Wednesday, November 22, 2017
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Tag: modeling

concussion damage

Computation Combats Concussion Damage

As football season rolls on, fans across the country look forward every weekend to touchdowns, tackles and tailgating. But recent news about football-induced brain...
River delta

Study: River Deltas ‘Self-Organize’ to Withstand Human and Natural Disturbances

River delta channels that carry water, sediment and nutrients may appear to be random and arbitrary in how they are organized. But research by...
wave energy convertersvideo

Robotics Principles Help Sandia Wave Energy Converters Better Absorb Power of...

Compared to wind and solar energy, wave energy has remained relatively expensive and hard to capture, but engineers from Sandia National Laboratories are working...
heart

How to Turn Damaged Heart Tissue Back into Healthy Heart Muscle:...

Reversing scar tissue after a heart attack to create healthy heart muscle: this would be a game-changer in the field of cardiology and regenerative...
dopamine

Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus

Many psychiatric drugs work by binding to receptor molecules on brain cells that are sensitive to the neurotransmitter dopamine, a chemical signal that is...
Coevolution

Understanding the Coevolving Web of Life as a Network

Coevolution, which occurs when species interact and adapt to each other, is often studied in the context of pair-wise interactions between mutually beneficial symbiotic...
octopus

Octopus Skin Inspires Engineers to Develop Programmable ‘Camouflaging’ Material

For the octopus and cuttlefish, instantaneously changing their skin color and pattern to disappear into the environment is just part of their camouflage prowess....
Earthquake

Exascale in Motion on Earthquake Risks

Assessing large magnitude (greater than 6 on the Richter scale) earthquake hazards on a regional (up to 100 kilometers) scale takes big machines. To...
stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

Durable End to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic likely will Require an HIV...

Despite remarkable gains in the treatment and prevention of HIV infection, development of an effective HIV vaccine likely will be necessary to achieve a...
lab-on-chip devices

Rit to Develop Hybrid Biological Cell Separations Technology for Lab-on-Chip Medical...

Research being done at Rochester Institute of Technology to refine lab-on-chip devices—highly sophisticated laboratories on microchips—will provide more detailed and timely information to detect...
DNA

Knotty Problems in DNA

If you’ve ever tried to untangle a pair of earbuds, you’ll understand how loops and cords can get twisted up. DNA can get tangled...
power gridvideo

Protecting the Power Grid

Larry Pileggi and his graduate students have developed a toolkit that could help model and simulate the power grid more reliably to better protect...
computing

A Quicker, Picker Upper? Lab Researchers Eye Papermaking Improvements Through HPC

With the naked eye, a roll of paper towels doesn't seem too complicated. But look closely enough, and you'll see it's made up of...
air pollution

Scientists Estimate Death Rates from Air Pollution Caused by the Impact...

A recent study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators is the first to use an ensemble of global chemistry climate models...
gene circuit

Lu Develops Gene Circuit Design Strategy to Advance Synthetic Biology

Over the last 17 years, scientists and engineers have developed synthetic gene circuits that can program the functionality, performance, and behavior of living cells....
brain system

A Brain-System That Builds Confidence in What We See, Hear and...

Behavioral scientists and psychologists use the term “metacognition” to describe our ability to access, report and regulate our own mental states: “thinking about thinking”,...
robotsvideo

Developing Robots That Can Walk More Naturally

For humans, it comes perfectly naturally. But walking on two legs is actually a complicated task, requiring several muscles to perform delicate balancing acts....
Internet of Things, machine tools, Two-dimensional materials, cyber-security, brain function, breast cancer, photonics, inflammation, Dengue Treatment, HIV Drugs, glaucoma, sperm, cell biology, antioxidant, lung cancer, cancer therapy, medical imaging, explosives, integrated laser, Bosma arhinia microphthalmia syndrome, Optoelectronics, blood cells, bile duct cancer

How to Make HIV Drugs Work for Longer

A bioinformatic examination of HIV mutations documented in clinics could help guide the selection of antiretroviral therapies. Through structural modeling and computational analyses, A*STAR researchers...
catalysis

UCLA, Japanese Scientists Discover New Way to Speed up Chemical Reactions

Ateam of scientists and engineers from UCLA and Japan’s University of Shizuoka has discovered a new mode of enzyme catalysis, the process that speeds...
fusion plasma

Physicists Propose New Way to Stabilize Next-Generation Fusion Plasmas

A key issue for next-generation fusion reactors is the possible impact of many unstable Alfvén eigenmodes, wave-like disturbances produced by the fusion reactions that...