Saturday, August 17, 2019

LATEST NEWS

GW4 supercomputer

GW4 Supercomputer Isambard Can Compete with Intel

Researchers from GW4 Universities Bristol and Cardiff assessed the performance of the GW4 Alliance Isambard supercomputer using an open-source Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) code....
cancer

Scientists Identify New Genetic Interactions that May Impact Cancer Outcomes

In a new study, scientists at the University of Maryland and the National Cancer Institute identified 12 distinct types of gene-pair interactions...
Antiseptic resistance

Antiseptic Resistance in Bacteria Could Lead to Next-Gen Plastics

Australian-UK researchers identify ancient protein pumps that make bacteria tough to treat – but could be key to new green polymers
supercapacitor

New Type of Electrolyte Could Enhance Supercapacitor Performance

Supercapacitors, electrical devices that store and release energy, need a layer of electrolyte — an electrically conductive material that can be solid,...
graphene nanostructures

How Do Atoms Vibrate in Graphene Nanostructures?

Innovative new electron spectroscopy technique pushes the limits of Nanospectroscopy for materials designIn order to understand advanced materials...
solar panels

Greener, Faster and Cheaper Way to Make Patterned Metals for Solar Cells and Electronics

Patterning metals for electronics and solar cells can be slow, expensive and involve toxic chemicalsScientists from the Department...
urinary tract infections

Better Tests Needed for Urinary Tract Infections

Doctors urgently need a fast and accurate test for diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTIs) to reduce overprescribing of antibiotics, according to health...
soft robots

A Miniature Stretchable PUMP for the Next Generation of Soft Robots

Scientists at EPFL have developed a tiny pump that could play a big role in the development of autonomous soft robots, lightweight...
rotor blades

New Approach to Evaluate the Structural Performance of Rotor Blades

Wind turbine blades are long beam structures with airfoil-shaped hollow cross sections. They are subject to tremendous loads from i.e. winds, gravity...
quantum computing

A Single-Photon Source You Can Make at Home

Quantum computing and quantum cryptography are expected to give much higher capabilities than their classical counterparts. For example, the computation power in...
supercomputer

DOE/NNSA, Lab Announce Partnership with Cray to Develop NNSA’s First Exascale Supercomputer

The Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) today announced the signing of contracts with Cray Inc. to build the NNSA’s first...
Sore throat

Sore Throat? Don’t Expect Antibiotics

Doctors still frequently prescribe antibiotics for ‘strep throat’ – without using an extended consultation that may indicate a viral infection rather than...
2D semiconductor

Control of Excitons in a 2D Semiconductor

NUS scientists have developed a method to control the binding energies of excitons in a two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor for advanced photonic and...
renewable energy

Smart Solutions for Tomorrow’s Energy-Efficient Buildings

EU-funded researchers have developed a cloud-based platform to reduce energy use in buildings and battery energy storage systems to benefit end users...
gene expression

An Emerging View of RNA Transcription and Splicing

Cells often create compartments to control important biological functions. The nucleus is a prime example; surrounded by a membrane, it houses the...
microfluidic devices

SUTD Researchers Develop a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to 3D Print Microfluidic Devices

Microfluidics is the manipulation and study of sub-microscopic liters of fluids. Technologies that utilise microfluidics are found in many multidisciplinary fields ranging...
Neurological Symptoms

Advanced Neuroimaging Shows Brain Matter Alterations in U.S. Government Personnel Who Developed Neurological Symptoms...

