Wednesday, January 16, 2019
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antibiotic drug

MIT Engineers Repurpose Wasp Venom as an Antibiotic Drug

The venom of insects such as wasps and bees is full of compounds that can kill bacteria. Unfortunately, many of these compounds...
soft materialsvideo

Technique Inspired by Dolphin Chirps Could Improve Tests of Soft Materials

When you deform a soft material such as Silly Putty, its properties change depending on how fast you stretch and squeeze it. If you...
biomass and crops

Understanding How Plants Use Sunlight

Plants rely on the energy in sunlight to produce the nutrients they need. But sometimes they absorb more energy than they can use, and...
melanoma

New Drug Combination Could Be More Effective Against Melanoma

A class of cancer drugs called protein kinase inhibitors is one of the most effective treatments for melanoma. However, in many cases, tumors eventually...
cancer cells

Measuring Cancer Cell “Fitness” Reveals Drug Susceptibility

By studying both the physical and genomic features of cancer cells, MIT researchers have come up with a new way to investigate why some...
Electric Vehicles

Startup Founded by MIT Alumnus Unveils Electric Vehicles for the Future

Electric vehicle startup Rivian Automotive has spent the first nine years of its existence in stealth mode working to design vehicles around what it...
respiratory disease

With These Nanoparticles, a Simple Urine Test Could Diagnose Bacterial Pneumonia

Pneumonia, a respiratory disease that kills about 50,000 people in the United States every year, can be caused by many different microbes, including bacteria...
RePaintvideo

Reproducing Paintings That Make an Impression

The empty frames hanging inside the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum serve as a tangible reminder of the world’s biggest unsolved art heist. While the original...
cooling without power

A New Way to Provide Cooling Without Power

MIT researchers have devised a new way of providing cooling on a hot sunny day, using inexpensive materials and requiring no fossil fuel-generated power....
Arthritis Treatment

Potential Arthritis Treatment Prevents Cartilage Breakdown

Osteoarthritis, a disease that causes severe joint pain, affects more than 20 million people in the United States. Some drug treatments can help alleviate...
neurodegenerative diseases

Biologists Discover an Unusual Hallmark of Aging in Neurons

As we age, neurons in our brains can become damaged by free radicals. MIT biologists have now discovered that this type of damage, known...
gene regulation

Activating a New Understanding of Gene Regulation

Regulation of gene expression — turning genes on or off, increasing or decreasing their expression — is critical for defining cell identity during development...
aircraftvideo

MIT Engineers Fly First-Ever Plane with No Moving Parts

Since the first airplane took flight over 100 years ago, virtually every aircraft in the sky has flown with the help of moving parts...
mosquito-borne illnesses

Detecting Dengue, Zika, and Chikangunya Within Minutes

An MIT Tata Center funded research team led by MIT Professor Lee Gehrke and collaborator Irene Bosch has developed a paper-based diagnostic test to detect Zika,...
Cognitive flexibility

How the Brain Switches Between Different Sets of Rules

Cognitive flexibility — the brain’s ability to switch between different rules or action plans depending on the context — is key to many of...
solar power

Explaining the Plummeting Cost of Solar Power

The dramatic drop in the cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules, which has fallen by 99 percent over the last four decades, is often...
sepsis

Machine-Learning System Could Aid Critical Decisions in Sepsis Care

Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have developed a predictive model that could guide clinicians in deciding when to give potentially life-saving...
microrobots

Using Electricity and Water, a New Kind of Motor Can Slide...

Look around and you'll likely see something that runs on an electric motor. Powerful and efficient, they keep much of our world moving, everything...
dopamine

Dopamine Primes the Brain for Enhanced Vigilance

Imagine a herd of deer grazing in the forest. Suddenly, a twig snaps nearby, and they look up from the grass. The thought of...
antibiotics

Chemical Synthesis Could Produce More Potent Antibiotics

Using a novel type of chemical reaction, MIT researchers have shown that they can modify antibiotics in a way that could potentially make them...