Friday, August 17, 2018
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silicone

Inspired by Feet

Geckos, spiders and beetles have shown us how to do it: thanks to special adhesive elements on their feet, they can easily run along...
plasma

Simulations of Magnetically Confined Plasmas Reveal a Self-Regulating Stabilizing Mechanism

The Science The hot ionized gas called a plasma is confined in a bagel-shaped tokamak by a strong magnetic field, part of which is generated...
particle acceleratorvideo

Profiling Extreme Beams: Scientists Devise New Diagnostic for Cutting-Edge and Next-Gen...

The world’s cutting-edge particle accelerators are pushing the extremes in high-brightness beams and ultrashort pulses to explore matter in new ways. To optimize their performance...
tokamak’s magnetic field

Zero Tolerance in Tokamaks: Eliminating Small Instabilities Before They Become Disruptions

The Science One of the greatest obstacles to producing energy via fusion on earth is the formation and growth of small magnetic field imperfections in...
Atmospheric Whistles

Fusion Scientists Find Inspiration in Atmospheric Whistles

The Science The challenge of fusion energy is often equated to capturing—and holding—lightning in a bottle. The analogy is apt. Lightning and a fusion energy...
Silicon Nanoparticles

Mining Hardware Helps Scientists Gain Insight into Silicon Nanoparticles

Researchers from ITMO University and their international colleagues have developed the first three-dimensional dynamic model of an interaction between light and silicon nanoparticles. They...
Nanofibers

“Living bandages”: NUST MISIS Scientists Develop Biocompatible Anti-burn Nanofibers

A group of NUST MISIS’s young scientists, for the very first time in Russia, has presented a new therapeutic material based on nanofibers made of polycaprolactone modified with a thin-film antibacterial...
energy generation

Model Predicts Scenarios for Energy Generation Using Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear fusion, for the controlled and regular generation of electric power by converting hydrogen into helium and reproducing on a small scale what happens...
Light-emitting diodes

Atomic Flaws Create Surprising, High-Efficiency UV LED Materials

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) traditionally demand atomic perfection to optimize efficiency. On the nanoscale, where structures span just billionths of a meter, defects should be...
fusion device

Superconducting Tokamaks Are Standing Tall

The Science A persistent problem has dogged the largest fusion device in South Korea. The Korean Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) device has run successfully...
cosmic events

Computational Astrophysics Team Uncloaks Magnetic Fields of Cosmic Events

The development of ultra-intense lasers delivering the same power as the entire U.S. power grid has enabled the study of cosmic phenomena such as...
hormone

Leptin Hormone Spurs Body’s Shift from Burning Carbs to Fat

To keep the human brain supplied with energy when food was scarce, mammals evolved the ability to switch from burning carbohydrates to burning fat...
cancer therapy, melanoma, Dry Eye Disease, cancer, Myeloma, Multiple Myeloma, Crohn’s disease, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Sleep Deprivation, machine-learning, traumatic brain injury

Carfilzomib Can Lead to Cardiovascular Toxicity in Multiple Myeloma Patients

The proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib has taken on an increasing role in the treatment of multiple myeloma, but new research from the Abramson Cancer Center...
plasma

Feathers and Whiskers Help Prevent Short Circuits in Plasma Devices

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have found a way to prevent plasma — the hot, charged...
cancer therapy, melanoma, Dry Eye Disease, cancer, Myeloma, Multiple Myeloma, Crohn’s disease, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Sleep Deprivation, machine-learning, traumatic brain injury

CAR T, Immunotherapy Bring New Hope for Multiple Myeloma Patients

Two investigational immunotherapy approaches, including chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy, have shown encouraging results in the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who...
plasma turbulence

Study Sheds Light on Turbulence in Astrophysical Plasmas

Plasmas, gas-like collections of ions and electrons, make up an estimated 99 percent of the visible matter in the universe, including the sun, the...
fusion

Max-Planck-Princeton Partnership in Fusion Research Confirmed

The scientific performance of Max-Planck-Princeton Center for Plasma Physics, established in 2012 by the Max Planck Society and Princeton University, USA, has been evaluated...
nanowiresvideo

How to Make Straight Nanowires, in Three Minutes

The challenge of the My Thesis in 180 Seconds contest is to describe a complicated scientific subject in layman’s terms so that the general...
metal alloy

Designing New Metal Alloys Using Engineered Nanostructures

Materials science is a field that Jason Trelewicz has been interested in since he was a young child, when his father—an engineer—would bring him...
plasma

Plasma from Lasers Can Shed Light on Cosmic Rays, Solar Eruptions

Lasers that generate plasma can provide insight into bursts of subatomic particles that occur in deep space, scientists have found. Such findings could help...