Friday, November 16, 2018
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whales

Whales Use the Sonic Equivalent of a Flashlight to Focus in...

A new study, led by the University of St Andrews and the Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies in Denmark, reveals that whales, dolphins and porpoises...
organ chips

FDA Expands Award to Wyss Institute for Radiation Treatment Studies Using...

Although only one chromosome determines the genetic differences between men and women, scientific evidence suggests that this small change has a significant impact on...
genetic switchvideo

Single Genetic Switch Changes Butterfly Wing Color

Heliconius butterflies are a diverse and colorful group of species that live throughout tropical regions of Central and South America. Many of them have wing...
Respiratory Effects

When It Comes to Respiratory Effects of Wood Smoke, Sex Matters

Exposure to wood smoke can have different effects on the respiratory immune systems of men and women – effects that may be obscured when...
bacterial infection

Can an Exhausted Lung Cell of a Smoker Fight Bacterial Infection?

Researchers at Trinity College Dublin have discovered how lung cell exhaustion affects a patient’s ability to fight diseases. Their findings are published in the American Journal...
Archaeopteryx fossil

New Species of ‘Missing Link’ Between Dinosaurs and Birds Identified

Known as the ‘Icon of Evolution’ and ‘the missing link’ between dinosaurs and birds, Archaeopteryx has become one of the most famous fossil discoveries in Palaeontology. Now,...
Organ Chips

Fewer Steps in the Lab, One More Leap for Organs-On-Chips

Organs-on-Chips (Organ Chips) allow scientists an unprecedented ability to study the physiology of human organs in a lifelike environment in vitro, and have been shown to...
Autism Spectrum Disorders

Understanding the Biology of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Think of the brain as a complex transportation hub, a place where neural traffic heads off in any number of directions to make connections...
Hypoxia

New Drug Could Sustain Oxygen-Starved Hearts

Running low on oxygen is a major danger for any of your body’s tissues, but the heart is particularly sensitive to such hypoxic conditions,...
Placozoa

Research Gives New Insight into the Evolution of the Nervous System

The new study used simple multicellular organisms called Placozoa to reveal the beginnings of the nervous systems found in more complex animals. The international research...
RNA sequencing

Machine Learning Provides New Insights Into Cellular Biology

In a new interdisciplinary study, a team of engineers led by The University of Texas at Austin have used machine learning technology in tandem...
gene therapy

This RNA-Based Technique Could Make Gene Therapy More Effective

Delivering functional genes into cells to replace mutated genes, an approach known as gene therapy, holds potential for treating many types of diseases. The...
leaf complexity

Radical Call to Overhaul Leaf Biology Models Using 3D Imaging

A global team of researchers, led by scientists from the University of Sydney and Australian National University, has issued a clarion call for biologists...
membraneless protocells

Origin of Life in Membraneless Protocells

How life arose from non-living chemicals more than 3.5 billion years ago on Earth is a still unanswered questions. The RNA world hypothesis assumes...
severe malaria

Scientists Have Discovered a Potential Treatment for Severe Malaria

Scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) and Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have discovered a potential treatment that could be...
chromosomes monitor

Molecular Guardians Monitor Chromosomes During Cell Division

One of the worst things that can happen to a cell is to end up with the wrong number of chromosomes. This can happen...
Alzheimer’s Disease, Earth’s crust, diabetes, brain tumor, vitamin d, schizophrenia

AI Could Predict Cognitive Decline Leading to Alzheimer’s Disease in the...

A team of scientists has successfully trained a new artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm to make accurate predictions regarding cognitive decline leading to Alzheimer’s disease. Dr....
soft robotic armsvideo

No More Iron Man: Submarines Now Have Soft, Robotic Arms

The human arm can perform a wide range of extremely delicate and coordinated movements, from turning a key in a lock to gently stroking...
mitochondrial diseases

Gene Therapy for Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial disease is now thought to be the second most commonly diagnosed genetic disease worldwide, and, unfortunately, there are still no proven treatment strategies...
muscle recovery

A Golden Ticket to Faster Muscle Recovery

Anyone who has ever torn or injured a muscle knows that swelling, redness, and pain soon follow the injury: classic signs of inflammation. Inflammation...