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climate change

Climate Change Alters Tree Demography in Northern Forests

The rise in temperature and precipitation levels in summer in northern Japan has negatively affected the growth of conifers and resulted in their...
cancer

The Protein That Gives Identical Cells Individuality

Hokkaido University researchers have revealed how a protein maintains a delicate balance of tightly packing DNA inside yeast cells with the same...
live cancer cellsvideo

New Micro-Platform Reveals Cancer Cells’ Natural Behavior

The easy-to-produce platform developed by Hokkaido University researchers offers cancer cells micro-scale attachment sites that elicit never-before-seen behaviors highly relevant to cancer’s clinical properties....
syngas catalyst

Methane to Syngas Catalyst: Two for the Price of One

Hokkaido University researchers have created an improved catalyst for the conversion of methane gas into syngas, a precursor for liquid fuels and fundamental chemicals.Syngas,...
Mitochondria

Mitochondria Come Together to Kill Cancer Cells

Targeting a pathway that controls the movement of mitochondria, the powerhouses of all cells, could reduce cancer invasiveness and resistance to radiotherapy.A team of...
photoelectrode

Golden Sandwich Could Make the World More Sustainable

In the pursuit of realizing a sustainable society, there is an ever-increasing demand to develop revolutionary solar cells or artificial photosynthesis systems that utilize...
congenital heart disease

The Molecules That Energize Babies’ Hearts

Hokkaido University cardiologist Arata Fukushima, along with a team of University of Alberta scientists led by Gary Lopaschuk, examined the heart tissue of 84...
quantum computing

The Right Squeeze for Quantum Computing

Scientists at Hokkaido University and Kyoto University have developed a theoretical approach to quantum computing that is 10 billion times more tolerant to errors...
flu infectionvideo

Key Molecule for Flu Infection Identified

After decades of research, a research team has discovered the key receptor molecule that enhances the infection of the influenza A virus, providing a...
stochastic resonance

Why Noise Can Enhance Sensitivity to Weak Signals

Noise is generally a nuisance that drowns out small signals. For example, it can prevent you from catching what your partner is saying during...
swarm robotsvideo

Letting Molecular Robots Swarm like Birds

The world’s smallest “swarm robot” measures 25 nanometers in diameter and 5 micrometers in length, and exhibits swarming behavior resembling motile organisms such as...
robotvideo

Brittle Stars Inspire New Generation Robots Able to Adapt to Physical...

Researchers at Tohoku University and Hokkaido University have, for the first time, succeeded in developing a robot capable of immediately adapting to unexpected physical...
male hormone

Male Hormone Plays Key Role in Ovarian Development

Androgen is a steroid hormone that controls and maintains male characteristics in a wide range of animals, including humans. In chickens, androgen helps develop...
plant genome

Novel Mechanism That Detains Mobile Genes in Plant Genome

Transposable elements (TEs), also known as mobile genes, are considered parasites of host genomes because they act as powerful mutagens. If not kept in...
Antarctica

New Species Discovered in Antarctica

International efforts are currently underway in Antarctica to build long-term monitoring systems for land and coastal organisms from an ecological conservation standpoint. To this...
gene expressionvideo

Manipulating Gene Expression Precisely Using Light

It has been difficult to freely manipulate the timing and duration of gene expression using existing gene manipulation technologies, which depend on organism’s gene...
ants

Stabilizing Evolutionary Forces Keep Ants Strong

A type of natural selection, called “stabilizing selection”, is thought to maintain functional characteristics in species. But it is difficult to find evidence of...
ice crystals

Answering a Longstanding Question: Why Is the Surface of Ice Wet?

“Ice is wet on its surface”: Since this phenomenon, called surface melting, was mentioned by British scientist Michael Faraday more than 150 years ago,...
spinal deformity

A New System to Detect Spinal Deformity

Individuals with idiopathic scoliosis, many of whom are pubescent girls, suffer from serious curvature of the spine. The disease has a characteristically high affliction...
Xenopus laevis

How the African Clawed Frog Got an Extra Pair of Genes:...

The African clawed frog’s ancestor inherited one set of chromosomes each from two different species and doubled its whole genome some 18 million years...