Thursday, December 13, 2018
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schizophrenia

Brain Activity Pattern May Be Early Sign of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia, a brain disorder that produces hallucinations, delusions, and cognitive impairments, usually strikes during adolescence or young adulthood. While some signs can suggest that...
nanoscale

Improving Materials from the Nanoscale up

The 2018 MIT Materials Research Laboratory (MRL) Materials Day Symposium, highlighting advances in materials science and engineering, took place in Kresge Auditorium on Oct....
RFID tagsvideo

Putting Food-Safety Detection in the Hands of Consumers

MIT Media Lab researchers have developed a wireless system that leverages the cheap RFID tags already on hundreds of billions of products to sense...
ultra-low-power microchips

Study Opens Route to Ultra-Low-Power Microchips

A new approach to controlling magnetism in a microchip could open the doors to memory, computing, and sensing devices that consume drastically less power...
heat-rejecting film

See-Through Film Rejects 70 Percent of Incoming Solar Heat

To battle the summer heat, office and residential buildings tend to crank up the air conditioning, sending energy bills soaring. Indeed, it’s estimated that...
batteries

Extending the Life of Low-Cost, Compact, Lightweight Batteries

Metal-air batteries are one of the lightest and most compact types of batteries available, but they can have a major limitation: When not in...
batteries

A Novel Way to Advance a Better Battery Design

Cadenza Innovation has developed a new design that improves the performance, cost, and safety of large lithium ion batteries. Now, with an unusual strategy...
laser technology

E.T., We’re Home

If extraterrestrial intelligence exists somewhere in our galaxy, a new MIT study proposes that laser technology on Earth could, in principle, be fashioned into...
autonomous dronesvideo

Fleets of Drones Could Aid Searches for Lost Hikers

Finding lost hikers in forests can be a difficult and lengthy process, as helicopters and drones can’t get a glimpse through the thick tree...
redox flow batteries

Harnessing the Power of Sustainable Energy

Energy production can be expensive, or inefficient, or toxic to the environment — or some unfortunate combination of the three. But Jesse Hinricher thinks...
Omniphobic

A New Approach to Liquid-Repelling Surfaces

“Omniphobic” might sound like a way to describe someone who is afraid of everything, but it actually refers to a special type of surface...
human-machine interaction

Machines That Learn Language More like Kids Do

Children learn language by observing their environment, listening to the people around them, and connecting the dots between what they see and hear. Among...
computer-based translation

Model Paves Way for Faster, More Efficient Translations of More Languages

MIT researchers have developed a novel “unsupervised” language translation model — meaning it runs without the need for human annotations and guidance — that could...
topological insulator

First Two-Dimensional Material That Performs as Both Topological Insulator and Superconductor

A transistor based on the 2-D material tungsten ditelluride (WTe2) sandwiched between boron nitride can switch between two different electronic states — one that conducts...
gene-editing tool

New CRISPR Tool Opens up More of the Genome for Editing

The genome editing system CRISPR has become a hugely important tool in medical research, and could ultimately have a significant impact in fields such...
mental transformation

Study Reveals How the Brain Overcomes Its Own Limitations

Imagine trying to write your name so that it can be read in a mirror. Your brain has all of the visual information you...
Microfluidics devices

Inside These Fibers, Droplets Are on the Move

Microfluidics devices are tiny systems with microscopic channels that can be used for chemical or biomedical testing and research. In a potentially game-changing advance,...
Autonomous Vehicles

How Should Autonomous Vehicles Be Programmed?

A massive new survey developed by MIT researchers reveals some distinct global preferences concerning the ethics of autonomous vehicles, as well as some regional...
gene transfers

Studying the Hotbed of Horizontal Gene Transfers

For over 200,000 years, humans and their gut microbiomes have coevolved into some of the most complex collections of living organisms on the planet....
Spectrometers

Inexpensive Chip-Based Device May Transform Spectrometry

Spectrometers — devices that distinguish different wavelengths of light and are used to determine the chemical composition of everything from laboratory materials to distant...