Monday, September 24, 2018

LATEST NEWS

battery

New Battery Gobbles up Carbon Dioxide

A new type of battery developed by researchers at MIT could be made partly from carbon dioxide captured from power plants. Rather than attempting...
inflammation

Inflammation Critical for Preventing Heart Attacks and Strokes

Inflammation, long considered a dangerous contributor to atherosclerosis, actually plays an important role in preventing heart attacks and strokes, new research from the University...
Diagnostic Device

Researchers Unveil Star Trek-Inspired Diagnostic Device

A Star Trek-inspired handheld device based on a silicon chip could help make rapid, sophisticated medical diagnostics more accessible to people around the world, scientists...
Alzheimer's Disease

New Method Enables Accurate Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease

Diagnosing Alzheimer's disease can be difficult, as several other conditions can cause similar symptoms. Now a new brain imaging method can show the spread...
Predators

The First Predators and Their Self-Repairing Teeth

The earliest predators appeared on Earth 480 million years ago – and they even had teeth which were capable of repairing themselves. A team...
optical illusions

Brown Researchers Teach Computers to See Optical Illusions

Is that circle green or gray? Are the center lines straight or tilted? Optical illusions can be fun to experience and debate, but understanding how...
coral skeletal growth

New Study Shows Florida Keys’ Corals Are Growing but Have Become More Porous

Researchers have long questioned what impact climate change has on the rate at which corals are growing and building reef habitats in the Florida...
smart-imaging computers

Shaping the Cancer Fight with Smart-Imaging Computers

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have discovered how to quickly and accurately predict which lung cancer patients will benefit from chemotherapy by analyzing...
ChainedLineage

Fujitsu Develops Technology to Improve Reliability of Data Distribution Across Industries

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced that it has developed "ChainedLineage," a blockchain extension technology that enables the safe use of data obtained from a...
cane toadvideo

Scientists Crack Genetic Code of Cane Toad

A group of scientists from UNSW Sydney, the University of Sydney, Deakin University, Portugal and Brazil have unlocked the DNA of the cane toad,...
Dietary Fiber

Dietary Fiber Reduces Brain Inflammation During Aging

As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive...
truck cargo transport

The Truck of the Future

Trucks will remain essential to cargo transport in the upcoming decades. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and their partners have developed...
Anti-inflammatory Protein

Anti-inflammatory Protein Promotes Healthy Gut Bacteria to Curb Obesity

Scientists from the UNC School of Medicine discovered that the anti-inflammatory protein NLRP12 normally helps protect mice against obesity and insulin resistance when they...
Quantum Technologies

The Quantum Technologies’ Roadmap

The European quantum community establishes a QT Roadmap for the future of quantum technologies development. Countries around the world are vying for leadership in...
Marine Heat Waves

The Sea Around Denmark Hit by Marine Heat Waves

Right now, the waters around Denmark are three degrees warmer than the average temperature at this time of the year. This corresponds to a...
MXene spray antennavideo

Drexel’s Spray-On Antennas Could Be the Tech Connector of the Future

The promise of wearables, functional fabrics, the Internet of Things, and their “next-generation” technological cohort seems tantalizingly within reach. But researchers in the field...
Antarctic warmingvideo

Moderate Warming, If Sustained, Could Melt the ‘Sleeping Giant’ of Antarctica

New research on Antarctic sediment layers has shown that the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS), also known as Antarctica’s ‘sleeping giant’, retreated during extended warm periods...
Nanotherapy

New Nanotherapy Offers Hope in Treating Drug-Resistant Renal Cell Carcinoma

A research team led by Arun Iyer, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmaceutical sciences in the Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences at Wayne...
Nuclear Pasta

Nuclear Pasta, the Hardest Known Substance in the Universe

A team of scientists has calculated the strength of the material deep inside the crust of neutron stars and found it to be the...
bees and wasps

Why Do We Love Bees but Hate Wasps?

