Thursday, May 24, 2018
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car battery

From the Quantum Level to the Car Battery

New developments require new materials. Until recently, these have been developed mostly by tedious experiments in the laboratory. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for...
Bio-oil

Engineers Developing Tools to Understand, Scale up Autothermal Production of Bio-Oil

On a whim, Iowa State University’s Robert C. Brown asked students to crank up the oxygen. Brown and the engineers in his research group had...
Electrons

Electrons in the Water

It's a popular tradition to throw coins into fountains in the hopes of having wishes granted. But what would happen if you could “throw”...
hair dyes

Designing the Next Generation of Hair Dyes

North Carolina State University researchers have created the largest publicly available chemical database of hair dye substances as a resource for developing a new...
nitrogen

New Process Could Slash Energy Demands of Fertilizer, Nitrogen-Based Chemicals

Manufacturers currently make fertilizer, pharmaceuticals and other industrial chemicals by pulling nitrogen from the air and combining it with hydrogen. Nitrogen gas is plentiful,...
epilepsyvideo

Develop Improved Method to Identify Seizure-Causing Regions in the Brain

Epilepsy—a condition that affects an estimated 65 million people worldwide—can be a difficult condition to treat. A team at the University of Illinois at...
earthquakes

Pressure Points for Human-Induced Earthquakes

Observations of induced earthquakes inspired KAUST researchers to develop a physics-based rupture model to determine the conditions most likely to cause large earthquakes. Potentially...
cloud cycle

Climate Models Underestimate Cooling Effect of Daily Cloud Cycle

The researchers report in the journal Nature Communications that models tend to factor in too much of the sun’s daily heat, which results in...
analyzing time

Recalculating Time

Whether it’s tracking brain activity in the operating room, seismic vibrations during an earthquake, or biodiversity in a single ecosystem over a million years,...
solar cells

New Technique Allows Rapid Screening for New Types of Solar Cells

The worldwide quest by researchers to find better, more efficient materials for tomorrow’s solar panels is usually slow and painstaking. Researchers typically must produce...
stem cells

UCLA Researchers Create Skeletal Muscle from Stem Cells

UCLA scientists have developed a new strategy to efficiently isolate, mature and transplant skeletal muscle cells created from human pluripotent stem cells, which can...
genetics

A Big Data Tool Begins New Era for Biology and Personalized...

Most complex diseases, such as obesity, longevity, and diabetes, are largely influenced by genetic factors. But at the same time, they are also modulated...
vehicle composites

Predicting the Future of Lightweight Vehicle Composites

Researchers at the Department of Energy'sPacific Northwest National Laboratory, along with experts from industry and academia, have developed predictive engineering tools for designing new,...
phosphorus

Less Life: Limited Phosphorus Recycling Suppressed Early Earth’s Biosphere

The amount of biomass – life – in Earth’s ancient oceans may have been limited due to low recycling of the key nutrient phosphorus,...
drought

Engineers Model the California Reservoir Network

For the first time, engineers at Caltech have developed an empirical statewide model of the California reservoir network. The model was built from data...
concussion damage

Computation Combats Concussion Damage

As football season rolls on, fans across the country look forward every weekend to touchdowns, tackles and tailgating. But recent news about football-induced brain...
River delta

Study: River Deltas ‘Self-Organize’ to Withstand Human and Natural Disturbances

River delta channels that carry water, sediment and nutrients may appear to be random and arbitrary in how they are organized. But research by...
wave energy convertersvideo

Robotics Principles Help Sandia Wave Energy Converters Better Absorb Power of...

Compared to wind and solar energy, wave energy has remained relatively expensive and hard to capture, but engineers from Sandia National Laboratories are working...
heart

How to Turn Damaged Heart Tissue Back into Healthy Heart Muscle:...

Reversing scar tissue after a heart attack to create healthy heart muscle: this would be a game-changer in the field of cardiology and regenerative...
dopamine

Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus

Many psychiatric drugs work by binding to receptor molecules on brain cells that are sensitive to the neurotransmitter dopamine, a chemical signal that is...