Scientists of Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) were among the winners of the youth competition of the Russian Science Foundation in the frames of Presidential program of research projects. They submitted applications at once in several promising areas of scientific activity, including functional optical nanomaterials, studies of the diversity and potential of marine bacteria, studies of marine fungi, the classification of atmospheric aerosol.
The FEFU young scientists’ projects cover four areas of the Strategy for the Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation: the transition to advanced technologies, personalized medicine, countering threats, great challenges.
Researcher of the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics of the FEFU School of Engineering Stanislav Gurbatov is developing a technology that will allow you to simply and cheaply get new functional optical nanomaterials with controlled characteristics, in particular, hybrid metal-dielectric nanomaterials and nanoparticles. It will be possible to use them in modern optics, optoelectronics and nanophotonics, producing, for example, new chemo- and biosensors, as well as solar cells of the new generation. The scientist proposes to apply the technology of liquid-phase laser ablation – a method of synthesizing nanomaterials due to the effect of pulsed laser radiation on solid targets in liquids and will be engaged in a detailed study of the physicochemical processes that occur when it is used.
An associate professor of the Department of Biodiversity and Marine Bioresources of the School of Natural Sciences of FEFU, Elena Bogatyrenko, will explore the taxonomic diversity and the potential of bacteria in the Sea of Japan to oxidize oil hydrocarbons which are the constituent parts of oil. For this purpose, bottom sediment samples will be taken from the marine areas. The task is to find the microorganisms that will most effectively decompose oil, preventing the consequences of man-made disasters in the sea. Oil-oxidizing bacteria of the Sea of Japan have not been studied, although the problem of environmental pollution in this region is relevant.
The Head of the Laboratory of Biologically Active Compounds of the Department of Bioorganic Chemistry and Biotechnology of the School of Natural Sciences of FEFU Olesya Zhuravleva investigates the biological activity of compounds isolated from marine microscopic fungi of the Sea of Okhotsk and South China Seas. The task of the scientist is to identify the most effective molecules for the fight against tumors and bacteria. The most promising compounds in the future will be components of the new generation of drugs.
Konstantin Shmirko, a researcher at the FEFU School of Natural Sciences, a researcher at the Institute of Automation and Control Processes of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is working on the classification and definition of the effective volume radius of atmospheric aerosol. The concept of the research is based on the application of the effect (law) of Umov, discovered by the Russian physicist Nikolai Umov in 1905. The scientist intends to estimate the size and index of the degree of light refraction by aerosol (dust) particles in the Earth’s atmosphere, as well as to classify them. This information will help develop satellite signal correction algorithms that are often distorted by dust particles in the atmosphere.