Both bees and wasps are two of humanity’s most ecologically and economically important organisms. They both pollinate our flowers and crops, but wasps also...
titan

Titan Speeds Inquiry into Engine Alloys That Can Take the Heat

Simulations performed on the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) filled in a knowledge gap about high-temperature–capable alloys and inspired...
pyroelectric system

New Pyroelectric System Transmits Power Wirelessly, Harvesting and Storing Energy from Heat Source

In our energy-hungry world, scientists have been working towards better ways to harvest power from renewable environmental resources and more easily supply electricity to...
Acute Kidney Failure

Potential Therapeutic Target for Acute Kidney Failure Is Discovered

A protein produced by the human body appears to be a promising new drug candidate to treat conditions that lead to acute renal failure....
Unmanned Aerial Systems

Lockheed Martin Introduces Mission Planning System That Connects Systems and Assets Across Domains

Success in future conflicts will require the ability to operate across a resilient network that connects disparate systems and assets across different domains. To...
earthquakes

Geoscientists Find Unexpected ‘Deep Creep’ Near San Andreas, San Jacinto Faults

A new analysis of thousands of very small earthquakes that have occurred in the San Bernardino basin near the San Andreas and San Jacinto...
absolute duration of photoelectric effect

What Even Einstein Didn’t Know

It provides the basis for solar energy and global communications: the photoelectric effect. Albert Einstein described it over a century ago. For the first...
Roman conquest

Remains of Weapons, Sandals and Coins Shed New Light on Roman Conquest of Northwest...

Archaeologists have found the oldest evidence yet of the presence of legions in Galicia in the Penedo dos Lobos Roman camp (Manzaneda, Ourense, Galicia)....
enigmatic neutron star

The Surprising Environment of an Enigmatic Neutron Star

An unusual infrared emission detected by the Hubble Space Telescope from a nearby neutron star could indicate that the pulsar has features never before...
Organic Photodetectors

Ultrathin Organic Photodetectors Put Wearable Diagnostics at One’s Fingertips

A plastic film that is thinner than a human hair and can be bent thousands of times without disrupting its ability to detect light...
childhood obesity

Young Children’s Oral Bacteria May Predict Obesity

Weight gain trajectories in early childhood are related to the composition of oral bacteria of two-year-old children, suggesting that this understudied aspect of a...
Tactile Sensorvideo

Spray Coated Tactile Sensor on a 3-D Surface for Robotic Skin

Robots will be able to conduct a wide variety of tasks as well as humans if they can be given tactile sensing capabilities. A KAIST...
malaria

Drugs That Stop Mosquitoes Catching Malaria Could Help Eradicate the Disease

Preventing transmission of malaria is a key part of efforts to eliminate the disease. A person can be cured of the disease using drugs...
flexible hybrid electronics

Binghamton Designated as NextFlex New York Node for Flexible Hybrid Electronics Initiative

NextFlex has designated Binghamton University to be the New York “Node” for its flexible hybrid electronics (FHE) initiative. As the NextFlex New York Node,...
Anti-Ageing Gene

Anti-Ageing Gene Optimises Synapses

FoxO proteins: up to now, they were considered as factors for longevity and anti-ageing. But they have another important function. Researchers at FAU have...
Optoelectronic

Multibit Optoelectronic Memory

NUS scientists have developed multibit optoelectronic memory using a heterostructure made of two-dimensional (2D) materials for next generation devices. Optoelectronic memories are devices which can...
Intestinal Bacteria

Intestinal Bacteria Produce Electric Current from Sugar

Intestinal bacteria can create an electric current, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden. The results are valuable for the development...
Auto Coatings

To Improve Auto Coatings, New Tests Do More Than Scratch the Surface

Know that sickening feeling when you exit the grocery store and find your car has been banged up by a runaway shopping cart? It...
Schizophrenia

New Brain Research Suggests That Schizophrenia Is an Extreme Version of a Common Personality...

