Tuesday, September 17, 2019
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bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum

Discovering a New Compound

Almost 20 years ago, the University of Delaware’s Tom Hanson started studying the bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum (Cba. tepidum), an organism that only lives in...
Powerful aurora-forming

Powerful Aurora-Forming Mini Explosions Seen Behind the Earth

The new study, including researchers from Imperial College London, showed that these events, though small, were fast enough to hurl particles towards the Earth’s...
Barnard's star

A Cold Super-Earth in Our Neighbourhood

An international group of astronomers, involving the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) in Heidelberg, has succeeded in detecting a planet around Barnard's star,...
linchpins

Stripping the Linchpins From the Life-Making Machine Reaffirms Its Seminal Evolution

So audacious was Marcus Bray’s experiment that even he feared it would fail.In the system inside cells that translates genetic code into life, he...
magnetic field

Earth’s Magnetic Field Measured Using Artificial Stars at 90 Kilometers Altitude

The mesosphere, at heights between 85 and 100 kilometers above the Earth's surface, contains a layer of atomic sodium. Astronomers use laser beams to...
Tiny crustacean

Tiny Crustacean Had a Heart More Than 400 Million Years Ago

The fossil is a new species of ostracod, a relative of crabs and shrimps, and is just a few millimetres long.Exceptional preservationThis particular fossil...
land-atmosphere

‘A Different Kind of Earth System Model’

Ian N. Williams is a research scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), where he is principal investigator in a program called Land-Atmosphere Coupling and...
ocean warming

Earth’s Oceans Have Absorbed 60 Percent More Heat per Year Than...

The researchers reported in the journal Nature Nov. 1 that the world’s oceans took up more than 13 zettajoules — which is a joule, the standard...
Antarctic ice

Cause of Long, Potentially Damaging Channels on Antarctic Ice Shelves Found

Glaciers in Antarctica are remote and difficult to study, which means much about their behaviour is unknown. These knowledge gaps mean scientists cannot be...
astronomical instrument

New Instrument Joins the Hunt for Earth-Like Planets

A ground-breaking $3.8 million instrument, used by astronomers to discover and study Earth-like planets, has been launched by a team from UNSW Sydney, The...
World’s Measurement System

A Turning Point for Humanity: Redefining the World’s Measurement System

After decades of groundbreaking laboratory work, the world’s scientific and technical community is about to redefine four of the seven base units for the...
climate change

Simple, Effective Earth-System Modeling

To assess long-range risks to food, water, energy and other critical natural resources, decision-makers often rely on Earth-system models capable of producing reliable projections...
Bose-Einstein condensate

Bose-Einstein Condensate Generated in Space for the First Time

A team of scientists from Germany has succeeded in creating a Bose-Einstein condensate for the first time in space on board a research rocket....
Rare Earth Metals

Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals

The ScienceInside smartphones and computer displays are metals known as the rare earths. Mining and purifying these metals involves waste- and energy-intense processes. Better...
environmental monitoring

Stanford Students Deploy Machine Learning to Aid Environmental Monitoring

As Hurricane Florence ground its way through North Carolina, it released what might politely be called an excrement storm. Massive hog farm manure pools...
Plate Tectonics

Plate Tectonics May Have Been Active on Earth Since the Very...

A new study suggests that plate tectonics—a scientific theory that divides the earth into large chunks of crust that move slowly over hot viscous...
Mars Landing

Software Finds the Best Way to Stick a Mars Landing

Selecting a landing site for a rover headed to Mars is a lengthy process that normally involves large committees of scientists and engineers. These...
Microbial Dark Matter

Microbial Dark Matter Dominates Earth’s Environments

Uncultured microbes—those whose characteristics have never been described because they have not yet been grown in a lab culture—could be dominating nearly all the...
exoplanets

New Evidence for Early Life on Earth

Chemical analyses of some of the oldest pieces of Earth ever discovered suggest our planet was habitable as early as 4.1 billion years ago...
battery

Super Cheap Earth Element to Advance New Battery Tech to the...

Most of today's batteries are made up of rare lithium mined from the mountains of South America. If the world depletes this source, then...