Wednesday, August 21, 2019

LATEST NEWS

electronic devices

Stanford Researchers Build a Heat Shield Just 10 Atoms Thick to Protect Electronic Devices

Excess heat given off by smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices can be annoying, but beyond that it contributes to malfunctions and,...
malaria

Drug Resistant Malaria Spreading in South East Asia

DHA-piperaquine should no longer be used to treat falciparum malaria in Cambodia, Vietnam and northeast Thailand as it is ineffective and thereby...
MEMS Sensors

ULVAC Launches Revolutionary PZT Piezoelectric Thin-film Process Technology and HVM Solution for MEMS Sensors/Actuators

ULVAC, Inc. today announced the successful launch of PZT piezoelectric thin-film sputtering technology and a high volume manufacturing (HVM) solution to solve...
healing wounds

Scars: Gone with the Foam

Poorly healing wounds and severe scarring are more than just a cosmetic problem; they can significantly impair a person's mobility and health....
Wearable sensors

Wearable Sensors Detect What’s in Your Sweat

Needle pricks not your thing? A team of scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, is developing wearable skin sensors that can...
bone implant

Plasma Coating Developed to Decrease Bone Implant Rejections

One million Australians have undergone joint replacement surgery and the numbers are growing. University of Sydney researchers have developed a bone implant...
synthetic materials

Bio-Inspired Materials

A tiny bristle worm, wriggling around the ocean, can extend its jaw outside its mouth to ensnare its prey. The worm’s shape-shifting...
brain tumors

Linking Cellular Activity to Brain Tumors

Biological engineering faculty Yu Huang is leading an innovative study to better understand the link between blebbing and brain tumors....
ferroelectric nylons

Nylon as a Building Block for Transparent Electronic Devices?

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) led by Dr. Kamal Asadi have solved a four decade long challenge of...
heart attack

New Approach to Reducing Damage After a Heart Attack

During the emergency procedure used to reopen the blocked artery causing a heart attack, smaller "micro" blood vessels can remain constricted causing...
superconductors

Scientists Report Two Advances in Understanding the Role of ‘Charge Stripes’ in Superconducting Materials

High-temperature superconductors, which carry electricity with zero resistance at much higher temperatures than conventional superconducting materials, have generated a lot of excitement...
synthetic consortia

Helping Bacteria Be Better Friends

Bacteria, like people, have complicated relationships: they can either be friendly, neutral, or antagonistic toward each other, and those relationships can change...
Robotic

Robotic Toolkit Added to NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover

The bit carousel — a mechanism that will play a key role in the acquisition, containment and eventual return to Earth of...
Alzheimer’s disease

Newly Identified Meningeal Lymphatic Vessels Answers the Key Questions on Brain Clearance

Just see what happens when your neighborhood’s waste disposal system is out of service. Not only do the piles of trash stink...
solar cells

Solar Energy Becomes Biofuel Without Solar Cells

Soon we will be able to replace fossil fuels with a carbon-neutral product created from solar energy, carbon dioxide and water. Researchers...
embryonic development

Biologists and Mathematicians Team up to Explore Tissue Folding

As embryos develop, they follow predetermined patterns of tissue folding, so that individuals of the same species end up with nearly identically...
solar cells

Researchers Develop Materials That Can Revolutionize How Light is Harnessed for Solar Energy

Researchers at Columbia University have developed a way to harness more power from singlet fission to increase the efficiency of solar cells,...
Nanomedicines

Chemists Close Gap in Making Nanomedicines Safer, More Efficient

Dr. Jie Zheng believes he’s turned a barrier into a bridge when it comes to nanomedicine implementation.The professor of...
heart disease

Heart Cells’ Environment a Potentially Major Factor in Heart Disease

When it comes to heart disease, the health of the scaffold where cardiac cells grow may be a much bigger factor than...
fuel cells

