Sunday, December 16, 2018
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Diabetic Blindness

Diabetic Blindness Caused and Reversed “Trapped” Immune Cells In Rodent Retinas

Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a cell signaling pathway in mice that triggers vision loss in patients with diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion...
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MGH Team Engineers Anti-Inflammatory Antibodies That May Treat Autoimmune Disease

A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators has found a way to engineer antibodies within an organism, converting autoantibodies that attack “self” tissues...
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Keeping Stem Cells NaïVe

Two ‘finger-like’ proteins employ different mechanisms to help safeguard the ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into a variety of cell types, according...
immune system

The Body’s Street Sweepers

The active role of blood platelets in immune defense has been underestimated. A new study now published by LMU medical researchers led by Dr....
nitrogen starvation

Uncovering Essential Enzymes for Plant Growth During Nitrogen Starvation

A study led by researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) has found that two key enzymes in plants called PAH1 and PAH21...
cancer cells

Precision Nanomaterials May Pave New Way to Selectively Kill Cancer Cells,...

Dendrimers – or cascade molecules – are organically synthesized large molecules that match nature's peptides and proteins with respect to size and structure. Researchers...
arteries

Scientists Rewrite Our Understanding of How Arteries Mend

Scientists from The University of Manchester have discovered how the severity of trauma to arterial blood vessels governs how the body repairs itself. Dr Urmas...
Nanocapsules

Development of Nanocapsules Capable of Stable Storage of Middle Molecules and...

The researchers have developed more than 10 kinds of nanocapsules (inner diameter of 5 to 40 nm) that can stably contain middle molecules and...
stem cells

UNC Scientists Discover Proteins Keeping Stem Cells in their Undifferentiated State

A special cluster of proteins that helps unwind DNA during cell division plays a key role in keeping stem cells in their immature state,...
HIV Viruses

Yale Researchers Root out Latent HIV Viruses

Up to this point in HIV treatment research, biomedical engineers have been unable to find strategies to target the virus in its undercover, dormant...
xenotransplantations

New Diagnostic Tool Aids Quality Control in Xenotransplantations

Sugars are highly important molecules for all life. They convey vital signals, and thus participate in manifold biological processes (e.g. determination of blood-types and...
spider silk

New Way to Form Bioactive Spider Silk for Medical Use

A technique reported today in Advanced Materials offers a promising alternative to experimental silk forming methods that rely on harsh chemicals, says Associate Professor My...
sponge

In the Beginning There Was the Sponge

Which came first – the sponges or the comb jellies? The consensus view among taxonomists has long been that the sponges (Porifera) represent the...
Enzyme

Lifespan Prolonged by Inhibiting Common Enzyme

The lifespans of flies and worms are prolonged by limiting the activity of an enzyme common to all animals, finds a UCL-led study. The enzyme...
cardiac fibrosis

Suppression of miR-29 Protects Against Cardiac Fibrosis

Cardiac fibrosis involves an increase of connective tissue in the cardiac muscle, causing a loss of function. A team of researchers at the Technical...
Infectious diseases

Infectious Diseases: CTRL + ALT + Delete

Gene editing is revolutionizing the bioscience research landscape and holds great promise for “deleting” diseases from human bodies. Sandia National Laboratories is working to...
concussions

Molecules in Spit May Be Able to Diagnose and Predict Length...

Diagnosing a concussion can sometimes be a guessing game, but clues taken from small molecules in saliva may be able to help diagnose and...
organic farming

What Contribution Can Organic Farming Make?

Soil degradation, over-fertilisation, pesticides – intensive farming poses a threat to our very existence. Organic farming is an oft-cited alternative. But can it actually...
genetic

Zipping DNA

ETH researchers have developed a method that allows large amounts of genetic information to be compressed and then decompressed again in cells. This could...
liquid crystal devices

Photopolymerization-Triggered Molecular Motion for Flexible Liquid Crystal Display

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and McGill University have developed a new dye-free photoalignment method that enables 2D patterns of liquid...