Thursday, August 22, 2019
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stellar interiors

Scientists Probe the Conditions of Stellar Interiors to Measure Nuclear Reactions

Most of the nuclear reactions that drive the nucleosynthesis of the elements in our universe occur in very extreme stellar plasma conditions. This intense...
cancer cells

Cancer Cells Put the Brakes on Immune System

Tumor cells influence their environment in order to avoid an immune response and to facilitate favorable conditions for growth. It has been known for...
tornado

Whirling Particles Are Fastest Ever Detected

The spin of the strongest tornado is a pale shadow of the vortex seen at the heart of matter colliding into a nearly perfect...
plasma turbulence

PPPL Researchers Perform First Basic-Physics Simulation of the Impact of Recycled...

Turbulence, the violently unruly disturbance of plasma, can prevent plasma from growing hot enough to fuel fusion reactions. Long a puzzling concern of researchers...
plants

From the Cell into the Veins

Pressed into cubes, in the form of small crystals, in fizzy drinks, chocolate bars or in our coffee – we use sugar in vast...
shock waves

Scientists Create First Laboratory Generation of High-energy Shock Waves That Accelerate...

Throughout the universe, supersonic shock waves propel cosmic rays and supernova particles to velocities near the speed of light. The most high-energy of these...
extracellular vesicles

Researchers Find First Genomic Biomarkers in Extracellular Vesicles in Veterinary Patients

Researchers at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University have discovered important biomarkers in extracellular vesicles in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease...
tungsten

Smart Materials for Extreme Loads

The inner wall of future fusion reactors is subjected to extreme heat flux densities comparable to those on the outer wall of space ships...
plasma

Machine Learning Technique Offers Insight into Plasma Behavior

Machine learning, which lets researchers determine if two processes are causally linked without revealing how, could help stabilize the plasma within doughnut-shaped fusion devices...
immune system

Insight into the Immune System

Fundamental new insights into the functioning of the immune system and a new approach to treating autoimmune diseases: these are among the achievements of...
Pancreatic Cancer

Blood Test for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer Headed to Clinic

A newly identified biomarker panel could pave the way to earlier detection and better treatment for pancreatic cancer, according to new research from thePerelman...
fusion

PPPL Researchers Demonstrate First Hot Plasma Edge in a Fusion Facility

Two major issues confronting magnetic-confinement fusion energy are enabling the walls of devices that house fusion reactions to survive bombardment by energetic particles, and...
fusion

How Hot is Too Hot in Fusion?

To predict the impact of removing exhaust heat from the ITER tokamak, researchers call on TitanFusion, the energy that powers the stars, might one...
Dialysis Membrane

Scientists Produce Dialysis Membrane Made from Graphene

Dialysis, in the most general sense, is the process by which molecules filter out of one solution, by diffusing through a membrane, into a...
cancer

Cells in Fish’s Spinal Discs Repair Themselves

Duke researchers have discovered a unique repair mechanism in the developing backbone of zebrafish that could give insight into why spinal discs of longer-lived...
plasmapheresis

Plasmapheresis a Potentially Life-Saving Approach to Veterinary Immunotherapy

The power of plasmapheresis lies in its unequivocal speed.For some canine diseases, such as the muscle weakness disorder myasthenia gravis, the exchange of plasma...
colorectal cancer, catalyst, clinical guidelines, Fasting Glucose, eye disease, bone metabolism, chronic diseases, antibiotic

Fasting Glucose as a Marker for Greater Weight Loss on a...

Researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, together with colleagues from Gelesis and the University of Copenhagen,...
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A Benchmark Dataset to Advance Heliospheric Research

The HELCATS (Heliospheric Cataloguing, Analysis and Techniques Service) project focuses on ‘Coronal mass ejections’ (CMEs) — enormous plasma/magnetic field structures that are expelled from...
fusion

Understanding Tungsten “Fuzz”

The ScienceWhen exposed to energetic helium bombardment as in the plasma-facing components of fusion devices, tungsten will grow a mat of “fuzz.” The fuzz...
immune cells

Keeping Immune Cells Alive

Researchers have clarified the role of a gene critical for the development of a type of white blood cells, known as B cells, which...