Brain imaging of 40 U.S. government personnel who experienced a host of neurological symptoms after possible exposure of an unknown source while...
integrated circuits

Graphene Goes Mainstream

Ever since graphene, the flexible, two-dimensional form of graphite (think a 1-atom-thick sheet of pencil lead), was discovered in 2004, researchers around...
prostate cancers

MRI Assisted Biopsies More Effective at Detecting Prostate Cancers

The researchers found that the use of pre-biopsy MRI combined with targeted prostate biopsy was better than a biopsy alone in detecting...
autonomous vehicles

Optimus Ride’s Autonomous System Makes Self-Driving Vehicles a Reality

Some of the biggest companies in the world are spending billions in the race to develop self-driving vehicles that can go anywhere....
batteries

Sandia Abuses Batteries for Better Energy Storage

They crush ‘em. They pierce ‘em.They roast ‘em, soak ‘em in saltwater and short circuit ‘em.
Blood sugar

Researchers Get a Handle on How to Control Blood Sugar After Stroke

Hyperglycemia, or high levels of glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to...
internet connection

Wi-Fi ‘Antenna’ Provides Options for Rural Areas

Ah, the joys of living out in the country: the quiet, the space and the peacefulness. Then there’s the internet connection, which...
genome

Study Furthers Radically New View of Gene Control

In recent years, MIT scientists have developed a new model for how key genes are controlled that suggests the cellular machinery that...
Probiotic Hydrogels

Trust Your Gut to Be Healed with Probiotic Hydrogels

External wounds such as skin cuts or abrasions can often be easily covered with a simple Band-Aid® or a larger wound patch...
Artificial Intelligence

Fujitsu Develops AI Disaster Mitigation Technology to Predict River Flooding with Limited Data

Fujitsu Limited and Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced the development of a technology that draws on mathematical models built with limited data...
microbes

Using Recent Gene Flow to Define Microbe Populations

Identifying species among plants and animals has been a full-time occupation for some biologists, but the task is even more daunting for...
blood cancer

Researchers Unveil Experimental Compound to Block Therapeutic Target in Blood Cancer

Researchers at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered a hyperactive cell signal that contributes to tumor growth in an aggressive...
Air pollution

Air Pollution in US Associated with 30,000 Deaths and Reduced Life Expectancy

The study, published in the journal PLOS Medicine and led by Imperial College London and the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions at Carnegie Mellon University, analysed concentrations of...
Artificial Intelligence

Automating Artificial Intelligence for Medical Decision-Making

MIT computer scientists are hoping to accelerate the use of artificial intelligence to improve medical decision-making, by automating a key step that’s...
drones

New Solution to Elderly Falls: Drones, Smartphones and Sensors

Drones, smartphones and sensors could provide a lifeline to the world’s growing elderly population at risk of falls, helping to cut global...
cancer cells

Crippling Cancer Cell Growth

Successful eradication of cancer requires targeted therapy against tumor-initiating cells (TICs). Although these cells are a minority in tumors, TICs are often...
Electronic Neural Networks

All-Optical Diffractive Neural Network Closes Performance Gap with Electronic Neural Networks

A new paper in Advanced Photonics, an open-access journal co-published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, and Chinese Laser Press (CLP),...
artificial molecular machines

Towards a Light Driven Molecular Assembler

Chemists usually synthesize molecules using stochastic bond-forming collisions of the reactant molecules in solution. Nature follows a different strategy in biochemical synthesis....
quantum bits

Schrödinger’s Cat with 20 Qubits

Dead or alive, left-spinning or right-spinning - in the quantum world particles such as the famous analogy of Schrödinger's cat can be...
fatty liver

Non-Exercisers Often Have Fatty Liver Disease

“Training with high enough intensity to improve fitness can be important both for preventing and treating fatty liver disease,” says Ilaria Croci,...
nanotube fibers

Damaged Hearts Rewired with Nanotube Fibers

Thin, flexible fibers made of carbon nanotubes have now proven able to bridge damaged heart tissues and deliver the electrical signals needed to keep...
Obesity

‘Browning’ White Fat Cells Opens New Avenue to Obesity Prevention

Professor Mirko Trajkovski from the Laboratory of Metabolic Health at Geneva University, Switzerland, believes researchers are well on their way to cracking...
microcapsules

Light-Controlled Microcapsules Promise Strong Gut Reactions

The ability to deliver individual drug molecules to precise areas of concern within the body would offer several advantages over less discriminating...
artificial intelligence

AI Predicts Musical Genre by Identifying Surprising Patterns in Hit Songs

The debate can finally be put to rest—Lil Nas X’s record-setting, chart-topping hit “Old Town Road” is indeed country. But it’s also...
Artificial intelligence

Plan Outlines Priorities for Federal Agency Engagement in AI Standards Development

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a plan for prioritizing federal agency engagement in the...
batteries

Researchers Convert Used Car Batteries into Units That Could Power Farms in the Developing...

