Friday, December 15, 2017
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anti-inflammatory

Little-Known Fruits Contain Powerful Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidant Agents

Five native Brazilian berries, four of which belong to the genus Eugenia, are just starting to become well-known among scientists but are not yet...
Benzopyrene

With Prevention in Mind, Researchers Investigate How Benzopyrene Can Cause Cancer

Benzopyrene is a potent carcinogen and mutagen present in cigarette smoke, automotive exhaust, burnt wood fumes, barbecued and smoked meat etc. Understanding the mechanisms whereby...
sugarcane

Modified Yeast Increases Sugar Output from Energy Sugarcane

Varieties of “energy sugarcane” obtained by crossbreeding the species Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum have been grown in Brazil in recent years. More robust and...
video

Project Aims to Sequence All Known Species on Earth

Sequencing the DNA of all known species on Earth in a period of ten years, from microorganisms invisible to the naked eye to the...
lung inflammation

Nicotinic Receptor Could Be Target for Treatment of Lung Inflammation

One puff of a cigarette is enough for the nicotine inhaled with the smoke to be absorbed by the lungs, enter the bloodstream and...
defense cells

Study Helps Understand How Defense Cells Combat Bacteria

When the defense cells that patrol the human organism come across a potentially dangerous bacterium, intracellular protein complexes known as inflammasomes are activated. This mechanism...
glass

Brazilian Researcher Proposes New Definition of Glass

Is glass a solid or a liquid? This question, which has been vigorously discussed by specialists in the field for some decades, has just...
jawbone

Migraine Is Associated with Pain in Joint Connecting Jawbone to Skull

Migraine is known to be associated with pain in the chewing muscles and has hitherto been associated with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) regardless of the...
solar radiation

Solar Radiation Is More Important than Rainfall to Amazon Rainforest Leaf...

An aspect of the Amazon Rainforest that has been known for many decades is that trees produce new leaves and the forest becomes greener...
carnivorous plants

Carnivorous Plant Has Mitochondrial Genome Sequenced

Some 130 species of carnivorous plants are found in practically all biomes in Brazil. To understand how the evolutionary dynamics of this fascinating group...
dark matter

Study Produces Most Precise Map Ever of Dark Matter Distribution in...

Known matter (called “baryonic”) corresponds to only 5% of the contents of the Universe. Another 25% is unknown dark matter, and 70% is dark...
skin cancer

Group Tests Topical Treatment Strategy for Fighting Skin Cancer

Researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP), in Brazil, are testing a technique in mice that combines low-intensity electric current with a formulation...
Zika serotypes

New Zika Serotypes May Emerge, Researcher Warns

Zika virus is mutating so fast in Brazilian patients that different serotypes of the pathogen could appear in the near future, as is already...
Microneedles

Microneedles Can Increase the Effectiveness of Topical Anesthesia Used in Dentistry

Researchers from Brazil and Texas have started testing on humans a new strategy to increase the effectiveness of topical anesthesia used in dentistry. It involves...
obesity

Study Allows Establishing a Timeline of Obesity

Over the past decade, when investigating the factors associated with the growing epidemic of obesity in the world, scientists have identified two events that...
Height Deficits

Poor Quality Water May Be Responsible for Height Deficits in Children

Reducing infant mortality rates was one of the Millennium Development Goals announced by the United Nations (UN) in 2000. Actually, several advances in this...
molecular flexibility

Scientists Make a Video of Molecular Flexibility

The chemical bonds between atoms are flexible. That flexibility is what allows molecules to change shape in essential processes for chemical and biological functions,...
Metabolic Fingerprints

Metabolic Fingerprints Tell the Evolutionary History of Plants

The endemic plants of the genus Espeletia found in the páramo, a moist alpine biome unique to the northern Andes, could be the key...
tumor cellsvideo

Starvation Causes Tumor Cells to Move Around the Body, Researcher Says

British researcher Colin Goding is convinced that just as the first single-cell living organism ever to move over 3 billion years ago was motivated...
climate change

Cost of Not Adapting to Climate Change Would Be at Least...

Like other coastal cities, Santos, at the shore of São Paulo State, Brazil, is experiencing a situation reminiscent of Aesop’s fable of the ant...