Saturday, December 15, 2018
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bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum

Discovering a New Compound

Almost 20 years ago, the University of Delaware’s Tom Hanson started studying the bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum (Cba. tepidum), an organism that only lives in...
quantum computers

USC Scientists Find a Way to Enhance Quantum Computer Performance

SC scientists have demonstrated a theoretical method to enhance the performance of quantum computers, an important step to scale a technology with potential to...
magnetic field

Earth’s Magnetic Field Measured Using Artificial Stars at 90 Kilometers Altitude

The mesosphere, at heights between 85 and 100 kilometers above the Earth's surface, contains a layer of atomic sodium. Astronomers use laser beams to...
quantum accelerometervideo

Quantum ‘Compass’ Could Allow Navigation Without Relying on Satellites

Most navigation today relies on a global navigation satellite system (GNSS), such as GPS, which sends and receives signals from satellites orbiting the Earth....
insulator

In Materials Hit with Light, Individual Atoms and Vibrations Take Disorderly...

Hitting a material with laser light sends vibrations rippling through its latticework of atoms, and at the same time can nudge the lattice into...
Hydrogen atoms

Atoms Use Tunnels to Escape Graphene Cover

Graphene has held a great promise for applications since it was first isolated in 2004. But we still don’t use it in our large-scale...
Tiny Light Detectors

Stanford Engineers Develop Tiny Light Detectors That Work like Gecko Ears

Geckos and many other animals have heads that are too small to triangulate the location of noises the way we do, with widely spaced...
Bose-Einstein condensate

Bose-Einstein Condensate Generated in Space for the First Time

A team of scientists from Germany has succeeded in creating a Bose-Einstein condensate for the first time in space on board a research rocket....
vacuum sensor

A New Way to Measure Nearly Nothing

Many semiconductor fabricators and research labs are under increasing pressure from, of all things, vacuum. These facilities need to remove greater amounts of gas...
droughts

The Droughts of the past and the Future

Many high cultures of the past have faded away at some point. What might have been the reasons of their decline? Researchers have long...
catalyst

Single Atoms Break Carbon’s Strongest Bond

An international team of scientists including researchers at Yale University and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new...
optical parametric oscillator

Experiment Obtains Entanglement of Six Light Waves with a Single Laser

Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961), one of the giants of contemporary science, considered “entanglement” the most interesting property in quantum mechanics. In his view,...
solar cell material

Shining X-Ray Light on Perovskites for Better Solar Cells

Named after a mineral discovered in the Ural Mountains of Russia, perovskites have taken center stage as a class of materials with properties that...
miniature lasersvideo

Building Miniature Lasers with Nanowires

A large machine with all manner of assorted protruding pipes stands ready for action in one of the labs at NTNU’s Department of Electronic...
metallic hydrogen

Researchers Unravel More Mysteries of Metallic Hydrogen

Metallic hydrogen is one of the rarest materials on Earth, yet more than 80 percent of planets—including Jupiter, Saturn, and hundreds of extrasolar planets—are...
electron camera

SLAC’s Ultra-High-Speed ‘Electron Camera’ Catches Molecules at a Crossroads

An extremely fast “electron camera” at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has produced the most detailed atomic movie of the decisive...
solar cells

New Solar Technology for the Energy Transition

It is crucial that we prevent the Earth from warming by more than two degrees Celsius compared with the pre-industrial era. This is a...
silicon photonics

NAU Scientist Contributes to Significant Advance in Silicon Photonics

Northern Arizona University assistant professor Ryan Behunin collaborated with a team of physicists from Yale and the University of Texas at Austin in discovering an innovative...
nanowires

Atomically Thin Nanowires Convert Heat to Electricity More Efficiently

Heat can be converted to electricity more efficiently using nanowires as thin as atoms, according to new University of Warwick research Atomically thin...
graphene

Individual Impurity Atoms Detectable in Graphene

Graphene is made of a two-dimensional layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. The strong bonds between the carbon atoms make graphene...