study published April 26 in the journal Cancer Research shows for the first time in vivo that Zika virus can be used as a...
Infrared spectrometer

Infrared Spectrometer on a Chip

Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers, among the most frequently used research tools to identify and analyze chemicals, are too large to be used in the...
biodiversity

Loss of Biodiversity Endangers Wellbeing of Present and Future Generations

The inhabitants of the Americas enjoy access to three times more benefits offered by nature than the global average, but most countries in this...
amphibians

Deforestation Favors Action of Fungus That Is Decimating Amphibians

Researchers at São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Brazil are investigating how deforestation can affect the action of pathogens that cause diseases such as...
fungal infection

Protein That Inhibits Fungal Infection Is Identified

People with impaired immunity, such as patients with AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy, frequently suffer from cryptococcosis, a fungal infection caught by inhaling pigeon (or...
Oriental latrine blowflyvideo

Blowfly Uses Saliva to Keep Cool

On warm days the Oriental latrine blowfly (Chrysomya megacephala) keeps cool by moving a droplet of saliva repeatedly in and out of its buccal...
cancer vaccine

Novel Cancer Vaccine Strategy Is Successfully Tested

By combining genetically modified tumor-derived cell lines, scientists in Campinas (São Paulo State, Brazil) have achieved promising results in the treatment of tumors in...
Brain Cancer

Biomarker Panel Can Guide Treatment of Brain Cancer

Researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP), in Brazil, describe in the journal Cell Reports a biomarker panel that could tell physicians which patients diagnosed with...