Researchers have found that the signals in people’s brains differ depending on a particular aspect of an individual’s personality, termed Schizotypy, a discovery that could improve the way schizophrenia is characterised and...
3D-printed tracheal splintsvideo

3D-Printed Tracheal Splints Used in Groundbreaking Pediatric Surgery

Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta has performed Georgia’s first-ever procedure to place 3D-printed tracheal splints in a pediatric patient. A cross-functional team of Children’s surgeons...
Smart Seat Cushion

UTA Researchers Patent Technology for Smart Seat Cushion, Adaptable Prosthetics

The University of Texas at Arlington has patented a smart seat cushion that uses changes in air pressure to redistribute body weight and help...
Oxidative Stress

Fighting Oxidative Stress to Treat Cartilage, Brain and Bone Disease

When the cells in our body have a normal metabolism, this results in the production of chemically reactive molecules that contain oxygen, also called...
embryonic development

Signaling Relays Offer an Efficient Alternative for Coordinating Embryonic Development

A well-studied signaling molecule employs an unexpected mechanism to coordinate the formation of the respiratory system in fruit flies, RIKEN researchers have discovered1. This...
nano-filter

Quick and Not-So-Dirty: A Rapid Nano-Filter for Clean Water

Simple to make and simple to scale up, the technology harnesses naturally occurring nano-structures that grow on liquid metals. The RMIT University and the University...
artificial neural networks

Scientists Use Artificial Neural Networks to Predict New Stable Materials

Artificial neural networks—algorithms inspired by connections in the brain—have “learned” to perform a variety of tasks, from pedestrian detection in self-driving cars, to analyzing...
spintronics

Graphene Bilayer Provides Efficient Transport and Control of Spins

The tremendous development of computer systems over the last 60 years has increased their capability enabling them to spread into nearly all aspects of...
cell phone app

Smartphone, M.D.

In a potential game changer for the health care industry, a new cell phone app and lab kit now allow a smartphone to identify...
solvents

Next Generation Solvents Is Sustainable and a Mixture of Two Powders

Many polluting solvents used by the chemical industry can be replaced by an amazing new mixture of two powders: ‘deep-eutectic solvents’ (DES). This next...
genetic disease and infection

PhD Fellowship of the Ring

New research, pioneered by a first year PhD student and researchers at the University of St Andrews’ School of Biology, has identified an important new...
Non-coding RNA

Scientists Create Method to Map Vast Unknown Territory of Long Non-coding RNA

Scientists from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have developed a powerful method for exploring the properties of mysterious molecules called long...
Lithium-Ion Battery

X-Rays Uncover a Hidden Property That Leads to Failure in a Lithium-Ion Battery Material

Over the past three decades, lithium-ion batteries, rechargeable batteries that move lithium ions back and forth to charge and discharge, have enabled smaller devices...
Machine Learning

Machine Learning IDs Markers to Help Predict Alzheimer’s

Nearly 50 million people worldwide have Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia. These irreversible brain disorders slowly cause memory loss and destroy thinking...
business model, supply chain, vloyen

New Supply Chain Model Promises Huge Savings

Dramatic reduction in wasted time and resources are hallmarks of new model
Nocturnal Pollinators

The Nocturnal Pollinators: Scientists Reveal the Secret Life of Moths

Scientists have discovered that moths may play a much broader role as plant pollinators than previously suspected. A joint study from the Universities of York,...
Sea Otters

Decisive Sea Otters Distinguish Differences by Touch

Studying the hunting tactics of sea otters is difficult because wild otters stop seeking food when human divers are near. Suspecting that sea otters...
Cancer Detection Device

Tiny Cancer Detection Device Proves Effective in Uganda Testing

Its name is an acronym used to convey its size, but researchers at Cornell Engineering and Weill Cornell Medicine are hoping their hand-held cancer...
Brain Cancer

UF Brain Cancer Investigators Lead Bold Initiative with Top Peers to Advance New Treatments

