Wednesday, June 20, 2018
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bubonic plague

Oldest Bubonic Plague Genome Decoded

An international team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History has analyzed two 3,800-year-old Y. pestis genomes that suggest...
crops

Root Discovery May Lead to Crops That Need Less Fertilizer

Bean plants that suppress secondary root growth in favor of boosting primary root growth forage greater soil volume to acquire phosphorus, according to Penn...
beef cattle

Fertilization and Diet Reduce Methane Emissions and Raise Productivity of Beef...

Fertilizing pasture with nitrogen and supplementing the cattle herd’s diet with selected nutrients can both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and raise yields and economic...
Nanomaterials

The Making of Biorelevant Nanomaterials

The interactions of biological macromolecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, and polysaccharide–protein conjugates can be mimicked by artificial polyelectrolytes. Such synthetic polyionic complexes are...
photosynthesis

Berkeley Lab Researchers ID Plant ‘Sunscreen’ Protein

For plants, light is great, until it’s not. They need the sun’s energy to carry out photosynthesis, but too much light damages the chloroplasts...
drought

New Screening Technique Will Allow Crop Breeders to Develop Drought Resistant...

Chithra Karunakaran and Karen Tanino’s team developed a simple non-destructive method to screen hundreds of wheat leaf samples in a day, reducing the time...
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Pancreatic Stem Cells on Tap

A new cell culture procedure developed by A*STAR will assist the study of diabetes and facilitate better treatments1. “Our discovery will enable studies of...
nature

New Report Raises Alarm at Vanishing Wealth of Nature

New research from a team of Oxford economists launched at the World Forum on Natural Capital in Edinburgh today shows that governments' Ministries of Finance...
organic farming

What Contribution Can Organic Farming Make?

Soil degradation, over-fertilisation, pesticides – intensive farming poses a threat to our very existence. Organic farming is an oft-cited alternative. But can it actually...
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High-Performance OLED Microdisplays for Next-Generation Smart Glasses

They are increasingly considered as a must-have for near-eye applications such as virtual reality glasses: within the next few years, OLED microdisplays are likely...
biomass

Research is Making Plant Waste a Viable Option in Ethanol Production

UC Riverside researchers have developed a streamlined process that could finally make the ethanol production cost from abundant “second generation” plant wastes competitive with...
climate change

Climate Change already Damaging Health of Millions

The findings, outlined in The Lancet medical journal, demonstrate the various ways climate change is already affecting the health of people across the planet. Leading...
health impactvideo

Health Impacts of Climate Change Already Felt Today

These threats, among others, are affecting countries worldwide, according to the first report of The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, which includes...
groundwatervideo

There’s Something in the Water

Groundwater in rural Bangladesh contains arsenic at 10 to 100 times the amount of safe consumption levels, but is consumed as drinking water from...
sugarcane

Modified Yeast Increases Sugar Output from Energy Sugarcane

Varieties of “energy sugarcane” obtained by crossbreeding the species Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum have been grown in Brazil in recent years. More robust and...
battery

Queensland, China Collaborate on Game-changer Research

University of Queensland research projects to develop better batteries for renewable energy and a way of predicting crop yields from space have been funded...
soil fertility

Farmers Using UW-Built Software Statewide to Cut Pollution, Plan Soil Fertility

A software program intended to cut water pollution and soil erosion has matured into an essential production tool for farmers, says Fond du Lac...
Green Algae

Green Algae Could Hold Clues for Engineering Faster-Growing Crops

Scientists have discovered more about how green algae - the scourge of swimming pool owners and freshwater ponds – is able to siphon carbon...
biofuels

Consequences of Drought Stress on Biofuels

The Science Plant-derived sustainable fuel sources could contribute to near-term U.S. energy security and independence. However, weather conditions could greatly affect crop yields. In this...
catalyst

Reusable Ruthenium-based Catalyst Could Be a Game-changer for the Biomass Industry

Known for their outstanding versatility, primary amines (derivatives of ammonia) are industrially important compounds used in the preparation of a wide range of dyes,...