Saturday, September 21, 2019
Home Tags Axons

Tag: axons

visual system axons

How Developing Visual System Axons Stay in the Correct Layer

Scientists at Tokyo Tech have made an important discovery concerning the development of layer-specific axonal connections in the developing visual system of Drosophila flies....
Alzheimer

New Alzheimer’s Animal Model More Closely Mimics Human Disease

By injecting human Alzheimer’s disease brain extracts of pathological tau protein (from postmortem donated tissue) into mice with different amounts of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in...
Alzheimer

New Alzheimer’s Animal Model More Closely Mimics Human Disease

By injecting human Alzheimer’s disease brain extracts of pathological tau protein (from postmortem donated tissue) into mice with different amounts of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in...
Nerve Fibers

Women May be More Vulnerable to Concussions Because of “Leaner” Nerve...

Women have smaller, more breakable nerve fibers in the brain compared to men that may make them more susceptible to concussions, suggests a new...
childhood blindness

Research at VTCRI Reveals Biological Mechanism of a Leading Cause of...

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI) have revealed the pathology of cells and structures stricken by optic nerve hypoplasia, a leading...
sleeping virus

Hush, Little Virus, Don’t Say a Word: How Princeton Scientists Investigate...

While many virus researchers are interested in understanding what causes these sleeping viruses to wake up, or reactivate, Princeton scientists are trying to understand...
child abuse

Child Abuse Affects Brain Wiring

For the first time, researchers have been able to see changes in the neural structures in specific areas of the brains of people...
nervous system

Nerve-guiding ‘Labels’ May One Day Help Re-form Broken Nervous Connections

Scientists have identified a large group of biological ‘labels’ that guide nerves to ensure they make the correct connections and control different parts of...
myelin

Use It or Lose It

Nerve cells communicate by means of electrical impulses, which are transmitted along neural processes known as axons. The speed of transmission depends on several...
Concussion Effects

Concussion Effects Detailed on Microscopic Level

New research has uncovered details about subcellular-level changes in the brain after concussion that could one day lead to improved treatment.Researchers at The Ohio...
nervous system

A Protein That Degrades Nerve Processes

With their long processes - the axons and dendrites - nerve cells connect with each other and thus pass on signals. These connections can...
mammalian auditory system

Where Microseconds Matter

In the mammalian auditory system, sound waves impinging on the tympanic membrane of the ear are transduced into electrical signals by sensory hair cells...
zebrafish

Study Reveals First Fine Structure of Complete Vertebrate Brain

Scientists have generated the first 3D map of a vertebrate brain that shows all the connections between nerve cells. The work, on zebrafish larva,...
nervous system

Study Overturns Seminal Research about the Developing Nervous System

Findings New research by scientists at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA overturns a long-standing paradigm about...
Sluggish Electrons, Neurodegeneration, cancer

A New Role for Autophagosomes in Neurodegeneration

Autophagosomes are at the center of attention, at least since the Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded for research on autophagy in 2016. The...
neurological diseases

Researchers Discover How Neurons Tell Each Other to Die under Trauma,...

A major contributor to most neurological diseases is the degeneration of a wire-like part of nerve cells called an axon, which electrically transmits information...
Molecule

Molecule Shown to Repair Damaged Axons

A foray into plant biology led one researcher to discover that a natural molecule can repair axons, the thread-like projections that carry electrical signals...
optic nerves

Surprise Target

For more than two decades, researchers have tried to regenerate injured optic nerves using different growth factors or agents that overcome natural growth inhibition....
neuron growth

Research Furthers Understanding of Neuron Growth Regulation

During the development of the nervous system, neurons grow and project axons to conduct nerve impulses along well-defined pathways. Neuroscientists have been trying for...
brain

Brain Changes Seen in Youth Football Players without Concussion

Researchers have found measurable brain changes in children after a single season of playing youth football, even without a concussion diagnosis, according to a...