The goal: achieving transformative improvement in long-term survival within the next decade for patients diagnosed with malignant brain tumors. To get there, University of...
Desalination Membranes

3D Electron Microscopy Uncovers the Complex Guts of Desalination Membranes

Careful sample preparation, electron tomography and quantitative analysis of 3D models provides unique insights into the inner structure of reverse osmosis membranes widely used...
muscle lossvideo

Worms in Space Hold Key to Astronauts’ Muscle Loss

Thousands of worms will be launched into space later this year to help scientists find out why astronauts experience significant muscle loss in zero-gravity...
Sugar Metabolism

Sugar Metabolism Controls Intestinal Regeneration

No other tissue in our body has such a high rate of cell renewal as the intestine. Since the intestinal tissue has an enormous...
battery

Super Cheap Earth Element to Advance New Battery Tech to the Industry

Most of today's batteries are made up of rare lithium mined from the mountains of South America. If the world depletes this source, then...
Wide Learning

Fujitsu’s New AI Technology “Wide Learning” Enables Highly Precise Learning Even from Imbalanced Data...

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced the development of "Wide Learning," a machine learning technology capable of accurate judgements even when operators cannot obtain the...
ultrasound

Little Helpers React to Ultrasound

Nanoparticles are to be used like transporters to deliver medication in a targeted manner exactly where it is required in the human body? All...

NUST MISIS Scientists Develop New Technology of Alloy Steel Rolling

Due to their high strength, seamless pipes made of alloy and high alloy steel are actively used in gas, oil, chemical, and energy industries. The process of pipe...
smart devicesvideo

Putting Underused Smart Devices to Work

According to Moore’s law —which states that computer power doubles every two years at the same cost— we are likely to continue being able...
Multiple Sclerosis

UVA Identifies Brain’s Lymphatic Vessels as New Avenue to Treat Multiple Sclerosis

Lymphatic vessels that clean the brain of harmful material play a crucial role in the development and progression of multiple sclerosis, new research from the University...
vanadium redox-flow battery

KAIST Develops VRFB with Longer Durability

There has been growing demand for large-scale storage for energy produced from renewable energy sources in an efficient and stable way. To meet this...
high- and low-yield farming systems

‘High-Yield’ Farming Costs the Environment Less Than Previously Thought – and Could Help Spare...

New research involving dairy experts at the University of Nottingham suggests that more intensive agriculture might be the ‘least bad’ option for feeding the world, while...
Solar-Powered Robots

Preserving Chile’s Water with Solar-Powered Robots

Preserving water is a real challenge in hot, dry parts of the world. “Farmers in these countries often cover water reservoirs with thousands of...
brain’s sensory and motor, brain, cholesterol, noise-cancelling circuit

Circuit Found for Brain’s Statistical Inference About Motion

As the eye tracks a bird flying past, the muscles that pan the eyeballs to keep the target in focus set their pace not...
robotic skinsvideo

‘Robotic Skins’ Turn Everyday Objects into Robots

When you think of robotics, you likely think of something rigid, heavy, and built for a specific purpose. New “Robotic Skins” technology developed by...
Wheat genome