Ammonia for Fuel Cells

Fuel cells are pollution-free power sources that convert chemical energy to electricity with high efficiency and zero emissions. Fuel cell cars, trucks,...
prosthetic hand

Brain-Controlled Prosthetic Hand to Become Reality

Imagine a patient controlling the movement of his or her prosthetic limb simply by thinking of commands. It may sound like science...
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

New Research on COPD Aims to Selectively ‘Disarm’ Specific Pathogens

For decades, bacterial infections in people suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been treated primarily with traditional antibiotics. While such...
diabetes

Link Between Diabetes and Heart Failure Stronger in Women Than Men

Researchers from The George Institute for Global Health determined that this differential was greater in type 1 than type 2 diabetes. Type...
marine sanctuaries

Tuna Are Spawning in Marine Protected Areas

Marine protected areas are large swaths of coastal seas or open ocean that are protected by governments from activities such as commercial...
mechanical itch

Scratch That Itch: U-M Researchers Identify Neurons Behind Mechanical Itch

Take a piece of tissue, twist it into a stiff peak and brush it against the fine hair beneath your lower lip—the...
Optofluidic chip

Optofluidic Chip with Nanopore ‘Smart Gate’ Developed for Single Molecule Analysis

A new chip-based platform developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz integrates nanopores and optofluidic technology with a feedback-control circuit to enable...
psychiatric disorders

Genes Underscore Five Psychiatric Disorders

A group of international doctors has uncovered the genes that contribute to the development of ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major...
terahertz radiation

A Laser for Penetrating Waves

The "Landau-level laser" is an exciting concept for an unusual radiation source. It has the potential to efficiently generate so-called terahertz waves,...
cancer cells

Luring Tumour Cells out of Hiding

The ejection of antigens from cancer cells is strictly regulated. This has now been proven by scientists at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, FAU. A...
topological superconductor

Newfound Superconductor Material Could Be the ‘Silicon of Quantum Computers’

A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists...
Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean Diet During Pregnancy Reduces Gestational Diabetes and Weight Gain

A simple Mediterranean-style diet in pregnancy does not reduce the overall risk of adverse maternal and offspring complications, but has the potential...
wireless sensors

Stanford Engineers Have Developed Wireless Sensors That Stick to the Skin to Track Our...

We tend to take our skin’s protective function for granted, ignoring its other roles in signaling subtleties like a fluttering heart or...
thrombosis

Artificial Heart Valves: New Coating Procedure Could Reduce Risk of Thrombosis

Heart valves regulate the blood flow, to ensure the body is supplied with enough blood. If they don’t close properly any more,...
robotic devicesvideo

Suit up with a Robot to Walk and Run More Easily

Between walking at a leisurely pace and running for your life, human gaits can cover a wide range of speeds. Typically, we...
bladder cancer

White Blood Cells Indicate the Extent to Which Treatment Is Successful

How long can a patient with bladder cancer survive once it has spread to the muscles? Which treatment works best? In future,...
drones

Drones Sensing by a Whisker

A University of Queensland engineer has followed nature’s example and developed whiskers for drones and robots, allowing machines to sense surroundings just as animals...
brain aneurysm

Study Finds Nunavik Inuit Are Genetically Unique

Variants found in this population may predispose to brain aneurysmA new study has found that an Inuit population...
batteries

Observing Solid-State Batteries During Deformation

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have observed the mechanical processes in solid-state batteries more precisely than ever before. Using X-ray...
Cell membrane

Motor Proteins and Membrane Dynamics

Motility is an essential property of many cell types, and is driven by molecular motors. An LMU team has now discovered that...
multichannel electrostatic elliptical lens

Electronic Merge: Expanded Ion Beams Light New Way for Next-Generation Electronic Devices, Energy Storage,...

