Tuesday, December 11, 2018
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RNA Transcripts

CMU Software Assembles RNA Transcripts More Accurately

Computational biologists at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a more accurate computational method for reconstructing the full-length nucleotide sequences of the RNA products in...
cancer cell

Engineering Non-Immune Cells to Kill Cancer Cells

T-cells are one of the immune system’s major weapons. They detect the body’s cells infected with a virus and trigger their ablation, effectively killing...
dementia

Exit Through the Lymphatic System

Our brain swims. It is fully immersed in an aqueous liquid known as cerebrospinal fluid. Every day, the human body produces about half a...
cell division

A Lipid’s Role in Cell Division

Proper cell division is a basic process critical to cell survival. A ring composed of actin filaments and myosin motor proteins pinches the cell...
astrocytes

Star-shaped Brain Cells Orchestrate Neural Connections

Brains are made of more than a tangled net of neurons. Star-like cells called astrocytes diligently fill in the gaps between neural nets, each...
blood clottingvideo

First Microscopic Video of Blood Clot Contraction Reveals How Platelets Naturally...

The first view of the physical mechanism of how a blood clot contracts at the level of individual platelets is giving researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania a new look at a natural...
brain

Reading Our Brain Chemistry

Neurologists often use electrical impulses to stimulate and read brain signals. But the chemicals that neurons produce in response to these impulses are poorly...
polymers

UMass Amherst Researcher Makes New Bioinspired Polymers Using Electrostatic Force

University of Massachusetts Amherst chemical engineer Sarah L. Perry, working with a colleague at the University of Illinois, is creating new bioinspired materials using...
global warming

Versatile Marine Bacteria Could be an Influence on Global Warming, Scientists...

Scientists have discovered that a ‘rare’ type of marine bacteria is much more widespread than previously thought – and possesses a remarkable metabolism that...
allergies

New Approach for Treatment of Contact Allergy

Researchers from the University of Bonn have isolated a molecule that is suitable for the control of contact allergies. The study illuminates a central...
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New Strategy for Fighting Invaders

A previously unknown mechanism used by the body to prevent wound infections has been discovered by team of researchers from A*STAR, Lund University, Nanyang...
Photosynthesis

Genome Research Challenges Previous Understanding of the Origin of Photosynthesis

Plant biologists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), in collaboration with colleagues from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), have reconstructed the evolutionary...
brain injury

Biomarkers Can Reveal Traumatic Brain Injury, Even When Concussions Don’t Show...

Findings UCLA researchers have identified four biomarkers that could help doctors diagnose brain trauma and concussions through a simple blood test. The biomarkers are proteins,...
sleeping virus

Hush, Little Virus, Don’t Say a Word: How Princeton Scientists Investigate...

While many virus researchers are interested in understanding what causes these sleeping viruses to wake up, or reactivate, Princeton scientists are trying to understand...
blood pressure

Skin Found to Play a Role in Controlling Blood Pressure

Nine of ten cases of high blood pressure appear to occur spontaneously, with no known cause Randall Johnson In a study published in the open access...
cancer

“Bubbles” Boost Search for Treatment to Aid Head and Neck Cancer...

A scientific team at the University of Rochester is using innovative technology to discover preventative treatments for salivary gland radiation damage typical for head...
Cancerous Tumours

How “Sleeper Cells” In Cancerous Tumours Can Be Destroyed

Many people have experienced this among their family, friends or acquaintances: at first, the chemotherapy is extremely effective in cancer patients, although the tumour...
dna modification

Mysterious DNA Modification Seen in Stress Response

With advances in genomics, scientists are discovering additional components of the DNA alphabet in animals. Do these unusual chemical modifications of DNA have a...
metabolism

Novel Histone Modifications Couple Metabolism to Gene Activity

DNA is wrapped around proteins called histones, which serve to package the DNA inside the cell nucleus and play an important role in regulating...
Myelin

A Little Myelin Goes a Long Way to Restore Nervous System...

In the central nervous system of humans and all other mammals, a vital insulating sheath composed of lipids and proteins around nerve fibers helps...