Wheat Genome Blueprint Accelerates Innovation

“The wheat blueprint will enable us to decipher the genetic basis of important traits in wheat, such as genes responsible for resistance to fungal...
Printed Solar Cell, chronic diseases, Radical Aircraft Engine, Infrared Sensor, Mummifying, bacterial and viral infection, steel waste gases, Hydrogen-Powered Mobility, Gene cluster identification, Equipment Waste, plant cells, biodegradable materials, climate change, biomedical devices, Stretchable Smart Sensor, brain cells, interstitium, Mediterranean diet, Bat DNA, graphene, global warming, infectious disease, INTEGRA , cancer, Huntington, man flu, black hole, Carbon dioxide, genes, Alzheimer, Brain-computer interfaces, graphene, immune system, topology, climate change, Twin Embryos, blue brain, climate change, human genome, mature B cell neoplasia, artificial iris, autonomous robot, chemotherapy, tidal energy, Nanomedicine, ecosystem, Mycotoxins, obesity, methylisation, deep drilling, brain scans, volcanic gas, biocatalyst enzymes, earthquakes, detectors, robotics, asthma sufferers, infrastructure, olive trees, solar energy, satellites, olive oil, robotic arms, zika virus, locked-in state, digital detox, climate change, climate, stroke, The new production method was developed by engineers at the University of Exeter. It consists in creating entire device arrays directly on the copper substrates used for the commercial production of graphene, after which complete and fully-functional devices can be transferred to a substrate of choice. This process has been demonstrated by producing a flexible and completely transparent graphene oxide-based humidity sensor. Not only does this device outperform currently-available commercial sensors, but it’s also cheap and easy to produce using common wafer-scale or roll-to-roll manufacturing techniques. ‘The conventional way of producing devices using graphene can be time-consuming, intricate and expensive and involves many process steps including graphene growth, film transfer, lithographic patterning and metal contact deposition,’ explains Prof David Wright from Exeter's Engineering department. ‘Our new approach is much simpler and has the very real potential to open up the use of cheap-to-produce graphene devices for a host of important applications from gas and bio-medical sensors to touch-screen displays.’ One of team’s main objectives was to increase the range of surfaces that graphene devices can be put on. Whilst the demonstrated humidity sensor was integrated in a plasdinosaur, dieting, coral, dengue epidemics, vaccines, thermal energy, artificial intelligence, Cloudlightning, Memristors, Sensory Tool, HIV, autonomous robot, offshore renewable energy, Wearable robots, processors, Artificial, climate, plasmons, Antarctica’s ice, cryogenic preservation

Printed Solar Cell Set to Transform Electronics Manufacturing

The emerging field of organic electronics is already altering the way we use technology. From light emitting diode displays used in televisions, computers and...
Robotic Gliders

Physicists Train Robotic Gliders to Soar like Birds

The words “fly like an eagle” are famously part of a song, but they may also be words that make some scientists scratch their...
Solar Steam Generator

Origami Inspires Highly Efficient Solar Steam Generator

Water covers most of the globe, yet many regions still suffer from a lack of clean drinking water. If scientists could efficiently and sustainably...
Quantum Jump

How Long does a Quantum Jump Take?

It was one of the crucial experiments in quantum physics: when light falls on certain materials, electrons are released from the surface. Albert Einstein...
batteries

Panasonic Develops Technology to Visualize Movement of the Lithium Ions in the Next-Generation Batteries

Panasonic Corporation succeeded in regionally fixed quantitative visualization of the two-dimensional distribution of the lithium ions in the LiCoO2 cathode for the first time...
microbubble scrubbervideo

Researchers Develop Microbubble Scrubber to Destroy Dangerous Biofilms

Stiff microbial films often coat medical devices, household items and infrastructure such as the inside of water supply pipes, and can lead to dangerous...
wireless transmittervideo

Crowd Counting Through Walls with WiFi

Researchers in UC Santa Barbara professor Yasamin Mostofi’s lab have given the first demonstration of crowd counting through walls using only everyday communication signals such as...
Brain's Motor Cortex

Engineers Decode Conversations in Brain’s Motor Cortex

How does your brain talk with your arm? The body doesn’t use English, or any other spoken language. Biomedical engineers are developing methods for...
climate change

Shift in Large-Scale Atlantic Circulation Causes Lower-Oxygen Water to Invade Canada’s Gulf of St....

The Gulf of St. Lawrence has warmed and lost oxygen faster than almost anywhere else in the global oceans. The broad, biologically rich waterway...
Robots and Drones

Robots and Drones Making Their Own Decisions?

