Sunday, December 16, 2018
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neurons fluctuates

Astrocytes Regulate Signal Speeds of Neurons

The transmission speed of neurons fluctuates in the brain to achieve an optimal flow of information required for day-to-day activities, according to a National...
Gene-Disease, Chronic Pain, Sorafenib, miscarriage, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, RSV vaccine, aspirin, multiple sclerosis, HIV therapy, resilient coping, liver fibrosis, chronic diseases, birth risk, Alzheimer’s, Brain, Depression, Myeloma, cardiovascular disease, nervous system, addictions

NIH Programs Shed Light on Gene Variants and Their Connections to...

Programs supported by the National Institutes of Health are establishing which genes and genomic variants play a role in human disease, enabling their use...
malaria

EXP2 Protein Helps Deadliest Malaria Parasite Obtain Nutrients During Infection

Researchers from the National Institutes of Health and other institutions have deciphered the role of a key protein that the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum uses to...
chronic leukemia, preeclampsia, cancerous heart tumors, delirium, Gene mutation, spontaneous vaginal delivery, chronic pain, gestational diabetes, Induced labor, Insufficient vitamin D, combination therapy, brain white matter, Anti-HIV drug, carcinomas, coronavirus, Diuretic therapy, type 1 diabetes, brain disorders, asthma, Red Blood Cells, sleep apnea, Induced labor, genome editing, Iodine deficiency, surgical pain, food allergies, Zika virus vaccine, mental illness, stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

Blood Test May Identify Gestational Diabetes Risk in First Trimester

A blood test conducted as early as the 10th week of pregnancy may help identify women at risk for gestational diabetes, a pregnancy-related condition that...
chronic leukemia, preeclampsia, cancerous heart tumors, delirium, Gene mutation, spontaneous vaginal delivery, chronic pain, gestational diabetes, Induced labor, Insufficient vitamin D, combination therapy, brain white matter, Anti-HIV drug, carcinomas, coronavirus, Diuretic therapy, type 1 diabetes, brain disorders, asthma, Red Blood Cells, sleep apnea, Induced labor, genome editing, Iodine deficiency, surgical pain, food allergies, Zika virus vaccine, mental illness, stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

Induced Labor at 39 Weeks May Reduce Likelihood of C-Section

Healthy first-time mothers whose labor was induced in the 39th week of pregnancy were less likely to deliver by cesarean section, compared to those...
enzymes

NIH Researchers Report First 3D Structure of DHHC Enzymes

The first three-dimensional structure of DHHC proteins — enzymes involved in many cellular processes, including cancer — explains how they function and may offer...
autism

Three UNC Autism Research Studies Earn End-Of-Year Honors

Three UNC School of Medicine autism research studies led by Joseph Piven, MD, made the end-of-year top research lists of three organizations heavily invested...
Gene-Disease, Chronic Pain, Sorafenib, miscarriage, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, RSV vaccine, aspirin, multiple sclerosis, HIV therapy, resilient coping, liver fibrosis, chronic diseases, birth risk, Alzheimer’s, Brain, Depression, Myeloma, cardiovascular disease, nervous system, addictions

Air Pollution Exposure in Early Pregnancy Linked to Miscarriage, NIH Study...

Exposure to common air pollutants, such as ozone and fine particles, may increase the risk of early pregnancy loss, according to a study conducted...
HIV infection

Drug Combination Reduces Risk of HIV Infection among Teen Males

A National Institutes of Health network study has confirmed that a combination of two drugs taken daily to reduce the chances of HIV infection...
zika

Experimental Zika Virus Vaccines Restrict in Utero Virus Transmission in Mice

Two experimental vaccines can restrict Zika virus transmission from pregnant mice to their fetuses and can prevent Zika virus-induced placental damage and fetal demise,...
malaria

