Thursday, August 22, 2019
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Structure of kerogen revealed

Nanopores may be trapping oil and gas in the ancient hydrocarbon instead of allowing them to flow.

Curing disease by repairing faulty genes

New delivery method boosts efficiency of CRISPR genome-editing system.

Recognizing correct code

Automatic bug-repair system fixes 10 times as many errors as its predecessors.

Faster drug discovery? 

Startup develops more cost-effective test for assessing how cells respond to chemicals. 

New chip fabrication approach

Depositing different materials within a single chip layer could lead to more efficient computers.

No more insulin injections?

Encapsulated pancreatic cells offer possible new diabetes treatment.
acoustic tweezers

Acoustic tweezers manipulate cells with sound waves

Technique could enable 3-D printing of cellular structures for tissue engineering.

Physicists control electrons at femtosecond timescales

Results may help improve efficiency of solar cells, energy-harvesting devices.

Self-stacking nanogrids

Polymer nanowires that assemble in perpendicular layers could offer route to tinier chip components.

Scientists tune polymer material’s transparency

If you’ve ever blown up a balloon or pulled at a pair of pantyhose, you may have noticed that the more the material stretches,...

New finding may explain heat loss in fusion reactors

Solving a longstanding mystery, MIT experiments reveal two forms of turbulence interacting.
memory chips

Switchable material could enable new memory chips

Small voltage can flip thin film between two crystal states — one metallic, one semiconducting.

How neurons lose their connections

Scientists identify protein that allows brain cells to dampen their sensitivity.
blood clotting

Synthetic antibody detects proteins

Research could lead to nanosensors that recognize fibrinogen, insulin, or other biomarkers.

Cutting down runway queues

Model that predicts time from gate departure to takeoff could cut airport congestion, fuel waste.

Tracing a cellular family tree

New technique allows tracking of gene expression over generations of cells as they specialize.

Study reveals shared behavior of microbes and electrons

There are certain universal patterns in nature that hold true, regardless of objects’ size, species, or surroundings. Take, for instance, the branching fractals seen...

Global reductions in mercury emissions should lead to billions in economic...

Mercury pollution is a global problem with local consequences: Emissions from coal-fired power plants and other sources travel around the world through the atmosphere,...

Optoelectronic microprocessors built using existing chip manufacturing

High-performance prototype means chipmakers could now start building optoelectronic chips.

Machines that learn like people

Object-recognition systems are beginning to get pretty good — and in the case of Facebook’s face-recognition algorithms, frighteningly good.But object-recognition systems are typically trained...