Saturday, August 17, 2019
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Tag: biosynthesis

soybean oil

Study Suggests New Targets for Improving Soybean Oil Content

Scientists working to increase soybean oil content tend to focus their efforts on genes known to impact the plant’s seeds, but a Purdue University...
tuberculosis

Decoding Tuberculosis: Using Analysis to Better Understand Disease, Develop New Treatments

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the causative agent of the serious lung disease, tuberculosis, that is widespread throughout the world. About one-third of the human...
medical products

The Pharmacological Potential of Natural Products

Almost half and half: this is how medical drugs are divided in terms of the sources of their active principles. Of the total available...
antibiotics

How Robots Could Solve the Antibiotics Production Crisis

“A WHO report in February listed a worrying number of pathogens that threaten our health because there are fewer and fewer drugs that can...
enzyme

Mechanism of Enzyme Diversification in Natural Product

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have revealed the three-dimensional structure and mechanism of enzymes called isomerases—catalyzing the rearrangement of molecules in a compound...
fungal

Butter for My Honey

More than 80% of all land plants live in so-called arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses with fungi that colonize their root systems. The fungi take up...
flowers

Flowers Actively Communicate with Environment

Floral volatiles play an important role in attracting pollinators such as bees and moths to ensure fertilisation and seed set. In fact, seed and...
sepsis

Study Identifies the Novel Molecular Signal for Triggering Septic Shock

Professor Seyun Kim’s team at the Department of Biological Sciences reported the mechanism by which cellular signaling transduction networks are precisely controlled in mediating...
sepsis

Study Identifies the Novel Molecular Signal for Triggering Septic Shock

Professor Seyun Kim’s team at the Department of Biological Sciences reported the mechanism by which cellular signaling transduction networks are precisely controlled in mediating...
fibrosis

How Fibrosis Drugs Work

Pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of lung tissue) is a term used to denote a variety of different lung diseases. All of these are characterized by...
biofuel

Biofuel Produced by Microalgae

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have identified unique lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases as being the central enzymes for triacylglycerol synthesis by oleaginous algaNannochloropsis, thus...
Genetic mechanism

Genetic Mechanism for Structural Diversification of Natural Compounds

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have revealed a genetic mechanism of how nature creates structurally diverse natural compounds. This finding opens the door...
drug discovery

Recognition for Breakthroughs in Crystallography at Southampton to Aid Drug Discovery

Significant discoveries in structural chemistry at the University of Southampton that could lead to the design of more effective drugs to combat diseases such...
plastic synthesis

Mystery of Biological Plastic Synthesis Machinery Unveiled

Plastics and other polymers are used every day. These polymers are mostly made from fossil resources by refining petrochemicals. On the other hand, many...
gut bacteria

Specific Gut Bacteria Cause Reduced Insulin Sensitivity

“This study is the first to show that there is a causal link between specific gut bacteria and insulin resistance. It also explains why...
Chloroplast

Hidden Moss Chloroplast ‘Wall’ Discovered

Researchers of Kumamoto University in Japan have succeeded in the world's first visualization of a peptidoglycan 'wall' present in the chloroplasts of bryophytes (moss...
bacteria

Study Elucidates Mechanism That Makes Bacteria More Resistant to Antibiotics

Bacterial biofilm formation is one of the main problems caused by infections. It occurs when bacteria radically change lifestyle in response to adverse environmental...
biosynthesis

Mechanism of action of enzyme for complex natural product biosynthesis

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have revealed the structure and enzymatic mechanism of a prenyltransferase, an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of complex...
Biomedical Polymers

Non-natural Biomedical Polymers Produced from Microorganisms

KAIST researchers have developed metabolically engineered Escherichia coli strains to synthesize non-natural, biomedically important polymers including poly(lactate-co-glycolate) (PLGA), previously considered impossible to obtain from biobased materials.