Sunday, September 22, 2019
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methane emissions

Global Methane Emissions May Be Underestimated

Global methane emissions may have been underestimated, judging by recent changes in scientists’ understanding of how methane behaves on Earth, in conjunction with the...
Artificial Magnetic Fieldvideo

Artificial Magnetic Field Produces Exotic Behavior in Graphene Sheets

A simple sheet of graphene has noteworthy properties due to a quantum phenomenon in its electron structure named Dirac cones in honor of British...
olfactory gene

Study of an Olfactory Gene May Indicate Disease Mechanisms

A study performed on mice in Brazil shows a direct link between a specific gene (RIC8B) and olfactory capacity. Furthermore, this gene, which is...
Intestinal Infection

Defense Against Intestinal Infection in Organism Is Affected by Prostaglandin E2

The treatment of intestinal infections caused by some strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli, present in unsanitized or contaminated foods, may have a new ally.A...
barchans

Research Helps in Understanding the Dynamics of Dune Formation

Crescent-shaped dunes called barchans are structures that appear in a wide variety of environments, including beaches and deserts, riverbeds and the seafloor, inside water...
human melanoma cells

Patterns of Expression Identified in Proteins Secreted by Human Melanoma Cells

The identification of patterns in the expression of proteins secreted by melanoma cells may provide important pointers for the future development of biomarkers for...
dengue

A Biomarker That Detects Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Is Discovered

Patients infected by dengue virus will soon be able to take a new blood test capable of predicting whether the disease will progress to...
allergic asthma

Pathway to Resolve Allergic Asthma Is Discovered

A group of Brazilian researchers succeeded in preventing allergic asthma from progressing in experimental models by increasing the amount of a protein. This increase...
foodborne diseases

Salmonella Found to Be Resistant to Different Classes of Antibiotics

Brazil’s Ministry of Health received reports of 11,524 outbreaks of foodborne diseases between 2000 and 2015, with 219,909 individuals falling sick and 167 dying...
beef cattle

Genes That Could Lead to Improvement of Beef Cattle Are Identified

Beef cattle improvement programs have focused for decades on promoting the rapid growth of calves. Now, the goal is to improve other traits, such...
Brazilian Cave Worm Larva

Bioluminescent Substance Discovered in Brazilian Cave Worm Larva

An insect larva found in the caves of Intervales State Park, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the municipality of Ribeirão Grande, São Paulo State,...
oil prospection

A Project Aims to Optimize Seismic Surveys of Seabed for Oil...

A group of 65 researchers and developers will invest the next several years in the solution to a well-known problem in the oil and...
Zika Virus

Discovery of Zika Virus in Monkeys Suggests Disease May Also Have...

Zika virus has been detected in dead monkeys found in Brazil near São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo State, and Belo Horizonte, Minas...
biosensors

A New Biosensor Reliably Detects Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer, which is very rare in Brazil, is highly lethal because diagnosis is difficult and the symptoms tend to appear when the disease...
deep-sea canyon

Submarine Canyon Reveals the Role of Corals in Capturing Carbon from...

On August 10, 2018, the RV Celtic Explorer, an Irish research vessel, returned to Galway Harbor on the west coast of the Republic of...
Drug Release

Novel Material Permits Controlled Drug Release

Already used in agriculture and cosmetics, clay minerals can also be applied in medications such as anti-inflammatory and chemotherapy agents to enhance their effects. Researchers...
3D printing

New Technology Will Enable Metal Parts Manufacturing Through 3D Printing

Just as it is already possible to manufacture a wide range of polymer-based (plastic) objects using 3D printing or additive manufacturing (AD), it will...
bioactive compounds

Little-Known Fruits Are Promising Sources of Bioactive Compounds

The success enjoyed by açaí (Euterpe oleracea) obtained in Brazil and in various parts of the world in recent years is due to contributions...
Chemotherapy Drug

Chemotherapy Drug Paclitaxel Also Acts as an Immune Response Modulator

Researchers in Brazil have discovered a new effect of a drug widely used as a chemotherapeutic agent and offered to patients free of charge...
biomass

Studies Seek Better Ways to Use Biomass

Sustainable development is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs,” according...