Sunday, December 16, 2018
Home Tags JGI

Tag: JGI

forest soil ecosystem

Hidden Giants in Forest Soils

Characterizing the diversity of microbial cells in a handful of soil is so complex it was considered impossible. To date, only a small fraction...
Enzymes

How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls

The Science Inside cows, goats, and other ruminants, fungal enzymes break down plant matter and extract nutrients. These enzymes essentially overcome a major bottleneck in...
Biofuel Enzymes

To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village

A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates...
dark matter

New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter

The Science At Stanford University, researchers have used a new microfluidic analysis system to extract 29 novel microbial genomes (the complete set of genetic material)...
green algae

Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation

The Science Although they are invisible to the unaided eye, tiny green algae calledOstreococcus play a big role in how carbon, including carbon dioxide (CO2),...
plants

A Whole-Genome Sequenced Rice Mutant Resource for the Study of Biofuel...

Rice is a staple food for over half of the world’s population and a model for studies of candidate bioenergy grasses such as sorghum,...
Giant Viruses

The Rise of Giant Viruses

The Science The number of microbes in, on, and around the planet is said to outnumber the stars in the sky. The number of viruses...
Microbial Genomes

Uncovered: 1000 New Microbial Genomes

The number of microbes in a handful of soil exceeds the number of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, but researchers know less about...
gene expression

Finding A New Major Gene Expression Regulator in Fungi

Just four letters – A, C, T, and G – make up an organism’s genetic code. Changing a single letter, or base, can lead...
Giant Viruses

Discovered: Novel Group of Giant Viruses

Viruses have a ubiquitous presence in the world. Their population is estimated to be 1031, 10 times greater than the nonillion (1030) of microbes...
DNA Sequence

New CRISPR-Cas, Gene Editing Systems, Discovered in Vast DNA Sequence Dataset

The Science Knowing the extent of microbial diversity, especially gene editing, can help scientists solve energy and cleanup challenges. Using large amounts of genetic data,...
Microbes

Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

The Science Hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) is the industry standard for removing hydrocarbons from shale formations, which provide one-third of natural gas energy resources worldwide. The...
Metagenome

Seeking Structure With Metagenome Sequences

For proteins, appearance matters. These important molecules largely form a cell’s structures and carry out its functions: proteins control growth and influence mobility, serve...
climate change

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

Diatoms are a common type of photosynthetic microorganism, found in many environments from marine to soil; in the oceans, they are responsible for more...
Carbon Dioxidevideo

Engineering a More Efficient System for Harnessing Carbon Dioxide

Despite the vast diversity of organisms on the planet that express enzymes for the conversion of carbon dioxide into such organic compounds as sugars...
Fungi

How Fungi Help Trees Tolerate Drought

The mutualistic relationship between tree roots and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi has been shaping forest ecosystems since their inception. ECM fungi are key players supporting...