Friday, December 14, 2018
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Frequency combs

Novel Laser Technology for Microchip-Size Chemical Sensors

Most lasers have only one color.  All the photons it emits have exactly the same wavelength. However, there are also lasers whose...
nanomachines

Nonstop Transport of Cargo in Nanomachines

Moving around, sensing the extracellular environment, and signaling to other cells are important for a cell to function properly. Responsible for those tasks are...
quantum computer

Berkeley Computer Theorists Show Path to Verifying That Quantum Beats Classical

Quantum supremacy is the term that describes a quantum computer’s ability to solve a computational task that would be prohibitively difficult for any classical...
enzyme

Chemists Discover Unexpected Enzyme Structure

Many microbes have an enzyme that can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide. This reaction is critical for building carbon compounds and generating energy,...
Optogenetics

Mutations, Drugs Drive Cancer by Blurring Growth Signals

Genetic mutations in a form of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may drive tumor formation by blurring cells’ perception of key growth signals, according...
drug development

Automating Molecule Design to Speed up Drug Development

Designing new molecules for pharmaceuticals is primarily a manual, time-consuming process that’s prone to error. But MIT researchers have now taken a step toward...
DNA repair

Scientists Find the Secret to DNA Repair

The cell has its own paramedic team and emergency room to aid and repair damaged DNA, a new USC study reveals. The findings are timely,...
Molecular Movievideo

Scientists Make the First Molecular Movie of One of Nature’s Most...

Scientists have made the first molecular movie of the instant when light hits a sensor that's widely used in nature for probing the environment...
lung cancer

On the Search for New Approaches to Cure Lung Cancer

Protein kinases regulate nearly all processes in cells. If the function of these enzymes is disrupted, often cancer will develop. In particular certain types...
Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease

Preventive Treatment for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease

A diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is devastating for those affected, as there is still no cure for this type of dementia. One hundred years...
recyclable polymer

‘Infinitely’ Recyclable Polymer Shows Practical Properties of Plastics

The world fell in love with plastics because they’re cheap, convenient, lightweight and long-lasting. For these same reasons, plastics are now trashing the Earth. Colorado...
enzyme telomerase

ASU Scientists Unveil a Hidden Secret of the Immortality Enzyme Telomerase

Can we stay young forever, or even recapture lost youth? Research from the laboratory of Professor Julian Chen in the School of Molecular Sciences at...
enzyme

Hatchet Enzyme, Enabler of Sickness and of Health, Exposed by Neutron...

The butcher is a common enzyme called presenilin, which chops lengthy protein building blocks down to useable shorter lengths. It resides in membrane spaces...
Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis Project Promises Development of Novel Therapeutics

Cystic Fibrosis is one of the most frequent genetic diseases with 4 in 100 people carrying at least one mutation. If two carriers happen...
antiviral

An Achilles Heel Discovered in Viruses Could Fuel New Antiviral Approaches

Scientists at the Morgridge Institute for Research have discovered a promising new target to fight a class of viruses responsible for health threats such...
high-salt diet

Hold the Salt: Gut Reaction May Impair the Brains of Mice

We are often warned of the dangers of high levels of salt in our diet, yet the risks of salt consumption and the effects...
battery

Coupling Experiments to Theory to Build a Better Battery

Lithium-sulfur batteries are promising candidates for replacing common lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles since they are cheaper, weigh less, and can store nearly double...
cancer

Understanding the Dynamics of Cancer

Although significant advances have been made in the treatment of many types of cancer, malignancies remain life-threatening diseases. The prospects for effective treatment vary...
Cell Diseasevideo

A Shortcut to Modeling Sickle Cell Disease

Research team’s multiscale scheme captures blood disorder’s key molecular details Each year, 500,000 babies are born with a genetic disorder called sickle cell disease, a...
block pain

Researchers Devise Decoy Molecule to Block Pain Where It Starts

For anyone who has accidentally injured themselves, Dr. Zachary Campbell not only sympathizes, he’s developing new ways to blunt pain. “If you have ever hit...