Thursday, August 22, 2019
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vacuum sensor

A New Way to Measure Nearly Nothing

Many semiconductor fabricators and research labs are under increasing pressure from, of all things, vacuum. These facilities need to remove greater amounts of gas...
formic acid

Researchers Discover New Source of Formic Acid over Pacific, Indian Oceans

Insights from experiments at Sandia National Laboratories designed to push chemical systems far from equilibrium allowed an international group of researchers to discover a...
Quantum Systems

DARPA Program Aims to Extend Lifetime of Quantum Systems

Whether it is excited electrons emitting photons in a lightbulb or the vibrational frequency of atoms in an atomic clock, quantum phenomena are simultaneously...
quantum system

Quantum Systems Work Together for Change, UChicago Scientists Find

The common link between liquid-crystal TVs and the birth of the universe, when you look at the big picture, is that they are both...
laser boron fusion

Laser-Boron Fusion Now ‘Leading Contender’ for Energy

A laser-driven technique for creating fusion that dispenses with the need for radioactive fuel elements and leaves no toxic radioactive waste is now within...
quantum

Researchers Create Quantum Calculator

Programming a computer is generally a fairly arduous process, involving hours of coding, not to mention the laborious work of debugging, testing, and documenting...
superconductivity

Method for Enhancing Superconductivity by Laser Irradiation

A University of Tokyo research group has found that the superconductivity of materials in strongly correlated electron systems—that is, materials characterized by strong interactions...
skin diseases

Protect the Skin, Build Barriers: Old Acquaintance in a New Role

To ensure the barrier function of the skin, mutual regulation of connections between epidermal cells and a receptor for growth factors is necessary. These...
Wriggling Microtubules

Wriggling Microtubules Help Explain Coupling of “Active” Defects and Curvature

Imagine a tiny donut-shaped droplet, covered with wriggling worms. The worms are packed so tightly together that they must locally line up with respect...
liquid crystals

Imperfections Show “Swimming” Particles the Way to Self-Healing and Shape-Changing

The Science“Living” liquid crystals combine the properties of human-made liquid crystals with features of swimming bacteria. Scientists built an accurate model of how the...
glass

Brazilian Researcher Proposes New Definition of Glass

Is glass a solid or a liquid? This question, which has been vigorously discussed by specialists in the field for some decades, has just...
climate change

Mathematics Predicts a Sixth Mass Extinction

In the past 540 million years, the Earth has endured five mass extinction events, each involving processes that upended the normal cycling of carbon...
labyrinth chip

‘Labyrinth’ Chip Could Help Monitor Aggressive Cancer Stem Cells

Inspired by the Labyrinth of Greek mythology, a new chip etched with fluid channels sends blood samples through a hydrodynamic maze to separate out...
plasma

The Turbulent Healing Powers of Plasma

Researchers are starting to discover the curing powers of plasma -- bringing the ion-based form of matter into medical realms. A kind of plasma...
breastfeeding, carbon emissions, hybrid planet

Earth as Hybrid Planet: New Classification Scheme Places Anthropocene Era in...

For decades, as astronomers have imagined advanced extraterrestrial civilizations, they categorized such worlds by the amount of energy their inhabitants might conceivably be able...
corals

Helping Corals to Cope with Pressure

Tiny plant cells, known as dinoflagellates, that live within coral tissue can help to regulate the osmotic pressure in corals to better cope with...
cancer

Fast, Noninvasive Technique for Probing Cells May Reveal Disease

The stiffness or elasticity of a cell can reveal much about whether the cell is healthy or diseased. Cancer cells, for instance, are known...
Porous Crystals

Formation of Porous Crystals Observed for the First Time

The study showed that the mechanism of crystal growth follows the same strategies by which ice crystals grow in clouds, an analogy which could...
Magnetic quantum

Magnetic Quantum Objects in a “Nano Egg-Box”

Physicists build artificial traps for fluxonsMagnetic quantum objects in superconductors, so-called "fluxons", are particularly suitable for the storage and processing of data bits. Computer...
superconductors

High-Temperature Superconductivity in B-doped Q-Carbon

Researchers at North Carolina State University have significantly increased the temperature at which carbon-based materials act as superconductors, using a novel, boron-doped Q-carbon material.The...