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matter

Using Supercomputers to Delve Ever Deeper into the Building Blocks of...

Nuclear physicists are known for their atom-smashing explorations of the building blocks of visible matter. At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle...
biofuels

Beyond Biofuels: Berkeley Lab Facility a Catalyst for Broader Bio-based Economy

When the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Biofuels Process Development Unit (ABPDU) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) commenced operations in 2012, the...
Earthquake

Exascale in Motion on Earthquake Risks

Assessing large magnitude (greater than 6 on the Richter scale) earthquake hazards on a regional (up to 100 kilometers) scale takes big machines. To...
diesel engines

Cool Flames for Better Engines

A “cool flame” may sound contradictory, but it’s an important element of diesel combustion — one that, once properly understood, could enable better engine...
catalyst

Scientists Use Machine Learning to Translate ‘Hidden’ Information that Reveals Chemistry...

Chemistry is a complex dance of atoms. Subtle shifts in position and shuffles of electrons break and remake chemical bonds as participants change partners....
hydrogen

Reimagining Hydrogen: A Small Molecule With Large-Scale Ideas

While hydrogen is often talked about as a pollution-free fuel of the future, especially for use in fuel cell electric vehicles, hydrogen can be...
forgetsvideo

Forget About It

Even as the power of our modern computers grows exponentially, biological systems — like our brains — remain the ultimate learning machines. By finding...
dark matter

New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter

The Science At Stanford University, researchers have used a new microfluidic analysis system to extract 29 novel microbial genomes (the complete set of genetic material)...
green algae

Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation

The Science Although they are invisible to the unaided eye, tiny green algae calledOstreococcus play a big role in how carbon, including carbon dioxide (CO2),...
Earthquake

Assessing Regional Earthquake Risk and Hazards in the Age of Exascale

With emerging exascale supercomputers, researchers will soon be able to accurately simulate the ground motions of regional earthquakes quickly and in unprecedented detail, as...
data acquisition

Software Developed at Brookhaven Lab Could Advance Synchrotron Science Worldwide

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed new software to streamline data acquisition (DAQ) at the National Synchrotron...
supercomputers

ALCF Supercomputers Help Address LHC’s Growing Computing Needs

Particle collision experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC)—the world’s largest particle accelerator—will generate around 50 petabytes (50 million gigabytes) of data this year...
Soil Microbiome

LLNLResearchers to Study Soil Microbiome

A new Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) initiative to study how the soil microbiome (microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria, microfauna and viruses) controls...
quantum computing

Quantum Computation to Tackle Fundamental Science Problems

For more than 50 years, Moore’s Law has reigned supreme. The observation that the number of transistors on a computer chip doubles roughly every...
bijel

Nanoparticle Supersoap Creates ‘Bijel’ With Potential as Sculptable Fluid

A new two-dimensional film, made of polymers and nanoparticles and developed by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab),...
LEDs

Let There Be (Connected) Light

Long gone are the days when light bulbs simply shine in the darkness. Now they can also report their own energy usage, get brighter when...
Copper Catalyst

Copper Catalyst Yields High Efficiency CO2-to-Fuels Conversion

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into...
nanocrystal

New Insights into Nanocrystal Growth in Liquid

Many seashells, minerals, and semiconductor nanomaterials are made up of smaller crystals, which are assembled together like the pieces of a puzzle. Now, researchers...
solar energy

Energy Department Announces Achievement of SunShot Goal, New Focus for Solar...

In conjunction with the annual Solar Power International conference, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) released new research today that shows the solar industry...
fusion plasma

Physicists Propose New Way to Stabilize Next-Generation Fusion Plasmas

A key issue for next-generation fusion reactors is the possible impact of many unstable Alfvén eigenmodes, wave-like disturbances produced by the fusion reactions that...