Monday, May 20, 2019
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Tag: Microbiology

Vaccinia virus

Poxvirus Hijacks Cell Movement to Spread Infection

Vaccinia virus, a poxvirus closely related to smallpox and monkeypox, tricks cells it has infected into activating their own cell movement mechanism to rapidly...
gum disease

New Antibiotic Shows Great Promise for Treating Gum Disease

A new antibiotic being developed at the University of Virginia School of Medicine appears ideal for battling periodontal disease, the leading cause of tooth loss...
malaria

Regulator Protein Key to Malaria Parasite’s Lifecycle

Malaria remains a significant threat to human health with approximately 216 million cases annually and over 400,000 deaths worldwide. It is caused by the Plasmodium parasite,...
malaria

EXP2 Protein Helps Deadliest Malaria Parasite Obtain Nutrients During Infection

Researchers from the National Institutes of Health and other institutions have deciphered the role of a key protein that the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum uses to...
Lithium Niobate Devicevideo

Medical Mist Could Fight Hospital-Acquired Infections

A team of engineers and physicians in San Diego have developed a device that diffuses potent disinfectants into the air. Notably, the device works...
E. Coli Bacteria

Researchers Discover the ‘Optimism’ of E. Coli Bacteria

They were surprised to find that the bacteria had different strategies for dealing with each of the nutrient restrictions. Even more surprisingly, when carbon...
bacteriophages

Connection Found Between Viruses and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

A study led by a University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus researcher reveals a key connection between viruses and inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and...
Artisanal cheese

Bacteria Enhance Safety of Artisanal Cheese

Artisanal cheese produced from raw or pasteurized milk in Brazil, such as soft or cured Minas cheese, may be contaminated by disease-causing bacteria such...
Citrus canker

Antarctic Fungi Found to Be Effective Against Citrus Canker

Citrus canker is a disease that affects all citrus species and varieties. It is caused by Xanthomonas citri, a bacterium originally from Asia, where it...
Nitrogen-Fixing Microbes

Large-Scale Study Indicates Novel and Abundant Nitrogen-Fixing Microbes in the Surface...

Move over, cyanobacteria! A large-scale study, involving Dr Christopher Quince of the Warwick Medical School, of the Earth’s surface ocean indicates the microbes responsible...
Bacterium

Bacterium That Causes Citrus Canker Has Defense System Against Amoebae

Xanthomonas citri, the bacterium that causes citrus canker, resulting in significant economic losses to the citrus industry worldwide, has a veritable arsenal of weapons...
Iraqibacter

Virulence in “Iraqibacter”: Potential Achilles’ Heel?

Microbiologists have identified a component of a genetic switch, which they call a potential "Achilles' heel", for a type of bacteria often associated with...
Antimicrobial therapy

Antimicrobial Therapy Can Prevent Sepsis in Pneumonia Patients

Antimicrobial therapy that targets specific cells in the immune system could prevent sepsis and life-threatening disease in people with pneumonia, new research by Nottingham...
soil microbes

Plants Really Do Feed Their Friends

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have discovered that as plants develop they craft their...
Viral Replication

Pitt, UPMC Researchers Identify Key Step in Viral Replication

Viruses are intracellular parasites that cause disease by infecting the cells in the body and, in a study published today in Nature Microbiology, researchers at Children’s...
ocean bacteria

‘Chameleon’ Ocean Bacteria Can Shift Their Colours

Bacteria that are crucial to ocean life can shift their colour like chameleons to match different coloured light across the world’s seas – international research...
antimalarial drug, breast cancer, tuberculosis, flu treatment

Scientists Find New Antimalarial Drug Targets

Researchers have discovered crucial new processes that allow malaria parasites to escape red blood cells and infect other cells, offering potential new treatment targets....
HIV

HIV Exports Viral Protein in Cellular Packages

HIV may be able to affect cells it can’t directly infect by packaging a key protein within the host’s cellular mail and sending it...
bacteria-detecting chip

UMass Amherst Food Scientists Developing New, Low-Cost Tool for Detecting Bacteria...

Food scientist Lili He and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have developed a new, rapid and low-cost method for...
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Researchers Make Important Discovery in Oral Pre-Cancer Condition

Scientists at the School of Dental Science in Trinity have made an important discovery involving bacteria and a pre-cancerous growth called oral leuoplakia which...