Friday, February 23, 2018
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Nanofibers

“Living bandages”: NUST MISIS Scientists Develop Biocompatible Anti-burn Nanofibers

A group of NUST MISIS’s young scientists, for the very first time in Russia, has presented a new therapeutic material based on nanofibers made of polycaprolactone modified with a thin-film antibacterial...
energy generation

Model Predicts Scenarios for Energy Generation Using Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear fusion, for the controlled and regular generation of electric power by converting hydrogen into helium and reproducing on a small scale what happens...
Light-emitting diodes

Atomic Flaws Create Surprising, High-Efficiency UV LED Materials

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) traditionally demand atomic perfection to optimize efficiency. On the nanoscale, where structures span just billionths of a meter, defects should be...
fusion device

Superconducting Tokamaks Are Standing Tall

The Science A persistent problem has dogged the largest fusion device in South Korea. The Korean Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) device has run successfully...
cosmic events

Computational Astrophysics Team Uncloaks Magnetic Fields of Cosmic Events

The development of ultra-intense lasers delivering the same power as the entire U.S. power grid has enabled the study of cosmic phenomena such as...
hormone

Leptin Hormone Spurs Body’s Shift from Burning Carbs to Fat

To keep the human brain supplied with energy when food was scarce, mammals evolved the ability to switch from burning carbohydrates to burning fat...
Myeloma, Multiple Myeloma, Crohn’s disease, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Sleep Deprivation, machine-learning, traumatic brain injury

Carfilzomib Can Lead to Cardiovascular Toxicity in Multiple Myeloma Patients

The proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib has taken on an increasing role in the treatment of multiple myeloma, but new research from the Abramson Cancer Center...
plasma

Feathers and Whiskers Help Prevent Short Circuits in Plasma Devices

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have found a way to prevent plasma — the hot, charged...
Myeloma, Multiple Myeloma, Crohn’s disease, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Sleep Deprivation, machine-learning, traumatic brain injury

CAR T, Immunotherapy Bring New Hope for Multiple Myeloma Patients

Two investigational immunotherapy approaches, including chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy, have shown encouraging results in the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who...
plasma turbulence

Study Sheds Light on Turbulence in Astrophysical Plasmas

Plasmas, gas-like collections of ions and electrons, make up an estimated 99 percent of the visible matter in the universe, including the sun, the...
fusion

Max-Planck-Princeton Partnership in Fusion Research Confirmed

The scientific performance of Max-Planck-Princeton Center for Plasma Physics, established in 2012 by the Max Planck Society and Princeton University, USA, has been evaluated...
nanowiresvideo

How to Make Straight Nanowires, in Three Minutes

The challenge of the My Thesis in 180 Seconds contest is to describe a complicated scientific subject in layman’s terms so that the general...
metal alloy

Designing New Metal Alloys Using Engineered Nanostructures

Materials science is a field that Jason Trelewicz has been interested in since he was a young child, when his father—an engineer—would bring him...
plasma

Plasma from Lasers Can Shed Light on Cosmic Rays, Solar Eruptions

Lasers that generate plasma can provide insight into bursts of subatomic particles that occur in deep space, scientists have found. Such findings could help...
cell division

A Lipid’s Role in Cell Division

Proper cell division is a basic process critical to cell survival. A ring composed of actin filaments and myosin motor proteins pinches the cell...
plasma ringvideo

Engineers Create Stable Plasma Ring in Open Air

Matter can exist in four distinct phases: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Plasmas are made of charged particles—ions and electrons—and occur naturally on Earth...
Photonic devices, Optical Components, retina, allergy, immune cells, catalyst, Nanopositioning devices, mold templates, lung cancer, cytoskeletons, hepatitis b, cardiovascular disease, memory deficits, Photonics, pre-eclampsia treatment, hair loss, nanoparticles, mobile security, Fluid dynamics, MXene, Metal-assisted chemical etching, nanomedicine, Colorectal cancer, cancer therapy, liver inflammation, cancer treatment, Semiconductor lasers, zika virus, catalysts, stem cells, fetal immune system, genetic disease, liver cancer, cancer, liver cancer, RNA editing, obesity, Microcapsules, genetic disease, Piezoelectrics, cancer, magnesium alloy, Quantum materials, therapeutic antibodies, diabetes, 2D materials, lithium-ion batteries, obesity, lupus, surfactants, Sterilization, skin on chip, Magnetic Skyrmions, cyber-security, wound infections, human genetics, immune system, eczema, solar cells, Antimicrobials, joint disorder, genetics, cancer

New Strategy for Fighting Invaders

A previously unknown mechanism used by the body to prevent wound infections has been discovered by team of researchers from A*STAR, Lund University, Nanyang...
superbeamvideo

Plasma Optic Combines Lasers into Superbeam

Since its introduction in the 1977 film "Star Wars," the Death Star has remained one of science fiction's most iconic figures. The image of...
three-dimensional

Filling the Early Universe with Knots Can Explain Why the World...

The next time you come across a knotted jumble of rope or wire or yarn, ponder this: The natural tendency for things to tangle...
Terahertz waves

Generating Terahertz Radiation from Water Makes ‘the Impossible, Possible’

Xi-Cheng Zhang has worked for nearly a decade to solve a scientific puzzle that many in the research community believed to be impossible: producing...