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helium

Study Suggests Helium Plays a “Nanny” Role in Forming Stable Chemical...

Helium, the second lightest element in the universe, has a variety of uses, from keeping balloons afloat to cooling superconducting magnets.It is also a...
energy generation

Model Predicts Scenarios for Energy Generation Using Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear fusion, for the controlled and regular generation of electric power by converting hydrogen into helium and reproducing on a small scale what happens...
magnetic monopoles

New Manifestation of Magnetic Monopoles Discovered

Significant effort has gone into engineering the long-sought magnetic monopoles. Now scientists have found them in an unexpected place, and revealed that they have...
fusion energy

Channeling Helium: Researchers Take Next Step Toward Fusion Energy

Fusion is the process that powers the sun, harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy. However, researchers say that constructing a fusion...
plasma

The Turbulent Healing Powers of Plasma

Researchers are starting to discover the curing powers of plasma -- bringing the ion-based form of matter into medical realms. A kind of plasma...
mercury

Leading the Way: ORNL Builds More Reliable, Longer-lasting Targets for High-powered...

At the heart of the world’s most powerful pulsed-neutron source is a liquid mercury target.Since the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) began operation in 2006,...
helium, solar cell, blood cancers, breast cancer, SIRT5, gut bacteria, stem cells, cancer, improved connectivity, enzyme sirtuin 6, prostate cancer, brain cancers, lithium-air fuel cell

Secrets of Superfluid Helium Explored

When Cornell physicists Robert Richardson, David Lee and Douglas Osheroff received the 1996 Nobel Prize for their discovery of the superfluid state of liquid...
Exoplanets

New Branch in Family Tree of Exoplanets Discovered

Since the mid-1990s, when the first planet around another sun-like star was discovered, astronomers have been amassing what is now a large collection of...
fusion

Understanding Tungsten “Fuzz”

The ScienceWhen exposed to energetic helium bombardment as in the plasma-facing components of fusion devices, tungsten will grow a mat of “fuzz.” The fuzz...
liquid helium

No Liquid Helium, But Still Extremely Cool

NIST scientists have devised a novel hybrid system for cooling superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPD) – essential tools for many kinds of cutting-edge research...
superconductors

Unexpected Damage Found Rippling Through Promising Exotic Nanomaterials

Some of the most promising and puzzling phenomena in physics play out on the nanoscale, where a billionth-of-a-meter shift can make or break perfect...
artificial atom

Creation of Artificial Atoms

The ScienceFor the first time, scientists created a tunable artificial atom in graphene. They demonstrated that a vacancy in graphene can be charged in...
Volcanic Rocks

UMD-led Study Finds Ancient Earth’s Fingerprints in Young Volcanic Rocks

Earth’s mantle is made of solid rock that nonetheless circulates slowly over millions of years. Some geologists assume that this slow circulation would have...
matter

MIT Researchers Create New Form of Matter

MIT physicists have created a new form of matter, a supersolid, which combines the properties of solids with those of superfluids.By using lasers to...
Helium

Under Pressure: Heliums Forms Stable Compound

Using high pressure, an international team of researchers has produced a stable helium compound. The discovery comes as a surprise as Helium does not...
electrons

Supercool Electrons

The future of quantum computing is a hot topic not only for experts but also in many commercial and governmental agencies. Rather than processing...
Helium

Helium: When You Must be Sure it’s Ultra-Pure

The ScienceThe gas that makes balloons float is also vital to scientific experiments. In these experiments, natural helium (He) is purified, but it contains...
helium molecules

Partnership at a Distance: Deep-frozen Helium Molecules

Helium atoms are loners. Only when you cool them to very low temperatures do they form extremely weakly bonded molecules. Yet even in this...
earthquake

Groundwater Helium Level Could Signal Potential Risk of Earthquake

Researchers at the University of Tokyo and their collaborators have revealed a relationship between helium levels in groundwater and the amount of stress exerted...
microcosm

A Zeptosecond Stopwatch for the Microcosm

When light strikes electrons in atoms, their state can change unimaginably quickly. The laser physicists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) and the Max Planck Institute of...