Thursday, August 22, 2019
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kerogen

Structure of kerogen revealed

Nanopores may be trapping oil and gas in the ancient hydrocarbon instead of allowing them to flow.
genes

Curing disease by repairing faulty genes

New delivery method boosts efficiency of CRISPR genome-editing system.
code

Recognizing correct code

Automatic bug-repair system fixes 10 times as many errors as its predecessors.
drug

Faster drug discovery? 

Startup develops more cost-effective test for assessing how cells respond to chemicals. 
chip

New chip fabrication approach

Depositing different materials within a single chip layer could lead to more efficient computers.
insulin

No more insulin injections?

Encapsulated pancreatic cells offer possible new diabetes treatment.
acoustic tweezers

Acoustic tweezers manipulate cells with sound waves

Technique could enable 3-D printing of cellular structures for tissue engineering.
femtoseconds

Physicists control electrons at femtosecond timescales

Results may help improve efficiency of solar cells, energy-harvesting devices.
nanogrids

Self-stacking nanogrids

Polymer nanowires that assemble in perpendicular layers could offer route to tinier chip components.
material

Scientists tune polymer material’s transparency

If you’ve ever blown up a balloon or pulled at a pair of pantyhose, you may have noticed that the more the material stretches,...
fusion

New finding may explain heat loss in fusion reactors

Solving a longstanding mystery, MIT experiments reveal two forms of turbulence interacting.
memory chips

Switchable material could enable new memory chips

Small voltage can flip thin film between two crystal states — one metallic, one semiconducting.
neurons

How neurons lose their connections

Scientists identify protein that allows brain cells to dampen their sensitivity.
blood clotting

Synthetic antibody detects proteins

Research could lead to nanosensors that recognize fibrinogen, insulin, or other biomarkers.
queues

Cutting down runway queues

Model that predicts time from gate departure to takeoff could cut airport congestion, fuel waste.
cellular

Tracing a cellular family tree

New technique allows tracking of gene expression over generations of cells as they specialize.
microbes

Study reveals shared behavior of microbes and electrons

There are certain universal patterns in nature that hold true, regardless of objects’ size, species, or surroundings. Take, for instance, the branching fractals seen...
mercury

Global reductions in mercury emissions should lead to billions in economic...

Mercury pollution is a global problem with local consequences: Emissions from coal-fired power plants and other sources travel around the world through the atmosphere,...
optoelectronic

Optoelectronic microprocessors built using existing chip manufacturing

High-performance prototype means chipmakers could now start building optoelectronic chips.
Object-recognition

Machines that learn like people

Object-recognition systems are beginning to get pretty good — and in the case of Facebook’s face-recognition algorithms, frighteningly good.But object-recognition systems are typically trained...