Tuesday, June 19, 2018
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polyethylene terephthalate

Research Enhances Enzyme That Degrades Plastic

Between 4.8 billion and 12.7 billion kilograms of plastic are dumped in the oceans every year, and if this trend continues, the volume will...
Tiny implants

Tiny Implants for Cells Are Functional in Vivo

In the cells of higher organisms, organelles such as the nucleus or mitochondria perform a range of complex functions necessary for life. In the...
Enzyme

Enzyme Ensures Thick Insulation

Axons, the long projections of neural cells which form the nerves of our peripheral nervous system, are like electrical cables: they have thick electrical...
Enzyme

Scientists Deliver High-Resolution Glimpse of Enzyme Structure

Using a state-of-the-art type of electron microscopy, an MIT-led team has discovered the structure of an enzyme that is crucial for maintaining an adequate...
high-salt diet

Hold the Salt: Gut Reaction May Impair the Brains of Mice

We are often warned of the dangers of high levels of salt in our diet, yet the risks of salt consumption and the effects...
malariavideo

AI ‘Scientist’ Finds That Toothpaste Ingredient May Help Fight Drug-Resistant Malaria

An ingredient commonly found in toothpaste could be employed as an anti-malarial drug against strains of malaria parasite that have grown resistant to one...
immune system

New Drug Combination Kick-Starts Immune System to Fight Cancer

Scientists from King’s College London have found a way to boost the immune system to help it fight back against cancer. The breakthrough involves...
melanoma

Researchers Identify New Way to Unmask Melanoma Cells to the Immune...

Melanomas have an especially lethal ability to turn off the body’s immune system, which enables these deadly skin cancers to grow and spread. And while...
cancer treatment

New Discovery into Cells’ Energy Supply Could Lead to Targeted Cancer...

Scientists have made a significant breakthrough in understanding how the molecular machines that produce key proteins in the power packs of cells are cleaned...
microbes

Enzyme from Briny Deep Resurrected in the Lab

Mysterious microbes that thrive in hot and super-salty brine lakes at the bottom of the Red Sea could yield a treasure trove of new...
Huntington's disease

Researchers Identify New Potential Drug Target for Huntington’s Disease

A team of researchers led by the University of Michigan, the Baylor College of Medicine and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences has...
enzymes

NIH Researchers Report First 3D Structure of DHHC Enzymes

The first three-dimensional structure of DHHC proteins — enzymes involved in many cellular processes, including cancer — explains how they function and may offer...
cell biology

Positioning the Cleavage Furrow

Cell division is a fundamental biological process which ensures that, following the replication of the mother cell’s genome, the two sets of chromosomes are...
neurodegenerative disease

Cellular Traffic Jam Seen in ALS/FTD

A cellular traffic jam appears to affect neurons in most forms of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), researchers at Emory University School of Medicine and...
Alzheimer’s disease

Neuroscientists Find New Avenue for Treating Alzheimer’s Disease

University of Florida neuroscientists have validated a potential pathway to halt the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that affects millions of...
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MGH Team Engineers Anti-Inflammatory Antibodies That May Treat Autoimmune Disease

A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators has found a way to engineer antibodies within an organism, converting autoantibodies that attack “self” tissues...
inflammatory disease

Gut Reaction

Food poisoning may be the unwanted gift that keeps on giving — at least according to a new study. A startling discovery by UC...
metabolism

Understanding Enzyme Cascades Key to Understanding Metabolism

A spoonful of sugar may make the medicine go down, but understanding what happens to that sugar in the cell is far more complicated...
enzyme

Enzymes and Bacteria Move Directionally, but Bacteria Towards Food, Enzymes Away

Although putting together the words “random” and “biased” can seem like a clash, these are the attributes that describe how bacteria navigate and fetch...
zika virus

Drug Blocks Zika and Dengue Viruses in Study

A small-molecule inhibitor tested by researchers at Yale and Stanford may be the answer to blocking the spread of harmful mosquito-borne pathogens, including Zika...