What if a parent could feel safe allowing a drone to walk their child to the bus stop? Robots working without human intervention? That might...
Viral Cancer Therapy

Spotting the Virus:Russian-Canadian Research Development to Increase the Effectiveness of Viral Cancer Therapy

Today, doctors typically treat cancer surgically, through either radiation or chemotherapy. Therapy with an oncolytic virus — virotherapy or oncolytics — is a fairly new and promising method of cancer treatment based...
Tiny fossils

Tiny Fossils Reveal How Shrinking Was Essential for Successful Evolution

The origin of modern mammals can be traced back more than 200 million years to the age of dinosaurs. But while dinosaurs evolved to...
Nanocars

Rocky Road: Nanocars Roll, Hop and Skid Across Surfaces

Driving a nanocar across a glass surface at room temperature may be more like off-roading in rocky back country than gliding along the highway....
Ultrasound Device

Improved Ultrasound Device Makes Images of Carotid Artery in Real Time

Vascular diseases Maysam Shabanimotlagh of TU Delft has developed a special ultrasound transducer (converter) with built-in electronics which can be used to make echocardiograms of...
white sharks

Sniffing Out Sharks

A white shark’s acute sense of smell is legendary, allowing it to detect a potential meal several miles away — and giving pause to...
genetic diseasesvideo

Study Provides New Insights into the Origins of Genetic Diseases in Cells

For human cells to form and move normally during development, a network of protein filaments, known as the actin cytoskeleton, must organize the cell’s...
passive anti-frosting surface

World’s First Passive Anti-Frosting Surface Fights Ice with Ice

Nothing foretells the coming of winter like frost on windshields. While the inconvenience of scraping or defrosting car windows may define cold mornings for many...
plant deconstruction

New Method More Than Doubles Sugar Production from Plants

Producing fuels and chemicals from biomass (wood, grasses, etc.) is one of the most promising solutions for building a renewable economy. The process involves...
lithium-sulfur battery

Using Donut-Shaped Lithium Sulfide for Higher Performing Batteries

A KAIST research team developed a lithium-sulfur battery with a doughnut-shaped active material structure showing a record lifecycle of over 600 cycles. Having higher...
blood pressure

Hundreds of Genetic Markers Linked to Blood Pressure Uncovered

The research, carried out by a team at Queen Mary University of London and Imperial College London, used data from more than one million...
Fiber Optic Sensor

Fiber Optic Sensor Measures Tiny Magnetic Fields

Researchers have developed a light-based technique for measuring very weak magnetic fields, such as those produced when neurons fire in the brain. The inexpensive...
3D printingvideo

Creating 3-D-Printed “Motion Sculptures” from 2-D Videos

New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady has often credited his success to spending countless hours studying his opponent’s movements on film. This understanding of movement...
laser-based particle accelerators

Extremely Small and Fast: Laser Ignites Hot Plasma

When light pulses from an extremely powerful laser system are fired onto material samples, the electric field of the light rips the electrons off...
Kidney Disease

Diagnosing Kidney Disease: The Gift That Could Change Lives

Kidney specialist Professor Carol Pollock has been treating Vicki Hanson for more than 20 years. Now Vicki is expressing her gratitude with a donation...
smart mirror

Introducing the ‘Smart Mirror’

Lasers play roles in many manufacturing processes, from welding car parts to crafting engine components with 3D printers.* To control these tasks, manufacturers must...
pancreatic cancer

New Blood Test Detects Early Stage Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is currently very difficult to detect while it is still resectable. A new blood test developed by researchers at Lund University in...
quantum dots

Two Quantum Dots Are Better Than One: Using One Dot to Sense Changes in...

Quantum dots are nanometer-sized boxes that have attracted huge scientific interest for use in nanotechnology because their properties obey quantum mechanics and are requisites...
Sense of Smell

Fine-Tuned Sense of Smell Relies on Timing

If you can tell the difference between a merlot and a cabernet franc just by smell, it’s probably all in the timing. That’s because the...
Machine-learning system

Machine-Learning System Tackles Speech and Object Recognition, All at Once

MIT computer scientists have developed a system that learns to identify objects within an image, based on a spoken description of the image. Given...