A new type of lens is lighting the way for expanded uses of large ions and building blocks for new materials. The...
kidney disease

New Research Project Focuses on Rare Kidney Disease

The Federal Ministry of Education and Research has granted 400,000 euros in funding for a period of three years for a new...
skimmers

App Allows Inspectors to Find Gas Pump Skimmers Faster

A team of computer scientists at UC San Diego and the University of Illinois has developed an app that allows state and...
coral reef

How to Restore a Coral Reef

New guidelines drafted by a consortium of concerned experts could enable corals to adapt to changing environments and help restore declining coral...
chronic pain

Is Exercise the Key to Chronic Pain?

Researchers from The University of Queensland are investigating whether low-intensity physical exercise may help people suffering from chronic neck pain due to...
renewable electricity

Shift to Renewable Electricity a Win-Win at Statewide Level

Amid rollbacks of the Clean Power Plan and other environmental regulations at the federal level, several U.S. states, cities, and towns have...
cholera

‘Cholera Detection Lab’ Smartphone-Enabled Platform to Be Beta Tested by Worldwide Leading Hospital in...

One of the world’s leading cholera research hospitals has teamed with a Purdue University-affiliated startup with a goal to stop the spread of...
electric-vehicle infrastructure

Researchers Use Blockchain to Drive Electric-Vehicle Infrastructure

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have integrated the use of blockchain into energy systems, a development that could result in expanded...
portable scanners

Innovative Tiny Laser Has Potential Uses in Drug Quality Control, Medical Diagnosis, Airplane Safety

The team demonstrated the system’s resolution by using it to image a U.S. quarter. Fine details like the eagle’s wing feathers, as...
cancer

Nanocapsule Reaches Cancer That Has Spread to Central Nervous System in Mice

FindingsCancer that has spread to the central nervous system is notoriously difficult to treat. Now, UCLA researchers have...
stroke

Researchers Get a Handle on How to Control Blood Sugar After Stroke

Hyperglycemia, or high levels of glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to...
heart diseasevideo

The Power of 4D Technology Advances Care for Heart Patients

A tool that has been around for decades shows new promise in helping people with heart disease. A new study published in...
periodic table

Rewriting the Periodic Table at High Pressure

The periodic table has been a vital foundational tool for material research since it was first created 150 years ago. Now, Martin...
Nanotechnology

Solving the Big Problem of Measuring Tiny Nanoparticles

Tiny nanoparticles play a gargantuan role in modern life, even if most consumers are unaware of their presence. They provide essential ingredients...
samarium-cobalt magnets

Scientists Discover Potential Path to Improving Samarium-Cobalt Magnets

Scientists have discovered a potential tool to enhance magnetization and magnetic anisotropy, making it possible to improve the performance of samarium-cobalt magnets.
Alzheimer’s

Tissue Model Reveals Role of Blood-Brain Barrier in Alzheimer’s

Beta-amyloid plaques, the protein aggregates that form in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients, disrupt many brain functions and can kill neurons. They...
GW4 supercomputer

GW4 Supercomputer Isambard Can Compete with Intel

Researchers from GW4 Universities Bristol and Cardiff assessed the performance of the GW4 Alliance Isambard supercomputer using an open-source Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) code....
cancer

Scientists Identify New Genetic Interactions that May Impact Cancer Outcomes

In a new study, scientists at the University of Maryland and the National Cancer Institute identified 12 distinct types of gene-pair interactions...
Antiseptic resistance

Antiseptic Resistance in Bacteria Could Lead to Next-Gen Plastics

Australian-UK researchers identify ancient protein pumps that make bacteria tough to treat – but could be key to new green polymers
supercapacitor

New Type of Electrolyte Could Enhance Supercapacitor Performance

Supercapacitors, electrical devices that store and release energy, need a layer of electrolyte — an electrically conductive material that can be solid,...
graphene nanostructures

How Do Atoms Vibrate in Graphene Nanostructures?

