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Cancer and Chronic Infections

Two Molecules Offer Great Potential to Combat Cancer and Chronic Infections

To fight viral infections, your immune system calls on CD8 T cells to kill the infected cells. The CD8 T cells can also be used in immunotherapy approaches...
wound healing

A Mere Drop of Blood Makes Skin Cells Line up

What happens to skin cells when they are confronted with blood? A team of researchers from Oslo University Hospital, led by Emma Lång and...
specialized immune cells

Random Fraction of Specialized Immune Cells Leads the Charge in Battling...

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are a rare type of immune cells that secrete large quantities of type 1 interferon (I-IFN), a key driver of...
Architecture of Plants

Groundwork for Playing with the Architecture of Plants

Growing tomatoes at the same height so that they can be easily picked by a harvesting robot. Growing deeper roots where the soil is...
Stress hormone

Stress Hormone Is Key Factor in Failure of Immune System to...

A team led by Dr Vadim Sumbayev, of the University’s Medway School of Pharmacy, found for the first time that blood/bone marrow cancer – acute myeloid leukemia...
bacterial DNA

Researchers Target Protein That Protects Bacteria’s DNA ‘Recipes’

Bacteria cause many serious illnesses, from food poisoning to pneumonia. The challenge for scientists is that disease-causing bacteria are extraordinarily resilient. For example, when...
Cancer Cells

Scientists Develop Platform to Kill Cancer Cells

For the first time ever, scientists have shown that a hybrid nanomaterial based on magnetite-gold particles can serve as a universal platform to both detect cancer cells anywhere in the...
colon cancer

Broccoli, Cabbage and Kale May Protect Against Colon Cancer

The early-stage mouse study, from scientists at the Francis Crick Institute and Imperial College London, is published in the journal Immunity. This suggests that even without genetic risk factors,...
Melatonin

Melatonin Levels Can Be Used as an Indicator of Tumor Malignity

Evaluating the capacity of tumor cells to produce the hormone melatonin could become a novel strategy for measuring degrees of malignity in some types...
HIV virus

Trial of ‘Kick and Kill’ Approach to HIV Cure Leaves Puzzles...

The approach involves waking up and then killing the ‘sleeping’ HIV that is hiding in the body using an experimental approach known as ‘kick...
Nano-tech diagnostic

Nano-Tech Diagnostic Can Indicate Cancer or Thrombotic Risk in One Drop...

A team of international researchers led by Professor Martin Hegner, Investigator in CRANN and Trinity’s School of Physics, have developed an automated diagnostic platform...
Immunotherapy

Smart Nanoparticles Keep Immunotherapy Focused on Cancer

Immunotherapy is a highly promising and innovative approach to battling cancer that works by enlisting the body’s natural defenses to attack cancer cells. By...
solar water-splitting

New World Record for Direct Solar Water-Splitting Efficiency

Hydrogen will play a central role as a storage medium in sustainable energy systems. An international team of researchers has now succeeded in raising...
pancreatic cancer

Medical Researchers, Engineers Look to Nanovaccines to Fight Pancreatic Cancer

While out mowing his carefully kept lawn during the summer and fall of 2012, a 75-year-old retiree noticed his lower back and side didn’t...
Brain Tumours

Unlocking New Insight into Brain Tumours Using Neuroscience

The brain is the most complex organ in our bodies, controlling almost everything we do. Our ability to breathe, our earliest memories and deepest...
solar cells

A Milestone on the Path Towards Efficient Solar Cells

Generating more electricity from solar cells and conducting further research into so-called singlet fission. This is what scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) are currently...
autoimmune diseases

Watching the Immune System in Action Reveals What Happens When Things...

The technology has already been used to look at immune cells involved in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis, and could provide valuable insights...
Miniecosystems

Scripps Research Chemists Design ‘Miniecosystems’ to Test Drug Function

Scripps Research scientists have solved a major problem in chemistry and drug development by using droplet-sized ‘miniecosystems’ to quickly see if a molecule can...
hearing loss

Drug Could Protect Children from Hearing Loss After Chemo

When cisplatin was first used to treat cancer in the late 70s, it made a big impact. “It was the most extraordinary breakthrough treatment,” says Dr Penelope...
retina degeneration

Trojan Helps Build Eye Implants for People with Retina Degeneration

When Gianluca Lazzi started out as an electrical engineer, he was working on safety assessments of electromagnetic fields. Essentially, he wanted to find out how to...