Malaria Drug Protects Fetal Mice from Zika Virus, NIH-funded Study Finds

Hydroxychloroquine, a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat malaria and certain autoimmune diseases in pregnant women, appears to reduce transmission...
Gene-Disease, Chronic Pain, Sorafenib, miscarriage, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, RSV vaccine, aspirin, multiple sclerosis, HIV therapy, resilient coping, liver fibrosis, chronic diseases, birth risk, Alzheimer’s, Brain, Depression, Myeloma, cardiovascular disease, nervous system, addictions

Blood of SIDS Infants Contains High Levels of Serotonin

Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and...
Autism

Neuroimaging Technique May Help Predict Autism among High-risk Infants

Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) may predict which high-risk, 6-month old infants will develop autism spectrum disorder by age 2 years, according to...
Cushing Syndrome

NIH Researchers Find Potential Genetic Cause of Cushing Syndrome

A small study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health suggests that mutations in the gene CABLES1 may lead to Cushing syndrome, a...
fetal growth

NIH Researchers Identify Key Regulator of Fetal Growth in Mice

A protein called ZFP568 regulates an important fetal growth hormone called insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2), according to a mouse study led by researchers...
HIV infection

Cell Particles May Help Spread HIV Infection, NIH Study Suggests

HIV appears to enlist the aid of nano-sized structures released by infected cells to infect new cells, according to a study by researchers at...
sentry cells

NIH Researchers Trace Origin of Blood-brain Barrier ‘Sentry Cells’

National Institutes of Health researchers studying zebrafish have determined that a population of cells that protect the brain against diseases and harmful substances are...
chronic leukemia, preeclampsia, cancerous heart tumors, delirium, Gene mutation, spontaneous vaginal delivery, chronic pain, gestational diabetes, Induced labor, Insufficient vitamin D, combination therapy, brain white matter, Anti-HIV drug, carcinomas, coronavirus, Diuretic therapy, type 1 diabetes, brain disorders, asthma, Red Blood Cells, sleep apnea, Induced labor, genome editing, Iodine deficiency, surgical pain, food allergies, Zika virus vaccine, mental illness, stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

No Benefit in Treating Mildly Low Thyroid Function in Pregnancy, NIH...

“Our results do not support routine thyroid screening in pregnancy since treatment did not improve maternal or infant outcomes.” —Uma Reddy, M.D., NICHD Pregnancy and...
chronic leukemia, preeclampsia, cancerous heart tumors, delirium, Gene mutation, spontaneous vaginal delivery, chronic pain, gestational diabetes, Induced labor, Insufficient vitamin D, combination therapy, brain white matter, Anti-HIV drug, carcinomas, coronavirus, Diuretic therapy, type 1 diabetes, brain disorders, asthma, Red Blood Cells, sleep apnea, Induced labor, genome editing, Iodine deficiency, surgical pain, food allergies, Zika virus vaccine, mental illness, stroke, obesity, river blindness, malaria, Parkinson’s, gestational diabetes, skin color, HIV vaccine, Kidney Stones, Parkinson’s disease, retinal vein, obesity, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, thyroid, malaria vaccine, HIV, Cushing Syndrome, pregnancy, sports concussions, obesity, HIV-infected people, dust mite allergies, HIV infections, COPD patients, wound healing

Hair Analysis May Help Diagnose Cushing Syndrome, NIH Researchers Report

We are hopeful that hair analysis may ultimately prove useful as a less-invasive screening test for Cushing Syndrome...” —Mihail Zilbermint, M.D., Endocrinologist, NICHD Analyzing a hair...
Gene-Disease, Chronic Pain, Sorafenib, miscarriage, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, RSV vaccine, aspirin, multiple sclerosis, HIV therapy, resilient coping, liver fibrosis, chronic diseases, birth risk, Alzheimer’s, Brain, Depression, Myeloma, cardiovascular disease, nervous system, addictions

Aspirin May Help Prevent Pregnancy Loss in Women with High Inflammation,...

What A daily low dose of aspirin may help a subgroup of women, those who have previously lost a pregnancy, to successfully conceive and carry...