As part of a Circular Economy for electric vehicle battery systems, as the number of such vehicles increases rapidly, the need to find...
Natural Gas Leak

Natural-Gas Leaks are Important Source of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Los Angeles

Methane is another greenhouse gas that is increasing in Earth's atmosphere because of humans. Methane is produced by human activity in much...
neuroimaging

Brains Trained on E-Devices May Struggle to Understand Scientific Info

Overuse of electronic devices is no “LOL” — laughing out loud — matter, according to researchers, who suggest that excessive interaction with...
Optogenetics

Optogenetics: Illuminating Our Head Space

The brain serves as a computer for the body: it regulates body functions and systems, sends signals, stores memories and learned behaviors,...
battery

Ready to Recycle?

The number of registrations of electric cars is rising sharply. But where to put old batteries? The association of Swiss car importers,...
Cantonese cancer

Sniffing out High-Risk EBV Strains

Since it was discovered over 50 years ago, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been linked to cancers such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC),...
mollusk shell

Using 3-D Printed Mother-of-Pearl to Create Tough New Smart Materials

The silvery shine of mother-of-pearl has long been prized for jewelry and decorative arts. But the interior of mollusk shells, also known...
Quantum simulation

New Toolkit for Photonics: Quantum Simulation by Light Radio

Intensive research is being carried out on quantum simulators: they promise to precisely calculate the properties of complex quantum systems, when conventional...
carbon nanotube

Lighter, Stronger Materials

Kun (Kelvin) Fu, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Delaware, has used a 3D printer to make pure...
Photonics

SPIE-Hillenkamp Fellowships Drive Translational Photonics Technologies

Jie Hui is using blue laser light to find a simple, safe, and effective treatment platform for MRSA infections that are resistant...
global warming

More Sensitive Climates Are More Variable Climates, Research Shows

A team of scientists from the University of Exeter and the Centre of Ecology and Hydrology in the UK has conducted pioneering...
Cancer Drugs

How Resistance to Important Cancer Drugs Develops

Before cells divide, they must first ensure that their genetic material is correctly distributed to both daughter cells. To achieve this, they...
artificial intelligence

Speeding up Machine Reading

Nearest Michelin-starred restaurant to your hotel? Check. The meaning of life? Check. When it comes to the all-encompassing task of answering any...
leaky gut syndrome

Plants Defend Against Insects by Inducing ‘Leaky Gut Syndrome’

Plants may induce "leaky gut syndrome" — permeability of the gut lining — in insects as part of a multipronged strategy for...
human-robot

Humans, Robot Teams Work Better When There’s an Emotional Connection

Soldiers develop attachments to the robots that help them diffuse bombs in the field. Despite numerous warnings about privacy, millions of us...
Aerial drones

Protecting Vineyards with Drones

Aerial drones could eventually help Washington farmers recoup some of the $80 million a year in crop damages caused by birds.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Assessment of Metabolism of Intestinal Bacteria Helps Predict Treatment Success

People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, suffer from chronic diarrhea, fever and pain, as well...
antibodies

Maintaining Shelf-Stable Drugs

A new mathematical model describes how highly concentrated antibody solutions separate into different phases, similar to an oil and water mixture. This...
liver cancer

Starving Liver Cancer Cells into Submission

Proteins are an essential part of a healthy diet, but liver cancer cells have found a way to make use of certain...
machine learning

