Friday, October 20, 2017
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healthcare

Screening for Disease or Toxins in a Drop of Blood

The promise of being able to quickly and accurately screen for diseases or chemical contaminants in a tiny drop of blood has long been...
Skeletal muscles

How Skeletal-Muscle Proteins Generate Force Together

A University of Tokyo research group has shown that the skeletal-muscle protein myosin, clustered in a mass, works collectively to generate force in response...
Alzheimer's Disease, hepatitis c infection, depression, penicillin, Leukemia, Anti-Angiogenesis, diabetes, conversion disorder, lymphoma, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, autism, Tourette syndrome

One Step Closer Toward a Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease?

Scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), in collaboration with colleagues at the University California, San Diego (UCSD), have characterized a new class of drugs...
Broccoli

Like It or Not: Broccoli May Be Good for the Gut

For the broccoli haters of the world, researchers may have more bad news: the vegetable may also help promote a healthy gut. In a study,...
odor-detecting receptors

Pioneering Discovery of an Odor-detecting Receptor Enhancer

Each odor-detecting neuron (referred to as olfactory sensory neuron from here on), chooses a single odorant receptor gene from a fairly large number of...
cell identityvideo

3-D Packaging of DNA Regulates Cell Identity

The fundamental mechanisms governing how cells form an identity such as becoming a muscle cell or a nerve cell are not fully understood. Multiple...
stem cells

New Type of Stem Cell Line Produced Offers Expanded Potential for...

Researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have created Expanded Potential Stem Cells (EPSCs) in mice, for the first time, that...
embryos

Unexpected Regulation of Transcription Factors Critical to Development

A team of developmental biologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by Dominique Alfandari, with others at MIT, report in a new paper...
synthetic musclevideo

Synthetic Muscle Gets Its Punch from Design Method

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's College of Engineering are taking a multidisciplinary approach to building synthetic muscles for applications in regenerative medicine and robotics. Each...
Schizophrenia, lung cancer, cancer, tuberculosis, Blood Pressure, disease-causing bacteria, allergic diseases, osteoporosis, MND and schizophrenia, obesity, lasers, plethora, Cancer stem cell, Autism Spectrum Disorder, motor neurons disease, bone graft, Immune system, eczema

Scientists Identify New Mechanism for the Development of Schizophrenia

Scientists from Trinity and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) have discovered that abnormalities of blood vessels in the brain may play a...
cone snail

How the Cone Snail’s Deadly Venom Can Help Us Build Better...

Cone snails have inspired humans for centuries. Coastal communities have often traded their beautiful shells like money and put them in jewelry. Many artists,...
nerve cells

Nerve Cells’ Gatekeepers Take Many Forms

The ability to track the movements of single molecules has revealed how proteins on the surface of nerve cells control gates that turn chemical...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathyvideo

Fruit Fly Muscles with a Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Mutation Don’t Relax Properly

Using fruit flies, Johns Hopkins researchers have figured out why a particular inherited human heart condition that is almost always due to genetic mutations...
machine tools, Two-dimensional materials, cyber-security, brain function, breast cancer, photonics, inflammation, Dengue Treatment, HIV Drugs, glaucoma, sperm, cell biology, antioxidant, lung cancer, cancer therapy, medical imaging, explosives, integrated laser, Bosma arhinia microphthalmia syndrome, Optoelectronics, blood cells, bile duct cancer

Fine-Tuning Excitation for Survival

Glutamate is the primary excitatory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system, in excess it causes cells to become overexcited, which contributes to neuron death...
Breast Cancer

Mystery of Breast Cancer Risk Gene Solved, 20 Years after Its...

More than 20 years after scientists revealed that mutations in the BRCA1 gene predispose women to breast cancer, Yale scientists have pinpointed the molecular...
drug therapy, antibiotic, gene sequencing, IBM, metal, immune system

U-M Startup Marks Milestone in Drug Therapy for Boys with Duchenne...

Two boys under treatment outside the United States for Duchenne muscular dystrophy—an X-linked disease that affects only boys and young men—met key milestones while...
Cartilaginous Fish

Basis of Development of Vertebrate Limb Muscles Has Been Established in...

The development of limb muscle has been well studied in most land dwelling vertebrates such as humans and modern research models. In these species,...
concrete

A Concrete Solution

Cement materials, including cement paste, mortar, and concrete, are the most widely manufactured materials in the world. Their carbon footprint is similarly hefty: The...
white blood cellsvideo

Smart Molecules Trigger White Blood Cells to Become Better Cancer-Eating Machines

A team of researchers has engineered smart protein molecules that can reprogram white blood cells to ignore a self-defense signaling mechanism that cancer cells...
embryonic development

How Brain Develops Before Birth is Tightly Controlled by RNA Modification

A chemical tag added to RNA during embryonic development regulates how the early brain grows, according to research from the Perelman School of Medicine at...