Innovative new electron spectroscopy technique pushes the limits of Nanospectroscopy for materials designIn order to understand advanced materials...
solar panels

Greener, Faster and Cheaper Way to Make Patterned Metals for Solar Cells and Electronics

Patterning metals for electronics and solar cells can be slow, expensive and involve toxic chemicalsScientists from the Department...
urinary tract infections

Better Tests Needed for Urinary Tract Infections

Doctors urgently need a fast and accurate test for diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTIs) to reduce overprescribing of antibiotics, according to health...
soft robots

A Miniature Stretchable Pump for the Next Generation of Soft Robots

Scientists at EPFL have developed a tiny pump that could play a big role in the development of autonomous soft robots, lightweight...
rotor blades

New Approach to Evaluate the Structural Performance of Rotor Blades

Wind turbine blades are long beam structures with airfoil-shaped hollow cross sections. They are subject to tremendous loads from i.e. winds, gravity...
quantum computing

A Single-Photon Source You Can Make at Home

Quantum computing and quantum cryptography are expected to give much higher capabilities than their classical counterparts. For example, the computation power in...
supercomputer

DOE/NNSA, Lab Announce Partnership with Cray to Develop NNSA’s First Exascale Supercomputer

The Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) today announced the signing of contracts with Cray Inc. to build the NNSA’s first...
Sore throat

Sore Throat? Don’t Expect Antibiotics

Doctors still frequently prescribe antibiotics for ‘strep throat’ – without using an extended consultation that may indicate a viral infection rather than...
2D semiconductor

Control of Excitons in a 2D Semiconductor

NUS scientists have developed a method to control the binding energies of excitons in a two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor for advanced photonic and...
renewable energy

Smart Solutions for Tomorrow’s Energy-Efficient Buildings

EU-funded researchers have developed a cloud-based platform to reduce energy use in buildings and battery energy storage systems to benefit end users...
gene expression

An Emerging View of RNA Transcription and Splicing

Cells often create compartments to control important biological functions. The nucleus is a prime example; surrounded by a membrane, it houses the...
microfluidic devices

SUTD Researchers Develop a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to 3D Print Microfluidic Devices

Microfluidics is the manipulation and study of sub-microscopic liters of fluids. Technologies that utilise microfluidics are found in many multidisciplinary fields ranging...
Neurological Symptoms

Advanced Neuroimaging Shows Brain Matter Alterations in U.S. Government Personnel Who Developed Neurological Symptoms...

Brain imaging of 40 U.S. government personnel who experienced a host of neurological symptoms after possible exposure of an unknown source while...
integrated circuits

Graphene Goes Mainstream

Ever since graphene, the flexible, two-dimensional form of graphite (think a 1-atom-thick sheet of pencil lead), was discovered in 2004, researchers around...
prostate cancers

MRI Assisted Biopsies More Effective at Detecting Prostate Cancers

The researchers found that the use of pre-biopsy MRI combined with targeted prostate biopsy was better than a biopsy alone in detecting...
autonomous vehicles

Optimus Ride’s Autonomous System Makes Self-Driving Vehicles a Reality

Some of the biggest companies in the world are spending billions in the race to develop self-driving vehicles that can go anywhere....
batteries

Sandia Abuses Batteries for Better Energy Storage

They crush ‘em. They pierce ‘em.They roast ‘em, soak ‘em in saltwater and short circuit ‘em.
Blood sugar

Researchers Get a Handle on How to Control Blood Sugar After Stroke

Hyperglycemia, or high levels of glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to...
internet connection

Wi-Fi ‘Antenna’ Provides Options for Rural Areas

Ah, the joys of living out in the country: the quiet, the space and the peacefulness. Then there’s the internet connection, which...
genome

Study Furthers Radically New View of Gene Control

In recent years, MIT scientists have developed a new model for how key genes are controlled that suggests the cellular machinery that...
Probiotic Hydrogels

Trust Your Gut to Be Healed with Probiotic Hydrogels

External wounds such as skin cuts or abrasions can often be easily covered with a simple Band-Aid® or a larger wound patch...
Artificial Intelligence

Fujitsu Develops AI Disaster Mitigation Technology to Predict River Flooding with Limited Data