DARPA Selects BAE Systems to Develop Machine Learning Capabilities for Space Situational Awareness

BAE Systems has been awarded a Phase 2 contract to develop machine learning capabilities aimed to help the military gain better awareness...
multiple sclerosis

Smoldering Spots in the Brain May Signal Severe MS

Aided by a high-powered brain scanner and a 3D printer, NIH researchers peered inside the brains of hundreds of multiple sclerosis patients...
Supercapacitors

Supercapacitors Turbocharged by Laxatives

Their paper, published today in the journal Nature Materials, explains why these detergents, called ionic liquids, are better electrolytes than current materials and...
twisted graphene

Finding the Magic in the Magic Angle

Just over a year after researchers at MIT stunned the physics world with the discovery of the "magic angle" for stacked sheets...
Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence and Space Exploration

The first plenary session of 2019 SPIE Optics + Photonics symposium kicked off in fine fashion yesterday evening in San Diego. Google Cloud's Massimo Mascaro,...
Brain aneurysms

New Research Collaboration Takes Aim at Brain Aneurysms with Artificial Intelligence

An Australian initiative between Fujitsu, GE Healthcare, Macquarie University, and Macquarie Medical Imaging leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) to detect brain aneurysms faster...
thinnest optical device

Thinnest Optical Waveguide Channels Light Within Just Three Layers of Atoms

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers...
polymers

Printing Flattens Polymers, Improving Electrical and Optical Properties

Researchers have found a way to use polymer printing to stretch and flatten twisted molecules so that they conduct electricity better. A...
Robotic Neck Brace

Robotic Neck Brace Dramatically Improves Functions of ALS Patients

A novel neck brace, which supports the neck during its natural motion, was designed by Columbia engineers. This is the first device shown...
Bone strength

Bone Strength Could Be Linked to When You Reached Puberty

Published today in JAMA Network Openresearchers looked at six repeated bone scans from 6,389 children in Bristol’s Children of the 90s study...
nanowires

Zinc Oxide Nanowires – Novel Solution for Cheaper, Cleaner Production of Electronic Components

According to scientists, nanowires’ synthesis is mostly limited by the surface of growth, hindering their wide application. Also, many applications require properties,...
human cerebellum

Western University Develops First-Of-Its-Kind Task-Based Map of the Human Cerebellum

Jörn Diedrichsen, senior author of the study, is a Computational Neuroscience Professor at Western and Director of BrainsCAN’s Computational Core....
quantum dots

Using Quantum Dots and a Smartphone to Find Killer Bacteria

A combination of off-the-shelf quantum dot nanotechnology and a smartphone camera soon could allow doctors to identify antibiotic-resistant bacteria in just 40...
blood fat

Promising Clinical Trial Results for Drug for Rare Disease in Which Patients Can’t Eat...

People with familial chylomicronemia syndrome are born with a genetic mutation that means they can’t produce an enzyme called lipoprotein lipase. Without...
metals

Revolutionary Way to Bend Metals Could Lead to Stronger Military Vehicles

A U.S. Army project discovery upends previous notions about how metals deform and could help guide the creation of stronger, more durable...
lung-transplant

UW Medicine Milestone: 1,000 Lung-Transplant Recipients

UW Medicine’s lung-transplant team, the only such providers in the Pacific Northwest, performed their 1,000th transplant on July 7, 2019.  Ten other U.S....
solar cells

Mapping the Energetic Landscape of Solar Cells

A new spectroscopic method now makes it possible to measure and visualise the energetic landscape inside solar cells based on organic materials....
composite material

Dyes and Viruses Create New Composite Material for Photooxidation Reactions

A research team from Aalto University has developed a novel strategy to create virus-based materials for catalysis. The project, which is framed...
fiber optic cable

Researchers Turn off Backscattering, Aim to Improve Optical Data Transmission

Engineers at the University of Illinois have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data...
2D material

