Sunday, May 27, 2018
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Hypercapnia

Excess CO2 in Air Intensifies Active Expiration During Sleep

Breathing consists of pulmonary ventilation via inspiration, the inhalation of air to provide oxygen, and expiration, the exhalation of spent air to remove carbon...
Copper Catalysts

Lab Scientists to Improve Energy Efficiency of Copper Catalysts That Convert...

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have received $1 million from the Department of Energy to improve the energy efficiency of copper-based catalysts to convert...
converting carbon dioxide

Converting CO2 into Usable Energy

Imagine if carbon dioxide (CO2) could easily be converted into usable energy. Every time you breathe or drive a motor vehicle, you would produce...
climate change

How Is the Sea Affected by Climate Change?

Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface. The temperature, chemistry, currents, and life of the world’s oceans play a crucial role in making...
global warming

Cooling-Down Mechanism of past Extreme Global Warmings

A research group at the University of Tokyo has shown that increased marine productivity brought an end to the rapid and transient global warming...
greenhouse gas

The Chemical Industry Can Achieve a 36% Reduction in Annual Greenhouse...

The JRC has published a pioneering study on the role of the chemical and petrochemical industry in reaching the EU climate targets. The innovative...
solar

UT Leads International Project to Study the Energy Performance of Solar...

Solar energy systems lead to significantly reduced CO2 emission levels during electricity generation. It is therefore important that these systems offer high energy yields...
wind and solar energy

Transformation to Wind and Solar Could Be Achieved with Low Indirect...

“Both fossil and non-fossil power technologies still come with a certain amount of greenhouse gas emissions within their life cycle – on the one...
driverless cars

How Will Driverless Cars Change How We Travel?

The idea of a completely autonomous vehicle is exciting — and a bit scary. As we envision future advancements on the road, many would like...
soil

Soil Researchers Quantify an Important, Underappreciated Factor in Carbon Release to...

Soil plays a critical role in global carbon cycling, in part because soil organic matter stores three times more carbon than the atmosphere. Now...
climate change

Brazilian Ethanol Can Replace 13.7% of World’s Crude Oil Consumption

Expansion of sugarcane cultivation in Brazil for ethanol production in areas not under environmental protection or reserved for food production could potentially replace up...
climate change

How Our Forests Are Adapting to Climate Change

Rising temperatures, increasingly intense rainfall and extended periods of drought are some of the known effects of climate change. But how are trees reacting...
global emissions

Record High CO2 Emissions Delay Global Peak

The alarming projection for 2017 is revealed in a new report by the GCP – co-authored by many of the world’s leading climate scientists...
sugarcane

Novel Nitrogen Management Method Helps Mitigate GHG Emissions of Sugarcane Fields

Discovering how soil microorganisms process the fertilizer and organic residues used in sugarcane cultivation can help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and make ethanol production...
continental breakup

Continental Breakup Triggered Massive CO2, GHG Emissions

Rate of change slower than today but knowledge will help plan for future warming Currently human activity is the primary driver of elevating atmospheric CO2,...
wastewater treatment

EU Testing Way to Use Sun to Break up Plastics in...

While exposure to sunlight can degrade plastics into harmless elements, it’s a slow process. In some cases plastics can take several years to decompose....
global warming

Versatile Marine Bacteria Could be an Influence on Global Warming, Scientists...

Scientists have discovered that a ‘rare’ type of marine bacteria is much more widespread than previously thought – and possesses a remarkable metabolism that...
climate change

Understanding Climate Change

Jeremy Rugenstein, a postdoc at ETH Zurich’s Geological Institute, is posing some pressing questions: What will happen to the earth if humans continue releasing...
peat bogs

Peat Bogs Defy the Laws of Biodiversity

A team of European researchers analyzed 560 intact peat bog samples from 56 European countries to study how peat bog ecosystems respond to different...
greenhouse gases

Global CO2 Emissions Stalled for the Third Year in a Row

The report provides updated results on the continuous monitoring of the three main greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). Global...