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gallium nitride

The Culprit of Some GaN Defects Could Be Nitrogen

As silicon-based semiconductors reach their performance limits, gallium nitride (GaN) is becoming the next go-to material to advance light-emitting diode (LED) technologies, high-frequency transistors...
Nitrogen-Fixing Microbes

Large-Scale Study Indicates Novel and Abundant Nitrogen-Fixing Microbes in the Surface...

Move over, cyanobacteria! A large-scale study, involving Dr Christopher Quince of the Warwick Medical School, of the Earth’s surface ocean indicates the microbes responsible...
nitrogen fixation

Exploring Greener Approaches to Nitrogen Fixation

About half of the nitrogen in our bodies today comes from bacteria via the enzyme nitrogenase, which converts, or “fixes,” unreactive nitrogen gas in...
Ocean Nitrogen

Tiny Microenvironments Hold Clues to Ocean Nitrogen Cycle

Nitrogen is essential to marine life and cycles throughout the ocean in a delicately balanced system. Living organisms—especially marine plants called phytoplankton—require nitrogen in...
climate change

Soil Carbon Sink? It Depends Also on Nitrogen

However, unless the use of fertilisers is adjusted to balance additional nitrogen inputs, any climate change mitigation benefit may be offset through higher nitrous...
nitrogen

New Process Could Slash Energy Demands of Fertilizer, Nitrogen-Based Chemicals

Manufacturers currently make fertilizer, pharmaceuticals and other industrial chemicals by pulling nitrogen from the air and combining it with hydrogen. Nitrogen gas is plentiful,...
quantum sensor

Sensor the Size of a Nitrogen Atom Investigates Hard Drives

Integrated circuitry is becoming increasingly complex. These days a Pentium processor contains some 30 million transistors. And the magnetic structures found in hard drives...
nitrogen starvation

Uncovering Essential Enzymes for Plant Growth During Nitrogen Starvation

A study led by researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) has found that two key enzymes in plants called PAH1 and PAH21...
nitrogenvideo

Heavy Nitrogen Molecules Reveal Planetary-Scale Tug-Of-War

Nature whispers its stories in a faint molecular language, and Rice University scientist Laurence Yeung and colleagues can finally tell one of those stories...
Cyanobacterial

Cyanobacterial Studies Examine Cellular Structure During Nitrogen Starvation

Using nondestructive neutron scattering techniques, scientists are examining how single-celled organisms called cyanobacteria produce oxygen and obtain energy through photosynthesis. Collaborators from Washington University in...
sugarcane

Novel Nitrogen Management Method Helps Mitigate GHG Emissions of Sugarcane Fields

Discovering how soil microorganisms process the fertilizer and organic residues used in sugarcane cultivation can help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and make ethanol production...
light particles

Using Mirrors to Improve the Quality of Light Particles

For a number of years, scientists have been working on using electron spins to store and process information. A possible approach is to use...
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Sensors Helping Farmers to Avoid Water and Nitrogen Over-use

Arable farming can be challenging and getting the balance right between the chemicals the crops need to thrive while minimising the impact on the...
nitrogen

Unprecedented Levels of Nitrogen Could Pose Risks to Earth’s Environment

Human production of fixed nitrogen, used mostly to fertilize crops, now accounts for about half of the total fixed nitrogen added to the Earth...
catalystvideo

Discovery Could Lead to New Catalyst Design to Reduce Nitrogen Oxides...

Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution-control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing...
greenhouse gas

Purdue Scientists Identify Link Between Plant Nitrogen Uptake and Reduction in...

Purdue University scientists released research findings that indicate corn management processes contributing to optimal levels of plant nitrogen uptake could result in fewer nitrous...
potato farming

Precision Application of Nitrogen in Potato Farming Using Drones

The ‘Toward precision agriculture 2.0’ research programme has included a group of potato farmers carrying out test runs with sensor observations by drones. The...
coral bleaching

Fixing the Role of Nitrogen in Coral Bleaching

Excess nitrogen is shown to disrupt coral-algae symbiosis, triggering bleaching even in the absence of heat and light stress. With coral bleaching events intensifying...
Nitrogen

Nitrogen Fixation Research Could Shed Light on Biological Mystery

Inspired by a natural process found in certain bacteria, a team of Caltech researchers is inching closer to a new method for producing fertilizer...

Team Creates Ammonia-Synthesis Catalyst With Highest-Ever Activity

A joint group of University of Tokyo researchers and their collaborators designed and synthesized a new molybdenum-dinitrogen complex, and succeeded in converting nitrogen gas...