Tuesday, October 16, 2018
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computer chip

Improving Nuclear Detection with New Chip Power

A cross-disciplinary team of chemists and physicists from Washington University in St. Louis is building a better computer chip to improve detection and surveillance...
spinvideo

Surprising Result Shocks Scientists Studying Spin

Imagine playing a game of billiards, putting a bit of counter-clockwise spin on the cue ball and watching it deflect to the right as...
dark matter

Ultralight Axions Are Unlikely to Be Candidates for Dark Matter

Astrophysical and cosmological observations indicate that most of our universe is invisible, composed of dark matter and dark energy. Only about five percent of...
plutoniumvideo

‘Criticality’ Experiments Enhance Nuclear Safety, Security and Effectiveness

Gathered in a control room deep in the Nevada desert, a team of researchers from Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos(link is external) national laboratories...
isotopes

Uchicago Chemists Introduce Novel Method to Separate Isotopes

Separating different versions of elements—isotopes—is an excruciatingly difficult task: They differ by just one or two extra neutrons, an infinitesimal difference in mass. But...
Vitamin B6

Neutrons Observe Vitamin B6-dependent Enzyme Activity Useful for Drug Development

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have performed neutron structural analysis of a vitamin B6-dependent protein, potentially opening avenues for...
neuronsvideo

Connecting the Dots

The Big Bang began the formation and organization of the matter that makes up ourselves and our world. Nearly 14 billion years later, nuclear...
Cell Membrane

First Look at a Living Cell Membrane

The Science The cell membrane, a thin bilayer of lipid molecules with embedded proteins, protects the cell from its outside environment and controls the movement...
Injector

Injector 2: A Pre-accelerator for Protons

Three accelerators arranged in series make up the facility for proton acceleration at PSI: It starts with the mushroom-shaped, roughly 10-metre tall Cockcroft-Walton accelerator,...
tweezers

Physicists Use Numerical ‘Tweezers’ to Study Nuclear Interactions

Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have developed numerical “tweezers” that can pin a nucleus in place, enabling them to...
Sigma Meson

Researchers Seek Sigma Meson on the Path to Heavier Hadrons

Often, researchers aim for a distant horizon with respect to their research goals. When they get there, they plot their course for the next...
hydrogen

When Is a Nucleus Not a Nucleus?

The Science The nuclei of atoms found in nature typically have about the same number of protons and neutrons, and are stable – that is...
primordial soup

The Roadmap to Quark Soup

Scientists discover new signposts in the quest to determine how matter from the early universe turned into the world we know today.
Neutrons Protons Nucleus

Neutrons Play the Lead to Protons in Dance around “Double-Magic” Nucleus

Electric and magnetic properties of a radioactive atom provide unique insight into the nature of proton and neutron motion.
nickel

Rare Nickel Atom Has “Doubly Magic” Structure

The Science How atoms form different elements tells us about the nature of our world and the universe beyond. Within an atom, the number of...
electronic

Alien Particles from Outer Space Are Wreaking Low-grade Havoc on Personal...

You may not realize it but alien subatomic particles raining down from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on your smartphones, computers and other...
methane

Tools and Techniques to Track and Study Methane

Methane is less prevalent in the atmosphere than fellow greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2), but it presents more difficult challenges for researchers attempting to...
Crystallography

Crystallography : Electron Diffraction Locates Hydrogen Atoms

Diffraction of X-rays or neutrons by crystals is a method of choice for obtaining the atomic structure of crystalline solids essential for understanding the...
nuclear

Theory Provides Roadmap in Quest for Quark Soup ‘Critical Point’

Thanks to a new development in nuclear physics theory, scientists exploring expanding fireballs that mimic the early universe have new signs to look for...
Lead ion and proton

Lead Ion and Proton: Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Following seven successful months of colliding proton beams with each other in the search for new fundamental particles, the LHC today began colliding proton...