Friday, February 23, 2018
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Microscopic chariots

Microscopic Chariots Deliver Molecules Within Our Cells

On the cellular highway, motor proteins called dyneins rule the road. Dyneins “walk” along structures called microtubules to deliver cellular cargo, such as signaling...
breast cancer

Estrogen-Mimicking Compounds in Foods May Reduce Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Treatment

Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered that two estrogen-mimicking compounds found in many foods appear to potently reverse the effects of...
Chromatin

A New, Dynamic View of Chromatin Movements

The total length of DNA inside a cell is between 2-3 meters. In order to fit inside cells, DNA is wrapped around small protein...
Marburg virus

TSRI Scientists Discover Workings of First Promising Marburg Virus Treatment

With a mortality rate of up to 88 percent, Marburg virus can rip through a community in days. In 2005, an outbreak of Marburg...
multiple sclerosis

Effects of Estrogen Treatment Combat Multiple Sclerosis in Mice

Findings A study by UCLA researchers reveals the cellular basis for how the hormone estrogen protects against damage to the central nervous system in women...
brain damage

UTA Researcher Working to Correlate Blast Trauma to Neuronal Damage in...

Efficient communication between neurons in the brain is the key to achieving cognitive function. A University of Texas at Arlington researcher is working to determine...
immune system

The Body’s Street Sweepers

The active role of blood platelets in immune defense has been underestimated. A new study now published by LMU medical researchers led by Dr....
flu

Aging Impairs Innate Immune Response to Flu

Aging impairs the immune system’s response to the flu virus in multiple ways, weakening resistance in older adults, according to a Yale study. The...
hormone

Hormone Discovery Marks Breakthough in Understanding Fertility

Scientists at The University of Nottingham have shown, for the first time, that a naturally occurring hormone plays a vital part in regulating a woman’s fertility,...
microfilaments

Many More Bacteria Have Electrically Conducting Filaments

Microbiologists led by Derek Lovley at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who is internationally known for having discovered electrically conducting microfilaments or “nanowires” in...
Mental Disorder

Understanding Mental Disorder through a Scientific Lens

Diagnosing mental-health issues may seem straightforward: Patients discuss their symptoms and a clinician matches those symptoms to a disorder and devises an appropriate treatment....
malaria

Largest Genetic Study of Mosquitoes Reveals Spread of Insecticide Resistance Across...

The largest-ever genetic study of mosquitoes reveals the movement of insecticide resistance between different regions of Africa and finds several rapidly evolving insecticide resistance...
smart program

Study: SMART Program Enhances Innovative Thinking in Older Adults

Researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas have demonstrated in a pilot study that cognitive training improves innovative thinking, along with corresponding...
cancer

Cells Bulge to Squeeze Through Barriers

Invasive cells deploy a trick to break through tissues and spread to other parts of the body, researchers report. In a new study, 3-D time-lapse...
sleep

Researchers Reveal New Insights into Why Sleep Is Good for Our...

Researchers at the University of York have shed new light on sleep’s vital role in helping us make the most of our memory. Sleep, they...
tropical forest

Larger Swaths of Tropical Forest Being Lost to Commercial Agriculture

Large patches of tropical forest are being lost worldwide as governments and corporations clear more land to make way for industrial-scale agriculture, a Duke...
ancient mammals

Caribbean Islands Reveal a “Lost Word” of Ancient Mammals

Although filled with tropical life today, the Caribbean islands have been a hotspot of mammal extinction since the end of the last glaciation, some 12,000 years ago. Since people also arrived after...
mammals

Mammals Switched to Daytime Activity After Dinosaur Extinction

Mammals only started being active in the daytime after non-avian dinosaurs were wiped out about 66 million years ago (mya), finds a new study...
climate change

Understanding Climate Change

Jeremy Rugenstein, a postdoc at ETH Zurich’s Geological Institute, is posing some pressing questions: What will happen to the earth if humans continue releasing...
climate change

New Research Highlights the Need to Learn from Past Climate Changes

New international research led by The University of Manchester has highlighted that learning from previous periods of climate change is essential if we are...