Wednesday, November 22, 2017
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kidney transplant

Small Changes to Organ Procurement System Could Lead to More Life-Saving...

Slight changes to the system for allocating deceased-donor kidneys could result in higher rates of organ procurement and lead to more kidney transplants across...
thermal energy

A New Way to Store Thermal Energy

In large parts of the developing world, people have abundant heat from the sun during the day, but most cooking takes place later in...
cancer

How Disposable Diapers Can Improve Measurements of Tumor Growth

Catching cancer early can make all the difference for successful treatment. A common screening practice measures tumor growth with X-ray computed tomography (CT), which...
bioenergy

Technology Key to Ensuring Sustainable Bioenergy and Biofuel Production

However, its climate performance can vary significantly depending on the production and processing of forest or agriculture biomass and the final use for biofuel...
climate change

Climate Change Impacts Already Locked in – but the Worst Can...

Global temperatures have already risen by around 1°C, and a further 0.5°C warming is expected. The full impacts of current warming have not yet...
global warming

Artificially Cooling Planet “Risky Strategy”, New Research Shows

Geoengineering – the intentional manipulation of the climate to counter the effect of global warming by injecting aerosols artificially into the atmosphere – has...
global emissions

Record High CO2 Emissions Delay Global Peak

The alarming projection for 2017 is revealed in a new report by the GCP – co-authored by many of the world’s leading climate scientists...
biodiversity

Boundaries for Biodiversity: the Implausible Science of a “Safe Operating Space”

A new international study suggests the notion of a planetary boundary for biodiversity and the recent attempts to fix it are vague and encourage...
Species Evolution

Indirect Interactions May Be More Significant for Species Evolution

Ever since Darwin expounded his theory of natural selection in the nineteenth century, interactions among species have been known to be capable of creating...
semiconductors

Stretching to Perfection of 2-D Semiconductors

The Science Compressing a semiconductor to bring atoms closer together or stretching it to move them farther apart can dramatically change how electricity flows and...
necroptosis, phosphorus

Newly Discovered Fungus Feeds Phosphorus to Plants

Every plant is populated by numerous microorganisms. Members in this so-called microbiome are also numerous fungi from the soil. The research group of Prof....
climate change

Texas’ Odds of Harvey-Scale Rainfall to Increase by End of Century

As the city of Houston continues to recover and rebuild following the historic flooding unleashed by Hurricane Harvey, the region will also have to...
x-ray laser

SLAC X-ray Laser Reveals How Extreme Shocks Deform a Metal’s Atomic...

When hit by a powerful shock wave, materials can change their shape – a property known as plasticity – yet keep their lattice-like atomic...
urban trees

Urban Trees Are Growing Faster Worldwide

„While the effects of climate change on tree growth in forests have been extensively studied, there is little information available so far for urban...
gallium nitride

The Next Generation of Power Electronics? Gallium Nitride Doped with Beryllium...

They have discovered a microscopic mechanism that will allow gallium nitride semiconductors to be used in electronic devices that distribute large amounts of electric...
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How the Magnetoelastic Effect Can Control the Magnetic Properties of Nanoelements

Information Communications and Technology (ICT) devices rely significantly on being able to harness the magnetic properties of materials, especially for computing memory and processing....
continental breakup

Continental Breakup Triggered Massive CO2, GHG Emissions

Rate of change slower than today but knowledge will help plan for future warming Currently human activity is the primary driver of elevating atmospheric CO2,...
electromagnetic scattering

New Theory Could Open Potent New Applications for Light

One bar, two bars — it’s an all-too-common problem. You’re in a large building, driving in a remote area, or even right in the...
climate change

How Can Man-Made Climate Change Be Proven?

If observed climate variables such as temperature or precipitation change over time, it raises the question as to whether human influence plays a role....
Sexual harassment

All Forms of Sexual Harassment Can Cause Psychological Harm

“Being exposed to non-physical sexual harassment can negatively affect symptoms of anxiety, depression, negative body image and low self-esteem,” say Associate Professor Mons Bendixen...