Fujitsu Limited and Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced the development of a technology that draws on mathematical models built with limited data...
microbes

Using Recent Gene Flow to Define Microbe Populations

Identifying species among plants and animals has been a full-time occupation for some biologists, but the task is even more daunting for...
blood cancer

Researchers Unveil Experimental Compound to Block Therapeutic Target in Blood Cancer

Researchers at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered a hyperactive cell signal that contributes to tumor growth in an aggressive...
Air pollution

Air Pollution in US Associated with 30,000 Deaths and Reduced Life Expectancy

The study, published in the journal PLOS Medicine and led by Imperial College London and the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions at Carnegie Mellon University, analysed concentrations of...
Artificial Intelligence

Automating Artificial Intelligence for Medical Decision-Making

MIT computer scientists are hoping to accelerate the use of artificial intelligence to improve medical decision-making, by automating a key step that’s...
drones

New Solution to Elderly Falls: Drones, Smartphones and Sensors

Drones, smartphones and sensors could provide a lifeline to the world’s growing elderly population at risk of falls, helping to cut global...
cancer cells

Crippling Cancer Cell Growth

Successful eradication of cancer requires targeted therapy against tumor-initiating cells (TICs). Although these cells are a minority in tumors, TICs are often...
Electronic Neural Networks

All-Optical Diffractive Neural Network Closes Performance Gap with Electronic Neural Networks

A new paper in Advanced Photonics, an open-access journal co-published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, and Chinese Laser Press (CLP),...
artificial molecular machines

Towards a Light Driven Molecular Assembler

Chemists usually synthesize molecules using stochastic bond-forming collisions of the reactant molecules in solution. Nature follows a different strategy in biochemical synthesis....
quantum bits

Schrödinger’s Cat with 20 Qubits

Dead or alive, left-spinning or right-spinning - in the quantum world particles such as the famous analogy of Schrödinger's cat can be...
fatty liver

Non-Exercisers Often Have Fatty Liver Disease

“Training with high enough intensity to improve fitness can be important both for preventing and treating fatty liver disease,” says Ilaria Croci,...
nanotube fibers

Damaged Hearts Rewired with Nanotube Fibers

Thin, flexible fibers made of carbon nanotubes have now proven able to bridge damaged heart tissues and deliver the electrical signals needed to keep...
Obesity

‘Browning’ White Fat Cells Opens New Avenue to Obesity Prevention

Professor Mirko Trajkovski from the Laboratory of Metabolic Health at Geneva University, Switzerland, believes researchers are well on their way to cracking...
microcapsules

Light-Controlled Microcapsules Promise Strong Gut Reactions

The ability to deliver individual drug molecules to precise areas of concern within the body would offer several advantages over less discriminating...
artificial intelligence

AI Predicts Musical Genre by Identifying Surprising Patterns in Hit Songs

The debate can finally be put to rest—Lil Nas X’s record-setting, chart-topping hit “Old Town Road” is indeed country. But it’s also...
Artificial intelligence

Plan Outlines Priorities for Federal Agency Engagement in AI Standards Development

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a plan for prioritizing federal agency engagement in the...
batteries

Researchers Convert Used Car Batteries into Units That Could Power Farms in the Developing...

As part of a Circular Economy for electric vehicle battery systems, as the number of such vehicles increases rapidly, the need to find...
Natural Gas Leak

Natural-Gas Leaks are Important Source of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Los Angeles

Methane is another greenhouse gas that is increasing in Earth's atmosphere because of humans. Methane is produced by human activity in much...
neuroimaging

Brains Trained on E-Devices May Struggle to Understand Scientific Info

Overuse of electronic devices is no “LOL” — laughing out loud — matter, according to researchers, who suggest that excessive interaction with...
Optogenetics

Optogenetics: Illuminating Our Head Space

The brain serves as a computer for the body: it regulates body functions and systems, sends signals, stores memories and learned behaviors,...