Monday, December 10, 2018
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quantum dots

Chemists Go ‘Back to the Future’ to Untangle Quantum Dot Mystery

For more than 30 years, researchers have been creating quantum dots—tiny, crystalline, nanoscale semiconductors with remarkable optical and electronic properties. They’ve applied them to improve...
DNA detector

Scientist’s Accidental Exhale Leads to Improved DNA Detector

Greg Madejski held his breath as he looked into the microscope, trying to weld two fingernail-sized chips together: a tiny chip containing a nanofilter...
brain

Electrical Stimulation in Brain Bypasses Senses, Instructs Movement

The brain’s complex network of neurons enables us to interpret and effortlessly navigate and interact with the world around us.  But when these links...
Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease: A Looming Pandemic

New research shows that the number of people with Parkinson’s disease will soon grow to pandemic proportions.  In a commentary appearing today in the...
flu vaccine

In Pursuit of a Universal Flu Vaccine

Flu shot season is here. But as you head to the doctor’s office or pharmacy to get vaccinated, scientists are working to make this...
Pancreatic Cancer

Scientists Link Pancreatic Cancer Survival to Four Genes

Alterations in four main genes are responsible for how long patients survive with pancreatic cancer, according to a new study in Jama Oncology. Before now,...
cancer cell

Rochester Chemists Find New Means to “Block” Cancer Cell Growth

When we are still embryos, proteins of the so-called “hedgehog” signaling pathway stimulate our cells to develop into different organs. When we are adults, this...
cancer

“Bubbles” Boost Search for Treatment to Aid Head and Neck Cancer...

A scientific team at the University of Rochester is using innovative technology to discover preventative treatments for salivary gland radiation damage typical for head...
Parkinson’s

Data and Technology Drive New Approaches to Parkinson’s Care, Research

Complex, multi-system diseases like Parkinson’s have long poised challenges to both scientists and physicians.  University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) researchers are now reaching...
kidney cancer

Study Reveals Complex Biology, Gender Differences, in Kidney Cancer

A new study is believed to be the first to describe the unique role of androgens in kidney cancer, and it suggests that a...
alcohol

Study Pokes Holes in Fetal Alcohol Hypothesis

A new study published in the journal Brain Behavior and Immunityappears to challenge the theory that cells in the brain’s immune system are the...
depression

Earlier School Start Times May Increase Risk of Adolescent Depression and...

Teenagers with school starting times before 8:30 a.m. may be at particular risk of experiencing depression and anxiety due to compromised sleep quality, according...
Terahertz waves

Generating Terahertz Radiation from Water Makes ‘the Impossible, Possible’

Xi-Cheng Zhang has worked for nearly a decade to solve a scientific puzzle that many in the research community believed to be impossible: producing...
Alzheimer’s disease

New Grant Will Examine Link Between ‘Dirty’ Brains and Alzheimer’s

A new $3.2 million grant will bring together biomedical scientists and mechanical engineers in an effort to develop a detailed understanding of the brain’s...
stroke

Quadcast: Rebooting the Brain for Better Vision after a Stroke

Maybe you’ve recently suffered a stroke and are now starting therapy, trying to regain speech, motor functions, and possibly improve memory. But your vision...
Chemotherapy

Protein Identified in Post-Chemo Cell Death Puzzle

Because anticancer drugs are designed to kill growing cells, they also affect normal, fast-growing cells—blood cells forming in the bone marrow, for example, and...
Flat-panel loudspeakers

Designing a World of Immersive Sound

Imagine your new home theater features a screen that serves as an extended loudspeaker, able to radiate sound linked to moving video images. Then...
extreme matter

Rochester Leads New Multi-Institutional Effort to Study “Extreme Matter”

The University of Rochester is leading a seven-institution collaboration that promises to significantly broaden human understanding of “extreme matter”—matter that exists under pressures far...
climate change

Climate Change for Aliens

In February NASA astronomers discovered­­ seven Earth-like planets, potentially harboring life, orbiting the star TRAPPIST-1, not too far from Earth. Scientists have yet to discover...
high-energy-density physics

New Research Initiative Turns Laser Focus on High-Energy-Density Physics

Atoms behave much differently when squeezed to pressures more than a million—or even a billion—times the atmospheric pressure on Earth. Understanding how atoms react...