Sharp Meets Flat in Tunable 2D Material

A Rice University lab wants its products to look sharp, even at the nanoscale. Its latest creation is right on target.
Photovoltaic technology

Photovoltaic Technology to Power Synaptic- and Neuronal-Like Devices

Neuromorphic engineering, which aims at developing devices that mimic the brain structures functioning, is nowadays an emerging field of research that has...
crops

ORNL Scientists Make Fundamental Discovery to Creating Better Crops

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered the specific gene that controls an...
Mass Spectrometric

Development of Simplified New Mass Spectrometric Technique using Laser and Graphene

DGIST Research Fellow Jae Young Kim and Chair-professor Dae Won Moon’s team developed a mass spectrometric technology using graphene substrate and continuous...
biomolecule transport

Researchers Embrace Imperfection to Improve Biomolecule Transport

While watching the production of porous membranes used for DNA sorting and sequencing, University of Illinois researchers wondered how tiny steplike defects...
sensors

Extending Field of View in Advanced Imaging Systems

The military relies on advanced imaging systems for a number of critical capabilities and applications – from Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR)...
obesity

New Hormone Injection Aids Weight Loss in Obese Patients

The findings came from a small study in which patients lost on average 4.4kg and the treatment led to substantial improvements to...
solar energy

Solar Sailing: Take 2

LightSail 2, launched on 25 June, set out to become the first spacecraft to orbit the Earth propelled by sunlight alone. On...
stem cells

Implantable 3D Blastocyst-Like Embryonic Structure Generated from Mouse Stem Cells

After an egg is fertilized, it begins to divide and passes through several stages. Cells in the two-cell stage are totipotent—they can...
malleable microstructures

The World’s Smallest Stent

Approximately one in every thousand children develops a urethral stricture, sometimes even when they are still a foetus in the womb. In...
dental treatment

A New Method of Tooth Repair? Scientists Uncover Mechanisms That Could Help Future Dental...

Stem cells hold the key for tissue engineering, as they develop into specialised cell types throughout the body including in teeth. An...
optoelectronic oscillator

Laser’s Pure Tones May Power Future Communications Technology

Modern life is unbelievably complex: a billion intertwined bits of technology-all vital to some aspect of society-are hidden behind plastic and metal...
medical sensor

EU Grant for Development of Medical Sensor

Proof of Concept grants are awarded to researchers who already have an ERC grant. In Anja Boisen’s case, this concerns the Advanced...
obesity

Genetic Analyses Indicate That the Effect of Being Overweight and Obesity on Cancer Risk...

The study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology was led by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and involved researchers from Bristol...
water treatment device

Researchers, Including a Stanford Epidemiologist, Prove a Simple Device Can Reduce Rates of Child...

It kills a child under age 5 every minute on average. Diarrheal disease, the second leading cause of death for children globally,...
electronic devices

This Designer Clothing Lets Users Turn on Electronics While Turning Away Bacteria

A new addition to your wardrobe may soon help you turn on the lights and music – while also keeping you fresh,...
bacterial infections

Bacterial or Viral? Accurate Diagnosis of Infections with a Paper-Based Test

A new immunoassay test to distinguish viral from bacterial infections could help reduce the use of antibiotics and the consequent development of...
Utilization Efficiency

Scientists Investigate Utilization Efficiency of Land and Water Resources in Aral Sea Basin, Central...

Aral Sea Basin's ecological environment has undergone great changes, and the Aral Sea has become an ecological disaster area in the world....
Solar cells

Nanowire Arrays Could Improve Solar Cells

Transparent electrodes are a critical component of solar cells and electronic displays. To collect electricity in a solar cell or inject electricity...
sleepers

Optimistic People Sleep Better, Longer, Study Finds

People who are the most optimistic tend to be better sleepers, a study of young and middle-aged adults found.
Cyborg organoids

Cyborg Organoids Offer Rare View into Early Stages of Development

What happens in the early days of organ development? How do a small group of cells organize to become a heart, a...