Friday, December 15, 2017
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fuel

Making Fuel out of Thick Air

Scientists hoping to develop new energy resources have long pursued the goal of directly converting methane, a simple and abundant chemical found in natural...
Superconductors

Breaking Electron Waves Provide New Clues to High-Temperature Superconductivity

Superconductors carry electricity with perfect efficiency, unlike the inevitable waste inherent in traditional conductors like copper. But that perfection comes at the price of...
computing

High-Performance Computing Cuts Particle Collision Data Prep Time

For the first time, scientists have used high-performance computing (HPC) to reconstruct the data collected by a nuclear physics experiment—an advance that could dramatically...
neural networks

Scaling Deep Learning for Science

Deep neural networks—a form of artificial intelligence—have demonstrated mastery of tasks once thought uniquely human. Their triumphs have ranged from identifying animals in images, to recognizing...
arctic sea ice

Arctic Sea Ice Loss Could Dry out California

Arctic sea ice loss of the magnitude expected in the next few decades could impact California’s rainfall and exacerbate future droughts, according to new...
methanol

Researchers Discover Breakthrough Process for Directly Converting Methane to Methanol

The direct oxidation of methane—found in natural gas—into methanol at low temperatures has long been a holy grail. Now, researchers at Tufts have found...
batteries

“Holy Grail” for Batteries: Solid-State Magnesium Battery a Big Step Closer

A team of Department of Energy (DOE) scientists at the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) has discovered the fastest magnesium-ion solid-state conductor,...
2-D Materials

SLAC-led Study Shows Potential for Efficiently Controlling 2-D Materials With Light

Materials that are only a few atomic layers thick have generated a lot of excitement in recent years. These 2-D materials can have intriguing...
metal alloy

Designing New Metal Alloys Using Engineered Nanostructures

Materials science is a field that Jason Trelewicz has been interested in since he was a young child, when his father—an engineer—would bring him...
Enzymes

How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls

The Science Inside cows, goats, and other ruminants, fungal enzymes break down plant matter and extract nutrients. These enzymes essentially overcome a major bottleneck in...
plasma

Plasma from Lasers Can Shed Light on Cosmic Rays, Solar Eruptions

Lasers that generate plasma can provide insight into bursts of subatomic particles that occur in deep space, scientists have found. Such findings could help...
Biofuel Enzymes

To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village

A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates...
Computational Science Division

Argonne Forms New Divisions to Focus on Computation and Data Science...

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has formed two new research divisions to focus its lab-wide foundational expertise on computational science...
x-ray laser

SLAC X-ray Laser Reveals How Extreme Shocks Deform a Metal’s Atomic...

When hit by a powerful shock wave, materials can change their shape – a property known as plasticity – yet keep their lattice-like atomic...
oxygen sponge

Neutron Spectroscopy Reveals Common ‘Oxygen Sponge’ Catalyst Soaks up Hydrogen Too

Having the right tool for the job enabled scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their collaborators to discover that...
bacterial infections

Resisting the Resistance: Neutrons Search for Clues to Combat Bacterial Threats

The discovery of penicillin almost 90 years ago ushered in the age of modern antibiotics, but the growth of antibiotic resistance means bacterial infections...
2D materialsvideo

The Flat and the Curious

The remarkable properties of 2-D materials — made up of a single layer of atoms — have made them among the most intensely studied...
Additive Manufacturing

Additive Manufacturing May Hold Key to Transforming Nanomaterials into Multifunctional Devices

Nanomaterials have been widely studied and proven to have unique properties that make them more suited to a variety of applications. However, there is...
radio telescope

New Radio Telescope at Brookhaven Lab Sees Space in a Different...

A new prototype radio telescope has begun observing the universe from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory. Constructed by a team...
bacteria

Hacking the Bacterial Social Network

Whenever we use our smartphones to check social media, we face loads of bacteria on the devices — even more than on toilet seats,...