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Microbiome

Scientists Find Great Diversity, Novel Molecules in Microbiome of Tree Roots

Researchers with the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered that communities of microbes living in and around poplar tree roots are...
Salt Solution

Seeing a Salt Solution’s Structure Supports One Hypothesis About How Minerals...

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons, isotopes and simulations to “see” the atomic structure of a saturated solution...
silk fibersvideo

Making a Transparent Flexible Material of Silk and Nanotubes

The silk fibers produced by Bombyx mori, the domestic silkworm, has been prized for millennia as a strong yet lightweight and luxurious material. Although synthetic...
quantum materialsvideo

Scientists Forge Ahead with Electron Microscopy to Build Quantum Materials Atom...

A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical...
Fuel Economy

Supercomputing for Better Commuting: In Pursuit of Fuel Economy, Mobility

In a project leveraging computer vision, machine learning, and sensors, Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists are working with private company GRIDSMART Technologies, Inc. to demonstrate how...
cell membrane fusion

Neutrons Produce First Direct 3D Maps of Water During Cell Membrane...

New 3D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for...
In a thin film of a solar-energy material, molecules in twin domains (modeled in left and right panels) align in opposing orientations within grain boundaries (shown by scanning electron microscopy in the center panel). Strain can change chemical segregation and may be engineered to tune photovoltaic efficiency. Credit: Stephen Jesse/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Multimodal Imaging Shows Strain Can Drive Chemistry in a Photovoltaic Material

A unique combination of imaging tools and atomic-level simulations has allowed a team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to...
energy-sustainable negative emissionsvideo

Chemists Demonstrate Sustainable Approach to Carbon Dioxide Capture from Air

Chemists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a practical, energy-efficient method of capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) directly from air. They report their...
titan

Titan Speeds Inquiry into Engine Alloys That Can Take the Heat

Simulations performed on the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) filled in a knowledge gap about high-temperature–capable alloys and inspired...
Waste Sugar

Synthesis Studies Transform Waste Sugar for Sustainable Energy Storage Applications

Biorefinery facilities are critical to fueling the economy—converting wood chips, grass clippings, and other biological materials into fuels, heat, power, and chemicals. A research team...
Neutron Train

All Aboard the Neutron Train: Mapping Residual Stresses for More Robust...

Railway rails are designed to endure years of heavy loads and different operating conditions. However, over time, contact forces between the rails and the...
Cannibalistic materials

Cannibalistic Materials Feed on Themselves to Grow New Nanostructures

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory induced a two-dimensional material to cannibalize itself for atomic “building blocks” from which stable...
Human immunodeficiency virus

Two Steps Ahead: Neutrons Help Explore Future HIV Treatments

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a quick learner. As fast as researchers get effective anti-viral drugs into clinical trials, the virus evolves, deploying potent...
particle accelerator

UT-ORNLTeam Makes First Particle Accelerator Beam Measurement in Six Dimensions

The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around...
platinum–copper single-atom alloy

Transforming Gas into Fuels with Better Alloys

Technological advances in oil and gas well stimulation over the past decade now allow for the production of natural gas from shale gas trapped...
neutron production

SNS Completes Full Neutron Production Cycle at Record Power Level

The Spallation Neutron Source at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has reached a new milestone by operating a complete neutron production...
peatland plants

Hotter Temperatures Extend Growing Season for Peatland Plants

A futuristic experiment simulating warmer environmental conditions has shown that peatland vegetation responds to higher temperatures with an earlier and longer growth period. A...
Iron tellurides

Gold Ore’s Chemical Cousin Helps Reveal Family Secrets

Iron tellurides are gold-free minerals that are chemical cousins to rich g­­old-bearing tellurides—high-grade ores long prized by gold miners. Today, the poorer cousin, iron...
lightweight advanced high-strength steels

Neutrons Analyze Advanced High-Strength Steels to Improve Vehicle Safety and Efficiency

The demand for lighter, stronger, and more durable materials for use in vehicles has never been higher. Companies are looking at new and advanced...
Cancer Treatments

Titan Helps Scientists Fine-Tune Laser Interactions to Advance Cancer Treatments

Along with surgery and chemotherapy, radiation therapy is one of the most widely accepted forms of cancer therapy today. Current radiation beams for cancer...