Tuesday, July 18, 2017
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carcinogenic

Antibody Against Carcinogenic Substance Deciphered

Summertime is barbecue time. However, when fat reacts with glowing coal, a substance chemists call benzopyrene is created. It is a widespread environmental toxin...
switchgrass

Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release

The Science Near-term fossil fuel alternatives could reduce carbon emissions and ensure U.S. energy security. One alternative uses switchgrass, a perennial plant, that is able...
mass spectrometer

Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes

The Science Studying the mixtures formed by molecular machines within cells, or the mixtures found in a groundwater plume demands powerful instruments. Scientists are using...
mosquitoes, Vector-borne Diseases, plant volatiles, soil moisture, Electrocatalyst, climate change, thermoelectric, plant, blood collection, chronic pain, blood test, global warming, Optogenetics, disease-fighting drugs, tumor, soil health, Tuberculosis, solar, nano ribbons, GMOs, brain's signaling network, fatty tumors, bacteria, caffeinated alcoholic, plant hormone, Cardiac, cancer

Purdue Researchers Revolutionizing Control of Vector-borne Diseases

Purdue University entomology professor Catherine Hill is researching a way to respond to new and reemerging vector borne diseases, specifically without wiping out the...
3D printing

UL Releases Summit Proceedings for Safety Science of 3D Printing

UL, a global safety science organization, releases the proceedings from "Safety Science of 3D Printing," a leadership summit with participation from more than 45...
sclerosis

Study Highlights Role of Rare Genetic Mutations in ALS

Ninety to 95 percent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases are “sporadic,” meaning these patients had no clear family history of the condition and...
nanofiber electrodes

Bacteria-coated Nanofiber Electrodes Digest Pollutants

Cornell materials scientists and bioelectrochemical engineers may have created an innovative, cost-competitive electrode material for cleaning pollutants in wastewater. The researchers created electro-spun carbon nanofiber...
neurodegenerative diseases, heart attack, depression, Kidney disease

Kidney Disease: Study Sheds Light on Impact of Common Gene Variant...

Researchers have found that high levels of a blood protein, suPAR, combined with a common genetic mutation in African Americans accelerate the progression of...
optical devices

Notre Dame Researchers Open Path to New Generation of Optical Devices

Cameras, telescopes and microscopes are everyday examples of optical devices that measure and manipulate electromagnetic radiation . Being able to control the light in...
Porous Materials

New Class of Porous Materials Better Separates Carbon Dioxide from Other...

The Science Heat and humidity can harm materials. The conditions inside smokestacks often damage materials that could remove carbon dioxide. This is especially true for...
autonomous vehicles

Disruptive Driving

Over 30,000 Americans die in car accidents every year — 94 percent of those fatalities are caused by human error. Around the world, approximately...
DNA

We Are Much More Unique than Assumed

Every human being has a unique DNA "fingerprint". In other words, the genetic material of any two individuals can be clearly distinguished. Computational biologists...
Rot Fungi

The Two Faces of Rot Fungi

Yoghurt, beer, bread and specialities such as tasty blue cheeses or good wine – special microorganisms and refining processes first produce the pleasant flavours...
Microbial Genomes

Uncovered: 1000 New Microbial Genomes

The number of microbes in a handful of soil exceeds the number of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, but researchers know less about...
bacteria

Fungi Awake Bacteria from Their Slumber

When a soil dries out, this has a negative impact on the activity of soil bacteria. Using an innovative combination of state-of-the-art analysis and...
climate changevideo

Alpine Streams Produce More CO2 after a Warm Winter

Numerous researchers are looking at the impact of climate change on the Alps. And one of the most obvious effects is the low snowfall...
Corynebacterium glutamicum

Many Forks Make Light Work

The rod-shaped Gram-positive soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum plays an important role in biotechnology. As its species name indicates, C. glutamicum synthesizes glutamic acid (one...
fingerprints

NIST Upgrades Widely Used Database of Molecular ‘Fingerprints’

When scientists need to identify an unknown compound, they do what a police detective might do. They get fingerprints—in this case, the “molecular fingerprints”...
climate change

Stony Corals More Resistant to Climate Change Than Thought, Rutgers Study...

Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins...
coral bleaching

Fixing the Role of Nitrogen in Coral Bleaching

Excess nitrogen is shown to disrupt coral-algae symbiosis, triggering bleaching even in the absence of heat and light stress. With coral bleaching events intensifying...