Tuesday, October 15, 2019
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Wikipedia

An Algorithm Designed to Expand Wikipedia in All Languages

With 40 million articles in 293 languages, Wikipedia is the largest encyclopedia ever made. The 5.4 million pages in English are particularly varied, covering...
beetles

Speed of Animal Evolution Enhanced by Cooperative Behaviour

In some populations, we allowed parents to help their offspring, but in other populations we removed the parents. Benjamin Jarrett Cooperative behaviour is a key part...
memory retention, Artificial Intelligence, serotonin syndrome, artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence, Alzheimer’s disease, cybersickness, Machine learning, self-powered sensor, autonomous vehicle, rechargeable lithium-oxygen battery, smartphone battery life, artificial intelligence, integrity of metals, brain control, diabetes, pesticide, skin microbes, Silicon Breakthrough, wearable technology and AI, cosmic microwave, obesity, Mental Health, eye exams, semiconductors, drug testing, vaccinated fish, cancer cells, energy drinks, chronic illness, battery, metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

University of Waterloo Lab Will Help Shape the Future of Industrial...

Speeding the adoption of industrial additive manufacturing (AM) equipment and processes on shop floors is one of the key goals of a world-class University...
antiferromagnetic

New Antiferromagnetic Phase: Clue to Design of Iron-based Superconductor with Higher...

In iron-based superconductors, high critical temperature (Tc) superconductivity over 50 K has only been accomplished in electron-doped hREFeAsO (hRE is heavy rare earth (RE)...
map

Astronomers Make the Largest Map of the Universe Yet

Quasars are incredibly bright and distant points of light powered by supermassive black holes. As matter and energy fall into the black hole, they...
breast cancer

Study Estimates Number of U.S. Women Living with Metastatic Breast Cancer

A new study shows that the number of women in the United States living with distant metastatic breast cancer (MBC), the most severe form...
depression

Depression Not as Big a Killer as Previously Thought

Since the 1980s, numerous studies have appeared which suggest a high risk of mortality among people suffering from depression. This has generally been taken...
memory retention, Artificial Intelligence, serotonin syndrome, artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence, Alzheimer’s disease, cybersickness, Machine learning, self-powered sensor, autonomous vehicle, rechargeable lithium-oxygen battery, smartphone battery life, artificial intelligence, integrity of metals, brain control, diabetes, pesticide, skin microbes, Silicon Breakthrough, wearable technology and AI, cosmic microwave, obesity, Mental Health, eye exams, semiconductors, drug testing, vaccinated fish, cancer cells, energy drinks, chronic illness, battery, metabolism, memory, artificial intelligence, cellphone charging, Smoking, drinking water, brain function, skin cancer, measurement method, Internet connectivity, Artificial intelligence, 3D printing, climate, antipsychotics, drugs, Marijuana

Marijuana Use Tied to Poorer School Performance

When high school students started smoking marijuana regularly they were less likely to get good grades and want to pursue university, according to a...
cerebral cortex, lung cancer, heart attack, Childhood Myopia, autism spectrum disorder, health efforts, Clostridium difficile, movement disorders, autism spectrum disorder, hypertension, Parkinson’s Disease, cancer, Kidney Fibrosis, sarcoma, Seizures, Alzheimer’s disease, Kidney Disease, stress, Lung Disease, cancer, blood type, Viral interference, male infants, premature infants, antibodies, breast cancer, DNA repair protein, COX-2 blocker, Alzheimer’s, isoketal-modified proteins, opioids, ebola, nerve degeneration, neurotransmitter, pulmonary fibrosis, schizophrenia

Blood Type Link to Cancer Survival

Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. Last year more than 14,000 deaths were reported....
sperm, brain tumours, Common drugs, diabetes, chronic wounds, magnetism, intestinal tumours, molecular scissors, disease, genetic, immune cells, drug development, Diabetes, Antibiotic, hydrogen generation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malaria, photosynthesis, kidney failure, Brain tumours, mental health, blood cancer, cancer, dementia, cancer treatment, antibiotic resistance, blood vessel leakage, quantum simulations, atrial fibrillation, batteries, goiter treatment, terahertz radiation, organic materials , Guild of European Research Intensive Universities, gene copies, social anxiety, blue light screens, ‘Our hope is that these findings will make it possible to discover a way to selectively inhibit the TGF-beta signals that stimulate tumour development without knocking out the signals that inhibit tumour development, and that this can eventually be used in the fight against cancer,’ says Eleftheria Vasilaki, postdoctoral researcher at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research at Uppsala University and lead author of the study. TGF-beta regulates cell growth and specialisation, in particular during foetal development. In the context of tumour development, TGF-beta has a complicated role. Initially, it inhibits tumour formation because it inhibits cell division and stimulates cell death. At a late stage of tumour development, however, TGF-beta stimulates proliferation and metastasis of tumour cells and thereby accelerates tumour formation. TGF-beta’s signalling mechanisms and role in tumour development have been studied at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research at Uppsala University for the past 30 years. Recent discoveries at the Institute, now published in the current study in Science Signaling, explain part of the mechanism by which TGF-beta switches from suppressing to enhancing tumour development. Uppsala researchers, in collaboration with a Japanese research team, discovered that TGF-beta along with the oncoprotein Ras, which is often activated in tumours, affects members of the p53 family. The p53 protein plays a key role in regulating tumour development and is often altered – mutated – in tumours. TGF-beta and Ras suppress the effect of mutated p53, thereby enhancing the effect of another member of the p53 family, namely delta-Np63, which in turn stimulates tumour development and metastasis.

Early COPD Diagnosis Could save Billions of Kronor

The new findings reported in Visby thus indicate that, over a two-year period, early COPD diagnosis could save the public purse approximately SEK 25,000...
Thermal hydraulic

Thermal Hydraulic Researchers Build Largest Transparent Fuel Test Assembly in the...

Advanced reactor technologies have generated interest for their potential to reduce fossil fuel emissions, improve energy efficiency and cut down on nuclear waste. Researchers...
x-ray laser

Biggest X-ray Laser in the World Generates Its First Laser Light

Joint press release of DESY and European XFEL In the metropolitan region of Hamburg, the European XFEL, the biggest X-ray laser in the world, has...
William L. Frost

Cal Poly Receives CSU-Record $110M Gift from Alumnus William L. Frost

Demonstrating unprecedented support for the nation’s largest public university system and specifically for undergraduate research, California State University alumni William and Linda Frost have...
Global Water Cycle

Groundwater Flow Is Key for Modeling the Global Water Cycle

The Science Plants are one of the largest water users on land and, through transpiration, they move more water into the atmosphere than streams or...
Arctic Clouds

Unraveling the Mysteries of Arctic Clouds

The Science Clouds play a role in warming the Arctic and coinciding decreases in sea ice, but it is a complicated story. Using data from...
video

Finding life — and farming minerals — deep under the sea

Japanese researchers have access to the largest scientific vessel ever constructed, one that has a 120 metre tall derrick capable of drilling to 7500...
diabetes

Childhood obesity linked to quadrupled risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Children with obesity face four times the risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to children with a body mass index (BMI) in the...
dark matter

Waterloo researchers capture first image of a dark matter web that...

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have been able to capture the first composite image of a dark matter bridge that connects galaxies together. The...
parrotfish

Eat, Prey, Move

It’s a fish-eat-fish world out in the ocean, and prey species usually fear the predators that would make them into a tasty snack. Looks like...
Polar glaciers

Polar Glaciers May Be Home to Previously Undiscovered Carbon Cycle

Microbes in streams flowing on the surface of glaciers in the Arctic and Antarctic may represent a previously underestimated source of organic material and...