Saturday, August 17, 2019
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computer-based translation

Model Paves Way for Faster, More Efficient Translations of More Languages

MIT researchers have developed a novel “unsupervised” language translation model — meaning it runs without the need for human annotations and guidance — that could...
topological insulator

First Two-Dimensional Material That Performs as Both Topological Insulator and Superconductor

A transistor based on the 2-D material tungsten ditelluride (WTe2) sandwiched between boron nitride can switch between two different electronic states — one that conducts...
gene-editing tool

New CRISPR Tool Opens up More of the Genome for Editing

The genome editing system CRISPR has become a hugely important tool in medical research, and could ultimately have a significant impact in fields such...
mental transformation

Study Reveals How the Brain Overcomes Its Own Limitations

Imagine trying to write your name so that it can be read in a mirror. Your brain has all of the visual information you...
Microfluidics devices

Inside These Fibers, Droplets Are on the Move

Microfluidics devices are tiny systems with microscopic channels that can be used for chemical or biomedical testing and research. In a potentially game-changing advance,...
Autonomous Vehicles

How Should Autonomous Vehicles Be Programmed?

A massive new survey developed by MIT researchers reveals some distinct global preferences concerning the ethics of autonomous vehicles, as well as some regional...
gene transfers

Studying the Hotbed of Horizontal Gene Transfers

For over 200,000 years, humans and their gut microbiomes have coevolved into some of the most complex collections of living organisms on the planet....
Spectrometers

Inexpensive Chip-Based Device May Transform Spectrometry

Spectrometers — devices that distinguish different wavelengths of light and are used to determine the chemical composition of everything from laboratory materials to distant...
cell-sized robotsvideo

How to Mass Produce Cell-Sized Robots

Tiny robots no bigger than a cell could be mass-produced using a new method developed by researchers at MIT. The microscopic devices, which the...
MRI sensor

Monitoring Electromagnetic Signals in the Brain with MRI

Researchers commonly study brain function by monitoring two types of electromagnetism — electric fields and light. However, most methods for measuring these phenomena in...
probiotics

Probiotics and Antibiotics Create a Killer Combination

In the fight against drug-resistant bacteria, MIT researchers have enlisted the help of beneficial bacteria known as probiotics.In a new study, the researchers showed that...
cancer stem cells

In Pursuit of the Elusive Stem Cell

How does the body renew itself? How do cancer cells use the same or similar processes to form tumors and spread throughout the body?...
mobile devices

A Step Toward Personalized, Automated Smart Homes

Developing automated systems that track occupants and self-adapt to their preferences is a major next step for the future of smart homes. When you...
gene therapy

This RNA-Based Technique Could Make Gene Therapy More Effective

Delivering functional genes into cells to replace mutated genes, an approach known as gene therapy, holds potential for treating many types of diseases. The...
Machine-learning

Technique Quickly Identifies Extreme Event Statistics

Seafaring vessels and offshore platforms endure a constant battery of waves and currents. Over decades of operation, these structures can, without warning, meet head-on...
Fabrics

Fabrics Are the Future

Yoel Fink stands under an unassuming LED ceiling lamp wearing what appears to be just an ordinary baseball cap. “Do you hear it?” he...
graphene

Researchers Quickly Harvest 2-D Materials, Bringing Them Closer to Commercialization

Since the 2003 discovery of the single-atom-thick carbon material known as graphene, there has been significant interest in other types of 2-D materials as...
greenhouse gas

Self-Healing Material Can Build Itself from Carbon in the Air

A material designed by MIT chemical engineers can react with carbon dioxide from the air, to grow, strengthen, and even repair itself. The polymer,...
microfluidic chip

Testing New Drugs with “ALS-On-A-Chip”

There is no cure for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a disease that gradually kills off the motor neurons that control muscles and is diagnosed...

Stamp-Sized Graphene Sheets Riddled with Holes Could Be Boon for Molecular...

MIT engineers have found a way to directly “pinprick” microscopic holes into graphene as the material is grown in the lab. With this technique,...