Tuesday, October 15, 2019
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Neanderthal brain

Anatomy of the Neanderthal Brain

Why Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis), a subspecies of archaic humans that lived until at least 38,000 years ago, were ultimately replaced by modern humans (Homo...
polydiacetylene material

Designer Layered Materials Put a Colorful Twist on Sensing

A smart polymer developed at Keio University responds to stimuli by absorbing different wavelengths of light, allowing minor changes to objects to be visualized...
cell therapy

Cell Therapy Stacks up

A new tissue engineering technique co-developed by Keio University scientists promises to boost the regenerative capacity of cell transplantation therapy for heart disease1. This...
neurodegeneration

A Chance to Slow Neurodegeneration

A molecular pathway that becomes active in vulnerable subpopulations of neurons in people with the debilitating neurological disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been...
Smart Paper

Smart Paper Gives Low-Cost Diagnostics in Living Color

Paper-based analytical devices have come a long way from old-fashioned litmus strips used to measure pH. Advanced printing techniques now enable quick, accurate testing...
transporter protein

Faulty Transporter Protein Could Underpin Delayed Labor

Rates of childbirth by cesarean section are on the rise worldwide, and while there are some social reasons for this increase, an all-Keio team...
iron catalyst

Using Iron to Accelerate Organic Synthesis

A simple iron catalyst can replace costly ruthenium in a reaction that can be used to generate diverse libraries of complex organic compounds, three...
Tardigrade Genomes

Tardigrade Genomes Explain Life on the Extremes

Tiny water-dwelling creatures known as tardigrades can survive for years in the face of extreme temperatures, radiation exposure, desiccation, and even the vacuum of...
cancer

Ancient Antiviral Response Could Help Treat Cancer

By stimulating a patient’s immune system, a drug already in use to treat a blood disorder can thwart the growth of a variety of...
cultured cells

Shaking up Cell Culture

A gentler method for removing cultured cells from their dishes that enables harvesting of stronger and healthier cells has been developed by researchers at...
tarantula venom

Tarantula Toxin Reveals Channel Function

A structural analysis of how a toxin from tarantula venom disrupts electrical signaling proteins could help pave the way for new drugs to treat...
cancer cells

Chromosomal Chaos Gives Cancer a Survival Advantage

Resistance is a vexing problem in the world of cancer therapy, with many patients either failing to respond or benefiting only temporarily from a...
cancer cells

Drug Helps Blood Vessels but Leaves Lurking Cancer Cells

When given to patients newly diagnosed with aggressive brain cancer, the drug bevacizumab reduces the density of blood vessels in tumors but shunts cancer...
developmental disorders

Born Before Their Time

Up to half of babies born before 28 weeks develop significant difficulties later in life: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, and other developmental disorders....
cell membranes

Molecular Jostling Affects Diffusion at Cell Membranes

Molecular dynamics simulations have revealed that the diffusion of key biomolecules at cell membranes changes dramatically over short time scales due to complex molecular...
Nanoscale thermometer

Taking the Temperature of the Tiniest Things

The temperature of tiny structures, thousands of times smaller than a grain of sand, can now be measured accurately, thanks to a technique developed...
lean beans

The Best Drop for Lean Beans

Can’t begin the day without a coffee? A morning brew might have broader benefits than just an energizing jolt, new research shows. Previous health...
heart surgery

Beta-blockers Not Better for Heart Surgery Patients

A class of drugs traditionally used to protect the heart from disease may have no effect on cardiovascular surgical outcomes, according to a study by Keio University researchers1. The drugs,...
brain

Brain Regions Controlling Emotion Pass from Mothers to Daughters

A brain-imaging study by neuroscientists at Keio University School of Medicine begins to explain the close association between depression in mothers and teenage daughters1. Scans...
dark matter

Making Light of a Dark Matter

Unexpected signals in experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) could have been caused by heavy and light versions of a potential dark-matter particle...