Friday, September 21, 2018
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Tiny fossils

Tiny Fossils Reveal How Shrinking Was Essential for Successful Evolution

The origin of modern mammals can be traced back more than 200 million years to the age of dinosaurs. But while dinosaurs evolved to...
Prescribing antibiotics

Prescribing Antibiotics for Children with Cough in General Practice Does Not...

The team, funded by the National Institute for Health Research, analysed data from a study of 8,320 children (aged three months to 15 years) who...
video

‘Dragon Eggs’ Hatched to Monitor Volcanic Activity

Such extreme, hazardous and unpredictable environments present a very difficult challenge to reliably record volcanic behaviour for analytical models. For some volcanoes it is...
Protocell

Protocell Guests Flee the Nest

The work opens new perspectives to develop synthetic soft materials endowed with life-like properties. Living cells cooperate and compete with each other to maximise their...
primate electrocutions

New Research Could Reduce Primate Electrocutions and Help Conservation Strategies

New research has mapped and analysed the incidence of primate electrocutions in Diani, Kenya to identify hotspot areas that should be prioritised to reduce...
global warming

Episodic and Intense Rain Caused by Ancient Global Warming

The Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), which occurred about 56 Million years ago, is of great interest to climate scientists because it represents a relatively...
hypoxia

Disappearing into Thin Air: Harnessing Oxygen Drop Could Eliminate Cancers Without...

Hypoxia arises because tumours often grow faster than their blood supply, causing oxygen deprivation, which forces cancer cells to adapt — this makes their...
Picky eating

Parents, Don’t Panic – Your Picky Eater Is in Good Health

In fact, being more relaxed around eating will help your child be less choosy. Picky eating in toddlers is a well-documented phase when children don’t...
Algae

To Float or Not to Float? Mystery Solved as to Why...

The balls are a rare form of algae found naturally in lakes in the northern hemisphere, particularly Japan and Iceland. In Japan they have such...
life on Earth

A Timescale for the Origin and Evolution of All of Life...

Palaeontologists have long sought to understand ancient life and the shared evolutionary history of life as a whole. However, the fossil record of early life...
enzyme-powered artificial cells

Enzyme-Powered Protocells Rise to the Top

Microorganisms have evolved a high degree of control over their locomotion using motility mechanisms that in their simplest form include simple gliding and gas...
Anti-cancer drug

Anti-Cancer Drug Offers Potential Alternative to Transplant for Patients with Liver...

Acute Liver Failure occurs when a healthy liver is so seriously damaged it can no longer regrow and recover, leaving patients in urgent need...
Silicon Chip

Multi-Purpose Silicon Chip Created for Quantum Information Processing

This small device can be used as a scientific tool to perform a wide array of quantum information experiments, while at the same time...
silica

Ice Sheets of the Last Ice Age Seeded the Ocean with...

Silica is needed by a group of marine algae (the microscopic plants of the oceans) called diatoms, who use it to build their glassy...
Heart Disease

Older Adults Who Get Physical Can Lower Their Heart Disease Risk

The results from increased physical activity were found to be particularly good among women. Physical inactivity is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature death...
circadian rhythms

Plants Can Tell the Time Using Sugars

Plants, animals, fungi and some bacteria can estimate the time of day through their circadian rhythms. These rhythms are regulated by an internal ‘circadian clock’,...
polycystic ovary syndrome

Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Are More Likely to Have a...

The research team previously published work in 2015 which showed that before they are born, autistic children have elevated levels of ‘sex steroid’ hormones...
polarised laser

Scientists Find Holes in Light by Tying It in Knots

Laser light may appear to be a single, tightly focused beam. In fact, it’s an electromagnetic field, vibrating in an ellipse shape at each...
climate change

Ever-Increasing CO2 Levels Could Take Us Back to the Tropical Climate...

As seen from the ongoing heat wave, the knock-on effects of such extreme warmth include arid land and fires as well as impacts on...
Atlantic Ocean circulation

Deglacial Changes in Western Atlantic Ocean Circulation

The new integrated dataset, published today in the journal Nature Communications, provides new insights into the interactions of melting ice, ocean circulation and climate change, with potential implications...