Texas Tech University’s Greg McKenna, the John R. Bradford Endowed Chair in Engineering and Horn Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering in the Edward E. Whitacre Jr. College of Engineering, has received a three-year, $345,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Energy‘s Office of Science to study ring molecules in the hope of producing more fuel-efficient tires in the future.
McKenna is working on the project with Judit Puskas, a professor in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Akron in Ohio, and Julia Kornfield, a professor in the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology.
“One of the interesting things about ring molecules is that, because they don’t have any ends, they might also make much better rubber,” McKenna said. “If we’re right, then we have the potential to have a tire with lower rolling friction, so you’d have better fuel consumption, which would be good environmentally. There are 250 million cars on the road; that’s a billion tires. It would really be a big advantage.”
Though the grant is for the fundamental research of ring molecules, it hasn’t stopped McKenna and his cohorts from already making a discovery.
“If you could make ring molecules that have high glass transitions, then they wouldn’t be rubber at room temperature,” McKenna said. “When ring molecules are glassy, they seem to have a higher stiffness. This means you could potentially have a stiffer airplane wing, which could increase the wing’s performance.”
“There are a lot of people working on materials here at Texas Tech, and it’s really great that it’s recognized by the government and they want to fund the work,” he said. “We have people doing polymers, energetic materials, nanophotonic materials, etc. But, materials are really fundamental. It’s the underlying enabling technology for nearly anything new, including the nanoelectronics in smartphones and the cases and glass covers used to protect them. Hopefully what we’re doing is building on the fundamentals for these future enabling technologies.”
McKenna also credits his graduate student, Zhiyuan Qian, who will graduate with his doctorate in chemical engineering in August, for helping on the initial steps in the project. Qian has contributed strongly by also training chemical engineering doctoral student Dongjie Chen, who has become the lead student on the project.
Source : Texas Tech University