Friday, July 19, 2019
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hurricane

Lightning in the Eyewall of a Hurricane Beamed Antimatter Toward the...

Hurricane Patricia, which battered the west coast of Mexico in 2015, was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere. Amid...
human genome

Transfer RNA Research Addresses a Blind Spot in Understanding of Human...

The human genome includes more than 500 genes for transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules, which are essential for making proteins in all living organisms. Scientists...
stroke treatment

NIH Grant Supports Development of a Novel Drug for Stroke Treatment

Most strokes occur when a blood vessel carrying oxygen to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. A drug called tissue plasminogen activator...
sea star wasting syndrome

Marine Researchers Say Recent Sea Star Wasting Disease Epidemic Defies Prediction

Beginning in 2013, a mysterious disease crippled sea star populations up and down the U.S. west coast. Over a matter of months, many sea...
Soil fungi

Soil Fungi May Help Determine the Resilience of Forests to Environmental...

Nature is rife with symbiotic relationships, some of which take place out of sight, like the rich underground exchange of nutrients that occurs between...
Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Antigen Study Supports New Approach to Vaccine for Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Medical researchers have been trying to develop a vaccine for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for more than 50 years, without success. New findings by...
ecosystems

Fixing Damaged Ecosystems: How Much Does Restoration Help?

Across the globe, billions of dollars are spent annually on repairing ecosystems damaged by people. Forests denuded by logging. Rivers polluted by industry. Grasslands...
earthquake

Acoustic Imaging Reveals Hidden Features of Megathrust Fault off Costa Rica

Geophysicists have obtained detailed three-dimensional images of a dangerous megathrust fault west of Costa Rica where two plates of the Earth's crust collide. The...
coral reefs

Innovative Restoration of Coral Reefs Helps Protect Caribbean Islands

The catastrophic 2017 hurricane season provided ample demonstrations of the increasing vulnerability of Caribbean populations and infrastructure to natural disasters. Researchers at UC Santa...
HIV Vaccine

Scientists Report Big Improvements in HIV Vaccine Production

Research on HIV over the past decade has led to many promising ideas for vaccines to prevent infection by the AIDS virus, but very...
polar bearsvideo

Polar Bears Finding It Harder to Catch Enough Seals to Meet...

A new study finds polar bears in the wild have higher metabolic rates than previously thought, and as climate change alters their environment a...
gene regulation

Study Finds Convergent Evolution of Gene Regulation in Humans and Mice

Organisms that aren't closely related may evolve similar traits as they adapt to similar challenges. It's called convergent evolution, and familiar examples include the...
catalyst

New Catalyst for Hydrogen Production Is a Step Toward Clean Fuel

A nanostructured composite material developed at UC Santa Cruz has shown impressive performance as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce...
cancer

Unraveling the Mechanisms That Control Cell Growth and Size

All living cells, from simple yeasts to human brain cells, regulate their rate of growth and their ultimate size and shape. How they do...
black holes

Supermassive Black Holes Control Star Formation in Large Galaxies

Young galaxies blaze with bright new stars forming at a rapid rate, but star formation eventually shuts down as a galaxy evolves. A new...
Copper Elpasolite Mineral

Neutrons Track Quantum Entanglement in Copper Elpasolite Mineral

A research team including Georgia Institute of Technology professor Martin Mourigal used neutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to study copper elpasolite, a...
Narwhals

Heart Monitors on Wild Narwhals Reveal Alarming Responses to Stress

Narwhals released after entanglement in nets and outfitted with heart monitors performed a series of deep dives, swimming hard to escape, while their heart...
pigeon

Passenger Pigeon Genome Shows Effects of Natural Selection in a Huge...

The passenger pigeon is famous for theĀ enormous size of its historical population in North America (estimated at 3 to 5 billion) and for its...
greenhousevideo

Solar Greenhouses Generate Electricity and Grow Crops at the Same Time,...

The first crops of tomatoes and cucumbers grown inside electricity-generating solar greenhouses were as healthy as those raised in conventional greenhouses, signaling that "smart"...
Coastal Risks

Scientists Identify Hotspots of Coastal Risks in Latin America and the...

The catastrophic 2017 hurricane season provided ample demonstrations of the vulnerability of populations and infrastructure in coastal areas to natural disasters. A new study...